Publisher: Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sultan Amai Gorontalo
Astrolabe is a classical instrument in astronomy that is often used to determine the position of celestial bodies without calculating. The notables who played role in the formulation of the astrolabe concept and work system were Hipparchus, Claudius Ptolemy and Theon. Muslim astronomers also had an important role in the development of the astrolabe. The application of astrolabe in reckoning the beginning of prayer time is very easy. But before it can be applied in reckoning prayer time, the astrolabe needs to be equipped with the Sun's altitude lines at the beginning of the prayer time for one year at a location. So the astrolabe can easily be applied to reckon the beginning of prayer times without the need to do calculations. But the Sun's data on the astrolabe are constant as well as the attitude of the Sun at the beginning of prayer time. Those are what reduce the accuracy of the beginning of prayer times reckoning result with the astrolabe.
<p><em>Abst</em><em>rak </em><em>–</em><strong> </strong><strong>Analisi</strong><strong>s materi ujian bahasa Inggris <em>Cambridge Primary Checkpoint</em> merupakan bagian dari penelitian Evaluasi <em>Cambridge International Primary Program</em> siswa SD Al-Azhar pada mata pelajaran “<em>English Language</em>. Peneliti ingin membuktikan bahwa teori pemerolehan bahasa ke dua pada anak usia dini dapat dibuktikan melalui hasil capaian ujian yang dikelola oleh Cambridge. Terbukti bahwa anak (usia 12-130) mampu menguasai bahasa ke dua dengan baik apabila dilaksanakan dengan benar.</strong></p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><em>Abst</em><em>r</em><em>act</em><em> </em><em>–</em><strong> </strong><strong>The analysis of English Examination of <em>Cambridge Primary Checkpoint</em> has been a part of the research with the title “Evaluation of <em>Cambridge International Primary Program</em> of elementary students of Al-Azhar on ‘English language’”. The researcher wishes to identify that the theory of second language aquisation on children has been proved adequately through the analyses of examination results which has been conducted in Al-Azhar primary school. It is identified that children (age 12-13) are capable of mstering other language when it is given in the proper manner.</strong></p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><strong><em>Keywords </em></strong><em>– </em><em>Cambridge Primary Checkpoint, reading, writing ,usage and evaluation</em><strong><em></em></strong></p>
Modern architecture in its golden age has given a lot of influences to many architectures around the world. The spread of modern architecture at that time could not be stopped and became a style that is widely used throughout the world including IndonesiaThe influence of modern architecture emerged in Indonesia during the Dutch colonial occupation. European architects at that time introduced classical European architecture and modern architecture to Indonesian society. During the Colonial occupation and at the beginning of Indonesian independence, European architects designed public buildings such as government buildings, places of worship( like mosques and churches) and commercial buildings as well as several residences using classical European architectural and modern architecture.As the example that we can still see now is the Istiqlal Mosque in Jakarta, Indonesia, which was designed by architect Friedrich Silaban who self-taught modern architecture. The design of the Istiqlal mosque at a glance looks very much influenced by modern architecture, although domes and tower as a characteristic of Middle East architecture is still been used.The mosque as a whole is designed to look monumental which emphasized the used of a mixture of modern architecture styles.