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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • Open Access
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  • Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet - Academic Archive On-line
  • Publikationer från Uppsala Universitet
  • Publikationer från Umeå universitet
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sandström, Glenn; Stanfors, Maria;
    Publisher: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier
    Country: Sweden

    An established negative association between socio-economic status (SES) and divorce has applied to most Western nations since 1960. We expected a positive association between SES and divorce for low-divorce contexts historically because only individuals in higher social strata had the resources to overcome barriers to divorce. According to Goode’s socio-economic growth theory, this relationship was reversed as industrialization and modernization began removing the economic and normative barriers. Making use of longitudinal data from parish registers, we investigated SES and other micro-level determinants of divorce among men and women in northern Sweden who married between 1880 and 1954. Results indicated a positive association between SES and divorce among those who married 1880–1919, with the middle class, not the elite, featuring the highest divorce risks. This association changed for couples who married in the 1920s, for whom divorce became more common and the working class faced similar divorce risks to the higher social strata.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Andersson, Daniel;
    Publisher: Umea University Library
    Country: Sweden

    This article examines history mediation and the relationship between education and academia. The aim is to investigate historical representations of the Christianisation in Sweden from 1915 to 1996, by doing a comparative analysis of the content in research publications and history textbooks for upper secondary school (or the equivalent). The research field and the textbooks are perceived as two different knowledge arenas. The analysis shows how the two arenas are more harmonious and consistent in their representations of Christianisation during the early twentieth century. In the mid-twentieth century, the arenas deviated from each other for an extended period, before finally becoming more unitary again by the end of the century. The impact of the schools’ steering documents, as well as the distinctiveness of the two arenas, seems to constitute the conditions for inconsistencies between them at different times. The analysis also suggests that the educational applicability of the knowledge content in contemporary research, likewise impacts the relationship between the two arenas.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Norén, Fredrik; Jarlbrink, Johan; Borg, Alexandra; Edoff, Erik; Magnusson, Måns;
    Publisher: De Gruyter
    Country: Sweden

    This paper explores what was explicitly defined as ‘political’ duringthe post-war era, from 1945 to 1989, in two Swedish newspapers. Based on allextracted text blocks containing the term ‘political’, two research questions areexamined: How has the use of the term “political” evolved over time? In whichcontexts was the concept inscribed, and how did these change over time? In-spired by conceptual history, the analysis is divided into three parts: an examina-tion of ‘political’ through bigram extractions, contextual explorations using topicmodeling, and a close reading of one particular topic over time, the topic labeled‘women’. The result shows an increased use of the term ‘political’ from the1960s, with more things that were labeled as ‘political’. The analysis reveals thatthe concept was broadened, but not entirely redefined.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lars Fredrik Andersson; Liselotte Eriksson; Josef Lilljegren;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
    Country: Sweden

    Mutual benefit societies evolved as the major provider for sickness, accident and life insurance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries on both sides of the Atlantic. One of the major problems facing insurers was the risk of adverse selection, i.e. that unhealthy individuals had more incentives than healthy individuals to insure when priced for the average risk. By empirically examining whether longevity among insured individuals in a nationwide mutual health society was different from a matched sample of uninsured individuals, we seek to identify the presence of adverse selection. We find no compelling evidence showing that unhealthy individuals were more likely to insure, or reasons to believe that problems related to adverse selection would have been a major reason for government intervention in the health insurance market in Sweden.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Johannes Edvardsson; Anton Hansson; Mattias Sjölander; Johan von Boer; Philip Buckland; Hans Linderson; Björn Gunnarson; Hans W Linderholm; Igor Drobyshev; Dan Hammarlund;
    Publisher: Umeå universitet, Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet
    Country: Sweden

    Abstract The Old Wood in a New Light database project focuses on the digitization and accessibility of the results of dendrochronological samples analyzed and archived at four Swedish university-based tree-ring laboratories at Lund University, Stockholm University, University of Gothenburg, and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Collaboration with the Environmental Archaeology Laboratory and Humlab at Umeå University enables long-term open access to data, raw data, and metadata. In this project, we (1) systematically undertake large-scale entry and open access publication of results from wood samples scientifically analyzed and archived by Swedish laboratories and the associated metadata, into the Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database (SEAD; www.sead.se) research data infrastructure, and (2) actively promote the database as a resource for new and ongoing interdisciplinary research initiatives. Including dendrochronological data in SEAD infrastructure allows interdisciplinary studies that combine major scientific and societal questions. Building on a pilot study of construction timber from southern Sweden and adaptation of SEAD digitization workflows, more than 70 000 samples archived at the four dendrochronological laboratories are now being handled in the project. The broad coverage of research networks, stakeholder interaction, and strategic support from the cultural heritage community is guaranteed owing to the ongoing collaboration between laboratories and an established international and multidisciplinary reference group.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Erik Jönsson; Johan Pries; Don Mitchell;
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Country: Sweden

