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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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  • Open Access Arabic
    Authors: 
    Badrane Benlahcene;
    Publisher: Academy of Islamic Studies, Dept of Islamic History and Civilization, University of Malaya
    Country: Qatar

    تهدف هذه الورقة إلى تحليل الجذور الدينية والثقافية التي أنتجت خطاب الإسلاموفوبيا، وصورت الإسلام باعتباره ديناً همجياً، والمسلمين بأنهم أعداء حضارة، وقادت دعاية ضده، وضد مبادئه العالمية، ومسالمة شعوبه التي تعرضت حضارياً للغزو والكراهية والاستعمار، وبخاصة في العصور الحديثة بعد أنت هيمنت أوروبا على العالم. This paper raises a question about Islamophobia as a phenomenon in the Western context, and its resulting hate speech, to understand the roots of this phenomenon that produces hate speech towards Islam and Muslims. It aims to break down these historical roots, and relies on the analysis of religious texts from western religious personalities since the dawn of Islam until today, as well as the analysis of a some of intellectual texts expressing Western supremacy over Islamic civilization, which led to the emergence of Islamophobia and its transformation into hate speech in various means of communication and interaction. Among the results that this paper aspires to is to pave the way for religious and intellectual revision of western standpoint towards Islam, to open the door for new understanding of Islam and Muslims that goes beyond the complexities of the Crusades and the colonial period, to build an informed understanding of Islam and Muslims. Moreover, to open the door for cultural cooperation and coexistence instead of conflict, especially as we are in a world where the destiny of the whole humankind has become interconnected.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mariam I. Al-Hammadi;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
    Country: Qatar

    Qatar has developed a strategy of sustainable tourism and development, which focuses on highlighting the spirit of the Qatari identity and heritage. This strategy goes hand in hand together with the line of the Qatar National Vision 2030. Hence, Msheireb Properties, which is a real estate development company and a subsidiary of Qatar Foundation, focuses in developing a sustainable tourism strategy. Thus, Qatari cultural heritage presented in the heart of the post-modern futuristic city of Msheireb through the project of Msheireb Museums that are hosted in four traditional houses. Msheireb Properties renovated the four houses in a sustainable way that aimed to create a dynamic relationship between tourism and cultural heritage. Msheireb Properties preserved models of traditional architecture through the establishment of Msheireb Museums. This article discusses the development of sustainable tourism in Qatar and the preservation of the Qatari cultural heritage and identity through the story of two museums in Msheireb, the Radwani House Museum and the Company House Museum.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Zainab M. AlQenaei; David E. Monarchi;
    Publisher: Qatar University Press
    Country: Qatar

    Academic institutions adopt different advising tools for various objectives. Past research used both numeric and text data to predict students’ performance. Moreover, numerous research projects have been conducted to find different learning strategies and profiles of students. Those strategies of learning together with academic profiles assisted in the advising process. This research proposes an approach to supplement these activities by text mining students’ essays to better understand different students’ profiles across different courses (subjects). Text analysis was performed on 99 essays written by undergraduate students in three different courses. The essays and terms were projected in a 20-dimensional vector space. The 20 dimensions were used as independent variables in a regression analysis to predict a student’s final grade in a course. Further analyses were performed on the dimensions found statistically significant. This study is a preliminary analysis to demonstrate a novel approach of extracting meaningful information by text mining essays written by students to develop an advising tool that can be used by educators.

  • Authors: 
    Imed Ben Labidi;
    Publisher: University of Toronto Press Inc. (UTPress)

    The cinemas of Arab and Muslim societies encompass a substantial number of film genres produced locally or in the diaspora. Arab and Muslim filmmakers experiment with different cinematic narratives, styles, and hybrid forms: auteur, documentary, diasporic, migrant, Third Cinema, and transnational productions. Their richness, diverse thematic foci, creative stylistic characteristics, and ability to reach global audiences recently motivated film scholars and other academics in Europe and the United States to consider designating a category called “Muslim Cinema” and defining its contours. The influence of these rich cinemas in contesting Hollywood’s demonization of Muslims, the conflation of Arabs, Muslims, and Islam, and the proliferation of anti-Muslim racism in Western discourse, however, remains very limited. Therefore, this article argues that the idea of such a category, if one were to be created, should explore venues to address Hollywood’s evolving forms of racializing Muslims and their relationship with the current institutionalization of anti-Muslim racism in the United States. Through a brief survey of Hollywood’s contemporary productions about Muslims, this article analyzes the impact of moving images on representation, particularly the fossilized characterization of Muslims as evil, and identifies three areas in American cinema and political discourse that could belong to this category: the first is Hollywood’s uninterrupted flow of making essentializing and essentialized narratives that conflate Arabs, Muslims, and Islam, and normalizes violence against them; the second deals with the transition from Islamophobia to anti-Muslim racism and explains its sanctioning by the US government; the third addresses the morphing of Islam into a race.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mohammad Sanaullah Al-Nadawi;
    Publisher: Qatar University
    Country: Qatar

