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918 Research products, page 1 of 92

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • Research data
  • Research software
  • Other research products
  • 2018-2022
  • European Commission
  • IT

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  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Presentation . Other literature type . 2022
    Open Access Latin
    Authors: 
    Sprugnoli, Rachele; Pellegrini, Matteo; Passarotti, Marco; Cecchini, Flavio Massimiliano;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | LiLa (769994)

    Questo articolo presenta il corpus EvaLatin 1.0, sviluppato per la pri- ma campagna di valutazione di strumenti di Trattamento Automatico del Linguaggio per il latino. La campagna si è concentrata su due analisi lingui- stiche, ovvero la lemmatizzazione e l’annotazione delle parti del discorso. Particolare attenzione è stata rivolta alla costruzione del corpus in modo da affrontare problematiche di variabilità di genere e diacronica del latino.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Leonardi, Michela; Boschin, Francesco; Boscato, Paolo; Manica, Andrea;
    Publisher: Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
    Countries: United Kingdom, Italy
    Project: EC | LocalAdaptation (647787)

    Predicting the effects of future global changes on species requires a better understanding of the ecological niche dynamics in response to climate; the large climatic fluctuations of the last 50,000 years can be used as a natural experiment to that aim. Here we test whether the realized niche of horse, aurochs, red deer, and wild boar changed between 47,000 and 7,500 years ago using paleoecological modelling over an extensive archaeological database. We show that they all changed their niche, with species-specific responses to climate fluctuations. We also suggest that they survived the climatic turnovers thanks to their flexibility and by expanding their niche in response to the extinction of competitors and predators. Irrespective of the mechanism behind such processes, the fact that species with long generation times can change their niche over thousands of years cautions against assuming it to stay constant both when reconstructing the past and predicting the future. ERC Consolidator Grant 647787 "LocalAdaptation" Leverhulme Research Grant RPG-2020-317 Funder: European Research Council Consolidator Grant 647787 "LocalAdaptation"

  • Research data . 2022 . Embargo End Date: 22 Sep 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Gallucci, Giorgia;
    Publisher: Università degli Studi di Padova
    Project: EC | RISK (758450)

    The project provides the digital edition of the libretti staged for the election of the Council of the Elders in the Republic of Lucca. The celebration, known as funzione delle Tasche, was repeated every three years from 1636 to 1797. The present edition collects the works from 1636 to 1705 in order to analyze changes and recurring motifs throughout the 17th century in a republican context.

  • Publication . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Pianzola, Federico; Rebora, Simone;
    Publisher: Open Science Framework
    Project: EC | READIT (792849)

    This is collection of all the stories' titles published on Wattpad at the date: January 2018. It's a corpus of around 30 millions titles in more than 50 different languages. It includes mainly original fiction and a small part of fan fiction (roughly 10%). The R Markdown files regarding the procedures for network analysis and sentiment analysis can be found in the GitHub repository: https://github.com/SimoneRebora/Wattpad_analysis We published an article based on this data https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226708

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sara Carreño;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | SenSArt (950248)

    In this paper, I examine the ideas regarding image reception that can be extracted from the De altera uita, a theological treatise written by the Iberian bishop Lucas de Tui in ca. 1230. In this book, he devotes one chapter to rejecting the changes that were taking place at the time in the image of the Crucifixion, especially concerning the variation in the number of nails and the shape of the cross. I will show that this text provides illuminating references regarding image reception, mainly through Lucas’s concerns about the visual misleading of the faithful and their devotional responses to artworks. By examining this work, which I will set against the theological and devotional background of its time, I will argue that this treatise reflects the importance of sight within the religious experienc of late-medieval Europe This scientific publication is part of a project that has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant agreement No. 950248). The project, entitled “The Sensuous Appeal of the Holy. Sensory Agency of Sacred Art and Somatised Spiritual Experiences in Medieval Europe (12th–15th century)-SenSArt” (PI Prof. Zuleika Murat) is being carried out at the Department of Cultural Heritage of the University of Padua in 2021–2026. SI

  • Publication . Article . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Giacomo Bazzani;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Project: EC | EU-FER (725961)

