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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nina Cingerová; Irina Dulebova;
    Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH

    Abstract This paper focuses on the case analysis of the memorial to the victims of state terror – the Wall of Grief (Stena skorbi) – which was unveiled on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the November 7, 1917, coup d’état. Using this example, we have attempted to elaborate a structure for a more complex analysis of the memory of past regimes’ manifestation and to create a methodological base for their comparison. We have based our research on the discourse theory by the so-called Essex School, the social semiotics by Kress, and the procedures of the critical discourse analysis. The procedure that we have considered relevant consists of the following: (a) description of the social context in which the memorial was manifested as a piece of evidence; (b) semiotic analysis of the memorial artifact; (c) analysis of verbal practices, as well as written and spoken texts that “explained” the memorial; and (d) analysis of nonverbal practices, namely, rituals. On the basis of our case study, we have come to the conclusion that when carrying out a semiotic analysis and the analysis of verbal and nonverbal practices in the case of the Russian public discourse, it is especially relevant to pay attention not only to widening vs. narrowing of the chronological framework, generalization vs. concretization, and specification of the traumatic experience but also to the question of framing of the memorial. In regard to the semiotic analysis, the extent of indexicality is considered to be very important in the sense of the bodily connection with an element of the commemorated event that bestows “truthfulness” and authenticity on the memorial. We assume that particularly present-day Russia, where explicit attempts to reinterpret the history of the authoritarian communist state and attempts to instrumentalize the totalitarian period according to the vector of the current political direction may be seen, is a relevant object of this kind of research.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Matthew W. Lowder; Fernanda Ferreira;

    Imagine a speaker who says "Turn left, uh I mean…" Before hearing the repair, the listener is likely to anticipate the word "right" based on the context, including the reparandum "left." Thus, even though the reparandum is not intended as part of the utterance, the listener uses it as information to predict the repair. The issue we explore in this article is how prediction operates in disfluency contexts. We begin by describing the Overlay model of disfluency comprehension, which assumes that the listener identifies a reparandum as such only after a repair is encountered which creates a local ungrammaticality. The Overlay model also allows the reparandum to influence subsequent processing, because the reparandum is not deleted from the final representation of the sentence. A somewhat different model can be developed which assumes a more active, anticipatory process for resolving repair disfluencies. On this model, the listener might predict the likely repair when the speaker becomes disfluent, or even identify a reparandum if the word or word string seems inconsistent with the speaker's intention. Our proposal is that the prediction can be made using the same mechanism involved in the processing of contrast, in which a listener uses contrastive prominence to generate likely alternates (the contrast set). We suggest that these two approaches to disfluency processing are not inconsistent: Successful repair processing requires listeners to use statistical and linguistic evidence to identify a reparandum and to integrate the repair, and the lingering of the reparandum is due to the coexistence in working memory of the reparandum, the repair, and unselected members of the contrast set.

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Maria Emília Granduque José;
    Publisher: Programa de Pós-Graduação em História Social da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