    أهداف البحث: يهدف البحث إلى معالجة مقاربات استغرابيّة، تقدّمت بها ثلاثة أوساط هنديّة: هندوسيّة، وإسلاميّة، وثقافيّة عامة في سياق اهتمامها بتاريخ الفكر الهندي، والسياسة الأوروبيّة التي لم يتقلّص ظلّ طموحها الإمبريالي (البرتغاليّ، والفرنسيّ، والإنجليزيّ، وسواه)، والتبشيريّ، والتوفيقيّ، والتي نسجت خيوطها في الفصل وفق مشروعها الشمولي، منذ بداية معرفة الآخر الغربيّ إلى استقلال الهند عام 1947 م، وظهور الجيل الثقافيّ الجديد، وقد شكّل تراث الاستغراب الهندي، ومشهده الحالي، ظاهرة علميّة، ونقديّة ملحوظة لسعتها الكميّة، والكيفيّة على المستوى العالميّ. منهج الدراسة: البحث يجمع بين المنهج الاستقرائي والتحليلي والنقدي في دراسة جزء من تاريخ الاستغراب الهندي منهجيًا بطرح أسئلة الخصوصيّة، فهو يدرس مواقف المستغرب الهنديّ من الغربيّ في السياق الثقافيّ، والدينيّ، والفلسفيّ، والسياسيّ، ويناقش مرجعيّاتها الرؤيويّة، وإسقاطها الفعليّ في مؤلّفات يتمحور بها الباحث. النتائج: من أبرز النتائج التي توصّل إليها البحث أن قراءة المستغرب الهنديّ للغرب في جملة من الأبعاد الثقافيّة، والفلسفيّة، والسياسيّة لإرهاصات الاستغراب، بتعدديّة مرجعيّة، مردّها الخلاف بين أفراد الطرف الأول في الدين، والثقافة، بينما يفعم المشهد بغياب الخلاف في سياق رصد الغربي الإمبرياليّ، كما يدلّل البحث على دور الاستغراب في خدمة قضايا وطنيّة، وثقافيّة في الهند. أصالة البحث: أما أصالة البحث، فتكمن في القيمة العلميّة التي يحملها حين مخاطبة الاستغراب الهندي في ثلاثيّة أبعاده: الفلسفيّة، والدينيّة، والثقافيّة، مع تأطير مبدئي لأسئلة الخصوصيّة التي تطرح لأول مرة، فيما يعتقده الباحث، والتي تنعكس فيها أماكن الضعف في صفوف الاستغراب، مثل نظيرتها في ساحة الاستشراق، علاوة على مدى تأرجح كفتي القبول والرفض منهجيًّا في السياق المرجعيّ. Purpose: The paper aims to discuss some segments of the colossal trajectory of Occidental discourses put forward by Hindus, Muslims and common cultural protagonists in India both in qualitative and quantitative parameters, which, although deeply trenched in history, has recourse to a plethora of historical factors that can hardly exclude white man’s colonial ambitions (Portuguese, French, English and others) enjoying his own choice of inclusion and exclusion. Such a legacy of Indian Occidentalism alongside its present scenario constitutes an academic discourse of immense magnitude, both quantitative and qualitative, that draws worldwide reckoning. Methodology: The study employs an inductive method while subjecting cross-sections of the legacy of Indian Occidentalism to historicistic-evaluative perspectives to reckon with the Western other’s philosophical, cultural and social ambits. Findings: The prominent findings augment plurality and differences in the textual or thematic analysis of the target sources due to the multiplicity of angles involved in the occidental corpus. However, the same is not as visible regarding addressing imperial benchmarks. The study also exhibits the applicability of occidental knowledge in some sociopolitical domains in India. Originality: The scientific value of this paper can be gauged by the number of questions it poses—presumedly for the first time—in terms of methodological susceptibility, while Indian occidentalism in its religiophilosophical and cultural trilogy is seen, in retrospect, from original sources from objective and critical perspectives. Such questions are rife with potential dwindling factors in core areas of traditional occidentalism regarding critical evaluation.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Abdulhakeem Abdulrahman Al-Saadi;
    Publisher: AlMaarif University College (AUC)

