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110 Research products, page 1 of 11

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Other research products
  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • English
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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Coussement, Alexia; van Berckel Smit, Floris;
    Publisher: ECHER Blog
    Countries: Netherlands, Belgium
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Economisch publiek recht; RENFORCE / Regulering en handhaving;
    Publisher: SSRN

    Agencification phenomenon in the EU has led to concerns about controls over EU agencies’ actions. As the quantity and ‘quality’, i.e., strength of de jure powers, of EU agencies have grown in the last decades, so does the system of control over agencies show its development. The controls over all EU agencies with the de jure decision-making powers as well as the European Central Bank within the Single Supervisory Mechanism have been supported with the establishment of Boards of Appeal, which count 9 entities. Like with the agencification phenomenon however, the establishment and characteristics of the Boards vary greatly from agency to agency without clear indications as to why the differences (should) exist and what exact role and how much discretion (should) be given to the Boards. As this unclarities put the legitimacy of the system of controls of EU agencies under pressure, an attempt to build a common system of review of agency action by the Boards seems desirable. To contribute to this ultimate goal of our study, this chapter offers a historical overview of agencification and review of agency action in the EU, rationales behind the creation of agencies’ appeal bodies and an attempt of classification of different boards to enhance comprehension and development of a common system of review of agency action. For learning purposes, we look at the system of administrative review in the US. We base our analysis on relevant secondary legislation, such as agencies’ founding acts, rules of procedure, case-law in the EU and in the US and relevant academic literature.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Evans, Antony M.; Rosenbusch, Hannes; Zeelenberg, Marcel;

    Prosociality (measured with economic games) is correlated with individual differences in psychological constructs (measured with self-report scales). We review how methods from natural language processing, a subfield of computer science focused on processing natural text, can be applied to understand the semantic content of scales measuring psychological constructs correlated with prosociality. Methods for clustering language and assessing similarity between text documents can be used to assess the novelty (or redundancy) of new scales, to understand the overlap among different psychological constructs, and to compare different measures of the same construct. These examples illustrate how natural language processing methods can augment traditional survey- and game-based approaches to studying individual differences in prosociality.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Hollander, Hella; Wright, Holly; Geser, Guntram; Ronzino, Paola; Bassett, Sheena; Massara, Flavia; Doorn, P.K.;
    Publisher: ARIADNEplus

    This interim report, “Policies and Good Practices for FAIR Data Management” describes the activities carried out by the different partners during the first 2 and a half years of the ARIADNEplus project, as well as the results achieved through the work package on the following topics: • Support the creation of FAIR data in the archaeological sector • Define and spread guidelines to good practices in archaeological data management • Adapt standard quality criteria for datasets and data to the archaeological case, and support their implementation among users.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Petram, Lodewijk; van den Broek, Job; van der Veen, Miriam; Oosterhuis, Joost; Kruizinga, Samuël; Schoenmaker, Ben;
    Publisher: DANS EASY

    The War dummies data set provides structured data on organized armed confrontations with Dutch involvement between 1566 and 1812. The data structure and content align with two well-known data sets with modern (i.e. post 1815) conflict data: the Inter-State War Database of the Correlates of War Project and the Georeferenced Event Dataset (GED) of the Uppsala Conflict Data Program. The War dummies data are based on three volumes of the book series Militaire geschiedenis van Nederland (published under the auspices of the Dutch Institute for Military History – NIMH) that cover the early-modern. They are suited for quantitative analyses of organized armed confrontations with Dutch involvement, and can be readily applied in statistical analyses.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ponzanesi, Sandra; LS Gender and Postcolonial Studies; ICON - Gender Studies;

