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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hrólfsdóttir, Þórey;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Ait Lahmouch, Nadir;

    Uppgifter för behandling av naturliga språk (NLP) har under de senaste åren visat sig vara särskilt effektiva när man använder förtränade språkmodeller som BERT. Det enorma kravet på datorresurser som krävs för att träna sådana modeller gör det dock svårt att använda dem i verkligheten. För att lösa detta problem har komprimeringsmetoder utvecklats. I det här projektet studeras, genomförs och testas några av dessa metoder för komprimering av neurala nätverk för textbearbetning. I vårt fall var den mest effektiva metoden Knowledge Distillation, som består i att överföra kunskap från ett stort neuralt nätverk, som kallas läraren, till ett litet neuralt nätverk, som kallas eleven. Det finns flera varianter av detta tillvägagångssätt, som skiljer sig åt i komplexitet. Vi kommer att titta på två av dem i det här projektet. Den första gör det möjligt att överföra kunskap mellan ett neuralt nätverk och en mindre dubbelriktad LSTM, genom att endast använda resultatet från den större modellen. Och en andra, mer komplex metod som uppmuntrar elevmodellen att också lära sig av lärarmodellens mellanliggande lager för att utvinna kunskap. Det slutliga målet med detta projekt är att ge företagets datavetare färdiga komprimeringsmetoder för framtida projekt som kräver användning av djupa neurala nätverk för NLP. Natural language processing (NLP) tasks have proven to be particularly effective when using pre-trained language models such as BERT. However, the enormous demand on computational resources required to train such models makes their use in the real world difficult. To overcome this problem, compression methods have emerged in recent years. In this project, some of these neural network compression approaches for text processing are studied, implemented and tested. In our case, the most efficient method was Knowledge Distillation, which consists in transmitting knowledge from a large neural network, called teacher, to a small neural network, called student. There are several variants of this approach, which differ in their complexity. We will see two of them in this project, the first one which allows a knowledge transfer between any neural network and another smaller bidirectional LSTM, using only the output of the larger model. And a second, more complex approach that encourages the student model to also learn from the intermediate layers of the teacher model for incremental knowledge extraction. The ultimate goal of this project is to provide the company’s data scientists with ready-to-use compression methods for their future projects requiring the use of deep neural networks for NLP. 

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    Authors: Lindskog, Åsa;

    This essay examines the disability movement in Värmland from 1956 to 1962, through a case study of the association RBU Värmland. Focusing on the starting point of the association, it explores whether their initial purpose and ambitions were fulfilled. RBU Värmland's main purpose was to promote the improved care and treatment of children with Cerebral Palsy, as well as to provide information and support to their parents. The association meant to work with these particular issues because of the disadvantages that these children and their families faced in the society of this time. For example, the healthcare in Sweden did not have the resources to provide satisfactory treatment for the children, and parents had to struggle to take care of them. During the association’s first ten years, it succeeded in improving both these aspects of the lives of children with Cerebral Palsy and their families. They carried out treatment periods where these children received much needed care, while their parents acquired knowledge and support through courses, amongst other things. In the essay, the interpretation of these actions draws on both Michel Foucault's perspective on power, as well as feminist theory. In light of Foucault’s ideas, the association is interpreted as a tool of power, where everyone involved were exercising power on various occasions. Sometimes the motif was to help the children in different ways, and sometimes the purpose was a different one, but either way power was exercised and redistributed. Denna uppsats undersöker handikapprörelsen i Värmland från 1952 till 1962, genom en fallstudie av föreningen RBU Värmland. I fokus ligger föreningens startpunkt, och om deras initiala syfte och ambitioner blev uppfyllda. RBU Värmland hade som sitt huvudsakliga syfte att verka för CP-skadade barns förbättrade vård och behandling, samt att stötta och ge upplysning till deras föräldrar. Föreningen menade att arbeta för just dessa frågor eftersom de var eftersatta i den tidens samhälle, då vården saknade resurser för att bereda en tillfredsställande vård för barnen, samtidigt som föräldrarna fick slita mycket hårt för sina barns omsorg. Föreningen lyckades under sina första tio år att förbättra båda dessa aspekter av de CP-skadade barnens samt deras anhörigas liv, då de bland annat genomförde behandlingsperioder där barnen fick välbehövlig vård, samtidigt som föräldrarna fick hjälp genom kurser, ekonomiskt stöd och dylikt. Dessa gärningar tolkas i uppsatsen både utifrån Michel Foucaults maktperspektiv, samt feministiska teoribildningar. I ljus av Foucaults idéer tolkas föreningen som ett maktredskap, där samtliga aktörer vid olika tillfällen utövade makt. Ibland var motivet att på olika sätt hjälpa de CP-skadade barnen, och ibland var motivet något annat, men oavsett utövades och omfördelades makt. 

