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572 Research products, page 1 of 58

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  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English

    Someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion is known as Refugee. And an asylum seeker is someone whose request for sanctuary has yet to be processed. In Today's world, the rights of Rohingya refugees are very debatable. Our topic is The Educational rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh (an analysis). There are some social, cultural, and language barriers to providing education rights to Rohingya children and Bangladesh is not also under an obligation to do so as Bangladesh hasn’t signed the 1951 convention of refugees. So basically the research is based on how to ensure the right of Rohingya children otherwise in its absence. We also tried to understand the problems, the gaps, the Bangladesh situation, and international instruments. A big question is Bangladesh has been under the duty to secure the interest of refugee education and the explanation on that by which law and convention are labile or not for refugee children's education. Bangladesh has not signed the Refugee Convention. So that, Bangladesh is not legally bound to ensure that right and no law regulates and for the administration of refugee affairs in Bangladesh or guarantees the rights of refugees. There are a lot of Refugees in Bangladesh but because Bangladesh is not a signatory state of the 1951 convention, that's why they are known as Asylum Seekers. Though Education is a very important and basic entitlement for humans still there is some debate. Being born as human refugees are entitled to have some rights and education is one of them. But now there is a lot of debate on that ground. {"references": ["Alif Ovi D, and Mridha T, 'Education Rights Of Rohingya Refugees Children In Bangladesh: An Analysis' (2021) 2 Jus Corpus Law Journal ", "Alif Ovi, D., & Mridha, T. (2021). Education Rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh: An Analysis. Jus Corpus Law Journal, 2(2), 26-47. from https://jgateplus.com/.", "Alif Ovi, D. and Mridha, T., 2021. Education Rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh: An Analysis. Jus Corpus Law Journal, [online] 2(2), pp.26-47. Available at: "]}

  • Publication . Article . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Abdelkarimعبد الكريم بليل Bellil;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    مفهوم الإدراك هو عبارة عن تمثل حقيقة الشيء عند المدرِك؛ يشاهد بها ما به يدرك، فهو عبارة عن كمال حاصل في النفس؛ يحدث منه مزيد كشف على ما يحصل في النفس من الشيء المعلوم من جهة التعقل بالبرهان أو الخبر، وهذا الكمال الزائد على ما حصل في النفس بكل واحدة من الحواس هو المسمى إدراكاً. ثم هذه الإدراكات ليست بخروج شيء من الآلة المدركة إلى الشيء المدرَك؛ ولا بانطباع صورة المدرك فيها، وإنما هي معنى يخلقه الله تعالى في تلك النفس المدركة أي "معنى قائم بالعال

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Abdelkarimعبد الكريم بليل Bellil;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    معرفيًّا إيراد أحد المصطلحين يستلزم الآخر، عند كل المؤمنين بالوجودَين؛ لأن ضمنيًّا الإيمان بنزول الوحي والحساب والعقاب يقتضي افتراض الوجود الثاني الذي هو مقابِل للأول، فالإيمان بعالم الغيب يكسب المعتقِد له قوة التماسك، واستمرار الأمل في الحياة وبعد الممات، واتِّساعًا لمصادر المعرفة وغاياتها. وآيات عالم الشهادة في القرآن الكريم تزوِّد المؤمن بنوعٍ من التماسك، المتجلِّي في ميدانين؛ هما: الآفاق والأنفس؛ حيث جعل الله تعالى هذين الميدانين من مستويات تجلية آياته وإثبات نصره لأوليائه بتصديقهم، ومواقع لتفكُّر الإنسان وتدبُّرِه؛ كيما يطمئنَّ بعالم الشهادة على صحة ما ورد عن عالم غائب عنه.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    BALA, Mehmet Murat; BALA, Keziban Aslı;
    Publisher: Wroclaw Medical University

