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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
1,399 Research products, page 1 of 140

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • Research data
  • 2017-2021
  • English
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Rural Digital Europe

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tsz Him Lo; H. C. (Lyle) Pringle;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    The Yazoo–Mississippi Delta is one of the regions within the Lower Mississippi River Basin where substantial irrigation development and consequent groundwater depletion have occurred over the past three decades. To describe this irrigation development, a study was conducted to analyze existing geospatial datasets and to synthesize the results with those of past government surveys. The effort produced a quantitative review characterizing three aspects of irrigation development from 1991 to 2020. First, the expansion of irrigated area was tracked in terms of absolute area and in terms of fraction relative to total land or cropland area. Second, trends in irrigated land cover were traced in terms of irrigated crop mix, irrigated fractions of main crops, and comparisons with non-irrigated land. Third, changes in irrigation systems were examined in terms of water sources, energy sources, and application methods. Original findings of this study for the end of 2020 included moderate positive spatial autocorrelation in the density of irrigated areas; a higher irrigated crop preference for soybean and rice over cotton and corn in highly hydric soils; and 91% and 3% of permitted areas studied being respectively under groundwater withdrawal permits exclusively and under surface water diversion permits exclusively. By compiling such information, this paper can serve as a convenient reference on the recent history and status of irrigation development in the Yazoo–Mississippi Delta.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    David John Gregory; Ole Bennike; Jørn Bo Jensen; Peter Rasmussen; Zyad Al-Hamdani;

    Using the Mesolithic site of Tudse Hage in the Great Belt of Denmark, this paper proposes a generic stepwise process to create geoarchaeological models that output seamless morphology maps in a GIS. This was achieved using remote sensing databases and the collection of marine geophysical data, above and below the seabed. On the basis of these data, key areas, with sediment sequences representative of the postglacial transgression surfaces, were identified. Core samples were taken for palaeoenvironmental analysis and dating that enabled a reconstruction of the relative sea-level changes. Using this information, palaeogeographic coastline maps of the Kongemose, late Kongemose, Ertebølle, and Neolithic periods in the Tudse Hage area were prepared, and potential hotspots for archaeological sites were proposed. Since their inundation, submerged prehistoric archaeological sites have been, and are, dynamic, with anthropogenic and natural processes affecting their stability and preservation. With the advocation of in situ preservation as a means of managing underwater cultural heritage, predicting where sites have survived these processes, and where they can be found, in advance of subsea development or other anthropogenic exploitation, is essential. Future natural threats to sites preserved in situ were determined through the modelling of seabed currents and sediment erosion.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jenny Gunnarsson Payne; Alison Klevnäs; Sophie Bergerbrant; Isak Hyltén-Cavallius; Per Pippin Aspaas;
    Publisher: Septentrio Academic Publishing

    The National Library of Sweden recently launched an Open Journal Systems-based platform for Swedish Open Access journals, known as Publicera (publicera.kb.se). So far, three peer-reviewed journals from the humanities and social sciences have completed their transition onto the platform. In this episode, the editors of the journals describe the rationale behind the transition process and reflect upon the economics, workflows, technicalities and not least the long-term strategic goals of their journals in an international open science landscape. The journals are Current Swedish Archaeology (founded 1993), Kulturella Perspektiv: Svensk etnologisk tidskrift (i.e., Swedish journal of ethnology, founded 1992), and Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap (Journal of literary studies, founded 1971). The four interviewees are editors of the three journals. First published online: December 9, 2021.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Martin Olivier; Wouter Verschoof-van der Vaart;
    Publisher: Ubiquity Press
    Country: Netherlands

    The ever-increasing amount of remotely-sensed data pertaining to archaeology renders human-based analysis unfeasible, especially considering the expert knowledge required to correctly identify structures and objects in these type of data. Therefore, robust and reliable computer-based object detectors are needed, which can deal with the unique challenges of not only remotely-sensed data, but also of the archaeological detection task. In this research – across-domain collaboration between archaeology and computer science — the latest developments in object detection and Deep Learning — for both natural and satellite imagery — are used to develop an object detection approach, based on the YOLOv4 framework, and modified to the specific task of detecting archaeology in remotely-sensed LiDAR data from theVeluwe(the Netherlands). Experiments show that a general version of the YOLOv4 architecture outperforms current object detection workflows used in archaeology, while the modified version of YOLOv4, geared towards the archaeological task, reaches even higher performance. The research shows the potential and benefit of cross-domain collaboration, where expert knowledge from different research fields is used to create a more reliable detector.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English

    Someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion is known as Refugee. And an asylum seeker is someone whose request for sanctuary has yet to be processed. In Today's world, the rights of Rohingya refugees are very debatable. Our topic is The Educational rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh (an analysis). There are some social, cultural, and language barriers to providing education rights to Rohingya children and Bangladesh is not also under an obligation to do so as Bangladesh hasn’t signed the 1951 convention of refugees. So basically the research is based on how to ensure the right of Rohingya children otherwise in its absence. We also tried to understand the problems, the gaps, the Bangladesh situation, and international instruments. A big question is Bangladesh has been under the duty to secure the interest of refugee education and the explanation on that by which law and convention are labile or not for refugee children's education. Bangladesh has not signed the Refugee Convention. So that, Bangladesh is not legally bound to ensure that right and no law regulates and for the administration of refugee affairs in Bangladesh or guarantees the rights of refugees. There are a lot of Refugees in Bangladesh but because Bangladesh is not a signatory state of the 1951 convention, that's why they are known as Asylum Seekers. Though Education is a very important and basic entitlement for humans still there is some debate. Being born as human refugees are entitled to have some rights and education is one of them. But now there is a lot of debate on that ground. {"references": ["Alif Ovi D, and Mridha T, 'Education Rights Of Rohingya Refugees Children In Bangladesh: An Analysis' (2021) 2 Jus Corpus Law Journal ", "Alif Ovi, D., & Mridha, T. (2021). Education Rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh: An Analysis. Jus Corpus Law Journal, 2(2), 26-47. from https://jgateplus.com/.", "Alif Ovi, D. and Mridha, T., 2021. Education Rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh: An Analysis. Jus Corpus Law Journal, [online] 2(2), pp.26-47. Available at: "]}