    AbstractIts importance for understanding social dynamics notwithstanding, the concept of agency is one of sociology’s more controversial ideas. The debate around this concept has mostly been developed at a theoretical level and the empirical studies tend to rely on socio-psychological interpretations of agency as a stable, inner force capable of influencing prospects, decisions, and behavior with little room for change in agency capacity. Social sciences, though, should take a more dynamic stance on agency and highlight the role of the different elements of the social context that can enable or hinder individual agency capacity. Prompted by recent developments of the Capability Approach, this article proposes a framework for the study of agency that defines individual agency as the result of a conversion process of personal resources shaped by conversion factors. Conversion factors operate at micro, meso, and macro levels of analysis, each of which can be oriented toward past experiences, present conditions, and future prospects. This article also seeks to analytically distinguish three types of agency outcome: adaptation, autonomy, and influence. Such a framework will facilitate the transformation of the slippery notion of agency into more tractable empirical phenomena which increase its analytical and critical capacity.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Francesco Iacono; Elisabetta Borgna; Maurizio Cattani; Claudio Cavazzuti; Helen Dawson; Yannis Galanakis; Maja Gori; Cristiano Iaia; Nicola Ialongo; Thibault Lachenal; +7 more
    Countries: Italy, United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany
    Project: EC | WEIGHTANDVALUE (648055)

    AbstractThe Late Bronze Age (1700–900 BC) represents an extremely dynamic period for Mediterranean Europe. Here, we provide a comparative survey of the archaeological record of over half a millennium within the entire northern littoral of the Mediterranean, from Greece to Iberia, incorporating archaeological, archaeometric, and bioarchaeological evidence. The picture that emerges, while certainly fragmented and not displaying a unique trajectory, reveals a number of broad trends in aspects as different as social organization, trade, transcultural phenomena, and human mobility. The contribution of such trends to the processes that caused the end of the Bronze Age is also examined. Taken together, they illustrate how networks of interaction, ranging from the short to the long range, became a defining aspect of the “Middle Sea” during this time, influencing the lives of the communities that inhabited its northern shore. They also highlight the importance of research that crosses modern boundaries for gaining a better understanding of broad comparable dynamics. Funder: Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna

  • Publication . Conference object . Other literature type . Presentation . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Larrousse, Nicolas; Gray, Edward J.; Concordia, Cesare;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, France, Italy
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782)

    If citation is a common practice for publications, it is relatively new for data especially in SSH. This paper will present the work carried out during the SSHOC project about data citation in general and more precisely how to make them actionable. The metaphor of a travel journal of an expedition seemed appropriate to us to present this work carried out during the SSHOC project. The first part was to study this terra incognita by making an inventory of citation practices (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3595965). To summarize, we discovered that in the research communities we investigated, practices were seldom standardized and were very diverse, generally producing citations that could not be processed by machines: in other words they were not “actionable”. This led us to develop a sort of guide necessary to journey through this new, uncharted territory in the form of a set of recommendations ( https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5361717) to build citations in SSH. So as not to reinvent the wheel, we based these recommendations on existing principles created by Force11 ( https://doi.org/10.25490/a97f-egyk) by adapting them to the specific characteristics of the SSH data. These recommendations were validated by a committee of experts from different backgrounds and structures (RDA participants, CODATA director, OpenAire Engineers etc.) during a round table (https://www.sshopencloud.eu/news/roundtable-experts-data-citation) and in a parallel review process. Then we decided to analyze the resources available in this new territory, that is, the repositories that are so crucial to be able to cite data. We carried out an analysis of 85 repositories against 7 quality criteria based on the recommendations which ensure continuity with the work mentioned above: PID from “Unique Identification & Persistence” Landing page from “Access” Structured metadata from “Importance & Credit and Attribution” Cite as from “Evidence, Specificity & Verifiability” Versioning from “Specificity and Verifiability” Standardized vocabularies from “Interoperability and Flexibility” Links to publications from “Importance” The results of this survey (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5603306) are encouraging - even if there is room for improvement, particularly in the use of Persistent Identifiers. Importantly, the presence of a landing page in almost all cases allowed us to build up a test sample made up of a very diverse dataset from those repositories for which we want to build standardized and actionable citations. In parallel we developed a tool in order to “harvest” the resources found in this new land so as to better understand them and also be able to explain them to others. We developed a prototype composed of three components: a harvester which grabs information about a dataset and normalizes it an API to disseminate the metadata of the citation thereby making it actionable a citation viewer for human purposes For the first iteration to populate this prototype, we used the dataset collected during our survey of repositories and we are going to gradually add more datasets from various sources. This prototype is primarily designed to implement what we called “actionability” to a citation and provide a ready-to-use citation in various citation formats. Starting from the PID of a dataset, the prototype attempts to aggregate metadata from different sources: the repository of the dataset, the PID Registration Agency and a number of Knowledge Graphs. For instance, while metadata associated with a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) are limited and those provided by a handle are even more scarce, it is possible to get more information from a landing page and thus enrich the citation. We also used another indirect approach to gather additional information by using a registry of repositories (RE3Data https://www.re3data.org/) which provides, among other things, information on the available APIs available for a specific repository. Thus the prototype can give a unified view of information about datasets coming from different sources. For researchers, it thus avoids cumbersome work on how to cite a dataset or get information about its provenance. In return, it makes a researcher aware of the importance of properly documenting a dataset and depositing it in a “good” repository. This paper will present in greater detail what we learned at each step of this expedition and how a research project can take advantage of a good citation system to enhance the visibility of the output. We will also introduce the potential uses based on the information provided by the prototype such as the possibility of associating a specific tool to process data or the use of this information as a base to build data papers.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Rishabh Upadhyay; Gabriella Pasi; Marco Viviani;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | DoSSIER (860721)