    RESUMO No século XVI, a Espanha foi palco de uma série de escritos que visavam definir não apenas as regras que deveriam conduzir a escrita da história, mas também as qualidades esperadas de um bom cronista. Justificavam os autores dessas obras que a imagem de um reino e, consequentemente, de seu governante, construía-se a partir da história elaborada pelos letrados encarregados de registrar o passado. A partir do estudo dos Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe, composto por Pedro de Navarra e publicado em 1565, a proposta desta apresentação crítica é interrogar como os letrados definiram o ofício do cronista e historiador na sociedade espanhola dessa época. Além dessa questão central, o texto tem como alvo apresentar a tradução comentada dos Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe com o objetivo de guiar a análise sobre as funções atribuídas ao cronista do rei, bem como os requisitos necessários para o exercício desse ofício. ABSTRACT In sixteenth-century Spain, scholars published a series of texts aimed at defining both the rules that should guide the writing of history and the desired qualities of a good chronicler. The authors of these works argued that the image of a kingdom, and, consequently, its ruler, was formed based on the writings of those scholars in charge of recording the past. This study analyses Pedro de Navarra’s 1565 text Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del príncipe in an effort to understand how scholars defined the positions of chronicler and historian in Spanish society during this period. In addition, this article presents an annotated translation of Dialogos in order to bolster analysis of the king’s chronicler’s assigned functions and requirements. RESUMEN En el siglo XVI, España fue el escenario de una serie de escritos que apuntaban a definir no sólo las reglas que deberían llevar a la escritura de la historia, sino también a las cualidades esperadas de un buen cronista. Justificaban los autores de esas obras que la imagen de un reino y, consecuentemente, de su gobernante, se construía a partir de la historia elaborada por los letrados encargados de registrar el pasado. A partir del estudio de los Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe, compuesto por Pedro de Navarra y publicado en 1565, la propuesta de esta presentación crítica es preguntarse cómo los letrados definieron el oficio del cronista e historiador en la sociedad española de esta época. Además de esta cuestión central, este texto tiene como objetivo mostrar la traducción comentada de los Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe con el propósito de guiar el análisis sobre las funciones atribuidas al cronista del rey, así como los requisitos necesarios para el ejercicio de esta profesión.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maria Laakso;
    Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

    Abstract Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, works depicting a post-human world have become a popular non-fiction genre. This kind of disanthropy is an extreme form of apocalyptic thinking. In this article, I examine one such disanthropic narrative, Alan Weisman’s bestselling non-fiction book The World Without Us (2007), using the theoretical framework of narrative fictionality studies. The World Without Us falls between the conventional oppositional pairing of factual and fictional narratives. The book bases its rhetoric heavily on scientific facts – or at least on scientific expectations – especially in its use of interviews with scientists. Nevertheless, the core idea of a world without humans is inevitably fictional since the presence of readers makes the book’s premise manifestly counterfactual and paradoxical. In my analysis, I adopt a rhetorical approach to fictionality and factuality to ask how particular techniques and strategies connected to fictionality and factuality are employed in Weisman’s text in order to discuss the anxieties, desires, hopes, and fears of the possibility of human extinction.

  • Publication . Article . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Matias Nurminen;
    Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
    Country: Finland

    Abstract This article studies the use of literature and narrative strategies of online antifeminist movements. These movements classified under the umbrella term the manosphere, wage ideological narrative warfare to endorse a misogynistic worldview. The case at hand concentrates on the radical faction of neomasculinity and its attempts to reinterpret the Western canon of literature. I propose that neomasculine readings of novels such as Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita are careless interpretations that ground themselves on specific traits of the texts while ignoring others. These readings attempt to evoke a sense of recognition in the community that believes in an alleged feminist conspiracy against men. Careless interpretations borrow from post-truth rhetoric and the feminist literary theory tradition of reading against the grain. When confronted over their controversial views, neomasculine figures renarrativize readings to benefit the promotion of neomasculine perspectives. This strategic use of literature is part of the narrative warfare discussed in detail.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zuzanna Rucińska; Shaun Gallagher;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Belgium

    AbstractThis paper considers the epistemic role that embodiment plays in imagining. We focus on two aspects of embodied cognition understood in its strong sense: explicit motoric processes related to performance, and neuronal processes rooted in bodily and action processes, and describe their role in imagining. The paper argues that these two aspects of strongly embodied cognition can play distinctive and positive roles in constraining imagining, thereby complementing Amy Kind's argument for the epistemic relevance of imagination "under constraints" and Magdalena Balcerak Jackson's argument for justification by imagination.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Kelly Jakubowski; Tuomas Eerola; Paolo Alborno; Gualtiero Volpe; Antonio Camurri; Martin Clayton;
    Publisher: Frontiers
    Country: United Kingdom
    Project: UKRI | Interpersonal Entrainment... (AH/N00308X/1)

