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3 Research products, page 1 of 1

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Debruyne, Christophe; Munnelly, Gary; Kilgallon, Lynn; O'Sullivan, Declan; Crooks, Peter;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: SFI | ADAPT: Centre for Digital... (13/RC/2106)

    This dataset contains a CSV file and an RDF Turtle file. Both files contain information on a few people mentioned in the Irish Exchequer Payments 1270-1326, a book written by Connolly, P and published by the Irish Manuscripts Commission in 1998. A historian transcribed those people in a CSV file, subsequently transformed into RDF using an R2RML mapping. This dataset contains the records and the output of a handful of people transcribed in this way. This dataset illustrates how the Beyond 2022 project avails of CIDOC-CRM to populate its knowledge graph. Beyond 2022 is funded by the Government of Ireland, through the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, under the Project Ireland 2040 framework. The project is also partially supported by the ADAPT Centre for Digital Content Technology under the SFI Research Centres Programme (Grant 13/RC/2106).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Broderick, Michael P.; Anderson, Andrew J.; Di Liberto, Giovanni M.; Crosse, Michael J.; Lalor, Edmund C.;
    Publisher: Dryad
    Project: SFI | The electrophysiology of ... (15/CDA/3316)

    People routinely hear and understand speech at rates of 120–200 words per minute [1, 2]. Thus, speech comprehension must involve rapid, online neural mechanisms that process words’ meanings in an approximately time-locked fashion. However, in the context of continuous speech, electrophysiological evidence for such time-locked processing has been lacking. Whilst valuable insights into the semantic processing of speech have been provided by the “N400 component” of the event-related potential [3-6], this literature has been dominated by paradigms using incongruous words within specially constructed sentences, and may not accurately reflect natural, narrative speech comprehension. Building on the discovery that cortical activity “tracks” the dynamics of running speech [7-9], and psycholinguistic work both demonstrating [10-12] and modeling [13-15] how context rapidly impacts on word processing, we describe a new approach for deriving an electrophysiological correlate of natural speech comprehension. We used a computational model [16] to quantify the meaning carried by each word based on how semantically dissimilar it was to its preceding context and then regressed this quantity against electroencephalographic (EEG) data recorded from subjects as they listened to narrative speech. This produced a prominent negativity at a time-lag of 200–600 ms on centro-parietal EEG channels, characteristics common to the N400. Applying this approach to EEG datasets involving time-reversed speech, cocktail party attention and audiovisual speech-in-noise demonstrated that this response was very sensitive to whether or not subjects understood the speech they heard. These findings demonstrate that, when successfully comprehending natural speech, the human brain responds to the contextual semantic content of each word in a relatively time-locked fashion. Cocktail Party DatasetCocktail Party.zipN400 DatasetN400.zipNatural Speech - Reverse DatasetNatural Speech - Reverse.zipNatural Speech DatasetNatural Speech.zipSpeech in Noise DatasetSpeech in Noise.zip

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Frantz, Laurent A. F.;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | CODEX (295729), UKRI | Deciphering dog domestica... (NE/K005243/1), EC | UNDEAD (337574), SFI | SFI ERC Support - Dan Bra... (12/ERC/B2227)

    The geographic and temporal origins of dogs remain controversial. We generated genetic sequences from 59 ancient dogs and a complete (28x) genome of a late Neolithic dog (dated to ~4800 calendar years before the present) from Ireland. Our analyses revealed a deep split separating modern East Asian and Western Eurasian dogs. Surprisingly, the date of this divergence (~14,000 to 6400 years ago) occurs commensurate with, or several millennia after, the first appearance of dogs in Europe and East Asia. Additional analyses of ancient and modern mitochondrial DNA revealed a sharp discontinuity in haplotype frequencies in Europe. Combined, these results suggest that dogs may have been domesticated independently in Eastern and Western Eurasia from distinct wolf populations. East Eurasian dogs were then possibly transported to Europe with people, where they partially replaced European Paleolithic dogs. Mitochondrial DNA FASTA fileContains all the novel mtDNA sequence published in this studymtDNA.faMitochondrial DNA informationContains long. lat. and archeological site information for the mtDNA sequences in mtDNA.famtDNA_info.xlsxPlink file (bed)Contains genotype for 605 dogs605_dogs.bedPlink file (bim)Contains genotype for 605 dogs605_dogs.bimPlink file (fam)Contains genotype for 605 dogs605_dogs.famTree file (Nexus) based on Identity by StateTree in Figure 1a605_dogs_IBS.nex

