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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Campion, Jonas;

    International audience; A la fin de la guerre, la police néerlandaise est dans une situation délicate. Profondément transformée durant l’occupation, elle doit, se réorganiser et s’épurer. Les enjeux de ces processus sont nombreux et primordiaux en termes de rétablissement de l’état de droit et de légitimité d’action des institutions de régulations sociales. L’épuration prend une double forme : judiciaire d’abord, interne ensuite. Dans le cadre de cette communication, notre ambition est d’analyser, au sein de la Koninklijke Marechaussee en pleine réorganisation, les structures internes d’épuration et pratiques en découlant. Les sources mobilisées sont 1) les archives de l’institution, 2) les archives de la Militair Gezag, 3) des dossiers individuels d’épuration administrative (issus du Bureau Juridische Zaken. Zuivering van de Afdeling Politie). Notre propos est de caractériser cette épuration en termes de comportements et personnels poursuivis, mais aussi par rapport aux attentes placées dans ces procédures exceptionnelles. Dans ce but, des comparaisons seront notamment établies avec les épurations des gendarmeries belge et française. Au final, une question majeure guide nos réflexions : savoir si, l’épuration interne du corps de la Marechaussée Royale du corps fut, comme revendiquée à l’époque pour l’ensemble de la société néerlandaise, « rapide, rigoureuse et équitable ? »

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ OpenEditionarrow_drop_down
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    OpenEdition
    Book . 2013
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    Authors: Georgakakis, Didier;

    Tout est dit, et pense-t-on a été dit, sur les « eurocrates », leurs privilèges, leur idéologie (néo-libérale pour les uns, au contraire régulatrice et étatiste pour d’autres, technocratique pour tous) et les diktats multiples qu’ils imposeraient. Rares sont pourtant les analyses qui dépassent ces anathèmes et traite de la diversité sociologique des fonctionnaires européens, de la complexité de leur position et des fondations de leur pouvoir individuel et collectif. À y regarder de plus près, ce groupe vit pourtant une transformation assez majeure. Originellement pensé comme un corps assez unique de permanents de l’Europe proche d’une fonction publique d’État et destiné à neutraliser les nombreux conflits d’intérêts politiques, économiques et sociaux qui vont de pair avec une « Union toujours plus étroite », cette infrastructure humaine de l’intégration européenne a subi de profondes transformations qui l’ont progressivement bien plus rapprochée du modèle des manageurs internationaux indifféremment publics et privés que de son modèle d’origine. Ce mouvement, né dans un contexte chargé de réformes administratives et institutionnelles, d’élargissements, puis de crise économique et monétaire, représente un déplacement important ; il est plus encore à l’origine d’une véritable crise sociologique qui fragilise ce collectif et comprend de nombreuses conséquences sur le processus européen et sa direction. Fruit d’un ensemble d’enquêtes sociologiques de terrain sur les fonctionnaires européens et le mystère de leur formation en tant que groupe, ce livre tranche avec la somme d’anathèmes et leur pendant de justifications que déchaine ordinairement la seule évocation des « eurocrates ». En en éclairant des aspects largement méconnus, il s’interroge sur les transformations de leur pouvoir et, au-delà, du projet européen lui-même. La question du sens et de la direction à venir de l’Europe est indissociable d’une réflexion sur sa fonction publique dans tous les sens du terme.

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    OpenEdition
    Book . 2019
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    Authors: Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina;

    International audience; Here we discuss the book entitled Ruins of Buddhistic Temples in Praga Talley: Tyandis Barabudur, Mendut and Pawon (available at archive.org/details/ ruinsofbuddhisti00gronrich), written by Isaac Groneman and published by H.A. Benjamins, Semarang, in 1912. We discuss in particular the Groneman s observations concerning the orientation of the temples, in reference to the path of the sun, and the descriptions of the statues, in particular those concerning the mudras of Buddha. As a reader can easily see, the Groneman s book is an outstanding report about the temples of Mendut, Pawon and Borobudur. It is essential for anyone who is studying the temples, not only for the scholars, but also for those persons which are fascinated by the Javanese antiquity.