    The measurement and tracking of body movement within musical performances can provide valuable sources of data for studying interpersonal interaction and coordination between musicians. The continued development of tools to extract such data from video recordings will offer new opportunities to research musical movement across a diverse range of settings, including field research and other ecological contexts in which the implementation of complex motion capture systems is not feasible or affordable. Such work might also make use of the multitude of video recordings of musical performances that are already available to researchers. The present study made use of such existing data, specifically, three video datasets of ensemble performances from different genres, settings, and instrumentation (a pop piano duo, three jazz duos, and a string quartet). Three different computer vision techniques were applied to these video datasets—frame differencing, optical flow, and kernelized correlation filters (KCF)—with the aim of quantifying and tracking movements of the individual performers. All three computer vision techniques exhibited high correlations with motion capture data collected from the same musical performances, with median correlation (Pearson’s r) values of .75 to .94. The techniques that track movement in two dimensions (optical flow and KCF) provided more accurate measures of movement than a technique that provides a single estimate of overall movement change by frame for each performer (frame differencing). Measurements of performer’s movements were also more accurate when the computer vision techniques were applied to more narrowly-defined regions of interest (head) than when the same techniques were applied to larger regions (entire upper body, above the chest or waist). Some differences in movement tracking accuracy emerged between the three video datasets, which may have been due to instrument-specific motions that resulted in occlusions of the body part of interest (e.g. a violinist’s right hand occluding the head whilst tracking head movement). These results indicate that computer vision techniques can be effective in quantifying body movement from videos of musical performances, while also highlighting constraints that must be dealt with when applying such techniques in ensemble coordination research.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lieve Macken; Daniel Prou; Arda Tezcan;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Belgium

    This paper studies the impact of machine translation (MT) on the translation workflow at the Directorate-General for Translation (DGT), focusing on two language pairs and two MT paradigms: English-into-French with statistical MT and English-into-Finnish with neural MT. We collected data from 20 professional translators at DGT while they carried out real translation tasks in normal working conditions. The participants enabled/disabled MT for half of the segments in each document. They filled in a survey at the end of the logging period. We measured the productivity gains (or losses) resulting from the use of MT and examined the relationship between technical effort and temporal effort. The results show that while the usage of MT leads to productivity gains on average, this is not the case for all translators. Moreover, the two technical effort indicators used in this study show weak correlations with post-editing time. The translators&rsquo perception of their speed gains was more or less in line with the actual results. Reduction of typing effort is the most frequently mentioned reason why participants preferred working with MT, but also the psychological benefits of not having to start from scratch were often mentioned.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Anif Jamaluddin; Suwarni; Agus Supriyanto; Yofentina Iriani;
    Publisher: IOP Publishing

    Strontium doping material has been successfully doped to produce Barium Strontium Titanate (Ba1-xSrxTiO3) with variation in the percentage of moles of strontium 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% that processed by the solid state reaction method. Firstly, Ingredients (Barium carbonate, strontium carbonate and titanium oxide) have been mixed, milled during 6 hours to form solid powders. Then, sample pellets were pressed by mold machine which have been sintered in a furnace at 1100 °C during 2 hours. The properties of sample were observed using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) for analyzing crystalline structure, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) for showing morphological properties, RCL meter for dielectric constant. The XRD results indicated that the diffraction pattern is Ba1-xSrxTiO3 (BST) pattern. In addition, the results of General Structure Analysis System (GSAS) refinement with the Rietveld method showed that strontium doping has entered into Barium Titanate (BaTiO3). Increasing the number of moles of strontium has changed the lattice parameter and tertagonality of crystal BST. It affected the grain size and dielectric constant of BST too.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicoletta Misler; John E. Bowlt;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    The authors discuss the Orthodox icon which Pavel Filonov (1883–1941) painted in 1908 or 1909 for his sister, Ekaterina, placing it within the broader context of his oeuvre, his family and his understanding of ‘religiosity’. Making reference to Filonov’s system of Analytical Art and to what he called ‘madness’, the authors focus on the particular technical devices which he used in the icon and on the podlinnik (or primer) from which he copied the main elements. Reference is also made to other religious motifs in Filonov’s art such as the Magi, Flight into Egypt and Crucifixion.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
7,955 Research products, page 1 of 796
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nina Cingerová; Irina Dulebova;
    Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH