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    Authors: Lidman, Charlotte;

    The aim of my thesis is to study the release and the project of Litografiskt Allehanda, an art magazine covering contemporary Swedish art and artists, published from 1859 to 1865. My purpose is to look at the choice of the published material for Litografiskt Allehanda, the influence the contributing artists, how the work with advertisement and subscriptions was made and if it fulfilled its own purpose. Through a social and communicative perspective I am studying the relations between the different actors like the publicists, the artists, the subscribers and also the interaction between the lithographs and the texts. Litografiskt Allehanda was the first successful lithographic work produced in Sweden, and the release lasted for six years. The printer and lithographer Axel Jacob Salmson, who was the founder of the magazine, led the printing work for two years before Sigfrid Flodin, a bookseller, took over and continued the work for another four years. The idea with Litografiskt Allehanda was to reach out to people all over Sweden and give everyone an opportunity to enjoy art, something that usually was exclusively for the upper class in the big cities. The analysis shows that there were people in smaller cities that subscribed to the magazine and also that the amount increased every year. Every volume contained 48 lithographic posters with a diversity of genres, from portraits and landscapes to some with more ethnographic character and ancient Nordic motives. The content became more Swedish with every year and letters show that the participating artists had quite a big influence over the published material. Every poster was accompanied by a text, which didn’t necessary had anything to do with the image, but was meant to create some entertainment for the reader. Some of these essays were written by special authors, while some were written by the artists themselves. Even if Litografiskt Allehanda is mentioned in almost every reference as being of great importance for the development of lithography and its proliferation in Sweden, there is nothing written that is just about the magazine.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Könyves, Kasper; Orrenius, Max;

    Uppsatsen syftar till att söka förståelse kring hur Örebro läns museum kan vara en pedagogisk resurs för skolan, med fokus på historieundervisningen. Efter att ha läst in oss på forskningsfältet museologi fick vi reda på museers olika uppdrag. Utifrån uppdragen fann vi en intressant ingång till skola och utbildning kopplat till museers senaste tillskrivna uppdrag, som framförallt handlar om att museer ska komplettera skolornas pedagogiska verksamhet. I det här uppdraget blev museipedagogik, besöksstudier och lärandet inom museer viktiga områden att fördjupa sig i. Därmed började vi studera och fördjupa oss i flertalet avhandlingar och artiklar som uppmärksammade dessa teman. Utifrån den tidigare forskningen fick vi förståelse för hur och vad museer kan bidra med till skolor och undervisning. I forskningsavsnittet synliggjordes framförallt att det fanns historiska värden samtidigt som det poängterades att det behövs fler studier som behandlar hur museipedagogiken upplevs och uppfattas av utomstående. Därmed fann vi det intressant att vidare undersöka hur specifikt Örebro läns museum kan vara ett pedagogiskt hjälpmedel i relation till historieundervisningen. Valet av museet och inriktningen på historia grundar sig förutom på tidigare forskning också på att vi läser till historielärare på Örebros universitet och ansåg att det skulle vara intressant att studera nya undervisningsmiljöer. För att lyckas förstå hur Örebro länsmuseum kan vara ett verktyg för historieundervisningen valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer i form av expertintervju och semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Expertintervjun genomfördes med museipedagogen på Örebro läns museum för att förstå verksamhetens pedagogiska möjligheter i relation till historieundervisningen. De semi-strukturerade intervjuerna gjordes på två historielärare och tre elever från ett högstadium som nyligen besökt Örebro läns museum. Syftet med intervjuerna var att skapa förståelse kring hur dessa aktörer upplever och uppfattar verksamheten. Därefter har vi kunnat utläsa att det museipedagogen förespråkar stämmer förhållandevis väl överens med vad båda lärare och elever tycker och upplever, men det finns en del områden som kan utvecklas och förbättras. Förhållningssättet gentemot att använda museer i historieundervisningen framhävs som positivt av samtliga involverade i undersökningen. Vi har kunnat utläsa flertalet intressanta användningsområden utifrån historieundervisningen och den lärandepotential som finns med Örebro läns museum, trots det finns det fortfarande en del faktorer som gör museibesöken problematiska.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digitala Vetenskapli...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digitala Vetenskapli...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Barakat, Arian;