    AbstractResearch aimed at finding solutions to the problem of the diffusion of distinct forms of non-genuine information online across multiple domains has attracted growing interest in recent years, from opinion spam to fake news detection. Currently, partly due to the COVID-19 virus outbreak and the subsequent proliferation of unfounded claims and highly biased content, attention has focused on developing solutions that can automatically assess the genuineness of health information. Most of these approaches, applied both to Web pages and social media content, rely primarily on the use of handcrafted features in conjunction with Machine Learning. In this article, instead, we propose a health misinformation detection model that exploits as features the embedded representations of some structural and content characteristics of Web pages, which are obtained using an embedding model pre-trained on medical data. Such features are employed within a deep learning classification model, which categorizes genuine health information versus health misinformation. The purpose of this article is therefore to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed model, namely Vec4Cred, with respect to the problem considered. This model represents an evolution of a previous one, with respect to which new features and architectural choices have been considered and illustrated in this work.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Athina Tzevahirtzian; Antonio Caruso; Giovanna Scopelliti; François Baudin; Marie-Madeleine Blanc-Valleron;
    Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | SALTGIANT (765256)

    The present study aims to reconstruct the environmental changes leading to the Messinian Salinity Crisis during the transition from the Tortonian-Messinian marine conditions to the Messinian evaporitic environments. The core 3AGN2S04, recently drilled in the Caltanissetta Basin (Sicily), was analyzed to reveal the petrographic, mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the late Tortonian – early Messinian pre-salt sediments. In particular, the facies characterization of the carbonates and organic-rich shales of the Calcare di Base (CdB) member allowed to understand its significance in the paleoenvironmental evolution towards salt deposition and to the reconstruct the brecciation processes inside the CdB. The sedimentological and mineralogical analyzes revealed that core 3AGN2S04 consists of the inner shelf facies of the Tripoli Formation passing to the typical carbonate platform facies of the CdB. The local transition between the upper part of the Tripoli Formation and the CdB member indicates that stressful environmental conditions were constant in the central Mediterranean shelf zones during the late Messinian. The CdB carbonates indicate the occurrence of a carbonate platform characterized by peritidal environments rich in different microbial communities and evaporitic deposits, whereas the embedded organic-rich shales suggest a confined, low energy, anoxic and stratified saline system with high productivity and good preservation of organic matter. A complex set of syndiagenetic brecciation processes, interpreted as in situ brecciation, have profoundly marked the CdB deposits.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
918 Research products, page 1 of 92
  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Presentation . Other literature type . 2022
    Open Access Latin
    Authors: 
    Sprugnoli, Rachele; Pellegrini, Matteo; Passarotti, Marco; Cecchini, Flavio Massimiliano;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | LiLa (769994)

