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4,895 Research products, page 1 of 490

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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  • 2021-2021
  • COVID-19
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jorge Resina;
    Publisher: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca

    Este artículo estudia los marcos interpretativos utilizados por los presidentes de Argentina, Brasil, Chile y México durante los meses iniciales del COVID-19, con el objetivo de caracterizar y comparar estrategias discursivas, así como explorar qué factores explican las distintas aproximaciones. La conclusión preliminar es que las diferencias se deben tanto a razones ideológicas como a otros factores contextuales y de disponibilidad de recursos.

  • French
    Authors: 
    Le Coadic, Yves-François;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, information science is facing a number of new challenges related to information crises for which it was not prepared. Who says global crisis, economic crisis, energy crisis, climate change, etc ... says information crisis, crisis characterized by a drastic increase in the amount of information, by an information epidemic ie an infodemic and by news and numerous misconduct of information practices. The health crisis linked to the COVID-19 pandemic is no exception to the rule: infodemic of good medical and health information but also infodemic of bad information, good informational practices but also numerous misconduct. Accustomed to the register of scientific truth, information science must confront the register of post-truth and conspiracy that seems to characterize our current societies. Information-suspicion, information-denunciation, information-lies, it is, for the science of information, a hardly encouraging new horizon that it should be able to master without problem by mobilizing its arsenal of concepts, methods, laws, of well- established models and theories by preserving and developing the joyous horizon of information-truth.; Face à la pandémie du COVID-19, la science de l’information se trouve confrontée à un certain nombre de nouvelles problématiques, liées aux crises d’information, auxquelles elle n’était pas préparée. Qui dit crise mondiale, crise économique, crise énergétique, changement climatique, etc... dit crise d’information, crise caractérisée par une augmentation drastique de la quantité d’informations, par une épidémie d’information i.e. une infodémie et par de nouvelles et nombreuses mauvaises conduites des pratiques informationnelles. La crise sanitaire liée à la pandémie du COVID-19 n’échappe pas à la règle: infodémie de bonnes informations médicales et sanitaires mais aussi infodémie de mauvaises informations, bonnes pratiques informationnelles mais aussi nombreuses inconduites. Habituée au registre de la vérité scientifique, la science de l’information doit affronter le registre de la post-vérité et du complotisme qui semble caractériser nos sociétés actuelles. Information-soupçon, information-dénonciation, information- mensonge, c’est, pour la science de l’information, un nouvel horizon guère réjouissant qu’elle devrait pouvoir maîtriser sans problème en mobilisant son arsenal de concepts, de méthodes, de lois, de modèles et de théories bien établis en conservant et en développant l’horizon réjouissant de l’information-vérité.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Philippe Abrahami; Catherine Breniquet; Suzanne Dibo; Brigitte Lion; Catherine Marro; Cécile Michel; Régis Vallet;
    Publisher: IFPO - Institut français du Proche-Orient

    Michèle Casanova et sa fille, Alexandra, en 2011 © A. Gosse Michèle Casanova s’est éteinte le 22 décembre 2020, victime de la COVID-19, après un mois d’hospitalisation. La nouvelle de sa disparition a frappé de stupeur et de tristesse la communauté des orientalistes. Spécialiste reconnue de l’artisanat des pierres dures, albâtre et lapis-lazuli, auxquelles elle avait consacré maîtrise et doctorat, réalisés sous la direction de Jean-Louis Huot à l’université de Paris I , Michèle Casanova étai...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Agnieszka Banaś;
    Publisher: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszalek
  • Publication . Article . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Evgeny Maslanov;
    Publisher: National Research University, Higher School of Economics (HSE)

