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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: PANTIDOS, Panagiotis; GIVRY, Damien;

    In this study an effort is made to provide links between the world of physics (theoretical) model about energy transfer with the world of objects and events. Taking into account a holistic approach on energy based on conservation of energy principle and a semiotic approach based on the multimodality of teaching, it was investigated whether a ‘no contact, contact plus change’ pattern can signify in the material world the separation and the interaction between the physical systems and the changes within the systems. An analysis of a teacher’s actions from a physics lesson and a physics textbook concerning mechanical work and heat as mechanisms of energy transfer was made, identifying the no contact, contact + change pattern in speech, written text, bodily acts and inscriptions. It was shown that this semiotic schema has the potential to transfer the physics model about mechanical work and heat to the world of objects and events avoiding ambiguities that create conceptual blending between transformation and transfer of energy. In addition, illustrating the idea of change by movement for mechanical work (position change) and by haptic contact or different colours for heat (temperature change) might be of great importance in teaching activities about transfer of energy. Review of Science, Mathematics and ICT Education, Forthcoming papers

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Article . 2021
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    Authors: Pellegrini, François; Canevet, Sébastien;

    Bien que l'histoire de l'informatique soit récente, cette discipline pose des problèmes de conservation inédits. Ceux-ci sont amplifiés par des questions d'ordre juridique, le droit du numérique constituant en lui-même un objet d'étude dont l'histoire a également sa place dans un musée de l'informatique. L'objectif de cet article est de proposer un tour d'horizon de l'évolution du droit du numérique, tant du point de vue historique que de son impact sur la conservation et la présentation des pièces. Although the history of informatics is recent, this field poses unusual problems with respect to preservation. These problems are amplified by legal issues, digital law being in itself a subject matter whose history is also worth presenting in a computer science museum. The purpose of this paper is to present a quick overview of the evolution of law regarding digital matters, from an historical perspective as well as with respect to the preservation and presentation of the works.

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    Other literature type . 2012
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    Authors: CARAGLIO, Agnès; RÍOS, Patricia; LIESAU, Corina;

    International audience; In the archaeological literature, the Bell Beaker tradition is usually suggested as a male and warrior "ideology", especially through grave goods. However, it does not reflect a monolithic cultural ‘identity’ but rather a real blended cultural practice reconciled at regional levels through ongoing interactions between collective and individual symbolic concepts. In Central Iberia, recent studies of the Bell Beaker funerary contexts have revealed recurrent practices, such the use of artificial caves and hypogea and the extraction and movement of human bones, as in the well-known Camino de las Yeseras site (San Fernando de Henares, Madrid). Our aim is to shed new light on the distribution of Bell Beaker ceramics in funerary structures through "Social Network Analysis". For example, are we able to establish relationships between the decoration of Bell Beaker vases and the individuals buried in single or collective graves, using similarity indexes between ceramics and network representations? Is the presence of some decorations linked to age or gender? Do stylistic identities have any relation to DNA heritage? The degree of similarity between the decorations executed on the vases from single graves and those deposited in collective graves could help to highlight specific burial categories or personae involved in the spread of particular collective decorative patterns. Network analysis tools can lead us to visualise these intra-site interactions, and gain greater understanding of the social context and the diversity of burial dynamics. The vessels analysed belong to eight Bell beaker tombs documented in Camino de las Yeseras during the second half of the third millennium BCE. In relation to the topic of this paper, we want to highlight the presumed impact of intra-site relations that Bell Beaker customs and funerary rituals could have on the consolidation of social inequalities among the first metallurgical societies of the Central Iberian Peninsula.

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
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    Authors: Duthé, Géraldine; Hazard, Angélique; Kensey, Annie;

    France currently has a very high level of prisoner suicides. Between 2005 and 2010, the mean annual rate was 18.5 suicides per 10,000 prisoners, seven times higher than for the general population. In this article, we begin by describing how suicide has changed since the mid-nineteenth century, highlighting the increasingly specific nature of suicide among prisoners versus non-prisoners. We then analyse the associations between individual characteristics and suicide risk, based on information from the French prison service’s database on all prison terms served in France between 1 January 2006 and 15 July 2009. Over this period, nearly 378,000 terms were observed (corresponding to more than 221,000 person-years) and 378 suicides were identified. Our results confirm the vulnerability of pre-trial detainees, and show that isolation, be it physical or social, is a key component of suicide risk, along with the type of offence resulting in imprisonment. Improving the conditions of detention is one of the priorities of prevention policies now being implemented, but the nature of the offence must also be taken into account as a suicide risk factor.