    Engaging with scholarship on hegemony, park history, and in particular with Sevilla-Buitrago’s analysis of Central Park as a pedagogical space, this article traces the establishment of two parks in the Swedish textile industry centre of Norrköping. These parks, bearing very similar names – Folkparken and Folkets Park – were established just six years apart. But though both parks linked “park” and “people” ( Folk), their intended political effects were radically different. The 1895 Folkparken was an elite attempt to create a de-politicised landscape park, while the 1901 Folkets Park was instead the labour movement’s attempt to create their own space. Exploring this latter park enables telling a story of park production beyond elite dominance. Like dozens of similar labour-controlled parks across Sweden, the People’s Park allowed Norrköping’s labour movement to shape their landscape long before the Social Democrats made any significant inroads into parliamentary politics. Combining a platform for socialistic agitation, with a theatre and space for recreation, this park quickly became central to Norrköping’s working class. Thereby, it could both enable social-democratic presence at an everyday level, and function as an important resource during periods of intense class-struggle.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Adam Hjorthén;
    Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen Svenska institutet för nordamerikastudier (SINAS)
    Country: Sweden

    This article investigates the modern history of genealogy through the lens of keyword indexes – an essential resource for access to genealogical information. Empirically, the article studies the role of indexes in Euro-American genealogy from the nineteenth century to today. Particular attention is paid to the 1960s–2010s, when genealogy changed through growing popular engagement, new technologies, rising and falling academic interest, and increased commercialisation. Focusing on a set of grassroots cases from Sweden that have been crucial to the subfield of Swedish-American genealogy, the article explores the work of local Swedish heritage societies and the dream of empirical ‘totality’; the cooperation between heritage societies and academic historians; the impact of microfilm and digital technologies in creating a sense of information overload; the economy of unpaid volunteer and state-subsidised labour; and how paper-based indexes, created largely through grassroots initiatives, have been transformed into digital commodities on an international genealogical market. While this is an important enquiry for understanding the history of genealogy – one of the most widespread popular pursuits in modern history – it also addresses the intricate relations between grassroots initiatives, academic research, and capitalism in modern archive history.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Gustavsson;
    Publisher: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper
    Country: Sweden

    In this article, I discuss the benefits and shortcomings of deploying an ethnographic approach when studying the digital return of visual collections from ethnographic museums to source communities. I draw on my research process and field work in the Argentine Chaco where I presented and discussed a selection of century-old ethnographic photographic and filmic images from this region with members of the Indigenous Pilagá People. I argue that carrying out extensive ethnographic field work is a way to access the density and multiple layers of social and cultural relations in which returns are carried out. I also discuss and analyze the effects of ethnography on contemporary field work. I specifically reflect upon my own ethnographic praxis from a historical perspective, as part of a longer tradition in which various generations of anthropologists have visited and revisited the Pilagá in the Argentine Chaco. I argue that this historical ”ethnographization” has left marks in the memories of key informants and in local notions of ”culture”. Thus not only are we to reframe our field methods by considering updated and critical literature on the subject but also by paying attention to the field´s own specific historical relationship with ethnography.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Erika Weiberg; Martin Finné;
    Publisher: Editorial Committee of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome (ECSI)
    Country: Sweden

    Human-environment dynamics in past societies has been a major field of research in the Mediterranean for a long time, but has grown significantly following the increase in the number and quality of palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironmental records in the last two decades. Here we sketch the outline of this field of research based on 1,531 author keywords from 280 peer-reviewed articles published in 78 different scientific journals during 2016–2021. Sourced from the Web of Science, the selected studies cover the time span from the Neolithic to the Roman period across the Mediterranean and provide a large number of entry points for the interested reader regardless of their prior knowledge and specific interests. The results make evident the breadth and interdisciplinary nature of this research and show that it is possible to approach questions of human-environment dynamics in many and diverse ways. Among other things, our overview outlines the importance of temporal and spatial scales, as well as the elusive nature of causality, and highlights that monocausal models connecting climate events and societal collapse are increasingly replaced by scenarios favouring more nuanced renditions of the sequence of events within which internal societal factors are given more room for play.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Häggqvist, Henric;
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Country: Sweden

    Export taxation holds a particular place within trade policy, especially so during the mercantilist era. While governments tried to ensure consistent export surpluses, they would at the same time put tariffs on those goods, possibly impeding export growth. This article quantifies export duties in Denmark and Sweden during close to a century, to analyze which intensity they had over time and which role they played within trade policy. The article finds that these taxes were at times rather high, particularly on raw materials partly reserved for domestic use or refinement. The fiscal dimension of export taxation clearly played an important role as well, as revenue needs often delayed the removal of tariffs. One conclusion is that the regulation of exports presents an interesting case of political conflict, between promoting growth and filling state coffers.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
8,162 Research products, page 1 of 817
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sandström, Glenn; Stanfors, Maria;
    Publisher: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier
    Country: Sweden