    Questo articolo presenta il corpus EvaLatin 1.0, sviluppato per la pri- ma campagna di valutazione di strumenti di Trattamento Automatico del Linguaggio per il latino. La campagna si è concentrata su due analisi lingui- stiche, ovvero la lemmatizzazione e l’annotazione delle parti del discorso. Particolare attenzione è stata rivolta alla costruzione del corpus in modo da affrontare problematiche di variabilità di genere e diacronica del latino.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Leonardi, Michela; Boschin, Francesco; Boscato, Paolo; Manica, Andrea;
    Publisher: Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
    Countries: United Kingdom, Italy
    Project: EC | LocalAdaptation (647787)

    Predicting the effects of future global changes on species requires a better understanding of the ecological niche dynamics in response to climate; the large climatic fluctuations of the last 50,000 years can be used as a natural experiment to that aim. Here we test whether the realized niche of horse, aurochs, red deer, and wild boar changed between 47,000 and 7,500 years ago using paleoecological modelling over an extensive archaeological database. We show that they all changed their niche, with species-specific responses to climate fluctuations. We also suggest that they survived the climatic turnovers thanks to their flexibility and by expanding their niche in response to the extinction of competitors and predators. Irrespective of the mechanism behind such processes, the fact that species with long generation times can change their niche over thousands of years cautions against assuming it to stay constant both when reconstructing the past and predicting the future. ERC Consolidator Grant 647787 "LocalAdaptation" Leverhulme Research Grant RPG-2020-317 Funder: European Research Council Consolidator Grant 647787 "LocalAdaptation"

  • Research data . 2022 . Embargo End Date: 22 Sep 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Gallucci, Giorgia;
    Publisher: Università degli Studi di Padova
    Project: EC | RISK (758450)

    The project provides the digital edition of the libretti staged for the election of the Council of the Elders in the Republic of Lucca. The celebration, known as funzione delle Tasche, was repeated every three years from 1636 to 1797. The present edition collects the works from 1636 to 1705 in order to analyze changes and recurring motifs throughout the 17th century in a republican context.

  • Publication . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Pianzola, Federico; Rebora, Simone;
    Publisher: Open Science Framework
    Project: EC | READIT (792849)

    This is collection of all the stories' titles published on Wattpad at the date: January 2018. It's a corpus of around 30 millions titles in more than 50 different languages. It includes mainly original fiction and a small part of fan fiction (roughly 10%). The R Markdown files regarding the procedures for network analysis and sentiment analysis can be found in the GitHub repository: https://github.com/SimoneRebora/Wattpad_analysis We published an article based on this data https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226708

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sara Carreño;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | SenSArt (950248)

    In this paper, I examine the ideas regarding image reception that can be extracted from the De altera uita, a theological treatise written by the Iberian bishop Lucas de Tui in ca. 1230. In this book, he devotes one chapter to rejecting the changes that were taking place at the time in the image of the Crucifixion, especially concerning the variation in the number of nails and the shape of the cross. I will show that this text provides illuminating references regarding image reception, mainly through Lucas’s concerns about the visual misleading of the faithful and their devotional responses to artworks. By examining this work, which I will set against the theological and devotional background of its time, I will argue that this treatise reflects the importance of sight within the religious experienc of late-medieval Europe This scientific publication is part of a project that has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant agreement No. 950248). The project, entitled “The Sensuous Appeal of the Holy. Sensory Agency of Sacred Art and Somatised Spiritual Experiences in Medieval Europe (12th–15th century)-SenSArt” (PI Prof. Zuleika Murat) is being carried out at the Department of Cultural Heritage of the University of Padua in 2021–2026. SI

  • Publication . Article . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Giacomo Bazzani;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Project: EC | EU-FER (725961)

