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417 Research products, page 1 of 42

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  • Publication . Other literature type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Agasøster, Bodil; Arar, Karin; Gyrid Havåg Bergseth; Beuster, Benjamin; Bidargaddi, Archana; Revheim, Sigbjørn; Risnes, Ørnulf; Skjåk, Knut Kalgraff;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SSHOC (823782)

    Milestone 34, Expose ESS’ interoperable services to external consumers, was achieved on 17 December 2021. The new system gives users access to the data catalogue of the European Social Survey (ESS) from the new data and metadata repositories via https://ess-search.nsd.no/en/all/query/.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Other literature type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Laura Morales; Ami Saji;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SSHOC (823782)

    El Registro de Encuestas EMM es una herramienta en línea gratuita disponible para cualquier persona interesada en realizar investigaciones o trabajos relacionados con las políticas públicas utilizando encuestas cuantitativas sobre la integración e inclusión de las EMM. La herramienta permite descubrir y conocer los detalles sobre las encuestas cuantitativas existentes realizadas con (sub)poblaciones de EMM en Europa y fuera de ella. Esta herramienta no sólo reúne información previamente dispersa sobre estas encuestas, sino que también ofrece metadatos detallados y estructurados para cada una de ellas. El Registro de Encuestas EMM ya está disponible en la versión 1.0. Esta versión es completamente operativa y muestra los metadatos de casi 1.700 encuestas de 34 países. La herramienta recibe entre 300 y 400 usuarios únicos al mes de todo el mundo y de diferentes disciplinas, sectores, industrias, etc. Al tratarse de una herramienta “viva” y en constante actualización, invitamos a todos los productores de encuestas a que aporten sus propios metadatos (de forma gratuita, pero con supervisión de calidad) para ayudar a ampliar la colección de metadatos del Registro de Encuestas EMM, para así compartir sus investigaciones con un público internacional. La herramienta ha sido creada conjuntamente por la Acción COST 16111 - ETHMIGSURVEYDATA, el proyecto H2020 SSHOC, y el proyecto francés ANR FAIRETHMIGQUANT.

  • Publication . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Kamoun, Sophien;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | BLASTOFF (743165)

    These vignettes are inspired by Mendel’s 200th anniversary and my August 2022 visit to Brno, Czech Republic. The first geneticist was a plant biologist.

  • Publication . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Kamoun, Sophien;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: UKRI | Mechanisms of pathogen su... (BB/V002937/1), EC | BLASTOFF (743165), UKRI | Recognition (BBS/E/J/000PR9795), UKRI | Evolution (BBS/E/J/000PR9798), UKRI | Mechanisms of pathogen su... (BB/V002937/1), EC | BLASTOFF (743165), UKRI | Recognition (BBS/E/J/000PR9795), UKRI | Evolution (BBS/E/J/000PR9798)

    These vignettes are inspired by Mendel’s 200th anniversary and my August 2022 visit to Brno, Czech Republic. The first geneticist was a plant biologist.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ahmadi, Sina;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Country: Ireland
    Project: EC | ELEXIS (731015), EC | ELEXIS (731015)

    The focus of this thesis is broadly on the alignment of lexicographical data, particularly dictionaries. In order to tackle some of the challenges in this field, two main tasks of word sense alignment and translation inference are addressed. The first task aims to find an optimal alignment given the sense definitions of a headword in two different monolingual dictionaries. This is a challenging task, especially due to differences in sense granularity, coverage and description in two resources. After describing the characteristics of various lexical semantic resources, we introduce a benchmark containing 17 datasets of 15 languages where monolingual word senses and definitions are manually annotated across different resources by experts. In the creation of the benchmark, lexicographers' knowledge is incorporated through the annotations where a semantic relation, namely exact, narrower, broader, related or none, is selected for each sense pair. This benchmark can be used for evaluation purposes of word-sense alignment systems. The performance of a few alignment techniques based on textual and non-textual semantic similarity detection and semantic relation induction is evaluated using the benchmark. Finally, we extend this work to translation inference where translation pairs are induced to generate bilingual lexicons in an unsupervised way using various approaches based on graph analysis. This task is of particular interest for the creation of lexicographical resources for less-resourced and under-represented languages and also, assists in increasing coverage of the existing resources. From a practical point of view, the techniques and methods that are developed in this thesis are implemented within a tool that can facilitate the alignment task. Comment: Ph.D. thesis defended at NUI Galway (10.5281/zenodo.5559522)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Guido Paliaga; Fabio Luino; Laura Turconi; Mario Profeta; Zoran Vojinovic; Sara Cucchiaro; Francesco Faccini;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | RECONECT (776866), EC | RECONECT (776866)