    The aim of this special issue is to gauge the impact of postcolonial intellectuals in contemporary Europe from a comparative and multidisciplinary perspective. This is achieved by challenging the divide between public and private, inclusion and exclusion, and citizens and migrants, thereby creating counterpublics where sexual, ethnic, religious and other minorities stake their claims and play out their actions. For this purpose, the special issue will not review the standard figures in the postcolonial debate but focus on the ways in which intellectual labour is performed by critics as well as by artists, activists and writers, in order to recognize the impact of ‘intellectual engagements’ in the public sphere in their less visible and recognized manifestations as well.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Arnoult, Sophie; Petram, Lodewijk; Vossen, Piek; Dagaetano-Ortlieb, Stefania; Kazantseva, Anna; Reiter, Nils; Szpakowicz, Stan;
    Publisher: Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)

    Pretrained language models like BERT have advanced the state of the art for many NLP tasks. For resource-rich languages, one has the choice between a number of language-specific models, while multilingual models are also worth considering. These models are well known for their crosslingual performance, but have also shown competitive in-language performance on some tasks. We consider monolingual and multilingual models from the perspective of historical texts, and in particular for texts enriched with editorial notes: how do language models deal with the historical and editorial content in these texts? We present a new Named Entity Recognition dataset for Dutch based on 17th and 18th century United East India Company (VOC) reports extended with modern editorial notes. Our experiments with multilingual and Dutch pretrained language models confirm the crosslingual abilities of multilingual models while showing that all language models can leverage mixed-variant data. In particular, language models successfully incorporate notes for the prediction of entities in historical texts. We also find that multilingual models outperform monolingual models on our data, but that this superiority is linked to the task at hand: multilingual models lose their advantage when confronted with more semantical tasks.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Beckert, Sven; Bosma, Ulbe; Schneider, Mindi; Vanhaute, Eric;
    Country: Belgium
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    De la Vega, Rodolfo E; Atasoy-Zeybek, Aysegul; Panos, Joseph A; van Griensven, Martijn; Evans, Christopher H; Balmayor, Elizabeth R;

    Although gene therapy has its conceptual origins in the treatment of Mendelian disorders, it has potential applications in regenerative medicine, including bone healing. Research into the use of gene therapy for bone healing began in the 1990s. Prior to this period, the highly osteogenic proteins bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and -7 were cloned, produced in their recombinant forms and approved for clinical use. Despite their promising osteogenic properties, the clinical usefulness of recombinant BMPs is hindered by delivery problems that necessitate their application in vastly supraphysiological amounts. This generates adverse side effects, some of them severe, and raises costs; moreover, the clinical efficacy of the recombinant proteins is modest. Gene delivery offers a potential strategy for overcoming these limitations. Our research has focused on delivering a cDNA encoding human BMP-2, because the recombinant protein is Food and Drug Administration approved and there is a large body of data on its effects in people with broken bones. However, there is also a sizeable literature describing experimental results obtained with other transgenes that may directly or indirectly promote bone formation. Data from experiments in small animal models confirm that intralesional delivery of BMP-2 cDNA is able to heal defects efficiently and safely while generating transient, local BMP-2 concentrations 2-3 log orders less than those needed by recombinant BMP-2. The next challenge is to translate this information into a clinically expedient technology for bone healing. Our present research focuses on the use of genetically modified, allografted cells and chemically modified messenger RNA.

  • Other research product . InteractiveResource . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Philip Verhagen; Bjørn P. Bartholdy;
    Publisher: ARCHON Research School of Archaeology
    Country: Netherlands

    This is part 2 of the Rchon statistics course. The purpose of this tutorial is to extend the application of R from basic data analysis and visualisation to formal statistical testing. In this tutorial, we will treat the following statistical testing methods: t-test ANOVA Further testing methods (including chi square test, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis test) will be treated in part 3 and 4 of this course. Follow the instructions in Instructions Tutorial 2.pdf to start the tutorial. This course was originally created for Archon Research School of Archaeology by Philip Verhagen (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) and Bjørn P. Bartholdy (University of Leiden), and consists of an instruction, a tutorial, a test and four datafiles. All content is CC BY-NC-SA: it can be freely distributed and modified under the condition of proper attribution and non-commercial use. How to cite: Verhagen, P. & B.P. Bartholdy, 2021. Rchon statistics course, part 2. Amsterdam, ARCHON Research School of Archaeology. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.5155471