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    Article . 2015
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    {"references": ["Guile, M. (2006). Clyde School 1910-1975, An Uncommon History. Melbourne: Clyde Old Girls' Association.", "Hay, O. J. (1966). The Chronicles of Clyde. Melbourne: Brown Prior Anderson.", "Holmgren, I. (1934). The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1934, George H Whipple, George R Minot, William P Murphy. Award Cermony Speech, December 10.", "Macpherson, I. (1936). To the Natural Science Section at the Goetheanum, Dornach near Basle, Switzerland. Typewrtten agreement signed by Ileen Macpherson, dated 22nd January 1936, 2 pp.; original held in Dokumentation am Goetheanum Bibliothek Kunstsammlung Archiv, Dornach.", "Magill, E. (1975). In Memoriam Ernesto Genoni 1885-1975. Goetheanum News, 43(11/12), 6-7.", "Northbourne, Lord. (1940). Look to the Land. London: Dent.", "Old Geelong Grammarians. (1994). Directory of Old Geelong Grammarians including Old Girls of Clyde School and the Hermitage. Melbourne: Michael Thornton Publishing.", "Paull, J. (2011a). Attending the first organic agriculture course: Rudolf Steiner's Agriculture Course at Koberwitz, 1924. European Journal of Social Sciences, 21(1), 64-70.", "Paull, J. (2011b). The Betteshanger Summer School: Missing link between biodynamic agriculture and organic farming. Journal of Organic Systems, 6(2), 13-26.", "Paull, J. (2011c). Biodynamic Agriculture: The journey from Koberwitz to the World, 1924-1938. Journal of Organic Systems, 6(1), 27-41.", "Paull, J. (2011d). The secrets of Koberwitz: The diffusion of Rudolf Steiner's Agriculture Course and the founding of Biodynamic Agriculture. Journal of Social Research & Policy, 2(1), 19-29.", "Paull, J. (2013). A history of the organic agriculture movement in Australia. In B. Mascitelli & A. Lobo (Eds.), Organics in the Global Food Chain (pp. 37-60). Ballarat: Connor Court Publishing.", "Paull, J. (2014). Ernesto Genoni: Australia's pioneer of biodynamic agriculture. Journal of Organics, 1(1), 57-81.", "Paull, J. (2016a). Angels of the First Class: The Anthroposophic Art of Ernesto Genoni, Goetheanum, 1924. Hobart: Vital Years Conference 2016 - Cradle of a Healthy Life, Tarremah Steiner School, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 5-9 July.", "Paull, J. (2016b). The Anthroposophic Art of Ernesto Genoni, Goetheanum, 1924. Journal of Organics, 3(2), 1-24.", "Pfeiffer, E. (1938). Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening: Soil Fertility Renewal and Preservation (F. Heckel, Trans.). New York: Anthroposophic Press.", "Shaw, M. T. (1960). Recollections of Clyde (1916-1922): (Single page, 1922 folder, Clyde School Archives).", "Springvale Botanical Cemetery. (1975). Genoni, Ernesto Fermo - Date of service 14/02/1975, Cremated, The cremated remains have been scattered. Springvale: Springvale Botanical Cemetery.", "Springvale Botanical Cemetery. (1984). Macpherson, Edith Ileen - Date of service 06/06/1984, Cremated, The cremated remains have been scattered. Springvale: Springvale Botanical Cemetery.", "Steiner, R. (1923a). The Apocalypse. (Series VI. For Members of the The Anthroposophical Society Only (struck through). Inscribed in her hand: Ileen Macpherson). London: Anthroposophical Publishing Co.", "Steiner, R. (1923b). The Gospel of St Mark with a Supplement. (Series XXIV and XXX. For Members of the The Anthroposophical Society Only. Inscribed in her hand: Ileen Macpherson, Demeter, Box 49, Dandenong P.O.). London: Anthroposophical Publishing Co.", "Steiner, R. (1924a). Agriculture Course (\"Printed for private circulation only\"; 1929, first English language edition; George Kaufmann Trans ed.). Dornach, Switzerland: