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  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Lasmiyati, (Lasmiyati);
    Publisher: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Jawa Barat
    Country: Indonesia

    Setelah Kemerdekaan Indonesia diproklamasikan tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, di Serang Banten terdapat dua peristiwa penting, yaitu revolusi sosial dan tempat pencetakan uang daerah untuk Banten. Tahun 1947, di Serang, tentara Belanda di bawah naungan Pasukan Sekutu melakukan blokade darat dan laut. Pemerintahan di Serang pun putus komunikasi dengan Pemerintah RI yang berada di Yogyakarta. Agar perekonomian di Serang tetap berjalan, pemerintah pusat mengizinkan daerah Banten untuk mencetak uang daerah sendiri bernama Uang Republik Indonesia Daerah Banten (URIDAB). Menjadi pertanyaan tersendiri mengapa Serang Banten dipercaya oleh pemeritah pusat untuk mencetak uang dan mengapa pasukan Belanda melakukan blokade ekonomi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui mengapa Serang Banten dipercaya oleh pemerintah pusat untuk mencetak uang sendiri, adakah hubungannya antara URIDAB dan revolusi sosial. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode sejarah yang meliputi empat tahapan yaitu heuristik, kritik, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Melalui hasil penelitian yang dilakukan, diketahui bahwa pencetakan uang daerah di Banten diawali dengan perpindahan ibu kota RI dari Jakarta ke Yogyakarta. Belanda yang datang ke Indonesia dengan cara membonceng NICA melakukan kekacauan, penyerangan, dan memblokade ekonomi. Daerah-daerah yang lokasinya jauh dengan ibu kota RI sangat kesulitan berkomunikasi, sehingga pemerintah pusat yang berkedudukan di Yogyakarta memberikan wewenang kepada Residen Banten Achmad Chatib untuk mencetak mata uang sendiri dengan nama URIDAB kepanjangan dari Uang Republik Indonesia Daerah Banten.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Fahriani, F. (Ferra);
    Publisher: Bangka Belitung University
    Country: Indonesia

    Excavation causes soil deformation and changes in stress and strain. This research takes on a case study in the basement construction project of a skyscraper in Jakarta. The construction method used is top down method. The Diafragma, with a thickness of 0,6 meter and length of 37 meter, was constructed to the excavation. A professional software based on the concept of Finite Element Method, “PLAXIS 2D”, was chosen for the analysis. The soil example used in this research is Cam Clay (Soft Soil) using drained and undrained analysis and effective parameter. The result shows that drained analysis gives bigger values of deformation and bending moment than undrained analysis, so the safety factor is smaller. Undrained analysis gives a prediction result that is more similar with the result of deformation measurement in the field. For the surface movement, the result is bigger when using drained analysis than when using undrained analysis. The big surface movement occurs in 5-10 m length. However, the behavior of stress and strain in the Soft Soil modeling is similar to the condition in the field.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Adil, N. (Nuryadin);
    Publisher: Tadulako University
    Country: Indonesia

    This study aims to: (1) To determine the household income and expenditure of the families that involve in sand excavation business in the Kalukubula Village, District of Biromaru, Sigi Regency; and (2) To determine the level of family welfare that involve in sand excavation sector in the Kalukubula Villagewith based on the criteria of Cental Beareu Statistics (BPS), The National Population and Family Planning (BKKBN), and the World Bank. This research is categorised as a descriptive study with a survey approach. There were 58 families selected in this study by proportionate stratified random sampling. Data were analyzed using analysis of income and family welfare level analysis. The results show that the level of the average monthly income of households as follow, Rp.4.083.824 for machine owner, Rp.2.794.118 for operator, the shovel workers and truck owners haveaverage monthly income with Rp.3.372.407 and Rp.2.400.000 respectively. Meanwhile,this study found that the average monthly expenditureas as follow, Rp.2.470.882 for machine owner, Rp.1.886.765 for operator, shovel workers and truck owners have Rp.2.263.333 and Rp.1.424.952 respectively. Furthermore, the average proportion of expenditure for food is greater than the non-food. There are several criteria of family welfare based onBPS criteria measured by the property line indicator, for example, 1 people (5.88%) of households operators and 3 people(14.29%) of domestic shovel workers. They are categorised as non proper families while others are categorised as prosper family. In addition, according to the BKKN criteria,this research found that there are 4 people (9.52%) as categorised as a prosperous family in the Phase of I, 49 people (79.31%) are notify as the prosperous family in the phase of II and as many as 6 people (29.41%) are categorised as the prosperous family in phase of III, while there are no families are living in the underprivileged criteria and families welfare in the Phase of III plus. According to the criteria of the World Bank, the results depict that there are several respondents have family income with less than $2 US dollars per day, such as, there are 5 people (29.41%) for the owner of the machine, 13 people (76.47%) for operators, 13 people (61.90%) forshovel workers and 1 people (33.33%) for trucks owners.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Faizullayevich, A. S. (Abdullaev); Bobokulovna, S. S. (Shodieva);
    Publisher: Research Parks Publishing
    Country: Indonesia