    Abstract This paper focuses on the case analysis of the memorial to the victims of state terror – the Wall of Grief (Stena skorbi) – which was unveiled on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the November 7, 1917, coup d’état. Using this example, we have attempted to elaborate a structure for a more complex analysis of the memory of past regimes’ manifestation and to create a methodological base for their comparison. We have based our research on the discourse theory by the so-called Essex School, the social semiotics by Kress, and the procedures of the critical discourse analysis. The procedure that we have considered relevant consists of the following: (a) description of the social context in which the memorial was manifested as a piece of evidence; (b) semiotic analysis of the memorial artifact; (c) analysis of verbal practices, as well as written and spoken texts that “explained” the memorial; and (d) analysis of nonverbal practices, namely, rituals. On the basis of our case study, we have come to the conclusion that when carrying out a semiotic analysis and the analysis of verbal and nonverbal practices in the case of the Russian public discourse, it is especially relevant to pay attention not only to widening vs. narrowing of the chronological framework, generalization vs. concretization, and specification of the traumatic experience but also to the question of framing of the memorial. In regard to the semiotic analysis, the extent of indexicality is considered to be very important in the sense of the bodily connection with an element of the commemorated event that bestows “truthfulness” and authenticity on the memorial. We assume that particularly present-day Russia, where explicit attempts to reinterpret the history of the authoritarian communist state and attempts to instrumentalize the totalitarian period according to the vector of the current political direction may be seen, is a relevant object of this kind of research.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Matthew W. Lowder; Fernanda Ferreira;

    Imagine a speaker who says "Turn left, uh I mean…" Before hearing the repair, the listener is likely to anticipate the word "right" based on the context, including the reparandum "left." Thus, even though the reparandum is not intended as part of the utterance, the listener uses it as information to predict the repair. The issue we explore in this article is how prediction operates in disfluency contexts. We begin by describing the Overlay model of disfluency comprehension, which assumes that the listener identifies a reparandum as such only after a repair is encountered which creates a local ungrammaticality. The Overlay model also allows the reparandum to influence subsequent processing, because the reparandum is not deleted from the final representation of the sentence. A somewhat different model can be developed which assumes a more active, anticipatory process for resolving repair disfluencies. On this model, the listener might predict the likely repair when the speaker becomes disfluent, or even identify a reparandum if the word or word string seems inconsistent with the speaker's intention. Our proposal is that the prediction can be made using the same mechanism involved in the processing of contrast, in which a listener uses contrastive prominence to generate likely alternates (the contrast set). We suggest that these two approaches to disfluency processing are not inconsistent: Successful repair processing requires listeners to use statistical and linguistic evidence to identify a reparandum and to integrate the repair, and the lingering of the reparandum is due to the coexistence in working memory of the reparandum, the repair, and unselected members of the contrast set.

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Maria Emília Granduque José;
    Publisher: Programa de Pós-Graduação em História Social da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