Goetheanum.", "Steiner, R. (1924b). To All Members: The Meetings at Koberwitz and Breslau. Anthroposophical Movement, 1, 9-11.", "Steiner, R. (1932). The Gem Book: An Art in Jewellery, Hints and Sketches. (Inscribed in her hand: Ileen Macpherson, 432 Punt Hill, South Yarra, then Demeter Farm, Princes Highway, Dandenong & dated 1934). London: H Collison.", "Steiner, R. (1953). Evolution in the Aspect of Realities. (Series XXXV. For Members of the The Anthroposophical Society only. Inscribed in her hand: Ileen Macpherson, Demeter, Dandenong). London: The Anthroposophical Society.", "Steiner, R. (nd). Christ and the Spiritual World or The Search for the Holy Grail. (Printed for members of the General Anthroposophical Society only. Inscribed in her hand: Ileen Macpherson, Demeter, Dandenong, then Namur Street via Noble Park, Vic ). London: Rudolf Steiner Publishing Co.", "Triaca, M. (1985). Amelia, A Long Journey. Melbourne: Greenhouse Publications.", "Wanliss, M. (1914). Sports. The Cluthan, The Journal of Clyde Girl's Grammar School, 1(2), 8-10.", "Webb-Ware, E., & Currie, M. (1916). General News. The Cluthan, The Journal of Clyde Girl's Grammar School, 1(5), 2-3."]} Edith Ileen Macpherson (1898-1984) was a co-founder of Australia’s original Demeter Farm (c.1934-1954) along with her partner Ernesto Genoni (1885-1974). Ileen was a member of Rudolf Steiner’s Experimental Circle of Anthroposophic Farmers and Gardeners (from 1936). Ernesto was the first Australian member (from 1928). At their Demeter Farm in Dandenong, Victoria, they practiced biodynamic agriculture on over 40 acres (16 ha) through the years of the Great Depression, through World War II, and for the first decade of the post-war years, producing milk, fruit, and vegetables. Ileen was an early Australian Anthroposophist and follower of Rudolf Steiner. It was a blow to their Demeter Farm enterprise when she fell ill. Eventually she was no longer able to manage physical work at all and this fell to Ernesto. Although she is remembered as ‘the woman in the wheelchair’ this paper reveals that she was previously an active, fit and keen sportswoman, participating in basketball, tennis, running, hockey, and dancing. At school she was known as ‘Ikey’, she was a prefect, she was a member of the school sports committee, and she won the prize for “best all-round sport”. Ileen was confined to a wheelchair for the last four decades of her life. The cause has generally been misunderstood and misattributed, and is revealed here to be pernicious anaemia (lack of vitamin B12). This condition is now easily and successfully treatable, but it was then generally fatal. Ileen was a financial supporter of the Anthroposophical movement in Australia during her lifetime. Her benefaction has continued since her death via the Ileen Macpherson Trust which reports having dispensed over $600,000 for Anthroposophic causes in Australia. A portrait of Ileen by Italian/Australian artist Ernesto Genoni and photographs of Ileen are presented. "Ileen Macpherson accepted the impulse to assist in a venture for applying Bio-Dynamic methods and resolved with Ernesto Genoni to attempt a practical activity. A small farm was purchased on Princes Highway near Dandenong, approximately 18 miles from Melbourne, and a serious effort which lasted 18 years was attempted. It was worked as a small dairy farm, and the manure built into the compost in the Bio-Dynamic way. They made their own preparations and sprays and produced very good vegetables which were sold in the wholesale market in the city and also from a truck on the side of the road. Constant hard work and many grievous trials were endured by the pioneers who undertook the first Bio- Dynamic venture in Victoria" (Edith Magill, 1975, p.7).