    Audiobook reading has traditionally been used for educational purposes but has in recent times grown into a popular alternative to the more traditional means of consuming literature. In order to differentiate themselves from other players in the market, but also provide their users enjoyable literature, several audiobook companies have lately directed their efforts on producing own content. Creating highly rated content is, however, no easy task and one reoccurring challenge is how to make a bestselling story. In an attempt to identify latent features shared by successful audiobooks and evaluate proposed methods for literary quantification, this thesis employs an array of frameworks from the field of Statistics, Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing on data and literature provided by Storytel - Sweden’s largest audiobook company. We analyze and identify important features from a collection of 3077 Swedish books concerning their promotional and literary success. By considering features from the aspects Metadata, Theme, Plot, Style and Readability, we found that popular books are typically published as a book series, cover 1-3 central topics, write about, e.g., daughter-mother relationships and human closeness but that they also hold, on average, a higher proportion of verbs and a lower degree of short words. Despite successfully identifying these, but also other factors, we recognized that none of our models predicted “bestseller” adequately and that future work may desire to study additional factors, employ other models or even use different metrics to define and measure popularity. From our evaluation of the literary quantification methods, namely topic modeling and narrative approximation, we found that these methods are, in general, suitable for Swedish texts but that they require further improvement and experimentation to be successfully deployed for Swedish literature. For topic modeling, we recognized that the sole use of nouns provided more interpretable topics and that the inclusion of character names tended to pollute the topics. We also identified and discussed the possible problem of word inflections when modeling topics for more morphologically complex languages, and that additional preprocessing treatments such as word lemmatization or post-training text normalization may improve the quality and interpretability of topics. For the narrative approximation, we discovered that the method currently suffers from three shortcomings: (1) unreliable sentence segmentation, (2) unsatisfactory dictionary-based sentiment analysis and (3) the possible loss of sentiment information induced by translations. Despite only examining a handful of literary work, we further found that books written initially in Swedish had narratives that were more cross-language consistent compared to books written in English and then translated to Swedish.

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    Authors: Öhman, Terese;

    Denna uppsats är en studie av Blåsmarks bönhusförenings nedläggning och överlåtelsen avbönhuset till Blåsmarks DUF år 1947. Studien är begränsad till tidsperioden 1945–1948 föratt undersöka föreningarna innan och efter den händelse som är i fokus i uppsatsen och ärbaserad på de mötesprotokoll bägge föreningar förde under tidsperioden 1945-1948. Iuppsatsen undersöks föreningarnas arbete innan bönhusföreningens nedläggning 1947 samtorsakerna bakom dess nedläggning och vilka följder det fick för Blåsmarks DUF. Skeendetundersöks ur ett processperspektiv och följer den analytiskt-rationella modellen. Studiensresultat visade att bönhusföreningens nedläggning och överlåtelse av bönhus till BlåsmarksDUF var ett beslut taget främst på grund av att båda föreningarna bestod av samma medlemmar och arbetet med bönhuset redan till stor del utfördes av Blåsmarks DUF. Vidarevisade även studien att arbetet för Blåsmarks DUF föreföll sig detsamma efter övertagandetav bönhuset men att det utökades till att omfatta frågor gällande skötseln av bönhuset. Detframkom även i studien hur Blåsmarks DUF glädjes av att få ett eget bönhus och att beslutetfrån båda föreningar varit enhälligt och utan opposition. This thesis offers a study of the closure of the Blåsmarks bönhusförenings and the transfer ofthe prayer house to Blåsmarks DUF in 1947. The study is limited to the period 1945-1948 toexamine the associations before and after the events in question and is based on the protocolswritten during both associations’ meetings between 1945-1948. The essay examines theassociations’ work before Blåsmarks bönhusförenings closure in 1947, the reasons behind itsclosure and what consequences it had for Blåsmarks DUF. The event is examined from a process perspective and follows the analytical-rational model. The results of the study showedthat Blåsmarks bönhusförenings closure and the transfer of the prayer house was a decisionmade mainly because both associations consisted of the same members and the work with theprayer house was already largely carried out by Blåsmarks DUF. Furthermore, the study alsoshowed that the work for Blåsmarks DUF is pleased to have its own prayer house and that thedecision to transfer it to them was unanimous and without opposition. 