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    Article . 2017
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    ZENODO
    Article . 2017
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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      ZENODO
      Article . 2017
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      Article . 2017
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Casalini, Michele;

    International audience; This article considers need for more visible, available, accessible, innovative and shared bibliographic data in the internet age and the subsequent benefits of these transformations for galleries, libraries, archives and museums. Recent and ongoing research and development activities in the following fields are explored: entity identification, reconciliation, data enrichment, MARC records enriched with URIs, conversion to RDF, creation of relationship criteria for the improved identification of entities and a knowledge base of clusters that uses the paradigms of the semantic web. These improvements are discussed in the context of the BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework Initiative) data model and associated projects such as SHARE-VDE. The aim of the article is to outline current and future research and development activities in collaboration with the library community concerning the dissemination and discoverability of bibliographic data and research knowledge.

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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Hal-Diderot
    Other literature type . 2017
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Hal-Diderot
      Other literature type . 2017
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    Authors: Roux, Valentine; Aussenac, Nathalie;

    International audience; The Arkeotek project aims at building knowledge bases in the domain of the archaeology of techniques. These knowledge bases are made up of documents structured in data and interpretation rules, the latter being understood as inference operations performed to generate conclusions or interpretative hypotheses. Such structured documents are obtained through the logicist analysis, a 30-year old term given to an ensemble of research aiming at clarifying the mechanisms and foundations of the reasoning which organize our scientific constructs (GARDIN 2003). Nowadays, only logicism proposes anefficient methodology for extracting the reasoning contained in our scientific publications and therefore for building corpora of inference rules. In this paper, we focus on the tools and resources designed for querying such corpora: a domain ontology associated with a terminology, a semantic annotation tool as well a query tool. The originality of our approach is to support the corpus and domain knowledge evolution. The ultimate goal is to give the archaeologist the possibility to consult archaeological interpretations on specific subjects, as well as the foundations of these interpretationsincluding data bases.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bérard , Benoît;

    International audience; The French West Indies (F.W.I.) were French colonies with a specific legal frame until 1946 when they became French departments. Since that time the legal frame in force concerning archaeological heritage protection is exactly the same than in metropolitan France. In this system all the laws relating to cultural heritage are grouped in the "Code du Patrimoine" (Heritage code), which contains several topics such as archives, museums, archaeology and historic monuments. Some articles refer to the Penal Code, the Code of Urban Development, the Environmental Code or the Mining Code. These laws are supplemented by various decrees that define the applying conditions for different areas: rescue archeology (decree 2004-490), INRAP , advisory bodies, the content of the field reports, penal provisions, etc ... The heritage laws have been created in 1917 (Historic Monuments) and 1941 (archaeology). The law on rescue archeology is in force only since 2001 and is an application of the European Convention of Malta (1992). However, the implementation of the regulation and of the institutions in charge of is application in the French West Indies is fairly recent. In this presentation after a general presentation of the archaeological heritage protection French system we will focus on the different aspects of is application in F.W.I.: difficulties linked to the application of a system suited for metropolitan France, the level of the French West Indian people implication in the archaeological heritage protection and the future perspectives.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL Descartes; HAL-P...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Johnston, Andrew; Segrestin, Blanche;

    International audience; In this chapter, we explore the evolving relationship between managers, directors, shareholders and companies over the course of the twentieth century. Focusing on the U.K., we show that, during the first half of the twentieth century, an absence of law allowed managers to acquire considerable de facto authority and power within companies, and that this was legitimated by reference to the specific competences that managers possessed. The role of management was not only to rationalize production and to reduce costs, but also to develop new capabilities and to devise strategies by which enterprises would innovate by exploring the unknown, a role which brought with it new social responsibilities. Company law, which predated the emergence of professional management, allowed space for managers to operate with the autonomy necessary to perform these functions, but did not guarantee it, making it vulnerable to later changes that sought to put shareholders back at the heart of the company. The second half of the twentieth century witnessed a succession of hard and soft law reforms which progressively diminished managerial autonomy and authority, transferring power to shareholders and independent directors. This transfer coincided with a move away from managerial conceptions of control, with their emphasis on balancing the competing interests at stake in the enterprise, towards an unbalanced system that creates powerful incentives for executives and managers to transfer value to shareholders (and themselves). As a whole, the chapter shows that law and soft law have exercised a powerful influence over the way in which companies are managed and governed in the U.K.