    The author of the article in the framework of the direction of education "Fine Arts" considers the tasks of training teachers of the fine arts in modern conditions. At the present stage of development of the education system of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the National Program for Personnel Training, taking into account the realities and requirements of society, the solution of the problems of high-quality training of teachers of higher and secondary schools acquires great, truly state significance

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Badruzaman, B. (Badruzaman); Musofa, A. (Ade);
    Publisher: Raden Intan State Islamic University
    Country: Indonesia

    This research focuses on Hasan Hanafi's thought study of "Epistemological Reconstruction of the Science of Jurisprudence Based on Historical Sciences". From the results of the study found several findings; 1). Hasan Hanafi is a figure who is very concerned about efforts to revive the spirit and spirit (revitalization) of Ushul Fiqh Science by using a historical approach. According to him the dimensions of history and humanity are important factors in order to approach the conceptions and methodology of the Ummah of Fiqh. Actually the historical and human dimensions are found in the standard methodology of the Ummah Fiqh, but this historical dimension has long been "extinct" and detached from the Ushul Fiqh when the development process of Science took place and manifested itself in the process of developing this knowledge. So that in fact according to Hasan Hanafi, the historical dimension is essentially manifested in all elements of Usul Fiqh, namely in ill adillah syar'iyah, thuruq al istinbat and al ahkam al syar'iiyah. This historical dimension is represented by Hasan Hanafi with both keywords, namely "history" and "human"; 2). Hasan Hanafi is a person who cares about the existence of the Science of Ushul Fiqh, in order that he says the importance of efforts to revitalize the Ushul Fiqh methodology. Revitalization in Hasan Hanafi's thinking is an attempt to renew and adjust the methodology of the Ummah of Fiqh based on the conditions of social settings and the realities of humanity and the developing sciences, but this effort starts from tradition and the treasure of the Ushul Fiqh methodology built by earlier scholars. With such efforts, it is hoped that the renewal of the methodology of the Uthul Fiqh on the one hand can solve contemporary legal problems that are increasingly complicated, but on the other hand are not uprooted from the roots and genealogy of the Ushul Fiqh methodology; 3). The thought of the Ushul Fiqh Hasan Hanafi is very relevant to the efforts to reactualize Islamic law. This is because there is a deep "awkwardness" in the thought of Usul Fiqh so that in the actual reality the Science of Usul Fiqh has been frozen. The significance of the thought of Ushul Fiqh Hasan Hanafi lies in the effort to revive the vital spirit and spirit of this Science by using a historical approach. That is, that the human and historical dimensions are one thing that must be involved in the legal process; 4). The historical thinking of the Ustadh Fiqh Hasan Hanafi which is covered in the human dimension and history actually has roots in Hasan Hanafi's thoughts and projects about al Turas wa al Tajdid (Tradition and Renewal). Because of the loss of the human dimension and history in the tradition and the treasures of Muslim thought are the main problems which are the cause of the lack of progressivity in the traditions and actions of Muslims.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Seniwati, S. (Seniwati); Lestari, T. D. (Tuti);
    Publisher: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Sulawesi Selatan
    Country: Indonesia