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    Authors: Ölund, Zandalee;
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    Authors: Axelsson Blomqvist, Erik;

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka förhållandet mellan den svenska hembygdsrörelsen och länsmuseerna, för att ta reda på om det finns ett fungerande samarbete mellan dem, vad samarbetet innefattar, hur attityderna gentemot samarbete är och om länsmuseerna har något formellt ansvar för att bedriva samarbete med hembygdsrörelsen. Studien har genomförts huvudsakligen genom litteraturstudier samt två enkätundersökningar och presenterar resultat för varje län i Sverige. De genomförda undersökningarna har visat på att det i varje län generellt finns välfungerande samarbeten av någon omfattning mellan de båda parterna. Samarbetena kretsar kring ett antal olika områden såsom vanligtvis rådgivning, kursverksamhet, projekt, administration med mera. Attityderna till samarbete uppfattas från båda parter generellt vara goda, de anser att de kan komplettera varandra och gemensamt kan dra nytta av välfungerande samarbeten. Länsmuseerna har inget formellt ansvar för att samverka med hembygdsrörelsen men det finns ett antal dokument som uttrycker att samarbete är önskvärt och bör eftersträvas.

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    Authors: Lameris, Harm;

    Pre-processing Arabic text for Text-to-Speech (TTS) systems poses major challenges, as Arabic omits short vowels in writing. This omission leads to a large number of homographs, and means that Arabic text needs to be diacritized to disambiguate these homographs, in order to be matched up with the intended pronunciation. Diacritizing Arabic has generally been achieved by using rule-based, statistical, or hybrid methods that combine rule-based and statistical methods. Recently, diacritization methods involving deep learning have shown promise in reducing error rates. These deep-learning methods are not yet commonly used in TTS engines, however. To examine neural diacritization methods for use in TTS engines, we normalized and pre-processed a version of the Tashkeela corpus, a large diacritized corpus containing largely Classical Arabic texts, for TTS purposes. We then trained and tested three state-of-the-art Recurrent-Neural-Network-based models on this data set. Additionally we tested these models on the Wiki News corpus, a test set that contains Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) news articles and thus more closely resembles most TTS queries. The models were evaluated by comparing the Diacritic Error Rate (DER) and Word Error Rate (WER) achieved for each data set to one another and to the DER and WER reported in the original papers. Moreover, the per-diacritic accuracy was examined, and a manual evaluation was performed. For the Tashkeela corpus, all models achieved a lower DER and WER than reported in the original papers. This was largely the result of using more training data in addition to the TTS pre-processing steps that were performed on the data. For the Wiki News corpus, the error rates were higher, largely due to the domain gap between the data sets. We found that for both data sets the models overfit on common patterns and the most common diacritic. For the Wiki News corpus the models struggled with Named Entities and loanwords. Purely neural models generally outperformed the model that combined deep learning with rule-based and statistical corrections. These findings highlight the usability of deep learning methods for Arabic diacritization in TTS engines as well as the need for diacritized corpora that are more representative of Modern Standard Arabic.