    Nowadays, for science as a type of activity and a socio-cultural institution, the question of the boundaries of its own agency is extremely relevant. Various global challenges (energy, climate, pandemics, security, etc.) are in tune with the challenges for the very concept of science, for its norms and values. In a discussion article, V.N. Porus and V.A. Bazhanov discuss aspects of the political agency of post-normal science (J. Ravetz, S. Funtowicz) — a type of science that claims to go beyond normal science (T. Kuhn) as a process simple and definite solution of problems within the framework of the prevailing paradigms. This article discusses aspects of the political subjectivity of science in the language of locations, the most important of which is the laboratory, understood in broad socio-cultural and socio-epistemic aspects. With the involvement of historical and scientific (atomic-nuclear problem) and modern situational cases (COVID-19), the problems of the relationship between “scientific” and “political” in the location of the expanded laboratory are considered. In the extended laboratory, the situational realization of the political agency of science is carried out. It is emphasized that science has not yet acquired the status of an independent and full-fledged political agency, and the corresponding institutionalization. The political agency of science is specific and episodic. Loaded with complexity and uncertainty modernity is considered by a number of authors at the present time as a post-normal times. It is noted that in the light of the post-normal nature of modernity while striving for political subjectivity, science (at the level of a multitude of participating actors) should not change its “personal ontology” (responsibility for the truth), which is difficult to achieve without an appeal to the virtue of wisdom.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Panagiotis Bountakas; Konstantinos Koutroumpouchos; Christos Xenakis;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Phishing is the most-used malicious attempt in which attackers, commonly via emails, impersonate trusted persons or entities to obtain private information from a victim. Even though phishing email attacks are a known cybercriminal strategy for decades, their usage has been expanded over the last couple of years due to the COVID-19 pandemic, where attackers exploit people’s consternation to lure victims. Therefore, further research is needed in the phishing email detection field. Recent phishing email detection solutions that extract representational text-based features from the email’s body have proved to be an appropriate strategy to tackle these threats. This paper proposes a comparison approach for the combined usage of Natural Language Processing (TF-IDF, Word2Vec, and BERT) and Machine Learning (Random Forest, Decision Tree, Logistic Regression, Gradient Boosting Trees, and Naive Bayes) methods for phishing email detection. The evaluation was performed on two datasets, one balanced and one imbalanced, both of which were comprised of emails from the well-known Enron corpus and the most recent emails from the Nazario phishing corpus. The best combination in the balanced dataset proved to be the Word2Vec with the Random Forest algorithm, while in the imbalanced dataset the Word2Vec with the Logistic Regression algorithm.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Catherine Malabou;
    Publisher: University of Chicago Press
    Country: United Kingdom

    The article focuses on arrival of vessel from Kerkyra, Greece carrying dead crew members body died of mysterious disease in Messina in May 1743 and mentions redoubled quarantine that expresses isolation need from collective isolation Topics discussed include possibility of writing when solitude started, social distance which strips from what remains of social in distance and crisis of capitalism, ecology and China-U S -Russia strategic relation due to coronavirus pandemic

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zuhal KARAKOÇ DORA;
    Publisher: Ankara Avrupa Calismalari Dergisi
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    MARIARITA D'ADDEZIO;
    Publisher: Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan

    Il saggio, dopo aver considerato alcuni provvedimenti normativi adottati dall’UE e dall’Italia per sostenere le filiere agroalimentari e la ripresa dei relativi mercati a seguito delle contrazioni determinate dalla pandemia COVID-19, si sofferma sul delicato rapporto tra il comparto agroalimentare e il cambiamento climatico e sulle ulteriori cause che attualmente minacciano le potenzialità produttive del comparto, segnalando la necessità di uno sviluppo ecosostenibile di esso ma anche l’esigenza di assicurare una maggiore difesa della sovranità del cibo.

  • Open Access Polish
    Authors: 
    Długosz, Paulina;
    Publisher: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
    Country: Poland

    The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, in Poland in 2020 was an event that affected the functioning of the Museum of the City of Łódź on an unprecedented scale. It had to quickly adapt to work in a completely new, changed reality, for which it and many similar institutions were not prepared. More than a year after the put in force of the first sanitary restrictions and despite the continuous epidemic threat, an attempt can be made to characterize the activities undertaken by the museum, aimed at adapting the everyday life of the institution to the new conditions. In order to outline the challenges and problems faced by the Museum of the City of Łódź, the activities undertaken by the institution were described in three spheres: organization of internal work, maintaining and building an audience through digital activity, and making exhibitions and collections available in the sanitary regime. The intention of the analysis is to indicate the key remedial tasks undertaken by the museum. Wybuch pandemii koronawirusa w Polsce w 2020 r. był wydarzeniem, które na niespotykaną wcześniej skalę wpłynęło na funkcjonowanie Muzeum Miasta Łodzi [dalej: MMŁ]. Szybko musiało przystosować się do pracy w zupełnie nowej, zmienionej rzeczywistości, do której zarówno ono, jak i wiele podobnych placówek, nie było przygotowane. Po ponad roku od wprowadzenia pierwszych obostrzeń sanitarnych i pomimo ciągłego trwania zagrożenia epidemicznego, można podjąć próbę charakterystyki przedsięwziętych przez Muzeum działań, których celem było dostosowanie codzienności instytucji do nowych warunków. Na potrzeby stworzenia zarysu wyzwań i problemów, z którymi przyszło się zmierzyć Muzeum Miasta Łodzi, podejmowane przez instytucję działania opisano w trzech sferach: organizacji pracy wewnętrznej, utrzymania i budowania publiczności poprzez działalność cyfrową oraz udostępniania wystaw i zbiorów w reżimie sanitarnym. Intencją analizy jest wskazanie kluczowych zadań zaradczych wykonanych przez Muzeum w 2020 r. oraz przedstawienie wniosków dotyczących jego dalszego funkcjonowania.