    An established negative association between socio-economic status (SES) and divorce has applied to most Western nations since 1960. We expected a positive association between SES and divorce for low-divorce contexts historically because only individuals in higher social strata had the resources to overcome barriers to divorce. According to Goode’s socio-economic growth theory, this relationship was reversed as industrialization and modernization began removing the economic and normative barriers. Making use of longitudinal data from parish registers, we investigated SES and other micro-level determinants of divorce among men and women in northern Sweden who married between 1880 and 1954. Results indicated a positive association between SES and divorce among those who married 1880–1919, with the middle class, not the elite, featuring the highest divorce risks. This association changed for couples who married in the 1920s, for whom divorce became more common and the working class faced similar divorce risks to the higher social strata.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Andersson, Daniel;
    Publisher: Umea University Library
    Country: Sweden

    This article examines history mediation and the relationship between education and academia. The aim is to investigate historical representations of the Christianisation in Sweden from 1915 to 1996, by doing a comparative analysis of the content in research publications and history textbooks for upper secondary school (or the equivalent). The research field and the textbooks are perceived as two different knowledge arenas. The analysis shows how the two arenas are more harmonious and consistent in their representations of Christianisation during the early twentieth century. In the mid-twentieth century, the arenas deviated from each other for an extended period, before finally becoming more unitary again by the end of the century. The impact of the schools’ steering documents, as well as the distinctiveness of the two arenas, seems to constitute the conditions for inconsistencies between them at different times. The analysis also suggests that the educational applicability of the knowledge content in contemporary research, likewise impacts the relationship between the two arenas.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Norén, Fredrik; Jarlbrink, Johan; Borg, Alexandra; Edoff, Erik; Magnusson, Måns;
    Publisher: De Gruyter
    Country: Sweden

    This paper explores what was explicitly defined as ‘political’ duringthe post-war era, from 1945 to 1989, in two Swedish newspapers. Based on allextracted text blocks containing the term ‘political’, two research questions areexamined: How has the use of the term “political” evolved over time? In whichcontexts was the concept inscribed, and how did these change over time? In-spired by conceptual history, the analysis is divided into three parts: an examina-tion of ‘political’ through bigram extractions, contextual explorations using topicmodeling, and a close reading of one particular topic over time, the topic labeled‘women’. The result shows an increased use of the term ‘political’ from the1960s, with more things that were labeled as ‘political’. The analysis reveals thatthe concept was broadened, but not entirely redefined.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lars Fredrik Andersson; Liselotte Eriksson; Josef Lilljegren;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
    Country: Sweden

    Mutual benefit societies evolved as the major provider for sickness, accident and life insurance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries on both sides of the Atlantic. One of the major problems facing insurers was the risk of adverse selection, i.e. that unhealthy individuals had more incentives than healthy individuals to insure when priced for the average risk. By empirically examining whether longevity among insured individuals in a nationwide mutual health society was different from a matched sample of uninsured individuals, we seek to identify the presence of adverse selection. We find no compelling evidence showing that unhealthy individuals were more likely to insure, or reasons to believe that problems related to adverse selection would have been a major reason for government intervention in the health insurance market in Sweden.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Johannes Edvardsson; Anton Hansson; Mattias Sjölander; Johan von Boer; Philip Buckland; Hans Linderson; Björn Gunnarson; Hans W Linderholm; Igor Drobyshev; Dan Hammarlund;
    Publisher: Umeå universitet, Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet
    Country: Sweden

    Abstract The Old Wood in a New Light database project focuses on the digitization and accessibility of the results of dendrochronological samples analyzed and archived at four Swedish university-based tree-ring laboratories at Lund University, Stockholm University, University of Gothenburg, and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Collaboration with the Environmental Archaeology Laboratory and Humlab at Umeå University enables long-term open access to data, raw data, and metadata. In this project, we (1) systematically undertake large-scale entry and open access publication of results from wood samples scientifically analyzed and archived by Swedish laboratories and the associated metadata, into the Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database (SEAD; www.sead.se) research data infrastructure, and (2) actively promote the database as a resource for new and ongoing interdisciplinary research initiatives. Including dendrochronological data in SEAD infrastructure allows interdisciplinary studies that combine major scientific and societal questions. Building on a pilot study of construction timber from southern Sweden and adaptation of SEAD digitization workflows, more than 70 000 samples archived at the four dendrochronological laboratories are now being handled in the project. The broad coverage of research networks, stakeholder interaction, and strategic support from the cultural heritage community is guaranteed owing to the ongoing collaboration between laboratories and an established international and multidisciplinary reference group.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Erik Jönsson; Johan Pries; Don Mitchell;
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Country: Sweden