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    Authors: Hrólfsdóttir, Þórey;
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    Authors: Ait Lahmouch, Nadir;

    Uppgifter för behandling av naturliga språk (NLP) har under de senaste åren visat sig vara särskilt effektiva när man använder förtränade språkmodeller som BERT. Det enorma kravet på datorresurser som krävs för att träna sådana modeller gör det dock svårt att använda dem i verkligheten. För att lösa detta problem har komprimeringsmetoder utvecklats. I det här projektet studeras, genomförs och testas några av dessa metoder för komprimering av neurala nätverk för textbearbetning. I vårt fall var den mest effektiva metoden Knowledge Distillation, som består i att överföra kunskap från ett stort neuralt nätverk, som kallas läraren, till ett litet neuralt nätverk, som kallas eleven. Det finns flera varianter av detta tillvägagångssätt, som skiljer sig åt i komplexitet. Vi kommer att titta på två av dem i det här projektet. Den första gör det möjligt att överföra kunskap mellan ett neuralt nätverk och en mindre dubbelriktad LSTM, genom att endast använda resultatet från den större modellen. Och en andra, mer komplex metod som uppmuntrar elevmodellen att också lära sig av lärarmodellens mellanliggande lager för att utvinna kunskap. Det slutliga målet med detta projekt är att ge företagets datavetare färdiga komprimeringsmetoder för framtida projekt som kräver användning av djupa neurala nätverk för NLP. Natural language processing (NLP) tasks have proven to be particularly effective when using pre-trained language models such as BERT. However, the enormous demand on computational resources required to train such models makes their use in the real world difficult. To overcome this problem, compression methods have emerged in recent years. In this project, some of these neural network compression approaches for text processing are studied, implemented and tested. In our case, the most efficient method was Knowledge Distillation, which consists in transmitting knowledge from a large neural network, called teacher, to a small neural network, called student. There are several variants of this approach, which differ in their complexity. We will see two of them in this project, the first one which allows a knowledge transfer between any neural network and another smaller bidirectional LSTM, using only the output of the larger model. And a second, more complex approach that encourages the student model to also learn from the intermediate layers of the teacher model for incremental knowledge extraction. The ultimate goal of this project is to provide the company’s data scientists with ready-to-use compression methods for their future projects requiring the use of deep neural networks for NLP. 

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    Authors: Lindskog, Åsa;

    This essay examines the disability movement in Värmland from 1956 to 1962, through a case study of the association RBU Värmland. Focusing on the starting point of the association, it explores whether their initial purpose and ambitions were fulfilled. RBU Värmland's main purpose was to promote the improved care and treatment of children with Cerebral Palsy, as well as to provide information and support to their parents. The association meant to work with these particular issues because of the disadvantages that these children and their families faced in the society of this time. For example, the healthcare in Sweden did not have the resources to provide satisfactory treatment for the children, and parents had to struggle to take care of them. During the association’s first ten years, it succeeded in improving both these aspects of the lives of children with Cerebral Palsy and their families. They carried out treatment periods where these children received much needed care, while their parents acquired knowledge and support through courses, amongst other things. In the essay, the interpretation of these actions draws on both Michel Foucault's perspective on power, as well as feminist theory. In light of Foucault’s ideas, the association is interpreted as a tool of power, where everyone involved were exercising power on various occasions. Sometimes the motif was to help the children in different ways, and sometimes the purpose was a different one, but either way power was exercised and redistributed. Denna uppsats undersöker handikapprörelsen i Värmland från 1952 till 1962, genom en fallstudie av föreningen RBU Värmland. I fokus ligger föreningens startpunkt, och om deras initiala syfte och ambitioner blev uppfyllda. RBU Värmland hade som sitt huvudsakliga syfte att verka för CP-skadade barns förbättrade vård och behandling, samt att stötta och ge upplysning till deras föräldrar. Föreningen menade att arbeta för just dessa frågor eftersom de var eftersatta i den tidens samhälle, då vården saknade resurser för att bereda en tillfredsställande vård för barnen, samtidigt som föräldrarna fick slita mycket hårt för sina barns omsorg. Föreningen lyckades under sina första tio år att förbättra båda dessa aspekter av de CP-skadade barnens samt deras anhörigas liv, då de bland annat genomförde behandlingsperioder där barnen fick välbehövlig vård, samtidigt som föräldrarna fick hjälp genom kurser, ekonomiskt stöd och dylikt. Dessa gärningar tolkas i uppsatsen både utifrån Michel Foucaults maktperspektiv, samt feministiska teoribildningar. I ljus av Foucaults idéer tolkas föreningen som ett maktredskap, där samtliga aktörer vid olika tillfällen utövade makt. Ibland var motivet att på olika sätt hjälpa de CP-skadade barnen, och ibland var motivet något annat, men oavsett utövades och omfördelades makt. 

