Descriptive and empirical sciences, such as History, are the sciences that collect, observe and describe phenomena in order to explain them and draw interpretative conclusions about influences, driving forces and impacts under given circumstances. Spreadsheet software and relational database management systems are still the dominant tools for quantitative analysis and overall data management in these these sciences, allowing researchers to directly analyse the gathered data and perform scholarly interpretation. However, this current practice has a set of limitations, including the high dependency of the collected data on the initial research hypothesis, usually useless for other research, the lack of representation of the details from which the registered relations are inferred, and the difficulty to revisit the original data sources for verification, corrections or improvements. To cope with these problems, in this paper we present FAST CAT, a collaborative system for assistive data entry and curation in Digital Humanities and similar forms of empirical research. We describe the related challenges, the overall methodology we follow for supporting semantic interoperability, and discuss the use of FAST CAT in the context of a European (ERC) project of Maritime History, called SeaLiT, which examines economic, social and demographic impacts of the introduction of steamboats in the Mediterranean area between the 1850s and the 1920s. This is a preprint of an article accepted for publication at the ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH)
Crtež dvojnog ljetnikovca Kaboga-Zec iz serije Diversa Cancellariae Državnog arhiva u Dubrovniku iz 1508. godine najraniji je sačuvani vizualni prikaz dubrovačke ladanjske arhitekture te donosi niz likovnih i tekstualnih podataka značajnih za razumijevanje njezina razvoja na prijelazu 15. i 16. stoljeća. Osim udvostručenog pročelja s gotičkom triforom i bočnim biforama, to se posebice odnosi na element ugaone lođe, poput lođa kakve se u simetričnom paru pojavljuju na pročeljima dvaju dubrovačkih ljetnikovaca kasnog 16. stoljeća (Sorgo-Natali i Mleci), dok je znatno ranija lođa ljetnikovca Kaboga-Zec oblikovno i funkcionalno donekle usporediva s bočnim “prohodnim” lođama ranoga 16. stoljeća. Srodnosti s objema vrstama lođa ukazuju na prijelazni oblik, odnosno na moguće najraniji primjer ugaone lođe u korpusu dubrovačke ladanjske arhitekture, a time i na lokalno podrijetlo ovoga arhitektonskog motiva.
This report documents the availability of the Automatic Verification Tool (AVT) that is used in the translation research activities of Task 4.3 of the SSHOC project. The task team describes the role of the milestone and the means of verification.
As defined in the SSHOC workplan, task 2.3 SSHOC web presence will cover all activities related to the design, development, roll-out and continuous update of the SSHOC web presence. An evolved SSHOC web platform will ensure a service-oriented approach to the SSHOC marketplace developed in WP7 and will act as the main project entry point providing a multi-view of the SSH landscape, according to the main research lines of the ERICs involved, namely Art and Humanities, Social Science, Linguistics. The SSHOC web platform will be conceived and structured to ensure visibility and easy access to the technologies and services resulting from WP3, as well as innovation mechanisms in data production (WP4), use cases (WP5) and training materials (WP6), targeting data producers and data re-users in the SSH disciplines, as well as industry players. The web platform will also serve as main repository for all published content and allow access to project deliverables and external resources. It will have specific sections dedicated to events and workshops; it may feature sections to collect user feedback and online surveys. It will be able to optionally host any software repository developed within SSHOC and will provide direct access points to the ERICs websites and other relevant websites, existing catalogues and virtual labs. This task will also provide branding for the Marketplace (WP7) and offer support to improve its Graphical User Interface (GUI) and end-user friendliness. Specific branding of the new services will also be provided, making their look & feel homogeneous under the SSHOC umbrella. In M36, December 2021, the fifth iteration of the SSHOC web platform was achieved (Milestone 7), this document will outline the milestone, its role and the means of verification to its achievement. This document was written in M40, upon the finalisation of the SSHOC project.
There is no shortage of existing web survey platforms. Generally, along with user-friendly questionnaire design tools, they allow users to manage lists of contacts to which surveys may be distributed through different communication channels. However, for the fielding of cross-national high quality surveys, major shortcomings remain. First, access to panelist data should be confined to local national coordinators, and while it needs to be kept up to date, probably not all of it is appropriate to be shared with a third-party survey platform. Second, survey orchestration should be handled centrally (at the so-called ‘headquarter’ level), but without detailed access to individual panelist data. Third, contact modes with panelists not only must include both email and SMS, but they should be possible to freely intertwine during fieldwork: for example, sending an email invite and an SMS reminder. A review of existing survey platforms showed that none would meet these three constraints single-handedly. Hence the need for a dedicated sample management layer that, paired with a survey platform, makes a whole that is fit to meet the needs of cross-national and centrally orchestrated surveys. That is precisely the gap that WPSS tries to fill.
