The proposed project will explore how religion, politics and heritage intersect in a deeply divided European society, by examining the Christian-Orthodox shrine of Apostle Andreas, in the Turkish-occupied Karpass peninsula (Cyprus). The shrine is mainly visited by Greek-Cypriots and to a lesser degree by Turkish-Cypriots, and it is currently being restored by both communities with the involvement of the EU. Using semi-structured interviews with pilgrims and officials involved in the shrine’s management and restoration, participant observation, and visual and archival research material, the study will look at (a) the attempts to restore the shrine, and (b) the revival of pilgrimages in conditions of ongoing division. The initial aim is to uncover symbolic, cultural, ethnic and political associations ascribed to the shrine and the pilgrimage by local and international actors. Examination of the shrine is also a powerful means through which to access past and present aspects of intercommunal relations. One original dimension of the proposed project is that it is one of the very few to study the institution of pilgrimage as a whole, looking at pilgrims, organizers, political actors and international organizations. This all-round perspective is appropriate to an analytical approach that, unusually, does not take religious motivation to be the default motivation for participation in the workings of a shrine, and it is necessary as a means of seeing whether and how different stakeholders articulate with each other in a situation of ongoing tension. This model of ‘articulation’ is intended to transcend simple dichotomies evident in the anthropological literature between ‘communitas’ (fellowship) and contestation in the operation of a shrine. Focusing on a pilgrimage site that is located in a divided country that is a member of the EU, the project has the potential to inform EU policy on heritage and conflict resolution, while benefiting the communities under study.
The proposal aims to produce novel light emitters by merging two promising semiconductor families, III-Nitrides and lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (LHP NCs) into novel nanostructured architectures. III-Nitrides are established emitters with widespread use in the lighting industry and high-density optical disks and with great promises for power electronic applications. On the other hand, the field of LHP NC photonics is at its infancy but breakthroughs have already been accomplished with demonstrations of optically-pumped lasers and light emitting diodes (LEDs). Research on the two material families has thus far proceeded independently. Yet new architectures with improved performance and functionality may emerge from their integration into hybrid devices that can exploit the favourable properties of each, namely the superior electrical properties and established technology of the nitrides with the ease of solution-processability, visible spectral tunability and high emission quantum yields (QY) of the LHP NCs. The proposed project will be investigating the potential flow of energy from the donor material (III-nitrides) to the acceptor (LHP NC), via radiative pumping but also via efficient non-radiative Förster energy transfer (FRET,) under optical and electrical excitation. Additionally is aiming to demonstrate hybrid electrically excited nanostructure devices, allowing the two materials to exist with nanoscale proximity. Moreover, the project is targeting to the fabrication of electrical-excited of a hybrid microcavity-based heterostructures, via an elaborate design of two back to back microcavities. The outcome of this project is expected to particularly benefit the scientific semiconductor area and industry fro the development of efficient high colour rendering index (CRI) LEDs for solid state lighting and display applications.The methodology for a demonstration of novel light emitters is highlighted in work packages (WPs) 3 to 5.
The penetration of renewable sources of energy in power networks is expected to grow over the next years, motivated by environmental concerns. However, renewable generation is in general intermittent and a large penetration may cause frequent generation-demand imbalances that may compromise power quality and even result in blackouts. Demand side participation can offer a solution to this problem, due to loads ability to provide a fast response when required. However, a large portion of the total demand corresponds to thermostatic loads (TLs), which are characterized by a cyclic thermostatic behavior. Such effects need to be taken into account in the design of control schemes for TLs, if those are to provide support to the power grid. The primary technical research objective of this project is the design of control schemes for TLs such those provide effective, efficient and reliable ancillary support to the power network. In particular, the major research objectives of the project are to: (a) Enable TLs to provide ancillary support to existing frequency control mechanisms, ensuring that those switch when there is an urgency. (b) Obtain an optimal power allocation between TLs with minimum user disruption. (c) Provide analytic stability guarantees for power networks when the proposed TL control designs are implemented. (d) Enable further research on TLs, by providing analytic models that characterize their aggregate behavior. (e) Validate the proposed control designs with realistic numerical and hardware in the loop simulations. The main career objectives are to: (a) Strengthen the research skills of the fellow with training on advanced simulation tools, power systems analysis and control theory. (b) Enable the transfer of knowledge between the fellow, the scientific community and the industry. (c) Enrich the transferable skills of the researcher with training on presenting to wide audiences, writing research grant proposals and managing intellectual property.