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    Authors: Lidman, Charlotte;

    The aim of my thesis is to study the release and the project of Litografiskt Allehanda, an art magazine covering contemporary Swedish art and artists, published from 1859 to 1865. My purpose is to look at the choice of the published material for Litografiskt Allehanda, the influence the contributing artists, how the work with advertisement and subscriptions was made and if it fulfilled its own purpose. Through a social and communicative perspective I am studying the relations between the different actors like the publicists, the artists, the subscribers and also the interaction between the lithographs and the texts. Litografiskt Allehanda was the first successful lithographic work produced in Sweden, and the release lasted for six years. The printer and lithographer Axel Jacob Salmson, who was the founder of the magazine, led the printing work for two years before Sigfrid Flodin, a bookseller, took over and continued the work for another four years. The idea with Litografiskt Allehanda was to reach out to people all over Sweden and give everyone an opportunity to enjoy art, something that usually was exclusively for the upper class in the big cities. The analysis shows that there were people in smaller cities that subscribed to the magazine and also that the amount increased every year. Every volume contained 48 lithographic posters with a diversity of genres, from portraits and landscapes to some with more ethnographic character and ancient Nordic motives. The content became more Swedish with every year and letters show that the participating artists had quite a big influence over the published material. Every poster was accompanied by a text, which didn’t necessary had anything to do with the image, but was meant to create some entertainment for the reader. Some of these essays were written by special authors, while some were written by the artists themselves. Even if Litografiskt Allehanda is mentioned in almost every reference as being of great importance for the development of lithography and its proliferation in Sweden, there is nothing written that is just about the magazine.

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    Authors: Könyves, Kasper; Orrenius, Max;

    Uppsatsen syftar till att söka förståelse kring hur Örebro läns museum kan vara en pedagogisk resurs för skolan, med fokus på historieundervisningen. Efter att ha läst in oss på forskningsfältet museologi fick vi reda på museers olika uppdrag. Utifrån uppdragen fann vi en intressant ingång till skola och utbildning kopplat till museers senaste tillskrivna uppdrag, som framförallt handlar om att museer ska komplettera skolornas pedagogiska verksamhet. I det här uppdraget blev museipedagogik, besöksstudier och lärandet inom museer viktiga områden att fördjupa sig i. Därmed började vi studera och fördjupa oss i flertalet avhandlingar och artiklar som uppmärksammade dessa teman. Utifrån den tidigare forskningen fick vi förståelse för hur och vad museer kan bidra med till skolor och undervisning. I forskningsavsnittet synliggjordes framförallt att det fanns historiska värden samtidigt som det poängterades att det behövs fler studier som behandlar hur museipedagogiken upplevs och uppfattas av utomstående. Därmed fann vi det intressant att vidare undersöka hur specifikt Örebro läns museum kan vara ett pedagogiskt hjälpmedel i relation till historieundervisningen. Valet av museet och inriktningen på historia grundar sig förutom på tidigare forskning också på att vi läser till historielärare på Örebros universitet och ansåg att det skulle vara intressant att studera nya undervisningsmiljöer. För att lyckas förstå hur Örebro länsmuseum kan vara ett verktyg för historieundervisningen valde vi att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer i form av expertintervju och semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Expertintervjun genomfördes med museipedagogen på Örebro läns museum för att förstå verksamhetens pedagogiska möjligheter i relation till historieundervisningen. De semi-strukturerade intervjuerna gjordes på två historielärare och tre elever från ett högstadium som nyligen besökt Örebro läns museum. Syftet med intervjuerna var att skapa förståelse kring hur dessa aktörer upplever och uppfattar verksamheten. Därefter har vi kunnat utläsa att det museipedagogen förespråkar stämmer förhållandevis väl överens med vad båda lärare och elever tycker och upplever, men det finns en del områden som kan utvecklas och förbättras. Förhållningssättet gentemot att använda museer i historieundervisningen framhävs som positivt av samtliga involverade i undersökningen. Vi har kunnat utläsa flertalet intressanta användningsområden utifrån historieundervisningen och den lärandepotential som finns med Örebro läns museum, trots det finns det fortfarande en del faktorer som gör museibesöken problematiska.

