Following literature review was conducted to find the information on application of industrial hemp’s fibre material in pulp and paper manufacturing as an alternative raw material. In addition to main research idea, it was decided to include several related topics that were also reviewed. These additional topics were chosen to provide background on aspects related to pulping and industrial hemp as a fibre resource. Historical development of the material was decided to be included also. Information was gathered through reading various articles, reports, books and compilations. Key findings were analysed to define advantages and disadvantages of hemp’s raw material. Information was gathered together to form the strength/weaknesses/opportunities/threats analysis in regard to using industrial hemp as a plant for harvesting fibre material. Key findings indicated distinct advantages and deficiencies based on plant’s natural characteristics. It was proven through reviewing that fast growth rates, high yields of fibrous material, stem’s fibre qualities and fibre’s suitability for pulping were main advantages of the hemp as an alternative resource. Nonetheless, research had shown hemp’s significant dependance on climatic conditions and soil qualities. Hemp was found to be highly demanding for huge amount of nutrients, as well as being generally more expensive material for pulping industry. Despite financial risks and economy related deficiencies hemp was still found as a material with a notable potential.
free text keywords: fi=Energia- ja ympäristötekniikka|sv=Energi- och miljöteknik|en=Energy and Enviromental Engineering|, hemp, fibre plants, pulping, papermaking, history, alternatives, hamppu, kuitukasvit, massanvalmistus, paperinvalmistus, historia, vaihtoehdot, Energy and Environmental Engineering