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300 Research products

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • 2014-2023
  • Open Access
  • Publications
  • FR
  • English
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Savary, Agata;

    In my habilitation dissertation, meant to validate my capacity of and maturity for directingresearch activities, I present a panorama of several topics in computational linguistics, linguisticsand computer science.Over the past decade, I was notably concerned with the phenomena of compositionalityand variability of linguistic objects. I illustrate the advantages of a compositional approachto the language in the domain of emotion detection and I explain how some linguistic objects,most prominently multi-word expressions, defy the compositionality principles. I demonstratethat the complex properties of MWEs, notably variability, are partially regular and partiallyidiosyncratic. This fact places the MWEs on the frontiers between different levels of linguisticprocessing, such as lexicon and syntax.I show the highly heterogeneous nature of MWEs by citing their two existing taxonomies.After an extensive state-of-the art study of MWE description and processing, I summarizeMultiflex, a formalism and a tool for lexical high-quality morphosyntactic description of MWUs.It uses a graph-based approach in which the inflection of a MWU is expressed in function ofthe morphology of its components, and of morphosyntactic transformation patterns. Due tounification the inflection paradigms are represented compactly. Orthographic, inflectional andsyntactic variants are treated within the same framework. The proposal is multilingual: it hasbeen tested on six European languages of three different origins (Germanic, Romance and Slavic),I believe that many others can also be successfully covered. Multiflex proves interoperable. Itadapts to different morphological language models, token boundary definitions, and underlyingmodules for the morphology of single words. It has been applied to the creation and enrichmentof linguistic resources, as well as to morphosyntactic analysis and generation. It can be integratedinto other NLP applications requiring the conflation of different surface realizations of the sameconcept.Another chapter of my activity concerns named entities, most of which are particular types ofMWEs. Their rich semantic load turned them into a hot topic in the NLP community, which isdocumented in my state-of-the art survey. I present the main assumptions, processes and resultsissued from large annotation tasks at two levels (for named entities and for coreference), parts ofthe National Corpus of Polish construction. I have also contributed to the development of bothrule-based and probabilistic named entity recognition tools, and to an automated enrichment ofProlexbase, a large multilingual database of proper names, from open sources.With respect to multi-word expressions, named entities and coreference mentions, I pay aspecial attention to nested structures. This problem sheds new light on the treatment of complexlinguistic units in NLP. When these units start being modeled as trees (or, more generally, asacyclic graphs) rather than as flat sequences of tokens, long-distance dependencies, discontinu-ities, overlapping and other frequent linguistic properties become easier to represent. This callsfor more complex processing methods which control larger contexts than what usually happensin sequential processing. Thus, both named entity recognition and coreference resolution comesvery close to parsing, and named entities or mentions with their nested structures are analogous3to multi-word expressions with embedded complements.My parallel activity concerns finite-state methods for natural language and XML processing.My main contribution in this field, co-authored with 2 colleagues, is the first full-fledged methodfor tree-to-language correction, and more precisely for correcting XML documents with respectto a DTD. We have also produced interesting results in incremental finite-state algorithmics,particularly relevant to data evolution contexts such as dynamic vocabularies or user updates.Multilingualism is the leitmotif of my research. I have applied my methods to several naturallanguages, most importantly to Polish, Serbian, English and French. I have been among theinitiators of a highly multilingual European scientific network dedicated to parsing and multi-word expressions. I have used multilingual linguistic data in experimental studies. I believethat it is particularly worthwhile to design NLP solutions taking declension-rich (e.g. Slavic)languages into account, since this leads to more universal solutions, at least as far as nominalconstructions (MWUs, NEs, mentions) are concerned. For instance, when Multiflex had beendeveloped with Polish in mind it could be applied as such to French, English, Serbian and Greek.Also, a French-Serbian collaboration led to substantial modifications in morphological modelingin Prolexbase in its early development stages. This allowed for its later application to Polishwith very few adaptations of the existing model. Other researchers also stress the advantages ofNLP studies on highly inflected languages since their morphology encodes much more syntacticinformation than is the case e.g. in English.In this dissertation I am also supposed to demonstrate my ability of playing an active rolein shaping the scientific landscape, on a local, national and international scale. I describemy: (i) various scientific collaborations and supervision activities, (ii) roles in over 10 regional,national and international projects, (iii) responsibilities in collective bodies such as program andorganizing committees of conferences and workshops, PhD juries, and the National UniversityCouncil (CNU), (iv) activity as an evaluator and a reviewer of European collaborative projects.The issues addressed in this dissertation open interesting scientific perspectives, in whicha special impact is put on links among various domains and communities. These perspectivesinclude: (i) integrating fine-grained language data into the linked open data, (ii) deep parsingof multi-word expressions, (iii) modeling multi-word expression identification in a treebank as atree-to-language correction problem, and (iv) a taxonomy and an experimental benchmark fortree-to-language correction approaches.