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    Authors: Barakat, Arian;

    Audiobook reading has traditionally been used for educational purposes but has in recent times grown into a popular alternative to the more traditional means of consuming literature. In order to differentiate themselves from other players in the market, but also provide their users enjoyable literature, several audiobook companies have lately directed their efforts on producing own content. Creating highly rated content is, however, no easy task and one reoccurring challenge is how to make a bestselling story. In an attempt to identify latent features shared by successful audiobooks and evaluate proposed methods for literary quantification, this thesis employs an array of frameworks from the field of Statistics, Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing on data and literature provided by Storytel - Sweden’s largest audiobook company. We analyze and identify important features from a collection of 3077 Swedish books concerning their promotional and literary success. By considering features from the aspects Metadata, Theme, Plot, Style and Readability, we found that popular books are typically published as a book series, cover 1-3 central topics, write about, e.g., daughter-mother relationships and human closeness but that they also hold, on average, a higher proportion of verbs and a lower degree of short words. Despite successfully identifying these, but also other factors, we recognized that none of our models predicted “bestseller” adequately and that future work may desire to study additional factors, employ other models or even use different metrics to define and measure popularity. From our evaluation of the literary quantification methods, namely topic modeling and narrative approximation, we found that these methods are, in general, suitable for Swedish texts but that they require further improvement and experimentation to be successfully deployed for Swedish literature. For topic modeling, we recognized that the sole use of nouns provided more interpretable topics and that the inclusion of character names tended to pollute the topics. We also identified and discussed the possible problem of word inflections when modeling topics for more morphologically complex languages, and that additional preprocessing treatments such as word lemmatization or post-training text normalization may improve the quality and interpretability of topics. For the narrative approximation, we discovered that the method currently suffers from three shortcomings: (1) unreliable sentence segmentation, (2) unsatisfactory dictionary-based sentiment analysis and (3) the possible loss of sentiment information induced by translations. Despite only examining a handful of literary work, we further found that books written initially in Swedish had narratives that were more cross-language consistent compared to books written in English and then translated to Swedish.

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    Authors: Öhman, Terese;

    Denna uppsats är en studie av Blåsmarks bönhusförenings nedläggning och överlåtelsen avbönhuset till Blåsmarks DUF år 1947. Studien är begränsad till tidsperioden 1945–1948 föratt undersöka föreningarna innan och efter den händelse som är i fokus i uppsatsen och ärbaserad på de mötesprotokoll bägge föreningar förde under tidsperioden 1945-1948. Iuppsatsen undersöks föreningarnas arbete innan bönhusföreningens nedläggning 1947 samtorsakerna bakom dess nedläggning och vilka följder det fick för Blåsmarks DUF. Skeendetundersöks ur ett processperspektiv och följer den analytiskt-rationella modellen. Studiensresultat visade att bönhusföreningens nedläggning och överlåtelse av bönhus till BlåsmarksDUF var ett beslut taget främst på grund av att båda föreningarna bestod av samma medlemmar och arbetet med bönhuset redan till stor del utfördes av Blåsmarks DUF. Vidarevisade även studien att arbetet för Blåsmarks DUF föreföll sig detsamma efter övertagandetav bönhuset men att det utökades till att omfatta frågor gällande skötseln av bönhuset. Detframkom även i studien hur Blåsmarks DUF glädjes av att få ett eget bönhus och att beslutetfrån båda föreningar varit enhälligt och utan opposition. This thesis offers a study of the closure of the Blåsmarks bönhusförenings and the transfer ofthe prayer house to Blåsmarks DUF in 1947. The study is limited to the period 1945-1948 toexamine the associations before and after the events in question and is based on the protocolswritten during both associations’ meetings between 1945-1948. The essay examines theassociations’ work before Blåsmarks bönhusförenings closure in 1947, the reasons behind itsclosure and what consequences it had for Blåsmarks DUF. The event is examined from a process perspective and follows the analytical-rational model. The results of the study showedthat Blåsmarks bönhusförenings closure and the transfer of the prayer house was a decisionmade mainly because both associations consisted of the same members and the work with theprayer house was already largely carried out by Blåsmarks DUF. Furthermore, the study alsoshowed that the work for Blåsmarks DUF is pleased to have its own prayer house and that thedecision to transfer it to them was unanimous and without opposition. 