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Giorgos Mathioudakis; Iosif Klironomos; Nikolaos Partarakis; Eleni Papadaki; Nikos Anifantis; Margherita Antona; Constantine Stephanidis;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    Cultural-heritage research has created a vast amount of information regarding heritage objects and sites. At the same time, recent efforts on the digitization of cultural heritage have provided novel means of documenting tangible cultural resources including digital images, videos, audio testimonies, and 3D reconstructions. Furthermore, ethnographic research is nowadays combined with advanced capturing technologies such as motion capture to record the intangible dimensions of heritage as these are manifested through human expression in dance, heritage crafts, etc. This amount of information is now available and should be used to create novel forms of experiential access to cultural heritage powered by the web and mobile technologies mixed with novel interaction paradigms such as virtual and augmented reality. In this article, a platform is presented that facilitates a cloud-based web application to support location-based narratives on cultural-heritage resources provided through map-based or story-based representation approaches. At the same time, the platform through the power of modern mobile devices can provide these experiences on the move using location-based and image recognition-based augmented reality to facilitate multiple usage contexts. The platform was implemented to support the goal of the project CuRe, in the context of the “Greece-Germany” bilateral collaboration action.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Barbara Prus; Małgorzata Dudzińska; Stanisław Bacior;
    Publisher: Nature Portfolio

    AbstractThe article attempts to define and determine the intangible components of cultural heritage related to the spatial structure of land in a comprehensive way using computational methods. The components were quantified and a method of empirical evaluation of landscape durability was proposed for agricultural areas of significant cultural and historical value with an evident mosaic structure of fields, baulks, ponds, meadows, and forests. This method allows us to identify places more resistant to political transformation and those with greater cultural potential. The paper proposed an integrated approach to the measuring of the degree of preservation of spatial arrangements in the landscape based on a set of objects that describe the spatial land structure. The article classifies areas by the degree of preservation of rural spatial arrangements of land. The spatial analysis employed facilitated a synthetic quantification of the multi-criteria process. Three groups of factors were used: spatial assessment of land-cover type persistence (u), agricultural land structure persistence (w), and persistence of settlement buildings (z). The final results pinpointed areas in need of strategic intervention to sufficiently protect the rural cultural heritage, properly consider them in zoning planning, and ensure their sustainable development. The proposed tool can be used to monitor the degree of changes in the landscape layout structure when multiple time points are analysed as well.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nadezhda Kecheva;
    Publisher: University of York

    This article provides an overview of the current state of archaeological archiving in Bulgaria. It briefly outlines the legislation that regulates archaeological fieldwork activities. Although the national legislation regulates the non-destructive and destructive activities equally, differences occur owing to the existence of the 'Archaeological Map of Bulgaria', a national 'sites and monuments' type of archaeological information system. Currently, online storage of brief data and information is possible for different archaeological sites. Its next version will be based on GIS and geographic features that allow storage of raw field survey data. According to the regulations, paper/digital reports of all fieldwork activities are collected yearly and copies of all of them are stored at the 'Scientific Archive' section at the National Archaeological Institute with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Although their digitisation is still in the early stages, the good news is that the centralised archaeological workflow regulates their storage in one place, which makes them more easily accessible. The annual publication of the 'Archaeological Discoveries and Excavations' series, with summaries for all fieldwork activities in the year, is also very useful for keeping track of the archaeological work and results.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gron, Ole; Boldreel, Lars Ole; Bennike, Ole; Nilsson, Bjorn; Tayong Boumda, Rostand; Blondel, Philippe; Mader, Andreas; Bleicher, Niels; Cvikel, Deborah; Galili, Ehud; +2 more
    Country: United Kingdom
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dzemila Sero; Isabelle Garachon; Erma Hermens; Robert van Liere; Kees Joost Batenburg;
    Country: Netherlands

    Fingerprints play a central role in any field where person identification is required. In forensics and biometrics, three-dimensional fingerprint-based imaging technologies, and corresponding recognition methods, have been vastly investigated. In cultural heritage, preliminary studies provide evidence that the three-dimensional impressions left on objects from the past (ancient fingerprints) are of paramount relevance to understand the socio-cultural systems of former societies, to possibly identify a single producer of multiple potteries, and to authenticate the artist of a sculpture. These findings suggest that the study of ancient fingerprints can be further investigated and open new avenues of research. However, the potential for capturing and analyzing ancient fingerprints is still largely unexplored in the context of cultural heritage research. In fact, most of the existing studies have focused on plane fingerprint representations and commercial software for image processing. Our aim is to outline the opportunities and challenges of digital fingerprint recognition in answering a range of questions in cultural heritage research. Therefore, we summarize the fingerprint-based imaging technologies, reconstruction methods, and analyses used in biometrics that could be beneficial to the study of ancient fingerprints in cultural heritage. In addition, we analyze the works conducted on ancient fingerprints from potteries and ceramic/fired clay sculptures. We conclude with a discussion on the open challenges and future works that could initiate novel strategies for ancient fingerprint acquisition, digitization, and processing within the cultural heritage community.