    RESUMO No século XVI, a Espanha foi palco de uma série de escritos que visavam definir não apenas as regras que deveriam conduzir a escrita da história, mas também as qualidades esperadas de um bom cronista. Justificavam os autores dessas obras que a imagem de um reino e, consequentemente, de seu governante, construía-se a partir da história elaborada pelos letrados encarregados de registrar o passado. A partir do estudo dos Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe, composto por Pedro de Navarra e publicado em 1565, a proposta desta apresentação crítica é interrogar como os letrados definiram o ofício do cronista e historiador na sociedade espanhola dessa época. Além dessa questão central, o texto tem como alvo apresentar a tradução comentada dos Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe com o objetivo de guiar a análise sobre as funções atribuídas ao cronista do rei, bem como os requisitos necessários para o exercício desse ofício. ABSTRACT In sixteenth-century Spain, scholars published a series of texts aimed at defining both the rules that should guide the writing of history and the desired qualities of a good chronicler. The authors of these works argued that the image of a kingdom, and, consequently, its ruler, was formed based on the writings of those scholars in charge of recording the past. This study analyses Pedro de Navarra’s 1565 text Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del príncipe in an effort to understand how scholars defined the positions of chronicler and historian in Spanish society during this period. In addition, this article presents an annotated translation of Dialogos in order to bolster analysis of the king’s chronicler’s assigned functions and requirements. RESUMEN En el siglo XVI, España fue el escenario de una serie de escritos que apuntaban a definir no sólo las reglas que deberían llevar a la escritura de la historia, sino también a las cualidades esperadas de un buen cronista. Justificaban los autores de esas obras que la imagen de un reino y, consecuentemente, de su gobernante, se construía a partir de la historia elaborada por los letrados encargados de registrar el pasado. A partir del estudio de los Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe, compuesto por Pedro de Navarra y publicado en 1565, la propuesta de esta presentación crítica es preguntarse cómo los letrados definieron el oficio del cronista e historiador en la sociedad española de esta época. Además de esta cuestión central, este texto tiene como objetivo mostrar la traducción comentada de los Dialogos qual debe ser el chronista del principe con el propósito de guiar el análisis sobre las funciones atribuidas al cronista del rey, así como los requisitos necesarios para el ejercicio de esta profesión.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maria Laakso;
    Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

    Abstract Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, works depicting a post-human world have become a popular non-fiction genre. This kind of disanthropy is an extreme form of apocalyptic thinking. In this article, I examine one such disanthropic narrative, Alan Weisman’s bestselling non-fiction book The World Without Us (2007), using the theoretical framework of narrative fictionality studies. The World Without Us falls between the conventional oppositional pairing of factual and fictional narratives. The book bases its rhetoric heavily on scientific facts – or at least on scientific expectations – especially in its use of interviews with scientists. Nevertheless, the core idea of a world without humans is inevitably fictional since the presence of readers makes the book’s premise manifestly counterfactual and paradoxical. In my analysis, I adopt a rhetorical approach to fictionality and factuality to ask how particular techniques and strategies connected to fictionality and factuality are employed in Weisman’s text in order to discuss the anxieties, desires, hopes, and fears of the possibility of human extinction.

  • Publication . Article . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Matias Nurminen;
    Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
    Country: Finland

    Abstract This article studies the use of literature and narrative strategies of online antifeminist movements. These movements classified under the umbrella term the manosphere, wage ideological narrative warfare to endorse a misogynistic worldview. The case at hand concentrates on the radical faction of neomasculinity and its attempts to reinterpret the Western canon of literature. I propose that neomasculine readings of novels such as Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita are careless interpretations that ground themselves on specific traits of the texts while ignoring others. These readings attempt to evoke a sense of recognition in the community that believes in an alleged feminist conspiracy against men. Careless interpretations borrow from post-truth rhetoric and the feminist literary theory tradition of reading against the grain. When confronted over their controversial views, neomasculine figures renarrativize readings to benefit the promotion of neomasculine perspectives. This strategic use of literature is part of the narrative warfare discussed in detail.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zuzanna Rucińska; Shaun Gallagher;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Belgium

    AbstractThis paper considers the epistemic role that embodiment plays in imagining. We focus on two aspects of embodied cognition understood in its strong sense: explicit motoric processes related to performance, and neuronal processes rooted in bodily and action processes, and describe their role in imagining. The paper argues that these two aspects of strongly embodied cognition can play distinctive and positive roles in constraining imagining, thereby complementing Amy Kind's argument for the epistemic relevance of imagination "under constraints" and Magdalena Balcerak Jackson's argument for justification by imagination.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Kelly Jakubowski; Tuomas Eerola; Paolo Alborno; Gualtiero Volpe; Antonio Camurri; Martin Clayton;
    Publisher: Frontiers
    Country: United Kingdom
    Project: UKRI | Interpersonal Entrainment... (AH/N00308X/1)