    Puberty is the subject of assignment, it is known either by the age of a young man or woman, or by signs, some of which were mentioned by jurists through experiences, environment, and so on. Then, in the present era, many issues have arisen that young men and women are going through, which may be a reason for accelerating puberty with a new signs or rate of growth, were unknown by ancient jurists due to the change in the environment, nutrition and moderation of the atmosphere, which causes activation of hormones that accelerate the puberty of the young man or woman. Hence, writing in determining puberty as an age or a sign according to the developments of the age is a matter required by modern studies so that the contemporary fatwa is based on the changes and developments of the age. Consequently, the idea of this research was raised. The research cossets an introduction revealing the importance of determining the age of puberty and how it considered the basis of the assignment where the reference to assignment (understanding the discourse). Whoever reaches the puberty was before that either without understanding during early childhood, or deficient in understanding when he later becomes a child of comprehension. Then I talked about puberty, in terms of jurisprudence, law, and medicine. The research ended up with the conclusion of the most important results of the study. The research was titled (the age of puberty and its signs according to a contemporary jurisprudential-legal view), in which it relied on the most important Islamic Fiqh, legal and medical references.

  • Open Access

    Abstract Traditional marketplaces are common in old city centers. Such places have a distinctive ambiance populated by local vendors, shoppers, visiting tourists, and pedestrians on their way to somewhere else. This genius loci or ‘collective spirit of place’ contributes to their character as destinations for people to visit and linger. They often serve as the focus of cultural heritage and historic preservation efforts in rapidly developing cities. The paper focuses on two marketplaces in Qatar: reconstructed Souq Al Wakrah in Al Wakrah and rehabilitated Souq Waqif in Old Doha. Souq is a term from the Arabic “sūq,” meaning market, marketplace, or bazaar. We examine their urban morphology and the probable impact on their function as public places today. Both share similarities, including topography, history, culture, and architecture. However, differences arose from settlement evolution in Al Wakrah and Doha. The paper argues these characteristics show the vital role that urban morphology can play in promoting walkability, even in harsh climatic conditions. We conclude by briefly summarizing the potential for urban design enhancements to support their long-term sustainability as cultural heritage districts.

  • Open Access Arabic
    Authors: 
    Ali Slimani, Moulay;
    Publisher: كلية الآداب والعلوم - جامعة قطر College of Art and Science - Qatar University
    Country: Qatar

    ابتغينا من هذا البحث أن نبين التكامل العلمي بين الأندلس والمغرب في علوم اللغة العربية فضلًا عن الأدب، من خلال عالمين متخصصَين في النحو؛ الأول: هو أبو موسى عيسى الجزولي المراكشي، المتوفى سنة 607هـ، والثاني: هو أبو علي الشلوبين الإشبيلي، المتوفى سنة 654هـ. والعلاقة بين العالمين علاقة أستاذ بتلميذه، فأبو موسى الجزولي وضع كتابه المشهور بالمقدمة الجزولية. والثاني شرحها في كتابه «شرح المقدمة الجزولية الكبير»، فاستخرج منها تعليلات للمسائل النحوية، اكتفيت بمناقشة أربع مسائل منها على جهة الاختصار، مراعاة لمقتضى الحال، وهي؛ تعليل أهمية الاسم على الفعل والحرف. وتعليل تذكير الفعل. وتعليل الرفع بالضمة في الأسماء، ثم في الأفعال. وتعليل إضمار العلامة، أو إظهارها في الفعل. This research aims to show the scientific complementarity between Andalusia and Morocco in Arabic language as well as literature. It examined two renowned grammarians: the first one is Abu Musa Issa Al-Jazūlī Al-Murrakūchi, who died in 607 Hijri, and the second is Abu Ali al-Shlubin al-Ishbili, who died in 654 Hijri. The relationship between the two figures was that of a teacher and a student. Abu Musa Al-Jazūlī wrote his well-known book, “The Introduction of Al-Jazūlī”, while al-Ishbili explained it in his book, The “Explanation of Al-Jazūlī’s Introduction” from which he extracted some justifications for certain grammatical issues. I attempt to discuss four issues in this research, namely: Justifying the importance of the noun over the verb and the particle. Justifying the masculinization of the verb. Justifying nominative case in verbs and nouns. Justifying the hiding or showing of the sign in the verb.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Tsvetomila Mihaylova; Pepa Gencheva; Martin Boyanov; Ivana Yovcheva; Todor Mihaylov; Momchil Hardalov; Yasen Kiprov; Daniel Balchev; Ivan Koychev; Preslav Nakov; +2 more