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    Other literature type . 2014
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      Hal-Diderot
      Other literature type . 2014
      Data sources: Hal-Diderot
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    Authors: Simonnot, Josephine;

    La plateforme web en ligne pour les archives sonores du CNRS-Musée de l’Homme permet d’accéder à des enregistrements musicaux du monde entier, publiés (disques) et inédit, collectés depuis les années 1900 jusqu’à nos jours. Nous présentons d’abord ces archives sonores gérées par le Centre de recherche en ethnomusicologie. Nous expliquons ensuite leur entrée dans le nouvel écosystème du Web ainsi que leur ouverture à un large public grâce à des outils d’analyse et de visualisation du son. Enfin, nous étudions comment une base de données d’archives sonores peut devenir un outil de collaboration pour produire et la diffuser des connaissances. The online web-based platform for the French CNRS-Musée de l'Homme sound archives offers access to published and unpublished recordings of music from all over the world, collected from the 1900's through the present day. We first introduce these sound archives managed by the Research Centre for Ethnomusicology. We then explain their entry in the new web ecosystem as well as their availability to a broad audience through a suite of tools for analysis and visualization. Finally, we study how a sound archive database can become a collaborative tool for the production and dissemination of knowledge.

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    Authors: Valais, Alain; Mortreau, M.; NAULEAU, Jean-François; Robin, Boris;

    La ferme du Panveau à Aron a été découverte au cours d’un diagnostic mené sur le contournement de la ville de Mayenne à un peu plus de deux kilomètres au nord du rempart de l’oppidum du Mesnil à Moulay mis en évidence dans le cadre de cette même opération. Cet habitat enclos occupé durant La Tène moyenne et La Tène finale montre une évolution dans les gabarits de fossés qui l’entourent. De nombreux bâtiments dont un exemplaire à tranchées de fondation de près de 80 mètres carrés y ont été fouillés. The Panveau farm in Aron was discovered during an archaeological evaluation prior to the construction of the Mayenne town bypass. It is located about 2 km north of the ramparts of the Mesnil Moulay oppidum which was also discovered during the same investigation. The size of the ditches enclosing this settlement dating from the middle and late La Tène period evolve during its occupation and several buildings including an 80 mètres carrés construction with foundation trenches were brought to light Das latènezeitliche Gehöft von Panveau bei Aron (Mayenne) liegt rund 2 km nördlich des Befestigungswalles des oppidums von Mesnil bei Moulay. Es wurde bei einer Baggerprospektion entdeckt, die anlässlich des beabsichtigten Baues einer Ortsumgehung von Mayenne durchgeführt wurde. Dieses eingehegte Gehöft der Mittel- und Spätlatènezeit zeigt eine Entwicklung bezüglich der Ausmaße der Grabenanlagen, die es umgeben. Mehrere Gebäude, darunter eines mit Fundamentgräbchen und einer Grundfläche von beinahe 80 m², wurden freigelegt. La granja de Panveau en Aron fue descubierta durante un diagnostico arqueológico que se hizo para desviar la ciudad de Mayenne, en un poco más de 2 kilómetros al norte de la pared del oppidum de Mesnil en el pueblo de Moulay encontrado dentro del marco de la misma operación. Este hábitat cerrado ocupado durante la mitad y el final de La Tène muestra una evolución de los tamaños de las zanjas que lo rodean. Muchos edificios, incluyendo uno constituido de zanjas de cimentación que alcanzan hasta 80 m2, se han destacado.

