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Research data . Dataset . 2022

Supplemental information and tables for faunal analysis at Aphrodisias, The Place of Palms (South Agora)

Trentacoste, A;
Open Access
Published: 02 Sep 2022
Publisher: University of Oxford
Country: United Kingdom
Abstract

This dataset contains Online Supplements with zooarchaeological data from The Place of Palms at Aphrodisias. It supports the chapter: Trentacoste, A. (forthcoming) Faunal Remains from the Late Antique to Ottoman Periods. In Wilson, A. I. and Russell, B., The ‘Place of Palms’: An Urban Park at Aphrodisias. Results of The Mica and Ahmet Ertegün South Agora Pool Project. Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden. The above chapter presents a zooarchaeological analysis of the faunal material from The Place of Palms, including figures, tables, discussion, and regional contextualisation. This online dataset contains supplemental materials relevant to this study: a full description of the recording methodology, the recorded faunal assemblage data, and summary tables with information on skeletal element abundance (quantified through the minimum number of elements (MNE) / minimum animal units (MAU)) and bone fusion. Full details on the recording methodology are given in Supplement 1, which also contains a description of the organisation of the data table containing the recorded faunal assemblage. Supplement 2 contains the complete faunal assemblage in tabular format, including measurements. Body part distribution for the main taxa with MNE and MAU counts is presented in Supplements 3–5. Bone fusion is quantified in Supplements 6–9. These tables are presented online to save space in the printed volume and to facilitate re-use. About zooarchaeological analysis at Aphrodisias: Faunal remains were excavated between 2012 and 2017 from ‘The Place of Palms’, an area within the urban centre of Aphrodisias, defined by a massive monumental pool. The pool functioned from its construction in the first century AD into Late Antiquity. With the decline of the late antique city, the pool was no longer maintained, and, from the seventh century AD, its basin progressively became filled by dumped materials and sedimentation. By the fifteenth century AD the basin of the pool was completely covered by siltation and sediment run-off, and an Ottoman village came to occupy the site. Animal remains were recovered from throughout this chronology, from Imperial Roman to modern times. As the first systemic analysis of faunal material from Aphrodisias for the Late Antique and later periods, this zooarchaeologial study focused on general patterns of animal exploitation over the long chronology of the assemblage. Faunal material was hand collected, save for a few contexts which were subject to flotation. The majority of the material came from Ottoman deposits (c. 1500 specimens identified to taxon and element). Late Antique contexts were also well represented (c. 600 specimens identified to taxon and element). The total number of quantified specimens (identified to taxon and element) was just over 2400. In addition to new data on the Ottoman period, notable finds include the disarticulated remains of at least seven Late Antique equids, an abundance of turtles (Mauremys sp.) found in Byzantine pool deposits, a series of rough Late Antique bone tools, possibly used as scrapers, and evidence for suid – especially wild boar – consumption in Ottoman times. For further details see the volume and chapter cited above. Links and related references: - http://aphrodisias.classics.ox.ac.uk/excsouthagora.html - Wilson, A., Russell, B., and Ward, A. 2016. ‘Excavations in an urban park (“South Agora”), 2012’ in R.R.R. Smith, J. Lenaghan, A. Sokolicek and K. Welch (eds.), Aphrodisias Papers 5: Excavation and Research at Aphrodisias, 2006-2012, Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 103, 77-90. - Robinson, M. 2016. 'The environmental archaeology of the South Agora Pool, Aphrodisias' in Smith R.R.R. Smith, J. Lenaghan, A. Sokolicek and K. Welch (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 5: Excavation and Research at Aphrodisias, 2006-2012, Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 103, 91-99 - Wilson, A. (2019). ‘Aphrodisias in the long sixth century’, in I. Jacobs and H. Elton (eds), Asia Minor in the Long Sixth Century: Current Research and Future Directions. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 197–221.

Subjects

Archaeology

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