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    Authors: Ölund, Zandalee;
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    Authors: Axelsson Blomqvist, Erik;

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka förhållandet mellan den svenska hembygdsrörelsen och länsmuseerna, för att ta reda på om det finns ett fungerande samarbete mellan dem, vad samarbetet innefattar, hur attityderna gentemot samarbete är och om länsmuseerna har något formellt ansvar för att bedriva samarbete med hembygdsrörelsen. Studien har genomförts huvudsakligen genom litteraturstudier samt två enkätundersökningar och presenterar resultat för varje län i Sverige. De genomförda undersökningarna har visat på att det i varje län generellt finns välfungerande samarbeten av någon omfattning mellan de båda parterna. Samarbetena kretsar kring ett antal olika områden såsom vanligtvis rådgivning, kursverksamhet, projekt, administration med mera. Attityderna till samarbete uppfattas från båda parter generellt vara goda, de anser att de kan komplettera varandra och gemensamt kan dra nytta av välfungerande samarbeten. Länsmuseerna har inget formellt ansvar för att samverka med hembygdsrörelsen men det finns ett antal dokument som uttrycker att samarbete är önskvärt och bör eftersträvas.

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    Authors: Lameris, Harm;

    Pre-processing Arabic text for Text-to-Speech (TTS) systems poses major challenges, as Arabic omits short vowels in writing. This omission leads to a large number of homographs, and means that Arabic text needs to be diacritized to disambiguate these homographs, in order to be matched up with the intended pronunciation. Diacritizing Arabic has generally been achieved by using rule-based, statistical, or hybrid methods that combine rule-based and statistical methods. Recently, diacritization methods involving deep learning have shown promise in reducing error rates. These deep-learning methods are not yet commonly used in TTS engines, however. To examine neural diacritization methods for use in TTS engines, we normalized and pre-processed a version of the Tashkeela corpus, a large diacritized corpus containing largely Classical Arabic texts, for TTS purposes. We then trained and tested three state-of-the-art Recurrent-Neural-Network-based models on this data set. Additionally we tested these models on the Wiki News corpus, a test set that contains Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) news articles and thus more closely resembles most TTS queries. The models were evaluated by comparing the Diacritic Error Rate (DER) and Word Error Rate (WER) achieved for each data set to one another and to the DER and WER reported in the original papers. Moreover, the per-diacritic accuracy was examined, and a manual evaluation was performed. For the Tashkeela corpus, all models achieved a lower DER and WER than reported in the original papers. This was largely the result of using more training data in addition to the TTS pre-processing steps that were performed on the data. For the Wiki News corpus, the error rates were higher, largely due to the domain gap between the data sets. We found that for both data sets the models overfit on common patterns and the most common diacritic. For the Wiki News corpus the models struggled with Named Entities and loanwords. Purely neural models generally outperformed the model that combined deep learning with rule-based and statistical corrections. These findings highlight the usability of deep learning methods for Arabic diacritization in TTS engines as well as the need for diacritized corpora that are more representative of Modern Standard Arabic.

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