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
3 Research products, page 1 of 1
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Debruyne, Christophe; Munnelly, Gary; Kilgallon, Lynn; O'Sullivan, Declan; Crooks, Peter;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: SFI | ADAPT: Centre for Digital... (13/RC/2106)

    This dataset contains a CSV file and an RDF Turtle file. Both files contain information on a few people mentioned in the Irish Exchequer Payments 1270-1326, a book written by Connolly, P and published by the Irish Manuscripts Commission in 1998. A historian transcribed those people in a CSV file, subsequently transformed into RDF using an R2RML mapping. This dataset contains the records and the output of a handful of people transcribed in this way. This dataset illustrates how the Beyond 2022 project avails of CIDOC-CRM to populate its knowledge graph. Beyond 2022 is funded by the Government of Ireland, through the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, under the Project Ireland 2040 framework. The project is also partially supported by the ADAPT Centre for Digital Content Technology under the SFI Research Centres Programme (Grant 13/RC/2106).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Broderick, Michael P.; Anderson, Andrew J.; Di Liberto, Giovanni M.; Crosse, Michael J.; Lalor, Edmund C.;
    Publisher: Dryad
    Project: SFI | The electrophysiology of ... (15/CDA/3316)

    People routinely hear and understand speech at rates of 120–200 words per minute [1, 2]. Thus, speech comprehension must involve rapid, online neural mechanisms that process words’ meanings in an approximately time-locked fashion. However, in the context of continuous speech, electrophysiological evidence for such time-locked processing has been lacking. Whilst valuable insights into the semantic processing of speech have been provided by the “N400 component” of the event-related potential [3-6], this literature has been dominated by paradigms using incongruous words within specially constructed sentences, and may not accurately reflect natural, narrative speech comprehension. Building on the discovery that cortical activity “tracks” the dynamics of running speech [7-9], and psycholinguistic work both demonstrating [10-12] and modeling [13-15] how context rapidly impacts on word processing, we describe a new approach for deriving an electrophysiological correlate of natural speech comprehension. We used a computational model [16] to quantify the meaning carried by each word based on how semantically dissimilar it was to its preceding context and then regressed this quantity against electroencephalographic (EEG) data recorded from subjects as they listened to narrative speech. This produced a prominent negativity at a time-lag of 200–600 ms on centro-parietal EEG channels, characteristics common to the N400. Applying this approach to EEG datasets involving time-reversed speech, cocktail party attention and audiovisual speech-in-noise demonstrated that this response was very sensitive to whether or not subjects understood the speech they heard. These findings demonstrate that, when successfully comprehending natural speech, the human brain responds to the contextual semantic content of each word in a relatively time-locked fashion. Cocktail Party DatasetCocktail Party.zipN400 DatasetN400.zipNatural Speech - Reverse DatasetNatural Speech - Reverse.zipNatural Speech DatasetNatural Speech.zipSpeech in Noise DatasetSpeech in Noise.zip

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Frantz, Laurent A. F.;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | CODEX (295729), UKRI | Deciphering dog domestica... (NE/K005243/1), EC | UNDEAD (337574), SFI | SFI ERC Support - Dan Bra... (12/ERC/B2227)

    The geographic and temporal origins of dogs remain controversial. We generated genetic sequences from 59 ancient dogs and a complete (28x) genome of a late Neolithic dog (dated to ~4800 calendar years before the present) from Ireland. Our analyses revealed a deep split separating modern East Asian and Western Eurasian dogs. Surprisingly, the date of this divergence (~14,000 to 6400 years ago) occurs commensurate with, or several millennia after, the first appearance of dogs in Europe and East Asia. Additional analyses of ancient and modern mitochondrial DNA revealed a sharp discontinuity in haplotype frequencies in Europe. Combined, these results suggest that dogs may have been domesticated independently in Eastern and Western Eurasia from distinct wolf populations. East Eurasian dogs were then possibly transported to Europe with people, where they partially replaced European Paleolithic dogs. Mitochondrial DNA FASTA fileContains all the novel mtDNA sequence published in this studymtDNA.faMitochondrial DNA informationContains long. lat. and archeological site information for the mtDNA sequences in mtDNA.famtDNA_info.xlsxPlink file (bed)Contains genotype for 605 dogs605_dogs.bedPlink file (bim)Contains genotype for 605 dogs605_dogs.bimPlink file (fam)Contains genotype for 605 dogs605_dogs.famTree file (Nexus) based on Identity by StateTree in Figure 1a605_dogs_IBS.nex