    Kelahiran Aisyiyah sebagai organisasi wanita muslim merupakan suatu bentuk pembaruan Islam dalam mengubah paradigma wanita yang hanya mengurusi rumah tangga saja. Pandangan Islam berkemajuan yang diperkenalkan oleh para wanita Aisyiyah telah membuat Perubahan pandangan tentang wanita. Sejak awal pendiriannya, para wanita telah didorong untuk aktif keluar dan berdakwah sebagaimana laki-laki. Perubahan pandangan itu mulai diamalkan untuk memberikan hak, kewajiban, dan peran yang sama bagi kaum wanita. Adapun penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisa kualitatif, yaitu analisa yang didasarkan pada hubungan sebab-akibat dari fenomena historis pada cakupan waktu dan tempat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Aisyiyah telah membuka cakrawala pandangan baru yang lebih luas bagi para wanita untuk dapat berperan di dalam masyarakat dan menyingkirkan sekat-sekat tradisional yang menghambat wanita untuk maju. Selaku organisasi massa, aspek gerak Aisyiyah adalah bidang pendidikan, keagamaan, sosial-kemasyarakatan, dan kewanitaan. Melalui keempat aspek itulah Aisyiyah menyelenggarakan kegiatan-kegiatannya di dalam masyarakat serta senantiasa tanggap kepada tuntutan yang tumbuh dan berkembang di dalam masyarakat. Kiprahnya yang berskala nasional sebagai salah satu pendiri dan peserta Kongres Wanita Indonesia Pertama di Ndalem Jayadipuran pada tanggal 28 Desember 1928 menjadi bukti kepekaannya yang tinggi terhadap besarnya peran wanita di dalam masyarakat.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Amir, M. (Muhammad);
    Publisher: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Sulawesi Selatan
    Country: Indonesia

    Kajian ini mengungkap dan menjelaskan perlawanan Kerajaan Sawitto terhadap pemerintah Hindia Belanda pada tahun 1905-1906. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode sejarah, yang menjelaskan suatu persoalan berdasarkan perspektif sejarah. Prosedurnya terdiri atas heuristik, kritik sumber, interpretasi, dan historiografi dalam bentuk kisah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa perlawanan Kerajaan Sawitto terhadap pemerintah Hindia Belanda, bukan hanya dilatari oleh kepentingan ekonomi yang berkaitan kebijakan pelabuhan wajib pajak, melainkan juga kepentingan politik yang berkaitan dengan campur tangan pemerintah Belanda terhadap urusan dalam negeri Kerajaan Sawitto, bahkan ingin menguasai Sawitto secara langsung. Hal tersebut ditandai dengan diajukannya suatu tuntutan terhadap Kerajaan Sawitto agar tunduk, taat, dan patuh sepenuhnya kepada pemerintah Belanda dengan menandatangani pernyataan pendek (korte verklaring). Karena menolak tuntutan itu, pemerintah Belanda memutuskan untuk melancarkan serangan militer terhadap Kerajaan Sawitto, namun serangan tersebut mendapat perlawanan dari laskar Sawitto di bawah pimpinan La Sinrang. Pada akhirnya, pasukan Belanda berhasil mengalahkan laskar Sawitto.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Ahmad, T. (Taufik);
    Publisher: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Sulawesi Selatan
    Country: Indonesia

    Pergeseran politik dari rezim Orde Baru ke era reformasi pada dasarnya telah memberi ruang gerak lebih luas kepada eks tapol untuk mereproduksi memori trauma dalam bentuk formal. Jika era Order Baru produksi memori eks tapol hanya dalam lingkunga keluarga, maka di era reformasi mereka mentransmisikan memori ke post-memori dengan cara lebih terbuka. Artikel ini mencoba untuk melihat produksi dan reproduksi memori dengan mengambil kasus dua keluarga eks tahanan politik (Tapol) PKI di Sulawesi Selatan. Dengan menggunakan metodologi sejarah dan menekankan pada proses, studi ini membuktikan bahwa produksi memori tapol diekspresikan melalui catatan-catatan harian, surat-surat, dan sketsa. Memori tersebut kemudian ditransmisikan ke generasi post-memori melalui cerita-cerita keluarga, gambar dan prilaku seharihari. Selanjutnya, generasi post-memori mereproduksi dan menerjemahkan ulang warisan memori tersebut di tengah Perubahan-Perubahan sosial politik. Konteks ini mengindikasikan bahwa pada masa Orde Baru, memori eks tapol hanya menjadi bagian dari domestic memory, kemudian berubah menjadi public memory yang diartikulasikan secara terbuka di era reformasi. Akan tetapi, terdapat cara-cara yang berbeda setiap tapol dalam memproduksi dan mentransmisikan memorinya. Latar belakang eks tapol; Pendidikan, kehidupan keluarga, dan aktivitas di masa lalu, memberi pengaruh signifikan terhadap pilihan-pilihan dalam menentukan model transmisi memori.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    HERA KUSTILAWATI;
    Country: Indonesia

