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Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage Publications National Institutes of Health

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Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage Publications National Institutes of Health

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848 research outcomes, page 1 of 85
  • publication . Article . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Guillaume Blanc;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: NIH | Training in Demography (5T32HD007338-20)

    This research identifies the origins of the early demographic transition in eighteenth-century France. A turning point in history and an essential condition for development, the demographic transition first took hold in France more than a hundred years before any other ...

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  • publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Sumedha Singla; Stephen Wallace; Sofia Triantafillou; Kayhan Batmanghelich;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Project: NIH | An Integrative Radiogenom... (1R01HL141813-01), NSF | TRIPODS+X:RES:Collaborati... (1839332)

    Model explainability is essential for the creation of trustworthy Machine Learning models in healthcare. An ideal explanation resembles the decision-making process of a domain expert and is expressed using concepts or terminology that is meaningful to the clinicians. To...

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  • publication . Article . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Chun-Nan Hsu; Chia Hui Chang; Thamolwan Poopradubsil; Amanda Lo; Karen A. William; Ko-Wei Lin; Anita Bandrowski; Ibrahim Burak Ozyurt; Jeffrey S. Grethe; Maryann E. Martone;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Country: United States
    Project: NIH | OPERATION, SUPPORT AND ST... (3U24DA039832-01S1), NIH | NIDDK Network Coordinatin... (5U24DK097771-05)

    Antibodies are widely used reagents to test for expression of proteins and other antigens. However, they might not always reliably produce results when they do not specifically bind to the target proteins that their providers designed them for, leading to unreliable res...

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  • publication . Conference object . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Peng Su; Yifan Peng; K. Vijay-Shanker;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Association for Computational Linguistics
    Project: NIH | Computational and Informa... (5U01GM125267-02)

    Contrastive learning has been used to learn a high-quality representation of the image in computer vision. However, contrastive learning is not widely utilized in natural language processing due to the lack of a general method of data augmentation for text data. In this...

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  • publication . Preprint . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Ashwin Devaraj; Iain J. Marshall; Byron C. Wallace; Junyi Jessy Li;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Project: NIH | Semi-Automating Data Extr... (7R01LM012086-02)

    We consider the problem of learning to simplify medical texts. This is important because most reliable, up-to-date information in biomedicine is dense with jargon and thus practically inaccessible to the lay audience. Furthermore, manual simplification does not scale to...

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  • publication . Conference object . Other literature type . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Denis Newman-Griffis; Venkatesh Sivaraman; Adam Perer; Eric Fosler-Lussier; Harry Hochheiser;
    Project: NIH | Pittsburgh Biomedical Inf... (5T15LM007059-20)

    Embeddings of words and concepts capture syntactic and semantic regularities of language; however, they have seen limited use as tools to study characteristics of different corpora and how they relate to one another. We introduce TextEssence, an interactive system desig...

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  • publication . Preprint . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Junheng Hao; Muhao Chen; Wenchao Yu; Yizhou Sun; Wei Wang;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: ACM
    Project: NIH | Mining the Social Web to ... (5U01HG008488-02), NIH | Fast and Robust Methods f... (5R01GM115833-02), NSF | NRT-HDR: Modeling and Und... (1829071), NSF | III: Medium: Collaborativ... (1705169), NSF | CAREER: Mining and Explor... (1741634)

    Many large-scale knowledge bases simultaneously represent two views of knowledge graphs (KGs): an ontology view for abstract and commonsense concepts, and an instance view for specific entities that are instantiated from ontological concepts. Existing KG embedding model...

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  • publication . Article . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Fatemeh Haghighi; Mohammad Reza Hosseinzadeh Taher; Zongwei Zhou; Michael B. Gotway; Jianming Liang;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    Project: NIH | Computer-Aided Diagnosis ... (1R01HL128785-01A1)

    This paper introduces a new concept called "transferable visual words" (TransVW), aiming to achieve annotation efficiency for deep learning in medical image analysis. Medical imaging--focusing on particular parts of the body for defined clinical purposes--generates imag...

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  • publication . Conference object . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Hoang Van; David Kauchak; Gondy Leroy;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: International Committee on Computational Linguistics
    Project: NIH | Evidence-based Strategy a... (5R01LM011975-04)

    The goal of text simplification (TS) is to transform difficult text into a version that is easier to understand and more broadly accessible to a wide variety of readers. In some domains, such as healthcare, fully automated approaches cannot be used since information mus...

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  • publication . Other literature type . 2021
    Authors:
    Al-Garadi, Mohammed Ali; Yuan-Chi Yang; Haitao Cai; Yucheng Ruan; O���Connor, Karen; Gonzalez-Hernandez Graciela; Jeanmarie Perrone; Abeed Sarker;
    Publisher: figshare
    Project: NIH | Mining Social Media Big D... (1R01DA046619-01)

    Additional file 1: Table 1. Categories, generic and brand names for medications included in the study. Table 2. Example Tweets for each of the four classes. Table 3. Hyper-parameters and other settings for the different classifiers.

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848 research outcomes, page 1 of 85