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    OpenEdition
    Article . 2015
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    Authors: d'Huy, Julien;

    International audience; Lexicometric software is applied to a test corpus of tale-type ATU 1137 as a pilot study to assess whether such software can be used for the identification of traditional motifs. Rather than a tool for identifying motifs, the pilot study revealed a new way of looking at tales, viewing them in terms of semantic networks.

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    Authors: Le Lay, Maëline;

    Cet article portant sur les circulations littéraires et spectaculaires dans l'Afrique des Grands Lacs commence par retracer l'histoire de ces pratiques à travers quelques exemples issus de la période coloniale. Il s'attache ensuite à analyser les modalités contemporaines de circulations des textes (via des procédés tels que la reprise de motifs narratifs et l'adaptation) et de circulation des acteurs culturels dans les différents réseaux transfrontaliers de création artistique plus ou moins liés au secteur humanitaire ou à la coopération internationale. Il s'achève en proposant un questionnement critique sur le concept de circulation artistique. This article on literary and theatrical circulations in Africa's Great Lakes region begins by retracing the history of these practices, taking several examples from the colonial period. It then analyzes contemporary modalities of the circulation of texts (via procedures such as reprising narrative patterns and adaptation), and cultural actors, in the different transnational arts networks that are more or less closely tied to the humanitarian sector, or to international cooperation. Finally, it proposes a critical questioning of the concept of artistic circulation.

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2016
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    Purdue E-Scholar
    Other literature type . 2016
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    Authors: Waksman, S.Y.; Carytsiotis, Marie-Myriam;

    International audience; The Türbe excavations provided information about the Byzantine and Turkish periods of Ephesos / Ayasuluk. Chemical analyses confirm the presence of several categories of ceramic imports belonging to the main "middle Byzantine production" that were widespread in the Mediterranean and date back to the 12th and 13th centuries. Ephesos is part of the distribution area of this production, together with several other Western Anatolian sites such as Pergamon and the nearby castle of Anaia/Kadikalesi, where it is present in significant quantities. Pottery was also manufactured in Anaia. It was diffused not only at a regional level, as shown here through examples found in Ephesos, but also reached the Crusader states as seen by its noticeable presence in Saint-Jean-d'Acre.Ceramic production in Ephesos is documented in the Türbe excavations through the discovery of rubefied layers, kiln furniture and wasters (Parrer, this volume). Several local groups, showing different chemical features, were identified thanks to local reference samples. These groups do not differ from those previously defined in a preliminary study of the Artemision material. The present study complements the previous chemical characterization and further illustrates the local manufacture of various types of table wares, from coarsely potted plain glazed to more "sophisticated" ceramics of "Islamic" types (turquoise glazed and molded wares). The latter would correspond to the introduction in the local repertoire of new stylistic and technological traditions, a phenomenon which would have occurred at the Beylik period in other Western Anatolian sites as well, such as Milet and Sardis. In Ephesos, the association of turquoise glaze or molded decoration with low-calcareous pastes, instead of calcareous ones, suggests an adaptation of the initial pottery traditions, as may be observed for example in Syria.The high degree of fragmentation of the sherds in the Türbe excavations on the one hand, and the fluvial disturbances of the stratigraphy on the other hand, made it difficult to reconstruct the typo-chronological features of the local repertoire. Some connections could be made with the better preserved material from the Artemision, but were limited within our sampling. It is hoped that further sampling and analyses of ceramics coming from other excavations in Ephesos / Ayasuluk (Tribune, Isa Bey Hammam, etc...) will make it possible for us to give further insight into these questions.

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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2015
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    Authors: Müller, Anna-Lisa;

    Part of topic : Ambiance as heritage of the future; International audience; I analyse how the specific spatial-material structure in combination with a certain local culture accounts for European port cities’ characteristic ambiances. I show how port cities’ historic material structure helps to preserve their maritime ambiance as cultural heritage for the future. Using two case studies from urban planning projects in Dublin (Ireland) and Gothenburg (Sweden), I show how European port cities’ ambiances do not only stem from the cities’ characteristic historic design, but are also used as heritage for the cities’ future.