    The measurement and tracking of body movement within musical performances can provide valuable sources of data for studying interpersonal interaction and coordination between musicians. The continued development of tools to extract such data from video recordings will offer new opportunities to research musical movement across a diverse range of settings, including field research and other ecological contexts in which the implementation of complex motion capture systems is not feasible or affordable. Such work might also make use of the multitude of video recordings of musical performances that are already available to researchers. The present study made use of such existing data, specifically, three video datasets of ensemble performances from different genres, settings, and instrumentation (a pop piano duo, three jazz duos, and a string quartet). Three different computer vision techniques were applied to these video datasets—frame differencing, optical flow, and kernelized correlation filters (KCF)—with the aim of quantifying and tracking movements of the individual performers. All three computer vision techniques exhibited high correlations with motion capture data collected from the same musical performances, with median correlation (Pearson’s r) values of .75 to .94. The techniques that track movement in two dimensions (optical flow and KCF) provided more accurate measures of movement than a technique that provides a single estimate of overall movement change by frame for each performer (frame differencing). Measurements of performer’s movements were also more accurate when the computer vision techniques were applied to more narrowly-defined regions of interest (head) than when the same techniques were applied to larger regions (entire upper body, above the chest or waist). Some differences in movement tracking accuracy emerged between the three video datasets, which may have been due to instrument-specific motions that resulted in occlusions of the body part of interest (e.g. a violinist’s right hand occluding the head whilst tracking head movement). These results indicate that computer vision techniques can be effective in quantifying body movement from videos of musical performances, while also highlighting constraints that must be dealt with when applying such techniques in ensemble coordination research.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lieve Macken; Daniel Prou; Arda Tezcan;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Belgium

    This paper studies the impact of machine translation (MT) on the translation workflow at the Directorate-General for Translation (DGT), focusing on two language pairs and two MT paradigms: English-into-French with statistical MT and English-into-Finnish with neural MT. We collected data from 20 professional translators at DGT while they carried out real translation tasks in normal working conditions. The participants enabled/disabled MT for half of the segments in each document. They filled in a survey at the end of the logging period. We measured the productivity gains (or losses) resulting from the use of MT and examined the relationship between technical effort and temporal effort. The results show that while the usage of MT leads to productivity gains on average, this is not the case for all translators. Moreover, the two technical effort indicators used in this study show weak correlations with post-editing time. The translators&rsquo perception of their speed gains was more or less in line with the actual results. Reduction of typing effort is the most frequently mentioned reason why participants preferred working with MT, but also the psychological benefits of not having to start from scratch were often mentioned.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Anif Jamaluddin; Suwarni; Agus Supriyanto; Yofentina Iriani;
    Publisher: IOP Publishing

    Strontium doping material has been successfully doped to produce Barium Strontium Titanate (Ba1-xSrxTiO3) with variation in the percentage of moles of strontium 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% that processed by the solid state reaction method. Firstly, Ingredients (Barium carbonate, strontium carbonate and titanium oxide) have been mixed, milled during 6 hours to form solid powders. Then, sample pellets were pressed by mold machine which have been sintered in a furnace at 1100 °C during 2 hours. The properties of sample were observed using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) for analyzing crystalline structure, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) for showing morphological properties, RCL meter for dielectric constant. The XRD results indicated that the diffraction pattern is Ba1-xSrxTiO3 (BST) pattern. In addition, the results of General Structure Analysis System (GSAS) refinement with the Rietveld method showed that strontium doping has entered into Barium Titanate (BaTiO3). Increasing the number of moles of strontium has changed the lattice parameter and tertagonality of crystal BST. It affected the grain size and dielectric constant of BST too.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicoletta Misler; John E. Bowlt;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    The authors discuss the Orthodox icon which Pavel Filonov (1883–1941) painted in 1908 or 1909 for his sister, Ekaterina, placing it within the broader context of his oeuvre, his family and his understanding of ‘religiosity’. Making reference to Filonov’s system of Analytical Art and to what he called ‘madness’, the authors focus on the particular technical devices which he used in the icon and on the podlinnik (or primer) from which he copied the main elements. Reference is also made to other religious motifs in Filonov’s art such as the Magi, Flight into Egypt and Crucifixion.