    Terraced landscapes are widely applied in many mountainous regions around the world as a result of the necessity to practice subsistence agriculture. Hence, they can be regarded as one of the most diffused anthropogenic modifications of the Earth’s surface. Different techniques have been used for their implementation leading to the artificial immobilization of debris and soil along the slopes whose surface is interrupted by a sequence of sub-horizontal and sub-vertical areas often using stone walls. In some areas of the world, such interventions are thousands of years old and their resistance to the degradation caused by the morphogenetic system can be attributed to the permeability of the stone walls as well as to their regular maintenance. In some other areas, the lack of maintenance has been the main cause for degradation processes ending with their collapse. The effects of climate change manifested through higher intensities and higher frequencies of rainfall are likely to accelerate the degradation process further by causing terraces to act as a source of debris or hyperconcentrated flow. This will in turn increase the severity of geo-hydrological hazards. The measures concerning reduction of geo-hydrological hazards caused by are sought through identification of abandoned terraces and assessment of the potential for their sudden collapse. The present paper describes a framework for identification of abandoned terraces and estimation of the potential volume of shallow landslides that can be generated. The research conducted aims to advance the existing hazard assessment practices by combining numerical modeling with processing of high-resolution LiDAR data. A new algorithm is developed to support localization of terraces. The catchment scale approach applied to eight smaller catchments enables estimation of the total volume of soil and debris trapped along the slopes. It also generated some important quantitative data which will be used in the future risk assessment work. The work has been carried out within the EU-funded H2020 project RECONECT.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nitzan Rimon-Zarfaty; Silke Schicktanz;
    Project: EC | TIMEGG (749889), EC | TIMEGG (749889)

    Assistive reproductive technologies are increasingly used to control the biology of fertility and its temporality. Combining historical, theoretical, and socioempirical insights, this paper aims at expanding our understanding of the way temporality emerges and is negotiated in the contemporary practice of cryopreservation of reproductive materials. We first present an historical overview of the practice of cryo-fertility to indicate the co-production of technology and social constructions of temporality. We then apply a theoretical framework for analysing cryobiology and cryopreservation technologies as creating a new epistemic perspective interconnecting biology and temporality. Thereafter, we focus on the case of ‘social egg freezing’ (SEF) to present socio-empirical findings illustrating different reproductive temporalities and their connection to the social acceptance of and expectations towards the practice. SEF is a particularly interesting case as it aims to enable women to disconnect their reproductive potential from their biological rhythms. Based on 39 open interviews with Israeli and German SEF users, the cross-cultural comparative findings reveal three types of attitudes: postponing motherhood/reproductive decisions (German users); singlehood and “waiting” for a partner (Israeli and German users); and the planning of and hope for multiple children (Israeli users). For theory building, this analysis uncovers temporality formations embedded in gender and reproductive moral values; including the ‘extended present’, ‘waiting’, and ‘reproductive futurism’. We conclude by discussing the contribution of our findings by advancing the theoretical framework of ‘cryopolitics’ highlighting the theoretical implications and importance of gendered and cultural imaginaries (re)constructing medical technological innovations and related temporalities.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Valentina Mignosa;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | CROSSREADS (885040), EC | CROSSREADS (885040)

    No description is available.

  • Publication . Other literature type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Striova, Jana; Pezzati, Luca; Versic, Ivana Ilijasic; Capar, Martina Drascic;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SSHOC (823782)

    SSHOC thematic cluster project (2019-2022) has built a strong and recognisable brand around a consortium of 5 ERICs and ESFRI Landmarks, 1 ESFRI project and onboarded Social Science and Humanities (SSH) data communities, 5 of them obtaining the status of ESFRI projects in the latest editions of ESFRI Roadmaps thus actively breaking down the silos through the sharing of knowledge, tools, and services with significant potential for further capacity-building as an important building block for EOSC. SSHOC didn’t only facilitate further collaboration within the SSH community regarding alignment of data, services, and interoperability solutions, and sharing of (thematic) services in EOSC. It reached out to other domains and researchers via peer projects funded by the European Commission (EC) in the framework of the INFRAEOSC-04 call aiming to link ESFRI landmarks and projects, as well as other ERICs to the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). A series of regular consultations, joint initiatives, outputs, and presentations, described in this report, led the five clusters to link together and develop a common ground for collaboration beyond duration of projects. Deliverable 8.6 is the final report on the cooperation activities of the SSHOC project with other science clusters: ENVRI-FAIR for environmental research, PaNOSC for multidisciplinary scientific analysis, ESCAPE for astronomy and particle physics, EOSC-Life for life sciences. The activities described below are result of several streams of efforts: task 8.4 of the SSHOC project involving several project bodies and partners, as well as Coordinator’s direct alignment with other cluster projects.

  • Publication . Other literature type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wolfgang Schmidle; Emanuel Demetrescu; Bruno Fanini; Alberto Bucciero; Alessandra Chirivì; Ivan Ferrari; Francesco Giuri; Elisabetta Caterina Giovannini;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SSHOC (823782)

    In SSHOC Task 5.7 (Open Linked Data. Archaeology Case Study), a virtual reconstruction of the Roman theatre in Catania has been created as a case study for the transition of archaeological data to the cloud, i.e. from data silos on individual computers to webservices. The case study is based on a unified workflow that starts with the archaeological documentation and results in a virtual reconstruction. With this workflow, data manually acquired during an excavation and traditionally stored on paper can now be stored in the cloud and used for 3D visualisations of the site. Part of the data for the Roman theatre comes from earlier projects, where it was transferred from proprietary formats to open formats and open systems, and part of the data has been created in this task. This represents a useful exemplar of using both new and legacy data in a single project. The workflow uses tools that have been developed by the task partners, in particular the Extended Matrix for 3D reconstruction. The task partners have documented the existing systems and their individual workflows and applied them to existing as well as newly created data on the Roman theatre. The case study also relies on systems for normative data for place and time information, and based on the case study the task partners have evaluated additional data standardisation strategies to enable data sharing and re-use of archaeological data. To this end, the underlying data models have been aligned with CIDOC CRM. In addition, the 4D virtualisation has been embedded in a Linked Open Data scenario, which creates several entry points for examining, comparing and searching the 3D model.