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    Authors: Leplongeon, Alice;

    During the Nubia Salvage Campaign and the subsequent expeditions from the 1960's to the 1980's, numerous sites attributed to the Late Palaeolithic (~25-15 ka) were found in the Nile Valley, particularly in Nubia and Upper Egypt. This region is one of the few to have allowed human occupations during the dry Marine Isotope Stage 2 and is therefore key to understanding how human populations adapted to environmental changes at this time. This paper focuses on two sites located in Upper Egypt, excavated by the Combined Prehistoric Expedition: E71K18, attributed to the Afian industry and E71K20, attributed to the Silsilian industry. It aims to review the geomorphological and chronological evidence of the sites, present a technological analysis of the lithic assemblages in order to provide data that can be used in detailed comparative studies, which will allow discussion of technological variability in the Late Palaeolithic of the Nile Valley and its place within the regional context. The lithic analysis relies on the chaîne opératoire concept combined with an attribute analysis to allow quantification. This study (1) casts doubts on the chronology of E71K18 and related Afian industry, which could be older or younger than previously suggested, highlights (2) distinct technological characteristics for the Afian and the Silsilian, as well as (3) similar technological characteristics which allow to group them under a same broad techno-cultural complex, distinct from those north or south of the area. ispartof: PLOS ONE vol:12 issue:12 ispartof: location:United States status: published

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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    Lirias
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: Lirias
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    PLoS ONE
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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    Authors: Devogelaere, Jonathan;

    International audience; Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, with lead also added. Hellenistic and Roman bronze objects have a variable percentage of metals, and because of this the colour of the alloy will differ depending on the proportions. The colour of the alloy can be maintained by polishing, but it is also possible to give a patina to the surface of bronze using a reagent. Other metals and alloys (copper, silver, gold, Corinthian bronze) can be inlaid by damascening, or by plating to create polychrome decorations. Unfortunately, copper alloy materials recovered from archaeological sites suffer from the effects of time and deposition, which may lead to corrosion and discolouring of the surface, often appearing green or brown. Archaeological bronzes also may suffer from overly aggressive restorations which scour original surfaces or cover them with a layer of paint imitating green corrosion. The collection of swatches I created gathers the spectrum of colours of antique bronzes, and allows for a restoration the original colours of the objects of my study: Greco-Roman bronze furniture. This study combines the processes of the lost wax method and the addition of polychrome bronze surfaces (patina, inlay and gilding). Some platelet samples from this collection of swatches have also been analysed to determine their elemental composition and their patina, so as to compare them to archaeological materials. Initial results suggest that the colours of bronze luxury furniture vary greatly, and that the spectrum of colours is a product of bronze alloy composition, and of the techniques used in finishing the surface, either polishing or patina application.

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    EXARC Journal
    Article . 2017
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    Authors: Daems, Joke; Chambers, Sally; Verbruggen, Christophe; Zere, Tecle;

    International audience; The digital text platform is part of the Flemish contribution to DARIAH Belgium (DARIAH = Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities). The goal is to create a platform for the collaborative management and discovery of digitised textual collections that allows digital humanities researchers to prepare their corpora (consisting of, for example, digitised newspapers and books) for textual analysis. The platform will enable researchers to browse and search the digitised collections compiled, cleaned, enriched and managed by the researchers themselves. Once the relevant research sub-corpus has been compiled, data export tools, using standardised open formats (such as XML, JSON, .csv, .txt, etc.) will enable researchers to export sub-corpus for analysis with existing digital text analysis tools such as MALLET, (http://mallet.cs.umass.edu/topics.php) for topic modelling, VOYANT (http://voyant-tools.org) for data visualisation or AntConC (http://www.laurenceanthony.net/software/antconc/) for concordance and textual analysis.The platform has been conceived as part of a larger and modular virtual research environment service infrastructure (http://www.ghentcdh.ugent.be/projects/dariah-vl_vre.si). In a previous phase, possible frameworks and content management systems were tested, notably Islandora (a digital asset management system based on Fedora Commons and Drupal), but also Mediawiki and Omeka.One of the main challenges of the envisaged new platform is the possibility to integrate a wider variety of possible textual data streams (including a scan workflow). In addition, user-friendliness, scalability, adherence to standards and facilitating the interoperability of data are key issues to be addressed. The platform will build on the existing IIIF format, the International Image Interoperability Framework. This format is used by some of the most important libraries and cultural heritage institutions in the world, therefore providing access to enormous collections of digital objects. As the name suggests, IIIF is mainly focused on displaying and annotating images. However, we fully endorse the IIIF-community’s vision to develop an overarching interoperability framework for other data types, including all kinds of textual data. Benefits of the format include the interoperability, the ease of sharing images and annotations without the need to exchange files, and its support for multilingual data. In the months leading up to the conference, we will evaluate the existing IIIFpowered digital libraries and research projects and how they deal with practices of co-creation, data cleaning and enrichment of (structural) metadata. OCR improvement will become vital, as digital textual analysis can only be performed well on high-quality textual data. A related challenge will be combining the various input formats and converting them to different output formats required for analysis. In our poster, we will present a summary of our experiences with and technical assessment of our previous Islandora installation, in addition to our survey of the existing corpus management solutions. As a way of conclusion, we will introduce the envisioned new version of the platform.

