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33 Research products, page 2 of 4

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Research software
  • Other research products
  • Open Access
  • Roskilde Universitetscenter's Digitale Arkiv

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  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Rasmussen, Emma; Hinnerskov, Joakim Hey; Sejsbo, Ask Harup; Kinch, Gustav Weber;
    Country: Denmark

    This paper revolves around the development of an LSTM multiclass classifier, constructed using Keras as framework and CRISP-DM as project process, with the purpose of classifying natural language into varying degrees of toxicity. The model takes a starting point in an existing toxic comment classification challenge from Kaggle.com, and makes a first iteration, engineered towards the requirements in the challenge. In this first iteration, several measures are taken to avoid common pitfalls of neural networks. The model is then held up against principles of freedom of speech including The Harm Principle and The Offence Principle by John Stuart Mill and Joel Feinberg respectively. After evaluating upon the models performance in the light of these principles, a second iteration is constructed with some design changes. For reasons i.a. related to the dataset, this operation is less successful. The paper concludes that it is possible to make a good multiclassification tool for shallow NLP problem, but gets less efficient in later iterations as we try to apply it to more concrete purposes.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Wiendel Rasmussen, Andreas; Meyer-Juhlin, Andreas; Ryttergaard, Emil;
    Country: Denmark

    In this project we have sought to explore how the National Museum's special exhibition Europe meets the World produces and disseminates the history of Europe and how the exhibition contributes to the discussion of a common European identity. As a basis for our theoretical understanding, we have availed ourselves of theories concerning identity and collective memory, narrative, the viewer's relationship to the exhibition and a conceptualization of the museum's presentation forms by virtue of museum theory and practice. We then compare the exhibition's various presentation forms and methods of the exhibition Kulturkontakte - Leben in Europe, which is a permanent exhibition at the Museum Europäischer Culture in Dahlem, Germany. Through these different perspectives about museums produce the form of European history; we can conclude that there exists a weighted relationship between the degree of the museum's narrative-related discourse and the viewer's interpretative framework. Through the National Museum's master narrative-related articulation is the space of negotiation that would have to be established between viewer and display impaired. In connection with the exhibition's contribution to the debate on a common European identity, it can be concluded that the identity is subject to the condition of a common understanding of the museum's historical production, which thus expresses itself in a collective memory. By virtue of the National Museum production, the contribution to the debate based on whether the chosen form rightly includes and relates to people living in modern and contemporary Europe.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aharon, Roee; Christensen, Emanuella; Frid-Nielsen, Snorre; Husen, Betina;
    Country: Denmark

    Paradoxically, despite its reputation as a “green” leader, Denmark has the highest levels of waste and incineration per capita, as well as low levels of household recycling. Incineration ranks low on EU and Danish waste strategies, due to its negative environmental impact. While much social science research on waste management focuses on behavioral change at the individual level, this study explores how urban Danish household recycling habits and waste management, with an inclination towards incineration, are shaped by social, political and historical structures. Using a reflexive hybrid constructivist-structuralism epistemology, inspired by Bourdieu’s Logic of Practice, Schnaiberg’s Treadmill of Production and Hannigan’s Claims-making Process, the research project utilized an inductive qualitative approach. A three-pronged research design included: an exploration of the current household recycling practices using research diaries and secondary data, a historical inquiry into notable shifts in waste management related to incineration since 1850, and a case study of ARC/Amagerforbrænding, a Danish incineration facility. The study found that, due to a complex interweaving of the investigated structures, incineration was favored over recycling within the institution of waste management, with the exception of times when risk has felt sufficiently “real” by Danish citizens. This occurred through the political claims-making process, where the public collectively misrecognized that the economic benefits of incineration is the driving mechanism and underlying factor behind waste management decisions in Denmark, rather than ambitions to meet environmental goals.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Castells Puig, Gala; Hagemann Hansen, Simone;
    Country: Denmark

    Through this paper we examine the process of how an object can exist in different spatial contexts, and how these contexts have an impact on the character of the object. Our interest lies in how a specific spatial context has the power to define an object, and vice versa, i. e. how the object can produce an impact over a specific space, defining people’s interaction within that space and with the object. The main focus of analysis is a caravan, which has been part of a redesign and refurbishing of the shelter Mændenes Hjem (under the project Radical Horisontality by artist Kenneth A. Balfelt) and is currently exhibited at Statens Museum for Kunst. By exploring the transition of locations that has experienced this object we are able to define the caravan and its spatial environment – in the past and now. Further on we argue how the use of art and beautification of spatial surroundings influence the users, when at the same time we discuss the social practices and processes of contemporary art. Additionally, we challenge observations and findings through a theoretical context about the interaction with museums (art)objects. Our findings suggest that there is a distinct change of identity of the caravan according to its spatial context. This change is based on the current consideration of the caravan as an art piece, although the original intention – to create a space that promotes a unique social interaction among users/visitors -, and the use of it as such is fairly consistent.

  • Other research product . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Siegel, Viktor; Labuz, Patrick Ravn;
    Country: Denmark

    The project focuses on how the hungarian culture has been preserved throughout the years in the southeast region of Slovakia (Rye Island).