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    Authors: Pianzola, Federico; Rebora, Simone; Lauer, Gerhard;

    International audience; The end of deep reading is a commonplace in public debates, whenever societies talk about youth, books, and the digital age. In contrast to this, we show for the first time and in detail, how intensively young readers write and comment literary texts at an unprecedented scale. We present several analyses of how fiction is transmitted through the social reading platform Wattpad, one of the largest platforms for user-generated stories, including novels, fanfiction, humour, classics, and poetry. By mixed quantitative and qualitative methods and scalable reading we scrutinise texts and comments on Wattpad, what themes are preferred in 13 languages, what role does genre play for readers behaviour, and what kind of emotional engagement is prevalent when young readers share stories. Our results point out the rise of a global reading culture in youth reading besides national preferences for certain topics and genres, patterns of reading engagement, aesthetic values and social interaction. When reading Teen Fiction social-bonding (affective interaction) is prevalent, when reading Classics social-cognitive interaction (collective intelligence) is prevalent. An educational outcome suggests that readers who engage in Teen Fiction learn to read Classics and to judge books not only in direct emotional response to character’s behaviour, but focusing more on contextualised interpretation of the text.

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2020
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    PLoS ONE
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    Data sources: Sygma
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    Article . 2020
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Tieberghien, Estelle; Mélanie-Becquet, Frédérique; Ruiz, Pablo; Poibeau, Thierry; +2 Authors

    International audience; University College London (UCL) owns a large corpus of the philosopher and social reformer Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832). Until recently, these papers were for the most part untranscribed, so that very few people had access to the corpus to evaluate its content and its value. The corpus is now being digitized and transcribed thanks to a large number of volunteers recruited through a crowd-sourcing initiative called Transcribe Bentham (Causer and Terras, 2014a, 2014b).The problem researchers are facing with such a corpus is clear: how to access the content, how to structure these 30,000 files, and how to get relevant access to this mass of data? Our goal has thus been to produce an automatic analysis procedure aiming at providing a general characterization of the content of the corpus. We are more specifically interested in identifying the main topics and their structure so as to provide meaningful static and dynamic representations of their evolution over time.

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    Authors: Pierre-Cyrille Hautcoeur;

    This paper is the eleventh chapter of a book forthcoming in January 2007 under the title Histoire du marché financier français au 19 ème siècle (a history of the French capital market in the 19th century). He discusses the macroeconomics of the great depression of the late 19th century from the point of view of the capital markets. He discusses the thesis of a crowding out of private investment by the government and suggests the organization of financial markets had more responsibility in the misallocation of funds to the most productive uses. Ce papier constitue le onzième chapitre de l'Histoire du marché financier français au 19 ème siècle (à paraître en janvier 2007, publications de la Sorbonne). Dans ce chapitre, nous présentons une analyse macroéconomique de la longue stagnation de la fin du 19 ème siècle à partir du marché financier. Nous discutons la thèse de l'éviction de l'investissement privé par les émissions publiques et suggérons que l'organisation imparfaite des marchés financiers a une plus grande responsabilité dans la mauvaise allocation de l'épargne.

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    Authors: Sidéra, Isabelle;

    International audience; The spoons made from ox metapodial bones are specific bone objects, emblematic for the early Neolithic in the Balkans and Anatolia. They were finely made, sometimes even decorated, and their manufacture demanded high skill and knowledge. The paper will discuss the manufacturing techniques, with special focus on the data obtained through experimentation.

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    Other literature type . 2013
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    Authors: Fleury, Philippe; Madeleine, Sophie;

    By Jamal Al-Qawasmi, Yahya Alshawabkeh, Fabio Remondino.ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9957540041. - ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-9957540043.; International audience; The “Plan de Rome” of Caen (France) is a large plaster model of nearly 70 square metres which represents ancient Rome in the 4th century A.D. Classified in the Inventory of Historic Monuments, it is the work of the architect P. Bigot (1870-1942), winner of the Grand Prix of Rome and professor at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The Plan de Rome is an exceptional piece of our cultural heritage whose only equivalents are its twin which is in Brussels (Belgium) and the model made by I. Gismondi which is in Rome (Italy). Bequeathed to the University of Caen, this relief plan is the pretext of a pluridisciplinary project for a virtual 3D model. Work on developing a virtual model of the city of Rome in the 4th century A.D. began in Caen in 1994. The work involves the development of a fully interactive model of ancient Rome that includes both its architecture and the machinery in use. In reconstructing the past, scholars will be able to test their assumptions from the architectural and topographic viewpoints and test machine functionality. The visitor to the virtual model will be able to wander through a full-scale city and enter most of its large public monuments and a few residences. The work preliminary to the reconstruction itself involves the analysis of ancient source materials, which is currently being performed by the project team’s members who have recourse to outside experts for help with specific points. The body of source material is directly accessible via the interactive model. This paper discusses the history of the project, its methodology and the problematic of the reconstruction of an entire city in interactive virtual reality.