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    Other literature type . 2017
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Savary, Agata;

    In my habilitation dissertation, meant to validate my capacity of and maturity for directingresearch activities, I present a panorama of several topics in computational linguistics, linguisticsand computer science.Over the past decade, I was notably concerned with the phenomena of compositionalityand variability of linguistic objects. I illustrate the advantages of a compositional approachto the language in the domain of emotion detection and I explain how some linguistic objects,most prominently multi-word expressions, defy the compositionality principles. I demonstratethat the complex properties of MWEs, notably variability, are partially regular and partiallyidiosyncratic. This fact places the MWEs on the frontiers between different levels of linguisticprocessing, such as lexicon and syntax.I show the highly heterogeneous nature of MWEs by citing their two existing taxonomies.After an extensive state-of-the art study of MWE description and processing, I summarizeMultiflex, a formalism and a tool for lexical high-quality morphosyntactic description of MWUs.It uses a graph-based approach in which the inflection of a MWU is expressed in function ofthe morphology of its components, and of morphosyntactic transformation patterns. Due tounification the inflection paradigms are represented compactly. Orthographic, inflectional andsyntactic variants are treated within the same framework. The proposal is multilingual: it hasbeen tested on six European languages of three different origins (Germanic, Romance and Slavic),I believe that many others can also be successfully covered. Multiflex proves interoperable. Itadapts to different morphological language models, token boundary definitions, and underlyingmodules for the morphology of single words. It has been applied to the creation and enrichmentof linguistic resources, as well as to morphosyntactic analysis and generation. It can be integratedinto other NLP applications requiring the conflation of different surface realizations of the sameconcept.Another chapter of my activity concerns named entities, most of which are particular types ofMWEs. Their rich semantic load turned them into a hot topic in the NLP community, which isdocumented in my state-of-the art survey. I present the main assumptions, processes and resultsissued from large annotation tasks at two levels (for named entities and for coreference), parts ofthe National Corpus of Polish construction. I have also contributed to the development of bothrule-based and probabilistic named entity recognition tools, and to an automated enrichment ofProlexbase, a large multilingual database of proper names, from open sources.With respect to multi-word expressions, named entities and coreference mentions, I pay aspecial attention to nested structures. This problem sheds new light on the treatment of complexlinguistic units in NLP. When these units start being modeled as trees (or, more generally, asacyclic graphs) rather than as flat sequences of tokens, long-distance dependencies, discontinu-ities, overlapping and other frequent linguistic properties become easier to represent. This callsfor more complex processing methods which control larger contexts than what usually happensin sequential processing. Thus, both named entity recognition and coreference resolution comesvery close to parsing, and named entities or mentions with their nested structures are analogous3to multi-word expressions with embedded complements.My parallel activity concerns finite-state methods for natural language and XML processing.My main contribution in this field, co-authored with 2 colleagues, is the first full-fledged methodfor tree-to-language correction, and more precisely for correcting XML documents with respectto a DTD. We have also produced interesting results in incremental finite-state algorithmics,particularly relevant to data evolution contexts such as dynamic vocabularies or user updates.Multilingualism is the leitmotif of my research. I have applied my methods to several naturallanguages, most importantly to Polish, Serbian, English and French. I have been among theinitiators of a highly multilingual European scientific network dedicated to parsing and multi-word expressions. I have used multilingual linguistic data in experimental studies. I believethat it is particularly worthwhile to design NLP solutions taking declension-rich (e.g. Slavic)languages into account, since this leads to more universal solutions, at least as far as nominalconstructions (MWUs, NEs, mentions) are concerned. For instance, when Multiflex had beendeveloped with Polish in mind it could be applied as such to French, English, Serbian and Greek.Also, a French-Serbian collaboration led to substantial modifications in morphological modelingin Prolexbase in its early development stages. This allowed for its later application to Polishwith very few adaptations of the existing model. Other researchers also stress the advantages ofNLP studies on highly inflected languages since their morphology encodes much more syntacticinformation than is the case e.g. in English.In this dissertation I am also supposed to demonstrate my ability of playing an active rolein shaping the scientific landscape, on a local, national and international scale. I describemy: (i) various scientific collaborations and supervision activities, (ii) roles in over 10 regional,national and international projects, (iii) responsibilities in collective bodies such as program andorganizing committees of conferences and workshops, PhD juries, and the National UniversityCouncil (CNU), (iv) activity as an evaluator and a reviewer of European collaborative projects.The issues addressed in this dissertation open interesting scientific perspectives, in whicha special impact is put on links among various domains and communities. These perspectivesinclude: (i) integrating fine-grained language data into the linked open data, (ii) deep parsingof multi-word expressions, (iii) modeling multi-word expression identification in a treebank as atree-to-language correction problem, and (iv) a taxonomy and an experimental benchmark fortree-to-language correction approaches.

