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63 Research products, page 1 of 7

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nikolay Pavlov;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited
    Project: EC | CDE4Peace (882055)
  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2021 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Stian Soiland-Reyes; Peter Sefton; Mercè Crosas; Leyla Jael Castro; Frederik Coppens; José M. Fernández; Daniel Garijo; Björn Grüning; Marco La Rosa; Simone Leo; +6 more
    Publisher: arXiv
    Countries: Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium, United Kingdom, Netherlands
    Project: EC | IBISBA 1.0 (730976), SSHRC , EC | PREP-IBISBA (871118), EC | EOSC-Life (824087), EC | RELIANCE (101017501), EC | BioExcel-2 (823830), EC | SYNTHESYS PLUS (823827), EC | IBISBA 1.0 (730976), SSHRC , EC | PREP-IBISBA (871118),...

    An increasing number of researchers support reproducibility by including pointers to and descriptions of datasets, software and methods in their publications. However, scientific articles may be ambiguous, incomplete and difficult to process by automated systems. In this paper we introduce RO-Crate, an open, community-driven, and lightweight approach to packaging research artefacts along with their metadata in a machine readable manner. RO-Crate is based on Schema$.$org annotations in JSON-LD, aiming to establish best practices to formally describe metadata in an accessible and practical way for their use in a wide variety of situations. An RO-Crate is a structured archive of all the items that contributed to a research outcome, including their identifiers, provenance, relations and annotations. As a general purpose packaging approach for data and their metadata, RO-Crate is used across multiple areas, including bioinformatics, digital humanities and regulatory sciences. By applying "just enough" Linked Data standards, RO-Crate simplifies the process of making research outputs FAIR while also enhancing research reproducibility. An RO-Crate for this article is available at https://www.researchobject.org/2021-packaging-research-artefacts-with-ro-crate/ Comment: 42 pages. Submitted to Data Science

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ahuvia Goren;
    Project: EC | JEWTACT (801861)

    In recent years, scholars have devoted a great deal of attention to the history of scholarship in general and, more specifically, to the emergence of critical historical and anthropological literature from and within ecclesiastical scholarship. However, few studies have discussed the Jewish figures who took part in this process. This paper analyzes the role played by historiographical and ethnographical writing in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Italian Jewish–Christian polemics. Tracing various Christian polemical ethnographical depictions of the Jewish rite of shaking the lulav (sacramental palm leaves used by Jews during the festival of Sukkot), it discusses the variety of ways in which Jewish scholars responded to these depictions or circumvented them. These responses reflect the Jewish scholars’ familiarity with prevailing contemporary scholarship and the key role of translation and cultural transfers in their own attempts to create parallel works. Furthermore, this paper presents new Jewish polemical manuscript material within the relevant contexts, examines Jewish attempts to compose polemical and apologetic ethnographies, and argues that Jewish engagement with critical scholarship began earlier than scholars of this period usually suggest

  • Publication . Article . 2021
    Authors: 
    Perdoncin, Anton;
    Publisher: CAIRN
    Country: France
    Project: EC | LUBARTWORLD (818843)

    International audience

  • Publication . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Agren, Quentin; Michaud, Geneviève; Bottoni, Gianmaria;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SSHOC (823782)

    Presentation given during the 2nd ESS-SUSTAIN-2 (#871063) consortium meeting (21/01/2021) for WP 6.

  • Restricted
    Authors: 
    Yichi Zhang;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited
    Project: EC | BROKEX (802070)

    A transnational flow of capital exchange during the 19th and early 20th centuries brought planning ideas and modernity into China. Since European countries and America used violence to place China ...

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jeff Mitchell; Jeffrey S. Bowers;
    Publisher: International Committee on Computational Linguistics
    Country: United Kingdom
    Project: EC | M and M (741134)

    Recently, domain-general recurrent neural networks, without explicit linguistic inductive biases, have been shown to successfully reproduce a range of human language behaviours, such as accurately predicting number agreement between nouns and verbs. We show that such networks will also learn number agreement within unnatural sentence structures, i.e. structures that are not found within any natural languages and which humans struggle to process. These results suggest that the models are learning from their input in a manner that is substantially different from human language acquisition, and we undertake an analysis of how the learned knowledge is stored in the weights of the network. We find that while the model has an effective understanding of singular versus plural for individual sentences, there is a lack of a unified concept of number agreement connecting these processes across the full range of inputs. Moreover, the weights handling natural and unnatural structures overlap substantially, in a way that underlines the non-human-like nature of the knowledge learned by the network.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Claire Zalc;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | LUBARTWORLD (818843)

    AbstractDuring its first days of existence, the Vichy regime ordered a review of recent naturalizations. In accordance with a law passed on July 22, 1940, denaturalization decisions were made on a ...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Juan José Pierella Karlusich; Juan José Pierella Karlusich; Federico Matias Ibarbalz; Federico Matias Ibarbalz; Federico Matias Ibarbalz; Chris Bowler; Chris Bowler;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
    Country: Argentina
    Project: EC | AtlantECO (862923)

    Marine phytoplankton are believed to account for more than 45% of photosynthetic net primary production on Earth, and hence are at the base of marine food webs and have an enormous impact on the entire Earth system. Their members are found across many of the major clades of the tree of life, including bacteria (cyanobacteria) and multiple eukaryotic lineages that acquired photosynthesis through the process of endosymbiosis. Our understanding of their distribution in marine ecosystems and their contribution to biogeochemical cycles have increased since they were first described in the 18th century. Here, we review historical milestones in marine phytoplankton research and how their roles were gradually understood, with a particular focus on insights derived from large-scale ocean exploration. We start from the first observations made by explorers and naturalists, review the initial identification of the main phytoplankton groups and the appreciation of their function in the influential Kiel and Plymouth schools that established biological oceanography, to finally outline the contribution of modern large-scale initiatives to understand this fundamental biological component of the ocean. Fil: Pierella Karlusich, Juan José. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Normale Supérieure; Francia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina Fil: Ibarbalz, Federico Matias. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Normale Supérieure; Francia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera; Argentina Fil: Bowler, Chris. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Normale Supérieure; Francia. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; Francia

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Thomas, Kylie; Rizzo, Lorena; Newbury, Darren;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | FEM-RESIST (838864), EC | FEM-RESIST (838864)

    Introduction to Women and Photography in Africa: Creative Practices and Feminist Challenges edited by Darren Newbury, Lorena Rizzo and Kylie Thomas. Forthcoming, Routledge, 2020.