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    Other literature type . 2011
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380 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: PANTIDOS, Panagiotis; GIVRY, Damien;

    In this study an effort is made to provide links between the world of physics (theoretical) model about energy transfer with the world of objects and events. Taking into account a holistic approach on energy based on conservation of energy principle and a semiotic approach based on the multimodality of teaching, it was investigated whether a ‘no contact, contact plus change’ pattern can signify in the material world the separation and the interaction between the physical systems and the changes within the systems. An analysis of a teacher’s actions from a physics lesson and a physics textbook concerning mechanical work and heat as mechanisms of energy transfer was made, identifying the no contact, contact + change pattern in speech, written text, bodily acts and inscriptions. It was shown that this semiotic schema has the potential to transfer the physics model about mechanical work and heat to the world of objects and events avoiding ambiguities that create conceptual blending between transformation and transfer of energy. In addition, illustrating the idea of change by movement for mechanical work (position change) and by haptic contact or different colours for heat (temperature change) might be of great importance in teaching activities about transfer of energy. Review of Science, Mathematics and ICT Education, Forthcoming papers

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Article . 2021
    Data sources: Oskar Bordeaux
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    Authors: Pellegrini, François; Canevet, Sébastien;

    Bien que l'histoire de l'informatique soit récente, cette discipline pose des problèmes de conservation inédits. Ceux-ci sont amplifiés par des questions d'ordre juridique, le droit du numérique constituant en lui-même un objet d'étude dont l'histoire a également sa place dans un musée de l'informatique. L'objectif de cet article est de proposer un tour d'horizon de l'évolution du droit du numérique, tant du point de vue historique que de son impact sur la conservation et la présentation des pièces. Although the history of informatics is recent, this field poses unusual problems with respect to preservation. These problems are amplified by legal issues, digital law being in itself a subject matter whose history is also worth presenting in a computer science museum. The purpose of this paper is to present a quick overview of the evolution of law regarding digital matters, from an historical perspective as well as with respect to the preservation and presentation of the works.

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    Other literature type . 2012
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    Authors: CARAGLIO, Agnès; RÍOS, Patricia; LIESAU, Corina;

    International audience; In the archaeological literature, the Bell Beaker tradition is usually suggested as a male and warrior "ideology", especially through grave goods. However, it does not reflect a monolithic cultural ‘identity’ but rather a real blended cultural practice reconciled at regional levels through ongoing interactions between collective and individual symbolic concepts. In Central Iberia, recent studies of the Bell Beaker funerary contexts have revealed recurrent practices, such the use of artificial caves and hypogea and the extraction and movement of human bones, as in the well-known Camino de las Yeseras site (San Fernando de Henares, Madrid). Our aim is to shed new light on the distribution of Bell Beaker ceramics in funerary structures through "Social Network Analysis". For example, are we able to establish relationships between the decoration of Bell Beaker vases and the individuals buried in single or collective graves, using similarity indexes between ceramics and network representations? Is the presence of some decorations linked to age or gender? Do stylistic identities have any relation to DNA heritage? The degree of similarity between the decorations executed on the vases from single graves and those deposited in collective graves could help to highlight specific burial categories or personae involved in the spread of particular collective decorative patterns. Network analysis tools can lead us to visualise these intra-site interactions, and gain greater understanding of the social context and the diversity of burial dynamics. The vessels analysed belong to eight Bell beaker tombs documented in Camino de las Yeseras during the second half of the third millennium BCE. In relation to the topic of this paper, we want to highlight the presumed impact of intra-site relations that Bell Beaker customs and funerary rituals could have on the consolidation of social inequalities among the first metallurgical societies of the Central Iberian Peninsula.

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
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    Authors: Duthé, Géraldine; Hazard, Angélique; Kensey, Annie;

    France currently has a very high level of prisoner suicides. Between 2005 and 2010, the mean annual rate was 18.5 suicides per 10,000 prisoners, seven times higher than for the general population. In this article, we begin by describing how suicide has changed since the mid-nineteenth century, highlighting the increasingly specific nature of suicide among prisoners versus non-prisoners. We then analyse the associations between individual characteristics and suicide risk, based on information from the French prison service’s database on all prison terms served in France between 1 January 2006 and 15 July 2009. Over this period, nearly 378,000 terms were observed (corresponding to more than 221,000 person-years) and 378 suicides were identified. Our results confirm the vulnerability of pre-trial detainees, and show that isolation, be it physical or social, is a key component of suicide risk, along with the type of offence resulting in imprisonment. Improving the conditions of detention is one of the priorities of prevention policies now being implemented, but the nature of the offence must also be taken into account as a suicide risk factor.

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    Archined
    Article . 2015
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