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    Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
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    Authors: Mouchi, Vincent; Emmanuel, Laurent; FOREST, Vianney; Rivalan, André;

    International audience; In an area named Mermian (municipality of Agde, South of France), a significant amount of fragmented italic amphorae from the 2 nd century BC was discovered, located at a depth of 6 to 8 meters under the bed of the Hérault river. As no ship wreck was found in the vicinity, the reason of the presence of these amphora fragments, whose faces present a large accumulation of oyster shells, is unknown. Reconstructed geomorphological maps of the area present Mermian as a riverine site already at this period, and several hypothetical explanations on the role of these amphorae exist (landfill linked to a neighbouring habitat, bank reinforcement linked to a ford crossing, river landing, etc.). In order to define whether the amphorae were transported to this location and from where, we analysed the stable carbon and oxygen isotopes of the oyster shells. The δ 13 C and δ 18 O indicate that all oysters lived in the same environment, refuting a potential transport during the oyster accumulation. Moreover, the analysis of Mytilaster sp. shells in the sediment around the oyster shells also reported a marine origin, suggesting that these oysters were also buried in a marine deposit. Transport to Mermian from a coastal locality is unlikely but may still have happened, although no trace of human handling were observed on the fragments. Still, the presence of other marine or brackish molluscs in the sediment discards the interpretation of Mermian being a continental locality.

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    Open Quaternary
    Article . 2020
    Data sources: Open Quaternary
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    DOAJ-Articles
    Article . 2020
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      Open Quaternary
      Article . 2020
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      Article . 2020
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    Authors: Mende, Doreen; Levin, Boaz;

    International audience

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    Oskar Bordeaux
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Data sources: Oskar Bordeaux
    Hal-Diderot
    Other literature type . 2017
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    Authors: Revire, Nicolas;

    This article reviews the English edition of L'archéologie mône de Dvāravatī, originally written by Pierre Dupont and published posthumously in 1959. The English translation was done by Joyanto K. Sen and published by White Lotus Press in 2006. The present Review Article is intended to show, for the record, the extent to which the translation does not follow the content of the original work. First of all, the translation presents factual errors to new scholars who may be unable to check or read the text in French. Secondly, there are also several problems with the additional and partial updates meant to highlight the tremendous amount of work and extent of excavations conducted in central Thailand over the past 50 years. Cet article est un compte rendu critique de la récente traduction anglaise de l'ouvrage de Pierre Dupont, originellement intitulé L'archéologie mône de Dvāravatī. La traduction anglaise fut réalisée par Joyanto K. Sen et publiée par White Lotus Press en 2006. L'article met en exergue les sérieux problèmes de traduction et les mises à jour partiales voire erronées qui sont proposées par le traducteur. L'article insiste en outre sur l'importance de cet ouvrage publié en 1955 et devenu un classique pour l'étude de l'archéologie de Dvāravatī en Thaïlande.