    We present the system we built for participating in SemEval-2016 Task 3 on Community Question Answering. We achieved the best results on subtask C, and strong results on subtasks A and B, by combining a rich set of various types of features: semantic, lexical, metadata, and user-related. The most important group turned out to be the metadata for the question and for the comment, semantic vectors trained on QatarLiving data and similarities between the question and the comment for subtasks A and C, and between the original and the related question for Subtask B. Comment: community question answering, question-question similarity, question-comment similarity, answer reranking

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Preslav Nakov; Firoj Alam; Shaden Shaar; Giovanni Da San Martino; Yifan Zhang;
    Publisher: INCOMA Ltd. Shoumen, BULGARIA

    While COVID-19 vaccines are finally becoming widely available, a second pandemic that revolves around the circulation of anti-vaxxer fake news may hinder efforts to recover from the first one. With this in mind, we performed an extensive analysis of Arabic and English tweets about COVID-19 vaccines, with focus on messages originating from Qatar. We found that Arabic tweets contain a lot of false information and rumors, while English tweets are mostly factual. However, English tweets are much more propagandistic than Arabic ones. In terms of propaganda techniques, about half of the Arabic tweets express doubt, and 1/5 use loaded language, while English tweets are abundant in loaded language, exaggeration, fear, name-calling, doubt, and flag-waving. Finally, in terms of framing, Arabic tweets adopt a health and safety perspective, while in English economic concerns dominate. COVID-19, disinformation, misinformation, factuality, fact-checking, fact-checkers, check-worthiness, framing, harmfulness, social media platforms, social media

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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
212 Research products, page 1 of 22
  • Open Access Arabic
    Authors: 
    Badrane Benlahcene;
    Publisher: Academy of Islamic Studies, Dept of Islamic History and Civilization, University of Malaya
    Country: Qatar

    تهدف هذه الورقة إلى تحليل الجذور الدينية والثقافية التي أنتجت خطاب الإسلاموفوبيا، وصورت الإسلام باعتباره ديناً همجياً، والمسلمين بأنهم أعداء حضارة، وقادت دعاية ضده، وضد مبادئه العالمية، ومسالمة شعوبه التي تعرضت حضارياً للغزو والكراهية والاستعمار، وبخاصة في العصور الحديثة بعد أنت هيمنت أوروبا على العالم. This paper raises a question about Islamophobia as a phenomenon in the Western context, and its resulting hate speech, to understand the roots of this phenomenon that produces hate speech towards Islam and Muslims. It aims to break down these historical roots, and relies on the analysis of religious texts from western religious personalities since the dawn of Islam until today, as well as the analysis of a some of intellectual texts expressing Western supremacy over Islamic civilization, which led to the emergence of Islamophobia and its transformation into hate speech in various means of communication and interaction. Among the results that this paper aspires to is to pave the way for religious and intellectual revision of western standpoint towards Islam, to open the door for new understanding of Islam and Muslims that goes beyond the complexities of the Crusades and the colonial period, to build an informed understanding of Islam and Muslims. Moreover, to open the door for cultural cooperation and coexistence instead of conflict, especially as we are in a world where the destiny of the whole humankind has become interconnected.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mariam I. Al-Hammadi;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
    Country: Qatar

    Qatar has developed a strategy of sustainable tourism and development, which focuses on highlighting the spirit of the Qatari identity and heritage. This strategy goes hand in hand together with the line of the Qatar National Vision 2030. Hence, Msheireb Properties, which is a real estate development company and a subsidiary of Qatar Foundation, focuses in developing a sustainable tourism strategy. Thus, Qatari cultural heritage presented in the heart of the post-modern futuristic city of Msheireb through the project of Msheireb Museums that are hosted in four traditional houses. Msheireb Properties renovated the four houses in a sustainable way that aimed to create a dynamic relationship between tourism and cultural heritage. Msheireb Properties preserved models of traditional architecture through the establishment of Msheireb Museums. This article discusses the development of sustainable tourism in Qatar and the preservation of the Qatari cultural heritage and identity through the story of two museums in Msheireb, the Radwani House Museum and the Company House Museum.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Zainab M. AlQenaei; David E. Monarchi;
    Publisher: Qatar University Press
    Country: Qatar