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    Authors: Simonnot, Josephine;

    La plateforme web en ligne pour les archives sonores du CNRS-Musée de l’Homme permet d’accéder à des enregistrements musicaux du monde entier, publiés (disques) et inédit, collectés depuis les années 1900 jusqu’à nos jours. Nous présentons d’abord ces archives sonores gérées par le Centre de recherche en ethnomusicologie. Nous expliquons ensuite leur entrée dans le nouvel écosystème du Web ainsi que leur ouverture à un large public grâce à des outils d’analyse et de visualisation du son. Enfin, nous étudions comment une base de données d’archives sonores peut devenir un outil de collaboration pour produire et la diffuser des connaissances. The online web-based platform for the French CNRS-Musée de l'Homme sound archives offers access to published and unpublished recordings of music from all over the world, collected from the 1900's through the present day. We first introduce these sound archives managed by the Research Centre for Ethnomusicology. We then explain their entry in the new web ecosystem as well as their availability to a broad audience through a suite of tools for analysis and visualization. Finally, we study how a sound archive database can become a collaborative tool for the production and dissemination of knowledge.

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    Authors: Valais, Alain; Mortreau, M.; NAULEAU, Jean-François; Robin, Boris;

    La ferme du Panveau à Aron a été découverte au cours d’un diagnostic mené sur le contournement de la ville de Mayenne à un peu plus de deux kilomètres au nord du rempart de l’oppidum du Mesnil à Moulay mis en évidence dans le cadre de cette même opération. Cet habitat enclos occupé durant La Tène moyenne et La Tène finale montre une évolution dans les gabarits de fossés qui l’entourent. De nombreux bâtiments dont un exemplaire à tranchées de fondation de près de 80 mètres carrés y ont été fouillés. The Panveau farm in Aron was discovered during an archaeological evaluation prior to the construction of the Mayenne town bypass. It is located about 2 km north of the ramparts of the Mesnil Moulay oppidum which was also discovered during the same investigation. The size of the ditches enclosing this settlement dating from the middle and late La Tène period evolve during its occupation and several buildings including an 80 mètres carrés construction with foundation trenches were brought to light Das latènezeitliche Gehöft von Panveau bei Aron (Mayenne) liegt rund 2 km nördlich des Befestigungswalles des oppidums von Mesnil bei Moulay. Es wurde bei einer Baggerprospektion entdeckt, die anlässlich des beabsichtigten Baues einer Ortsumgehung von Mayenne durchgeführt wurde. Dieses eingehegte Gehöft der Mittel- und Spätlatènezeit zeigt eine Entwicklung bezüglich der Ausmaße der Grabenanlagen, die es umgeben. Mehrere Gebäude, darunter eines mit Fundamentgräbchen und einer Grundfläche von beinahe 80 m², wurden freigelegt. La granja de Panveau en Aron fue descubierta durante un diagnostico arqueológico que se hizo para desviar la ciudad de Mayenne, en un poco más de 2 kilómetros al norte de la pared del oppidum de Mesnil en el pueblo de Moulay encontrado dentro del marco de la misma operación. Este hábitat cerrado ocupado durante la mitad y el final de La Tène muestra una evolución de los tamaños de las zanjas que lo rodean. Muchos edificios, incluyendo uno constituido de zanjas de cimentación que alcanzan hasta 80 m2, se han destacado.