    BACKGROUND Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that causes skeletal fragility, multiple fractures and several extraskeletal disorders. Most cases of OI are caused by mutations in COL1A1/A2. Osteogenesis imperfecta type VIII typically causes a severe and fatal phenotype that presents at birth with severe osteopenia, congenital fractures and other clinical manifestations. OBJECTIVES We describe the cases of an 11-year-old female and a 9-year-old male with homozygous truncating mutations in P3H1. Both cases were born with intrauterine fractures and suffered multiple fractures shortly after birth, requiring multiple operations to correct both fractures and severe scoliosis. The patients have been treated with pamidronate since the age of 2. MATERIAL AND METHODS Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed by Gene by Gene using Twist Bioscience technology. Initially, ~36.5 Mb of consensus coding sequences (targeting >98% of RefSeq and Gencode v. 28 regions obtained from the human genome) was replicated from fragmented genomic DNA using the Twist Human Core Exome Plus kit. The subsequent library was sequenced on the Illumina Novaseq Next Generation Sequencing platform to achieve at least ×20 reading depth for >98% of the targeted bases. Variant annotations and filtering was performed using Ingenuity Variant Analysis software. RESULTS We identified a homozygous mutation in the 3rd exon of P3H1 (c.628C>T/p.Arg210 Ter). Our cases broaden the phenotypic spectrum of OI type VIII as, to the best of our knowledge, these are the first postnatal cases with P3H1 (c.628C>T/p.Arg210 Ter) mutations published in the literature. CONCLUSIONS We present the first recorded postnatal cases from unrelated families of OI type VIII, broadening our understanding of the severe, but nonfatal spectrum of clinical phenotype of this recessive form of OI.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Livia Stoenescu;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    Annibale Carracci (1560–1609) drew on the Italian Renaissance tradition of the Man of Sorrows to advance the Christological message within the altarpiece context of his Pietà with Saints (1585). From its location at the high altar of the Capuchin church of St. Mary Magdalene in Parma, the work commemorates the life of Duke Alessandro Farnese (1586–1592), who is interred right in front of Annibale’s painted image. The narrative development of the Pietà with Saints transformed the late medieval Lamentation altarpiece focused on the dead Christ into a riveting manifestation of the beautiful and sleeping Christ worshipped by saints and angels in a nocturnal landscape. Thus eschewing historical context, the pictorial thrust of Annibale’s interpretation of the Man of Sorrows attached to the Pietà with Saints was to heighten Eucharistic meaning while allowing for sixteenth-century theological and poetic thought of Mary’s body as the tomb of Christ to cast discriminating devotional overtones on the resting place of the deceased Farnese Duke.