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2011
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380 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Campion, Jonas;

    International audience; A la fin de la guerre, la police néerlandaise est dans une situation délicate. Profondément transformée durant l’occupation, elle doit, se réorganiser et s’épurer. Les enjeux de ces processus sont nombreux et primordiaux en termes de rétablissement de l’état de droit et de légitimité d’action des institutions de régulations sociales. L’épuration prend une double forme : judiciaire d’abord, interne ensuite. Dans le cadre de cette communication, notre ambition est d’analyser, au sein de la Koninklijke Marechaussee en pleine réorganisation, les structures internes d’épuration et pratiques en découlant. Les sources mobilisées sont 1) les archives de l’institution, 2) les archives de la Militair Gezag, 3) des dossiers individuels d’épuration administrative (issus du Bureau Juridische Zaken. Zuivering van de Afdeling Politie). Notre propos est de caractériser cette épuration en termes de comportements et personnels poursuivis, mais aussi par rapport aux attentes placées dans ces procédures exceptionnelles. Dans ce but, des comparaisons seront notamment établies avec les épurations des gendarmeries belge et française. Au final, une question majeure guide nos réflexions : savoir si, l’épuration interne du corps de la Marechaussée Royale du corps fut, comme revendiquée à l’époque pour l’ensemble de la société néerlandaise, « rapide, rigoureuse et équitable ? »

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    OpenEdition
    Book . 2013
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    Authors: Georgakakis, Didier;

    Tout est dit, et pense-t-on a été dit, sur les « eurocrates », leurs privilèges, leur idéologie (néo-libérale pour les uns, au contraire régulatrice et étatiste pour d’autres, technocratique pour tous) et les diktats multiples qu’ils imposeraient. Rares sont pourtant les analyses qui dépassent ces anathèmes et traite de la diversité sociologique des fonctionnaires européens, de la complexité de leur position et des fondations de leur pouvoir individuel et collectif. À y regarder de plus près, ce groupe vit pourtant une transformation assez majeure. Originellement pensé comme un corps assez unique de permanents de l’Europe proche d’une fonction publique d’État et destiné à neutraliser les nombreux conflits d’intérêts politiques, économiques et sociaux qui vont de pair avec une « Union toujours plus étroite », cette infrastructure humaine de l’intégration européenne a subi de profondes transformations qui l’ont progressivement bien plus rapprochée du modèle des manageurs internationaux indifféremment publics et privés que de son modèle d’origine. Ce mouvement, né dans un contexte chargé de réformes administratives et institutionnelles, d’élargissements, puis de crise économique et monétaire, représente un déplacement important ; il est plus encore à l’origine d’une véritable crise sociologique qui fragilise ce collectif et comprend de nombreuses conséquences sur le processus européen et sa direction. Fruit d’un ensemble d’enquêtes sociologiques de terrain sur les fonctionnaires européens et le mystère de leur formation en tant que groupe, ce livre tranche avec la somme d’anathèmes et leur pendant de justifications que déchaine ordinairement la seule évocation des « eurocrates ». En en éclairant des aspects largement méconnus, il s’interroge sur les transformations de leur pouvoir et, au-delà, du projet européen lui-même. La question du sens et de la direction à venir de l’Europe est indissociable d’une réflexion sur sa fonction publique dans tous les sens du terme.

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    OpenEdition
    Book . 2019
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    Authors: Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina;

    International audience; Here we discuss the book entitled Ruins of Buddhistic Temples in Praga Talley: Tyandis Barabudur, Mendut and Pawon (available at archive.org/details/ ruinsofbuddhisti00gronrich), written by Isaac Groneman and published by H.A. Benjamins, Semarang, in 1912. We discuss in particular the Groneman s observations concerning the orientation of the temples, in reference to the path of the sun, and the descriptions of the statues, in particular those concerning the mudras of Buddha. As a reader can easily see, the Groneman s book is an outstanding report about the temples of Mendut, Pawon and Borobudur. It is essential for anyone who is studying the temples, not only for the scholars, but also for those persons which are fascinated by the Javanese antiquity.

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    ZENODO
    Article . 2017
    License: CC BY
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    ZENODO
    Article . 2017
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
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      ZENODO
      Article . 2017
      License: CC BY
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      ZENODO
      Article . 2017
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Casalini, Michele;

    International audience; This article considers need for more visible, available, accessible, innovative and shared bibliographic data in the internet age and the subsequent benefits of these transformations for galleries, libraries, archives and museums. Recent and ongoing research and development activities in the following fields are explored: entity identification, reconciliation, data enrichment, MARC records enriched with URIs, conversion to RDF, creation of relationship criteria for the improved identification of entities and a knowledge base of clusters that uses the paradigms of the semantic web. These improvements are discussed in the context of the BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework Initiative) data model and associated projects such as SHARE-VDE. The aim of the article is to outline current and future research and development activities in collaboration with the library community concerning the dissemination and discoverability of bibliographic data and research knowledge.