Based on long-term ethnographic research on contemporary exhumations of mass graves from the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), as well as analysis of the exhumation of Francisco Franco from the Valley of the Fallen, this paper looks at the ways in which the dictator’s moral exemplarity has evolved over time since his military victory in 1939. During the early years of his dictatorship, Franco’s propaganda machine built the legend of a historical character touched by divine providence who sacrificed himself to save Spain from communism. His moral charisma was enriched by associating his historical mission with a constellation of moral exemplars drawn from medieval and imperial Spain. After his death, his moral exemplarity dwindled as democratic Spain embraced a political discourse of national reconciliation. Yet, since 2000, a new negative exemplarity of Franco as a war criminal has come into sharp focus, in connection with the exhumation of the mass graves of tens of thousands of Republican civilians executed by his army and paramilitary. In recent years, Franco has reemerged as a fascist exemplar alongside a rise of the extreme right. To understand the revival of his fascist exemplarity, I focus on two processes: the rise of the political party Vox, which claims undisguised admiration for Franco’s legacy (a process I call “neo-exemplarity”), and the dismantling in October 2019 of Franco’s honorable burial and the debate over the treatment that his mortal remains deserve (a process I call “necro-exemplarity”). Peer reviewed
The adaptive reuse of cultural heritage assets is often problematic. What emerges is the urgency of a thoughtful negotiation between built forms and emerging needs and requests. In this view, a fruitful trajectory of development arises in commoning heritage by means of adaptive reuse. Hence, the purpose of this article is to investigate how community-led adaptive heritage re-use practices contribute to social innovation in terms of new successful model of urban governance, by providing a specific focus on innovative aspects that emerge in both heritage and planning sectors. Therefore, it also aims to improve the knowledge in the innovative power of heritage when conceptualized as performative practice. To this end, the paper presents the adaptation process of a former church complex located in Naples, today Scugnizzo Liberato, one of the bottom-up initiatives recognized by the Municipality of Naples as part of the urban commons network of the city. The research results are based on desk research, a literature review, and interviews with experts and activists, conducted as part of the OpenHeritage project (Horizon 2020). Initial evidence shows that profound citizen involvement throughout the whole heritage-making process might generate innovative perspectives in urban governance as well as conservation planning practice.
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Countries: Belgium, Spain, Spain
Project: EC | MIRA (765290), EC | MIRA (765290)
Soil bacterial communities are involved in multiple ecosystem services, key in determining plant productivity. Crop domestication and intensive agricultural practices often disrupt species interactions with unknown consequences for rhizosphere microbiomes. This study evaluates whether variation in plant traits along a domestication gradient determines the composition of rootassociated bacterial communities; and whether these changes are related to targeted plant traits (e.g., fruit traits) or are side effects of less-often-targeted traits (e.g., resistance) during crop breeding. For this purpose, 18 tomato varieties (wild and modern species) differing in fruit and resistance traits were grown in a field experiment, and their root-associated bacterial communities were characterised. Root-associated bacterial community composition was influenced by plant resistance traits and genotype relatedness. When only considering domesticated tomatoes, the effect of resistance on bacterial OTU composition increases, while the effect due to phylogenetic relatedness decreases. Furthermore, bacterial diversity positively correlated with plant resistance traits. These results suggest that resistance traits not selected during domestication are related to the capacity of tomato varieties to associate with different bacterial groups. Taken together, these results evidence the relationship between plant traits and bacterial communities, pointing out the potential of breeding to affect plant microbiomes. This research has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program under Grant agreement No 765290 and grant AGL2015-67733-R funded by MCIN/AEI/ 10.13039/501100011033.
The management of multi-dimensional and multi-format data for documenting cultural heritage artefacts induces new challenges, such as the development of relevant analysis and interpretation methods, the sharing and correlation of heterogeneous data among several actors and contexts, and the centralised archiving of documentation results for long-term preservation purposes. Therefore, managing heterogeneous data raises the need for a stable denominator (from a conceptual and technical point of view) for structuring data and annotations coming from a continuous process of observation and analysis carried out by multiple actors.