    Academic institutions adopt different advising tools for various objectives. Past research used both numeric and text data to predict students’ performance. Moreover, numerous research projects have been conducted to find different learning strategies and profiles of students. Those strategies of learning together with academic profiles assisted in the advising process. This research proposes an approach to supplement these activities by text mining students’ essays to better understand different students’ profiles across different courses (subjects). Text analysis was performed on 99 essays written by undergraduate students in three different courses. The essays and terms were projected in a 20-dimensional vector space. The 20 dimensions were used as independent variables in a regression analysis to predict a student’s final grade in a course. Further analyses were performed on the dimensions found statistically significant. This study is a preliminary analysis to demonstrate a novel approach of extracting meaningful information by text mining essays written by students to develop an advising tool that can be used by educators.

  • Authors: 
    Imed Ben Labidi;
    Publisher: University of Toronto Press Inc. (UTPress)

    The cinemas of Arab and Muslim societies encompass a substantial number of film genres produced locally or in the diaspora. Arab and Muslim filmmakers experiment with different cinematic narratives, styles, and hybrid forms: auteur, documentary, diasporic, migrant, Third Cinema, and transnational productions. Their richness, diverse thematic foci, creative stylistic characteristics, and ability to reach global audiences recently motivated film scholars and other academics in Europe and the United States to consider designating a category called “Muslim Cinema” and defining its contours. The influence of these rich cinemas in contesting Hollywood’s demonization of Muslims, the conflation of Arabs, Muslims, and Islam, and the proliferation of anti-Muslim racism in Western discourse, however, remains very limited. Therefore, this article argues that the idea of such a category, if one were to be created, should explore venues to address Hollywood’s evolving forms of racializing Muslims and their relationship with the current institutionalization of anti-Muslim racism in the United States. Through a brief survey of Hollywood’s contemporary productions about Muslims, this article analyzes the impact of moving images on representation, particularly the fossilized characterization of Muslims as evil, and identifies three areas in American cinema and political discourse that could belong to this category: the first is Hollywood’s uninterrupted flow of making essentializing and essentialized narratives that conflate Arabs, Muslims, and Islam, and normalizes violence against them; the second deals with the transition from Islamophobia to anti-Muslim racism and explains its sanctioning by the US government; the third addresses the morphing of Islam into a race.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mohammad Sanaullah Al-Nadawi;
    Publisher: Qatar University
    Country: Qatar