  • Publication . Article . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    David R. Loy;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    The powerful novel Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko combines several uncomfortable truths from the perspective of a young Native American who has returned home after World War II: the theft of Native American land, the manipulations that set poor whites against poor Indians (among others) and the effects of these lies on the hearts of white people, who tried and still try to fill up their hollowness with money, technology and patriotic war. However, as Silko emphasizes, the lies do not work. Not only have we white folk been fooling ourselves, but we also know that we have been fooling ourselves, and the consequences of our self-deceptions continue to haunt all of us. This essay is an attempt to say more about how that collective delusion functions—in particular, to understand the emptiness that patriotism never quite fills up, the hollowness that wealth and consumerism cannot glut. In order to do this, I will offer a (not “the”) Buddhist perspective, so we begin with some basic Buddhist teachings, which are quite different from the Abrahamic (Jewish, Christian, Muslim) traditions more familiar to most of us.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Angelika Neuwirth; Dirk Hartwig;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    The article advocates a new approach to the Qur’an: To look at the text as a transcript of the earliest community’s intervention into major debates of its time. Rather than earlier textual traditions (“reception history”), particular burning theological questions that were en vogue in the epistemic space of Late Antiquity are identified as the essential trigger of particular Qur’anic proclamations. Thus, the new—Late Antique—perception of evil (epistemic troubles experienced in the innermost selves of individuals—which cropped up during the sectarian strife in Middle Mecca) is etiologically explained through the primordial rebellion of Diabolos/Iblīs. This figure is portrayed in the Qur’an as a daring “dissenter in heaven”—a dignity that he had proven in various Biblical contexts (Book of Job, Gospels, etc.) before. His main characteristic is his eloquence and logical reasoning, which has earned him the epithet of the “inventor of qiyās/syllogism” in later Islamic tradition. His Qur’anic development is projected against the backdrop of rabbinic, patristic, and poetic exegeses, which together attest the vitality of a most diversified “epistemic space of Late Antiquity”.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sara Black Brown;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    Kirtan is a musical worship practice from India that involves the congregational performance of sacred chants and mantras in call-and-response format. The style of kirtan performed within Gaudiya Vaishnava Hinduism is an expression of Bhakti Yoga, “the yoga of love and devotion”, and focuses on creating a personal, playful, and emotionally intense connection between the worshipper and their god—specifically, through words and sounds whose vibration is believed to carry the literal presence of Krishna. Kirtan is one of many Indian genres that uses musical techniques to move participants through a progression of spiritual states from meditation to ecstasy. Kirtan-singing has become internationally popular in recent decades, largely thanks to the efforts of the Hare Krishna movement, which has led to extensive hybridization of musical styles and cultural approaches to kirtan adapted to the needs of a diasporic, globalized community of worshippers. This essay explores the practice of kirtan in the United States through interviews, fieldwork, and analysis of recordings made at several Krishna temples and festivals that demonstrate the musical techniques that can be spontaneously deployed in acts of collective worship in order to create intense feelings of deep, focused meditation and uninhibited, expressive bliss.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Guillaume Dye;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    thirdly, it tries to exemplify the relevance of redaction criticism through examples. Two main issues are then discussed: the best way to account for the “synoptic problem” (the presence, in the Qur’ān, of variant parallel narratives), through an examination of some aspects of the Adam-Iblīs narratives (more precisely the composition of Q 2:30–38 and the nature of the relations between Q 38:71–85 and Q 15:26–43) This paper addresses methodological issues in Qur’anic studies. At first, it intends to explain, through historiographical analysis, why methods proved fruitful in biblical and New Testament studies, such as form criticism and redaction criticism, have been disregarded in Qur’anic studies and the beginning of Q 55. Two main conclusions are reached: first, the later versions of a parallel story are, in the examples discussed here, rewritings of earlier stories (namely, re-compositions based on a written version) second, sura 55 features the intervention of different authors, with two different profiles. secondly, it vindicates the application of such methods to the Qur’anic corpus

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Durukan, Yasin; Bala, Mehmet Murat; Şahin, Abdullah Alper; Fırat, Tülin; Buğdaycı, Güler; Özturan, Kutay Engin;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Background We aimed to compare biochemical and histopathological findings of astaxanthin's potential effects on oxidative stress in ischemia/reperfusion damage (I/R). Methods Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group; I/R group; I/R + treatment group; drug group. Astaxanthin was orally administered to groups C and D for 14 days. In groups B and C, the femoral artery was clamped for 2 h to form ischemia. The clamp was opened, and reperfusion was performed for 1 h. In all groups, 4 ml of blood sample through intracardiac puncture and gastrocnemius muscle tissue samples were collected. Serum and tissue samples were analyzed by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and total oxidative level (TOL). Necrosis, inflammation, and caspase-3 in muscle tissue collected for histopathological examination were evaluated. Results Tissue MDA, SOD and TOL values significantly differed between groups. Serum MDA, SOD, TOL and TAC values significantly differed between groups. On necrosis examination, there was a significant difference between groups B and C. Although signs of inflammation significantly differed between groups, there was no significant difference between groups A and C and groups A and D. Although there was a significant difference in caspase-3 results between groups, there was no significant difference between groups A and C. Conclusions The use of astaxanthin before and after surgery showed preventive or therapeutic effects against I/R damage.