    AbstractIts importance for understanding social dynamics notwithstanding, the concept of agency is one of sociology’s more controversial ideas. The debate around this concept has mostly been developed at a theoretical level and the empirical studies tend to rely on socio-psychological interpretations of agency as a stable, inner force capable of influencing prospects, decisions, and behavior with little room for change in agency capacity. Social sciences, though, should take a more dynamic stance on agency and highlight the role of the different elements of the social context that can enable or hinder individual agency capacity. Prompted by recent developments of the Capability Approach, this article proposes a framework for the study of agency that defines individual agency as the result of a conversion process of personal resources shaped by conversion factors. Conversion factors operate at micro, meso, and macro levels of analysis, each of which can be oriented toward past experiences, present conditions, and future prospects. This article also seeks to analytically distinguish three types of agency outcome: adaptation, autonomy, and influence. Such a framework will facilitate the transformation of the slippery notion of agency into more tractable empirical phenomena which increase its analytical and critical capacity.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Francesco Iacono; Elisabetta Borgna; Maurizio Cattani; Claudio Cavazzuti; Helen Dawson; Yannis Galanakis; Maja Gori; Cristiano Iaia; Nicola Ialongo; Thibault Lachenal; +7 more
    Countries: Italy, United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany
    Project: EC | WEIGHTANDVALUE (648055)

    AbstractThe Late Bronze Age (1700–900 BC) represents an extremely dynamic period for Mediterranean Europe. Here, we provide a comparative survey of the archaeological record of over half a millennium within the entire northern littoral of the Mediterranean, from Greece to Iberia, incorporating archaeological, archaeometric, and bioarchaeological evidence. The picture that emerges, while certainly fragmented and not displaying a unique trajectory, reveals a number of broad trends in aspects as different as social organization, trade, transcultural phenomena, and human mobility. The contribution of such trends to the processes that caused the end of the Bronze Age is also examined. Taken together, they illustrate how networks of interaction, ranging from the short to the long range, became a defining aspect of the “Middle Sea” during this time, influencing the lives of the communities that inhabited its northern shore. They also highlight the importance of research that crosses modern boundaries for gaining a better understanding of broad comparable dynamics. Funder: Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna

  • Publication . Conference object . Other literature type . Presentation . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Larrousse, Nicolas; Gray, Edward J.; Concordia, Cesare;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, France, Italy
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782)

    If citation is a common practice for publications, it is relatively new for data especially in SSH. This paper will present the work carried out during the SSHOC project about data citation in general and more precisely how to make them actionable. The metaphor of a travel journal of an expedition seemed appropriate to us to present this work carried out during the SSHOC project. The first part was to study this terra incognita by making an inventory of citation practices (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3595965). To summarize, we discovered that in the research communities we investigated, practices were seldom standardized and were very diverse, generally producing citations that could not be processed by machines: in other words they were not “actionable”. This led us to develop a sort of guide necessary to journey through this new, uncharted territory in the form of a set of recommendations ( https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5361717) to build citations in SSH. So as not to reinvent the wheel, we based these recommendations on existing principles created by Force11 ( https://doi.org/10.25490/a97f-egyk) by adapting them to the specific characteristics of the SSH data. These recommendations were validated by a committee of experts from different backgrounds and structures (RDA participants, CODATA director, OpenAire Engineers etc.) during a round table (https://www.sshopencloud.eu/news/roundtable-experts-data-citation) and in a parallel review process. Then we decided to analyze the resources available in this new territory, that is, the repositories that are so crucial to be able to cite data. We carried out an analysis of 85 repositories against 7 quality criteria based on the recommendations which ensure continuity with the work mentioned above: PID from “Unique Identification & Persistence” Landing page from “Access” Structured metadata from “Importance & Credit and Attribution” Cite as from “Evidence, Specificity & Verifiability” Versioning from “Specificity and Verifiability” Standardized vocabularies from “Interoperability and Flexibility” Links to publications from “Importance” The results of this survey (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5603306) are encouraging - even if there is room for improvement, particularly in the use of Persistent Identifiers. Importantly, the presence of a landing page in almost all cases allowed us to build up a test sample made up of a very diverse dataset from those repositories for which we want to build standardized and actionable citations. In parallel we developed a tool in order to “harvest” the resources found in this new land so as to better understand them and also be able to explain them to others. We developed a prototype composed of three components: a harvester which grabs information about a dataset and normalizes it an API to disseminate the metadata of the citation thereby making it actionable a citation viewer for human purposes For the first iteration to populate this prototype, we used the dataset collected during our survey of repositories and we are going to gradually add more datasets from various sources. This prototype is primarily designed to implement what we called “actionability” to a citation and provide a ready-to-use citation in various citation formats. Starting from the PID of a dataset, the prototype attempts to aggregate metadata from different sources: the repository of the dataset, the PID Registration Agency and a number of Knowledge Graphs. For instance, while metadata associated with a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) are limited and those provided by a handle are even more scarce, it is possible to get more information from a landing page and thus enrich the citation. We also used another indirect approach to gather additional information by using a registry of repositories (RE3Data https://www.re3data.org/) which provides, among other things, information on the available APIs available for a specific repository. Thus the prototype can give a unified view of information about datasets coming from different sources. For researchers, it thus avoids cumbersome work on how to cite a dataset or get information about its provenance. In return, it makes a researcher aware of the importance of properly documenting a dataset and depositing it in a “good” repository. This paper will present in greater detail what we learned at each step of this expedition and how a research project can take advantage of a good citation system to enhance the visibility of the output. We will also introduce the potential uses based on the information provided by the prototype such as the possibility of associating a specific tool to process data or the use of this information as a base to build data papers.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Rishabh Upadhyay; Gabriella Pasi; Marco Viviani;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | DoSSIER (860721)