    أهداف البحث: يهدف البحث إلى معالجة مقاربات استغرابيّة، تقدّمت بها ثلاثة أوساط هنديّة: هندوسيّة، وإسلاميّة، وثقافيّة عامة في سياق اهتمامها بتاريخ الفكر الهندي، والسياسة الأوروبيّة التي لم يتقلّص ظلّ طموحها الإمبريالي (البرتغاليّ، والفرنسيّ، والإنجليزيّ، وسواه)، والتبشيريّ، والتوفيقيّ، والتي نسجت خيوطها في الفصل وفق مشروعها الشمولي، منذ بداية معرفة الآخر الغربيّ إلى استقلال الهند عام 1947 م، وظهور الجيل الثقافيّ الجديد، وقد شكّل تراث الاستغراب الهندي، ومشهده الحالي، ظاهرة علميّة، ونقديّة ملحوظة لسعتها الكميّة، والكيفيّة على المستوى العالميّ. منهج الدراسة: البحث يجمع بين المنهج الاستقرائي والتحليلي والنقدي في دراسة جزء من تاريخ الاستغراب الهندي منهجيًا بطرح أسئلة الخصوصيّة، فهو يدرس مواقف المستغرب الهنديّ من الغربيّ في السياق الثقافيّ، والدينيّ، والفلسفيّ، والسياسيّ، ويناقش مرجعيّاتها الرؤيويّة، وإسقاطها الفعليّ في مؤلّفات يتمحور بها الباحث. النتائج: من أبرز النتائج التي توصّل إليها البحث أن قراءة المستغرب الهنديّ للغرب في جملة من الأبعاد الثقافيّة، والفلسفيّة، والسياسيّة لإرهاصات الاستغراب، بتعدديّة مرجعيّة، مردّها الخلاف بين أفراد الطرف الأول في الدين، والثقافة، بينما يفعم المشهد بغياب الخلاف في سياق رصد الغربي الإمبرياليّ، كما يدلّل البحث على دور الاستغراب في خدمة قضايا وطنيّة، وثقافيّة في الهند. أصالة البحث: أما أصالة البحث، فتكمن في القيمة العلميّة التي يحملها حين مخاطبة الاستغراب الهندي في ثلاثيّة أبعاده: الفلسفيّة، والدينيّة، والثقافيّة، مع تأطير مبدئي لأسئلة الخصوصيّة التي تطرح لأول مرة، فيما يعتقده الباحث، والتي تنعكس فيها أماكن الضعف في صفوف الاستغراب، مثل نظيرتها في ساحة الاستشراق، علاوة على مدى تأرجح كفتي القبول والرفض منهجيًّا في السياق المرجعيّ. Purpose: The paper aims to discuss some segments of the colossal trajectory of Occidental discourses put forward by Hindus, Muslims and common cultural protagonists in India both in qualitative and quantitative parameters, which, although deeply trenched in history, has recourse to a plethora of historical factors that can hardly exclude white man’s colonial ambitions (Portuguese, French, English and others) enjoying his own choice of inclusion and exclusion. Such a legacy of Indian Occidentalism alongside its present scenario constitutes an academic discourse of immense magnitude, both quantitative and qualitative, that draws worldwide reckoning. Methodology: The study employs an inductive method while subjecting cross-sections of the legacy of Indian Occidentalism to historicistic-evaluative perspectives to reckon with the Western other’s philosophical, cultural and social ambits. Findings: The prominent findings augment plurality and differences in the textual or thematic analysis of the target sources due to the multiplicity of angles involved in the occidental corpus. However, the same is not as visible regarding addressing imperial benchmarks. The study also exhibits the applicability of occidental knowledge in some sociopolitical domains in India. Originality: The scientific value of this paper can be gauged by the number of questions it poses—presumedly for the first time—in terms of methodological susceptibility, while Indian occidentalism in its religiophilosophical and cultural trilogy is seen, in retrospect, from original sources from objective and critical perspectives. Such questions are rife with potential dwindling factors in core areas of traditional occidentalism regarding critical evaluation.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Abdulhakeem Abdulrahman Al-Saadi;
    Publisher: AlMaarif University College (AUC)

    Puberty is the subject of assignment, it is known either by the age of a young man or woman, or by signs, some of which were mentioned by jurists through experiences, environment, and so on. Then, in the present era, many issues have arisen that young men and women are going through, which may be a reason for accelerating puberty with a new signs or rate of growth, were unknown by ancient jurists due to the change in the environment, nutrition and moderation of the atmosphere, which causes activation of hormones that accelerate the puberty of the young man or woman. Hence, writing in determining puberty as an age or a sign according to the developments of the age is a matter required by modern studies so that the contemporary fatwa is based on the changes and developments of the age. Consequently, the idea of this research was raised. The research cossets an introduction revealing the importance of determining the age of puberty and how it considered the basis of the assignment where the reference to assignment (understanding the discourse). Whoever reaches the puberty was before that either without understanding during early childhood, or deficient in understanding when he later becomes a child of comprehension. Then I talked about puberty, in terms of jurisprudence, law, and medicine. The research ended up with the conclusion of the most important results of the study. The research was titled (the age of puberty and its signs according to a contemporary jurisprudential-legal view), in which it relied on the most important Islamic Fiqh, legal and medical references.

  • Open Access

    Abstract Traditional marketplaces are common in old city centers. Such places have a distinctive ambiance populated by local vendors, shoppers, visiting tourists, and pedestrians on their way to somewhere else. This genius loci or ‘collective spirit of place’ contributes to their character as destinations for people to visit and linger. They often serve as the focus of cultural heritage and historic preservation efforts in rapidly developing cities. The paper focuses on two marketplaces in Qatar: reconstructed Souq Al Wakrah in Al Wakrah and rehabilitated Souq Waqif in Old Doha. Souq is a term from the Arabic “sūq,” meaning market, marketplace, or bazaar. We examine their urban morphology and the probable impact on their function as public places today. Both share similarities, including topography, history, culture, and architecture. However, differences arose from settlement evolution in Al Wakrah and Doha. The paper argues these characteristics show the vital role that urban morphology can play in promoting walkability, even in harsh climatic conditions. We conclude by briefly summarizing the potential for urban design enhancements to support their long-term sustainability as cultural heritage districts.