    Berdasarkan observasi yang dilakukan pada siswa kelas V SDN Babatan 1 Surabaya, ditemukan permasalahan dalam pembelajaran seni rupa khususnya materi menggambar bentuk. Siswa mengalami kesulitan dalam menggambar bentuk serta penggunaan teknik yang tidak sesuai sehingga hasil belajar siswa menjadi dibawah standar ketuntatasan minimal. Berkaitan dengan masalah tersebut maka penelitian ini memperkenalkan teknik perspektif untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar menggambar bentuk geometris. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK), yang dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri dari empat tahap yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu dengan pengamatan, dan tes. Data yang telah terkumpul dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik analisis kuantitatif. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V SDN Babatan 1 Surabaya yang berjumlah 27 siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data diperoleh dengan menggunakan tes dan observasi. Aktivitas guru meningkat dari siklus I 74,1% dan siklus II 87,4%. Aktivitas siswa selama proses pembelajaran pada siklus I 73,3% dan siklus II 87,7%. Data hasil belajar siswa siklus I 66,6%, dan siklus II 88,8%. Dari hasil data di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pengenalan teknik perspektif dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar menggambar bentuk pada siswa kelas V pada mata pelajaran seni rupa di SDN Babatan 1 Surabaya. Kata kunci: Menggambar bentuk, Teknik Perspektif, Seni Rupa. Absrtact: Based on observations made at the fifth grade students of SDN Babatan 1 Surabaya, found problems in learning art especially drawing material form. Students having difficulty in drawing form and the use of inappropriate techniques so that student learning outcomes to be below the standard minimum completeness. In connection with the issue, this study introduces perspective techniques to improve learning outcomes to draw geometric shapes. This study uses the design of classroom action research (CAR), which is conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four stages: planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data collection techniques used were the observations, and tests. Collected data were analyzed using quantitative analysis techniques. This study uses descriptive quantitative research design. Subjects in this study were fifth grade students of SDN Swipe 1 Surabaya consisting of 27 students. Techniques of data collection obtained by using tests and observation. Teacher activity increased 74.1% from the first cycle and second cycle of 87.4%. Activities of students during the learning process in the first cycle and second cycle 73.3% 87.7%. Student learning outcomes data first cycle 66.6%, and 88.8% the second cycle. From the results of the above data it can be concluded that the introduction of techniques to improve learning outcomes perspective drawing shapes in class V at art subjects in SDN Babatan 1 Surabaya.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    syah, Alam;
    Country: Indonesia

    History as the past event, its tracking can be traced through the history trace. History trace is the fact and sign of history record which requires archives to disclosure. Archives as the history document is a silent witness which give evidence toward the success, failure, growth, and wealth of a nation. Archives, as past event record and a historical reconstruction, have an important role in building the nation character. The good nation character that contained in archives will strengthen the spirit of national anthem. Archive as the historical reconstruction can teach us a noble value, goodness, nasionalism, and teach us to follow the struggle value of the national heroes to free the nation from ivanders suppression. When archives that full of patriotism and nasionalism values are served to people, it will grow the collective consciousness of Indonesia that has ever had a strong character in struggling to achieve its independence. Therefore, correlation between archive and history in forming the national character relates to archives role as the historical values ( values of historical). Archive is an ambassador of its era which can give informations for the next era's interest. Thus, history is actually not inanimatte object. It is a building “live” that has many wise messages to deliver.