    Engaging with scholarship on hegemony, park history, and in particular with Sevilla-Buitrago’s analysis of Central Park as a pedagogical space, this article traces the establishment of two parks in the Swedish textile industry centre of Norrköping. These parks, bearing very similar names – Folkparken and Folkets Park – were established just six years apart. But though both parks linked “park” and “people” ( Folk), their intended political effects were radically different. The 1895 Folkparken was an elite attempt to create a de-politicised landscape park, while the 1901 Folkets Park was instead the labour movement’s attempt to create their own space. Exploring this latter park enables telling a story of park production beyond elite dominance. Like dozens of similar labour-controlled parks across Sweden, the People’s Park allowed Norrköping’s labour movement to shape their landscape long before the Social Democrats made any significant inroads into parliamentary politics. Combining a platform for socialistic agitation, with a theatre and space for recreation, this park quickly became central to Norrköping’s working class. Thereby, it could both enable social-democratic presence at an everyday level, and function as an important resource during periods of intense class-struggle.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Adam Hjorthén;
    Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen Svenska institutet för nordamerikastudier (SINAS)
    Country: Sweden

    This article investigates the modern history of genealogy through the lens of keyword indexes – an essential resource for access to genealogical information. Empirically, the article studies the role of indexes in Euro-American genealogy from the nineteenth century to today. Particular attention is paid to the 1960s–2010s, when genealogy changed through growing popular engagement, new technologies, rising and falling academic interest, and increased commercialisation. Focusing on a set of grassroots cases from Sweden that have been crucial to the subfield of Swedish-American genealogy, the article explores the work of local Swedish heritage societies and the dream of empirical ‘totality’; the cooperation between heritage societies and academic historians; the impact of microfilm and digital technologies in creating a sense of information overload; the economy of unpaid volunteer and state-subsidised labour; and how paper-based indexes, created largely through grassroots initiatives, have been transformed into digital commodities on an international genealogical market. While this is an important enquiry for understanding the history of genealogy – one of the most widespread popular pursuits in modern history – it also addresses the intricate relations between grassroots initiatives, academic research, and capitalism in modern archive history.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Gustavsson;
    Publisher: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper
    Country: Sweden

    In this article, I discuss the benefits and shortcomings of deploying an ethnographic approach when studying the digital return of visual collections from ethnographic museums to source communities. I draw on my research process and field work in the Argentine Chaco where I presented and discussed a selection of century-old ethnographic photographic and filmic images from this region with members of the Indigenous Pilagá People. I argue that carrying out extensive ethnographic field work is a way to access the density and multiple layers of social and cultural relations in which returns are carried out. I also discuss and analyze the effects of ethnography on contemporary field work. I specifically reflect upon my own ethnographic praxis from a historical perspective, as part of a longer tradition in which various generations of anthropologists have visited and revisited the Pilagá in the Argentine Chaco. I argue that this historical ”ethnographization” has left marks in the memories of key informants and in local notions of ”culture”. Thus not only are we to reframe our field methods by considering updated and critical literature on the subject but also by paying attention to the field´s own specific historical relationship with ethnography.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Erika Weiberg; Martin Finné;
    Publisher: Editorial Committee of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome (ECSI)
    Country: Sweden

    Human-environment dynamics in past societies has been a major field of research in the Mediterranean for a long time, but has grown significantly following the increase in the number and quality of palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironmental records in the last two decades. Here we sketch the outline of this field of research based on 1,531 author keywords from 280 peer-reviewed articles published in 78 different scientific journals during 2016–2021. Sourced from the Web of Science, the selected studies cover the time span from the Neolithic to the Roman period across the Mediterranean and provide a large number of entry points for the interested reader regardless of their prior knowledge and specific interests. The results make evident the breadth and interdisciplinary nature of this research and show that it is possible to approach questions of human-environment dynamics in many and diverse ways. Among other things, our overview outlines the importance of temporal and spatial scales, as well as the elusive nature of causality, and highlights that monocausal models connecting climate events and societal collapse are increasingly replaced by scenarios favouring more nuanced renditions of the sequence of events within which internal societal factors are given more room for play.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Häggqvist, Henric;
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Country: Sweden

    Export taxation holds a particular place within trade policy, especially so during the mercantilist era. While governments tried to ensure consistent export surpluses, they would at the same time put tariffs on those goods, possibly impeding export growth. This article quantifies export duties in Denmark and Sweden during close to a century, to analyze which intensity they had over time and which role they played within trade policy. The article finds that these taxes were at times rather high, particularly on raw materials partly reserved for domestic use or refinement. The fiscal dimension of export taxation clearly played an important role as well, as revenue needs often delayed the removal of tariffs. One conclusion is that the regulation of exports presents an interesting case of political conflict, between promoting growth and filling state coffers.