  • Open Access Arabic
    Authors: 
    Ali Slimani, Moulay;
    Publisher: كلية الآداب والعلوم - جامعة قطر College of Art and Science - Qatar University
    Country: Qatar

    ابتغينا من هذا البحث أن نبين التكامل العلمي بين الأندلس والمغرب في علوم اللغة العربية فضلًا عن الأدب، من خلال عالمين متخصصَين في النحو؛ الأول: هو أبو موسى عيسى الجزولي المراكشي، المتوفى سنة 607هـ، والثاني: هو أبو علي الشلوبين الإشبيلي، المتوفى سنة 654هـ. والعلاقة بين العالمين علاقة أستاذ بتلميذه، فأبو موسى الجزولي وضع كتابه المشهور بالمقدمة الجزولية. والثاني شرحها في كتابه «شرح المقدمة الجزولية الكبير»، فاستخرج منها تعليلات للمسائل النحوية، اكتفيت بمناقشة أربع مسائل منها على جهة الاختصار، مراعاة لمقتضى الحال، وهي؛ تعليل أهمية الاسم على الفعل والحرف. وتعليل تذكير الفعل. وتعليل الرفع بالضمة في الأسماء، ثم في الأفعال. وتعليل إضمار العلامة، أو إظهارها في الفعل. This research aims to show the scientific complementarity between Andalusia and Morocco in Arabic language as well as literature. It examined two renowned grammarians: the first one is Abu Musa Issa Al-Jazūlī Al-Murrakūchi, who died in 607 Hijri, and the second is Abu Ali al-Shlubin al-Ishbili, who died in 654 Hijri. The relationship between the two figures was that of a teacher and a student. Abu Musa Al-Jazūlī wrote his well-known book, “The Introduction of Al-Jazūlī”, while al-Ishbili explained it in his book, The “Explanation of Al-Jazūlī’s Introduction” from which he extracted some justifications for certain grammatical issues. I attempt to discuss four issues in this research, namely: Justifying the importance of the noun over the verb and the particle. Justifying the masculinization of the verb. Justifying nominative case in verbs and nouns. Justifying the hiding or showing of the sign in the verb.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Tsvetomila Mihaylova; Pepa Gencheva; Martin Boyanov; Ivana Yovcheva; Todor Mihaylov; Momchil Hardalov; Yasen Kiprov; Daniel Balchev; Ivan Koychev; Preslav Nakov; +2 more

    We present the system we built for participating in SemEval-2016 Task 3 on Community Question Answering. We achieved the best results on subtask C, and strong results on subtasks A and B, by combining a rich set of various types of features: semantic, lexical, metadata, and user-related. The most important group turned out to be the metadata for the question and for the comment, semantic vectors trained on QatarLiving data and similarities between the question and the comment for subtasks A and C, and between the original and the related question for Subtask B. Comment: community question answering, question-question similarity, question-comment similarity, answer reranking

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Preslav Nakov; Firoj Alam; Shaden Shaar; Giovanni Da San Martino; Yifan Zhang;
    Publisher: INCOMA Ltd. Shoumen, BULGARIA

    While COVID-19 vaccines are finally becoming widely available, a second pandemic that revolves around the circulation of anti-vaxxer fake news may hinder efforts to recover from the first one. With this in mind, we performed an extensive analysis of Arabic and English tweets about COVID-19 vaccines, with focus on messages originating from Qatar. We found that Arabic tweets contain a lot of false information and rumors, while English tweets are mostly factual. However, English tweets are much more propagandistic than Arabic ones. In terms of propaganda techniques, about half of the Arabic tweets express doubt, and 1/5 use loaded language, while English tweets are abundant in loaded language, exaggeration, fear, name-calling, doubt, and flag-waving. Finally, in terms of framing, Arabic tweets adopt a health and safety perspective, while in English economic concerns dominate. COVID-19, disinformation, misinformation, factuality, fact-checking, fact-checkers, check-worthiness, framing, harmfulness, social media platforms, social media