research data . Dataset . 2019

X-ray micro-CT scan Data of First Middle Palaeolitic tar backed tool from the Dutch North Sea

Ngan-Tillard, Dominique; Meijvogel-de Koning, P.M. (Ellen); Langejans, G.H.J. (Geeske); van Keulen, H. (Henk); van der Plicht, J. (Johannes); Cohen, K.M. (Kim); van Wingerden, W. (Willy); van Os, B. (Bertil); Smit, B.I. (Bjørn); Amkreutz, L.W.S.W. (Luc); ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 18 Feb 2019
  • Publisher: 4TU.Centre for Research Data
Abstract
The data set contains X-ray micro-CT scan data of a Middle Palaeolithic tar backed tool found in the Dutch North Sea. The tool consists of an undiagnostic flint flake embedded in a thick piece of birch tar dating from the Middle Palaeolithic. It is a significant find because 1) it is the first to be discovered in the Netherlands and the 5th in Europe and 2) both the composite nature of the tool and the presence of tar which resulted from a complex transformative technology illustrates the Neandertal intellectual capacities. This is the first ever tar backed tool which has been securely dated, chemically analysed, subjected to optical microscopy wear analysis, an...
Subjects
free text keywords: Archaeology, Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing, FOS: Computer and information sciences, 3D print, Adhesive, Birch bark tar, Flint, Middle Palaeolithic, North Sea, X-ray micro-CT scan, Time: The age of the tool is approximately 50 000 calBP (years before 1950 AD). The tool was discovered in 2016. It has been analysed and interpreted in 2016-2018. The micro-CT scan was performed in March 2017., 0801 - Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing, 2101 - Archaeology
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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