  • Other research product . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bin Abdul Rahman, Abdul Halim; Sørensen Alves Monteiro, Miguel;
    Publisher: Roskilde University
    Country: Denmark

    This project was set out to explore the role of the Turing Test in the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), with emphasis on the historical perspective. This report contains an introductory presentation of the Turing Test and Artificial Intelligence. Furthermore, it presents two methods for analysis. The first method is a quantitative search in extracting the number of results from Google Scholars for search range between 1950 and 2019. The searched terms are ‘Turing Test’ and ‘Artificial Intelligence’. The second method is the one used for the analysis of two case studies, ELIZA and Google Duplex. In exploring the historical development, ELIZA is an early research topic from 1966 and Google Duplex is a contemporary project from 2018. This report concludes that the Turing Test appears to have played a role in the historical development of AI. Results from the quantitative search show that there is an exponential growth, followed by a short stabilisation, before it begins to decay towards the last decade. Both case studies failed when subjected to a strict Turing Test. Though when subjected to the Total Turing Test, Google Duplex seems to surpass it. Finally, this report also concludes that the Turing Test may no longer be relevant, as mediums for AI have evolved beyond text-based and most developments are no longer concerned with tricking humans.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Stechmann, Aksel; Stie-Svendsen, Jeppe;
    Country: Denmark

    This paper examines how Russian President Vladimir Putin incorporates the use of history in his speeches and articles with regards to how he positions Russia in its relation to Ukraine. The analysis is structured around three central places of remembrance (danish: erindringssteder): The Kyivan Rus which focuses on the close historical relation between Ukraine and Russia; the heritage of the Sovietunion in relation to how the union defined the borders of Soviet-Ukraine; World War II, ukrainian nationalism and its relation to nazism which centers around how Putin relates nazism to the current ukrainian political elite. The analysis concludes that Putin primarily utilizes the three places of remembrance to legitimize Russia's current invasion of Ukraine. Putin finds the distribution of territories during the soviet era to have been theft, and a complete violation of Russia's integrity. Furthermore, he seeks to protect ethnic russians within the borders of Ukraine from a genocide, instigated by ukrainian nationalists and neo-nazis, who continue the tradition of atrocities commited during World War II. Finally, Putin perceives Ukrainians and Russians as a single people, basing his claim on common history, language, and culture. Thus he implies that ukrainians should unite under Russia, as Russia is the more legitimate state.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Russo, Mirko; Viñas Malo, Daniel; Kastner, Melanie;
    Publisher: RUC
    Country: Denmark

    This project will deep into the motives and reasons behind cultural destruction. It will underline the will to entirely wipe off a distinctive group of population and its culture. Taking Syria as our main case given the events of the last decade; centring in the civil war where lives and art have been lost forever, together with the morale of its population, which fled to other countries in big numbers throughout the war. As for the perpetrators, ISIS will be the focus of our project, guilty of intentionally destroying many monuments, especially in Syria. Before explaining and answering to the questions of the project regarding culture, it is more than mandatory to analyse Syria’s history, tribes and regions. After reaching the core of our project and describing the possible reasons behind these actions, the third part of our project, which focuses on the emotional sphere of the victims. War brings with itself grief, loss, damage and destruction to a country and its material environment. To focus on the emotional attachment and emotional damage during this war shall be a matter of discussion nevertheless. We will not only analyse and discuss cultural destruction and the loss for humanity whenever perpetrators decide to damage forever something so important as our, as humans, common and singular past.

  • Other research product . 2006
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ye, Li; Yi, Zhang; Qian, He; Jing, Guo;
    Country: Denmark

    Calendars are the products which belong to astronomic development and results of human chronically observing nature phenomena. In the 3rd semester project, we are interested in researching history of the calendars and this project focuses on the Chinese calendar and the Gregorian calendar which are two different kinds of calendar: Astronomical calendar and Arithmetical calendar. The project is through the different developing processes of two calendars in order to investigate the Chinese calendar and Gregorian calendar’s historical background, besides convert between each other by mathematic functions. In the project, it is possible to convert from a Chinese date to a R.D. day number (one kind of intergradation) and changing the R.D. number into Gregorian date by functions from literature studying. In addition, the project contains the perspective of some calendars in the future. #

  • Other research product . 2016
    Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Riis, Kasper Rydahl; Nielsen, Christian Lund; Deiborg, Mikkel;
    Country: Denmark

    This thesis examines how the university directive of 2003 changed the thoughts about and the processes on RUC. The theoretical framework is mainly Actor-Network Theory, which is used to help understand the network in which the actors are battling to give the object RUC meaning. The thesis does however also include Discourse Theory by Laclau and Mouffe to locate prevailing discourses about RUC. The thesis concludes that the university directive itself did not have a major influence on decision-making on RUC during the transition under rector Henrik Toft Jensen. However with the new rector Poul Holm in 2006 the possible fears of the directive was affirmed, as it enabled rector to make decisions based on intuition rather than democratic processes. The result was a step away from democracy and a leap towards business-like management. Poul Holm lasted a little more than two years, leaving an environment of distrust behind at the university, to be sorted his successors; Henning Salling-Olesen and Ib Poulsen who it seemed managed to find the middle ground between nurturing the university democracy and satisfying the political actors. Therefore the university law in itself did not harm RUC, however the consequence thereof started the biggest crisis at RUC in recent years.