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    Other literature type . 2017
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      Other literature type . 2017
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    Authors: Roux, Valentine; Aussenac, Nathalie;

    International audience; The Arkeotek project aims at building knowledge bases in the domain of the archaeology of techniques. These knowledge bases are made up of documents structured in data and interpretation rules, the latter being understood as inference operations performed to generate conclusions or interpretative hypotheses. Such structured documents are obtained through the logicist analysis, a 30-year old term given to an ensemble of research aiming at clarifying the mechanisms and foundations of the reasoning which organize our scientific constructs (GARDIN 2003). Nowadays, only logicism proposes anefficient methodology for extracting the reasoning contained in our scientific publications and therefore for building corpora of inference rules. In this paper, we focus on the tools and resources designed for querying such corpora: a domain ontology associated with a terminology, a semantic annotation tool as well a query tool. The originality of our approach is to support the corpus and domain knowledge evolution. The ultimate goal is to give the archaeologist the possibility to consult archaeological interpretations on specific subjects, as well as the foundations of these interpretationsincluding data bases.

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    Authors: Bérard , Benoît;

    International audience; The French West Indies (F.W.I.) were French colonies with a specific legal frame until 1946 when they became French departments. Since that time the legal frame in force concerning archaeological heritage protection is exactly the same than in metropolitan France. In this system all the laws relating to cultural heritage are grouped in the "Code du Patrimoine" (Heritage code), which contains several topics such as archives, museums, archaeology and historic monuments. Some articles refer to the Penal Code, the Code of Urban Development, the Environmental Code or the Mining Code. These laws are supplemented by various decrees that define the applying conditions for different areas: rescue archeology (decree 2004-490), INRAP , advisory bodies, the content of the field reports, penal provisions, etc ... The heritage laws have been created in 1917 (Historic Monuments) and 1941 (archaeology). The law on rescue archeology is in force only since 2001 and is an application of the European Convention of Malta (1992). However, the implementation of the regulation and of the institutions in charge of is application in the French West Indies is fairly recent. In this presentation after a general presentation of the archaeological heritage protection French system we will focus on the different aspects of is application in F.W.I.: difficulties linked to the application of a system suited for metropolitan France, the level of the French West Indian people implication in the archaeological heritage protection and the future perspectives.

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    Authors: Johnston, Andrew; Segrestin, Blanche;

    International audience; In this chapter, we explore the evolving relationship between managers, directors, shareholders and companies over the course of the twentieth century. Focusing on the U.K., we show that, during the first half of the twentieth century, an absence of law allowed managers to acquire considerable de facto authority and power within companies, and that this was legitimated by reference to the specific competences that managers possessed. The role of management was not only to rationalize production and to reduce costs, but also to develop new capabilities and to devise strategies by which enterprises would innovate by exploring the unknown, a role which brought with it new social responsibilities. Company law, which predated the emergence of professional management, allowed space for managers to operate with the autonomy necessary to perform these functions, but did not guarantee it, making it vulnerable to later changes that sought to put shareholders back at the heart of the company. The second half of the twentieth century witnessed a succession of hard and soft law reforms which progressively diminished managerial autonomy and authority, transferring power to shareholders and independent directors. This transfer coincided with a move away from managerial conceptions of control, with their emphasis on balancing the competing interests at stake in the enterprise, towards an unbalanced system that creates powerful incentives for executives and managers to transfer value to shareholders (and themselves). As a whole, the chapter shows that law and soft law have exercised a powerful influence over the way in which companies are managed and governed in the U.K.

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    Part of book or chapter of book . 2021