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    Authors: d'Huy, Julien;

    International audience; Lexicometric software is applied to a test corpus of tale-type ATU 1137 as a pilot study to assess whether such software can be used for the identification of traditional motifs. Rather than a tool for identifying motifs, the pilot study revealed a new way of looking at tales, viewing them in terms of semantic networks.

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    Authors: Le Lay, Maëline;

    Cet article portant sur les circulations littéraires et spectaculaires dans l'Afrique des Grands Lacs commence par retracer l'histoire de ces pratiques à travers quelques exemples issus de la période coloniale. Il s'attache ensuite à analyser les modalités contemporaines de circulations des textes (via des procédés tels que la reprise de motifs narratifs et l'adaptation) et de circulation des acteurs culturels dans les différents réseaux transfrontaliers de création artistique plus ou moins liés au secteur humanitaire ou à la coopération internationale. Il s'achève en proposant un questionnement critique sur le concept de circulation artistique. This article on literary and theatrical circulations in Africa's Great Lakes region begins by retracing the history of these practices, taking several examples from the colonial period. It then analyzes contemporary modalities of the circulation of texts (via procedures such as reprising narrative patterns and adaptation), and cultural actors, in the different transnational arts networks that are more or less closely tied to the humanitarian sector, or to international cooperation. Finally, it proposes a critical questioning of the concept of artistic circulation.

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    Other literature type . 2016
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    Authors: Waksman, S.Y.; Carytsiotis, Marie-Myriam;

    International audience; The Türbe excavations provided information about the Byzantine and Turkish periods of Ephesos / Ayasuluk. Chemical analyses confirm the presence of several categories of ceramic imports belonging to the main "middle Byzantine production" that were widespread in the Mediterranean and date back to the 12th and 13th centuries. Ephesos is part of the distribution area of this production, together with several other Western Anatolian sites such as Pergamon and the nearby castle of Anaia/Kadikalesi, where it is present in significant quantities. Pottery was also manufactured in Anaia. It was diffused not only at a regional level, as shown here through examples found in Ephesos, but also reached the Crusader states as seen by its noticeable presence in Saint-Jean-d'Acre.Ceramic production in Ephesos is documented in the Türbe excavations through the discovery of rubefied layers, kiln furniture and wasters (Parrer, this volume). Several local groups, showing different chemical features, were identified thanks to local reference samples. These groups do not differ from those previously defined in a preliminary study of the Artemision material. The present study complements the previous chemical characterization and further illustrates the local manufacture of various types of table wares, from coarsely potted plain glazed to more "sophisticated" ceramics of "Islamic" types (turquoise glazed and molded wares). The latter would correspond to the introduction in the local repertoire of new stylistic and technological traditions, a phenomenon which would have occurred at the Beylik period in other Western Anatolian sites as well, such as Milet and Sardis. In Ephesos, the association of turquoise glaze or molded decoration with low-calcareous pastes, instead of calcareous ones, suggests an adaptation of the initial pottery traditions, as may be observed for example in Syria.The high degree of fragmentation of the sherds in the Türbe excavations on the one hand, and the fluvial disturbances of the stratigraphy on the other hand, made it difficult to reconstruct the typo-chronological features of the local repertoire. Some connections could be made with the better preserved material from the Artemision, but were limited within our sampling. It is hoped that further sampling and analyses of ceramics coming from other excavations in Ephesos / Ayasuluk (Tribune, Isa Bey Hammam, etc...) will make it possible for us to give further insight into these questions.

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    Other literature type . 2015