    AbstractResearch aimed at finding solutions to the problem of the diffusion of distinct forms of non-genuine information online across multiple domains has attracted growing interest in recent years, from opinion spam to fake news detection. Currently, partly due to the COVID-19 virus outbreak and the subsequent proliferation of unfounded claims and highly biased content, attention has focused on developing solutions that can automatically assess the genuineness of health information. Most of these approaches, applied both to Web pages and social media content, rely primarily on the use of handcrafted features in conjunction with Machine Learning. In this article, instead, we propose a health misinformation detection model that exploits as features the embedded representations of some structural and content characteristics of Web pages, which are obtained using an embedding model pre-trained on medical data. Such features are employed within a deep learning classification model, which categorizes genuine health information versus health misinformation. The purpose of this article is therefore to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed model, namely Vec4Cred, with respect to the problem considered. This model represents an evolution of a previous one, with respect to which new features and architectural choices have been considered and illustrated in this work.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Athina Tzevahirtzian; Antonio Caruso; Giovanna Scopelliti; François Baudin; Marie-Madeleine Blanc-Valleron;
    Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | SALTGIANT (765256)

    The present study aims to reconstruct the environmental changes leading to the Messinian Salinity Crisis during the transition from the Tortonian-Messinian marine conditions to the Messinian evaporitic environments. The core 3AGN2S04, recently drilled in the Caltanissetta Basin (Sicily), was analyzed to reveal the petrographic, mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the late Tortonian – early Messinian pre-salt sediments. In particular, the facies characterization of the carbonates and organic-rich shales of the Calcare di Base (CdB) member allowed to understand its significance in the paleoenvironmental evolution towards salt deposition and to the reconstruct the brecciation processes inside the CdB. The sedimentological and mineralogical analyzes revealed that core 3AGN2S04 consists of the inner shelf facies of the Tripoli Formation passing to the typical carbonate platform facies of the CdB. The local transition between the upper part of the Tripoli Formation and the CdB member indicates that stressful environmental conditions were constant in the central Mediterranean shelf zones during the late Messinian. The CdB carbonates indicate the occurrence of a carbonate platform characterized by peritidal environments rich in different microbial communities and evaporitic deposits, whereas the embedded organic-rich shales suggest a confined, low energy, anoxic and stratified saline system with high productivity and good preservation of organic matter. A complex set of syndiagenetic brecciation processes, interpreted as in situ brecciation, have profoundly marked the CdB deposits.