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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
738 Research products, page 1 of 74

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Laurence Danlos; Philippe de Groote; Sylvain Pogodalla;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | Polymnie (ANR-12-CORD-0004)

    International audience; Neg-Raising (NR) verbs form a class of verbs with a clausal complement that show the following behavior: when a negation syntactically attaches to the matrix predicate, it can semantically attach to the embedded predicate. This paper presents an account of NR predicates within Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG). We propose a lexical semantic interpretation that heavily relies on a Montague-like semantics for TAG and on higher-order types.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Abdelghani Laifa; Laurent Gautier; Christophe Cruz;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The present work aims to develop a text summarisation system for financial texts with a focus on the fluidity of the target language. Linguistic analysis shows that the process of writing summaries should take into account not only terminological and collocational extraction, but also a range of linguistic material referred to here as the "support lexicon", that plays an important role in the cognitive organisation of the field. On this basis, this paper highlights the relevance of pre-training the CamemBERT model on a French financial dataset to extend its domainspecific vocabulary and fine-tuning it on extractive summarisation. We then evaluate the impact of textual data augmentation, improving the performance of our extractive text summarisation model by up to 6%-11%.

  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jean-Baptiste Camps; Chahan Vidal-Gorène; Marguerite Vernet;
    Country: France

    Although abbreviations are fairly common in handwritten sources, particularly in medieval and modern Western manuscripts, previous research dealing with computational approaches to their expansion is scarce. Yet abbreviations present particular challenges to computational approaches such as handwritten text recognition and natural language processing tasks. Often, pre-processing ultimately aims to lead from a digitised image of the source to a normalised text, which includes expansion of the abbreviations. We explore different setups to obtain such a normalised text, either directly, by training HTR engines on normalised (i.e., expanded, disabbreviated) text, or by decomposing the process into discrete steps, each making use of specialist models for recognition, word segmentation and normalisation. The case studies considered here are drawn from the medieval Latin tradition. Accompanying data available at: https://zenodo.org/record/5071964

  • Publication . Conference object . Article . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nuno Freire; Pável Calado; Bruno Martins;
    Project: FCT | UID/CEC/50021/2013 (UID/CEC/50021/2013)

    International audience; In the World Wide Web, a very large number of resources is made available through digital libraries. The existence of many individual digital libraries, maintained by different organizations, brings challenges to the discoverability, sharing and reuse of the resources. A widely-used approach is metadata aggregation, where centralized efforts like Europeana facilitate the discoverability and use of the resources by collecting their associated metadata. The cultural heritage domain embraced the aggregation approach while, at the same time, the technological landscape kept evolving. Nowadays, cultural heritage institutions are increasingly applying technologies designed for the wider interoperability on the Web. This paper presents a study of the current application by cultural heritage data providers of technological solutions in use for making structured metadata available for re-use in the Internet. We investigated the use of both linked data and technologies related with indexing of resources by Internet search engines. We have conducted a harvesting experiment of the landing pages from websites of digital libraries that participate in Europeana, and collected statistics about the usage these particular technologies. These technologies allow for representing structured data within HTML, or for structured data to be referred to by links within HTML or through HTTP headers capabilities. We conclude with a discussion of future work for establishing a solution for cultural heritage aggregation based on the current situation and the available technologies.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2011
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Peter Sturm;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; This short paper accompanies an invited lecture on a historical survey of geometric computer vision problems. It presents some early works on image-based 3D modeling, multi-view geometry, and structurefrom- motion, from the last three centuries. Some of these are relatively well known to photogrammetrists and computer vision researchers whereas others seem to have been largely forgotten or overlooked. This paper gives a very brief summary of an ongoing historical study.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . 2010
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Belgium

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Corrado Neri;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The last phase of the nineteenth-century China was in a state of dramatic political instability, caused both by foreign aggression and internal troubles. The fall of the Qing dynasty seemed more and more likely, and the presence of the foreign (people, goods, ideas) on the imperial soil aroused confl icting reactions: shame and pride, the desire to emulate and the desire to rekindle "traditional" culture(s), as well as the evidence of the necessity of rapid modernization, at least in the technical fi eld. Stretched between these overlapping poles, cinema as a technical development and as a new form of entertainment appeared very quickly as a formidable way to get to know the West, as well as a medium to be appropriated by local standards. Early movies made by the Lumière Company were travelling to China, and it was easy to understand the clamor made by the depiction of contemporary Europe. La sortie des usines Lumière à Lyon (August and Louis Lumière, 1895), for example, is a manifestation of a scientifi c accomplishment of the West (a movie) and at the same time is showing where this new object was made (the camera factory): spectators could see men and women coming out of a modern (soon to be Fordist) industry, some of them riding bicycles. In The Last Emperor (1987) Bertolucci poetizes the seduction of the newly imported (foreign) innovation of locomotion. Audiences could be in awe of the epitome of the industrialization of Europe via an astonishing product of this progress, the movie projector. This scientifi c curiosity is displayed as an attraction: movies are shown in theatres, tea houses, expositions, and slowly contribute to the shaping of the fast-growing eastern metropolis via the building of ad hoc modern cinema theatres. The local public showed a desire to appropriate the representational device, linking it to the shadow puppetry that they used to appreciate. The debate is still ongoing to clarify how much the cultural appreciation of puppet theatre has been a source of inspiration for the adoption of the term yingxi fi rst, and dianying later. The former merges the "shadow (ying)" with the "spectacle (xi)," and the latter is a word that conjures ideas of electricity (therefore modernity) and the theatrical/traditional visual apparatus. As Emi-lie Yueh-yu Yeh states, the fi rst fi lm magazine used the title The Motion Picture Review ; 1 yet, in an article published in the very same review, she cautions readers in remembering that "Central to these dominant historiographical discourses lies the yingxi concept and its literal English translation 'shadow play.' " Scholars of Chinese fi lm history, in both China and the West, have adopted the ideas of yingxi and its translated twin "shadow play" to frame the reception of cinema in late 15 MASTERPIECES OF EARLY CINEMA Corrado Neri 15031-1823d-1Pass-r03.indd 205

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dominic Goodall; Vincenzo Vergiani; Daniele Cuneo; Camillo Alessio Formigatti;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2007
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicolas Berger; Tomasz Bold; Till Eifert; G. Fischer; S. George; Johannes Haller; Andreas Hoecker; Jiri Masik; Martin zur Nedden; V. P. Reale; +4 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; The High Level Trigger (HLT) of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider receives events which pass the LVL1 trigger at ~75 kHz and has to reduce the rate to ~200 Hz while retaining the most interesting physics. It is a software trigger and performs the reduction in two stages: the LVL2 trigger and the Event Filter (EF). At the heart of the HLT is the Steering software. To minimise processing time and data transfers it implements the novel event selection strategies of seeded, step-wise reconstruction and early rejection. The HLT is seeded by regions of interest identified at LVL1. These and the static configuration determine which algorithms are run to reconstruct event data and test the validity of trigger signatures. The decision to reject the event or continue is based on the valid signatures, taking into account pre-scale and pass-through. After the EF, event classification tags are assigned for streaming purposes. Several powerful new features for commissioning and operation have been added: comprehensive monitoring is now built in to the framework; for validation and debugging, reconstructed data can be written out; the steering is integrated with the new configuration (presented separately), and topological and global triggers have been added. This paper will present details of the final design and its implementation, the principles behind it, and the requirements and constraints it is subject to. The experience gained from technical runs with realistic trigger menus will be described.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Clivaz, Claire;

    International audience