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1,627 Research products, page 1 of 163

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • Part of book or chapter of book
  • FR
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  • Mémoires en Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société

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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    English
    Authors: 
    Zhang Yinde;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Laurence Danlos; Philippe de Groote; Sylvain Pogodalla;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | Polymnie (ANR-12-CORD-0004)

    International audience; Neg-Raising (NR) verbs form a class of verbs with a clausal complement that show the following behavior: when a negation syntactically attaches to the matrix predicate, it can semantically attach to the embedded predicate. This paper presents an account of NR predicates within Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG). We propose a lexical semantic interpretation that heavily relies on a Montague-like semantics for TAG and on higher-order types.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Roland Nespoulet; Laurent Chiotti; Dominique Henry-Gambier;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Corrado Neri;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The last phase of the nineteenth-century China was in a state of dramatic political instability, caused both by foreign aggression and internal troubles. The fall of the Qing dynasty seemed more and more likely, and the presence of the foreign (people, goods, ideas) on the imperial soil aroused confl icting reactions: shame and pride, the desire to emulate and the desire to rekindle "traditional" culture(s), as well as the evidence of the necessity of rapid modernization, at least in the technical fi eld. Stretched between these overlapping poles, cinema as a technical development and as a new form of entertainment appeared very quickly as a formidable way to get to know the West, as well as a medium to be appropriated by local standards. Early movies made by the Lumière Company were travelling to China, and it was easy to understand the clamor made by the depiction of contemporary Europe. La sortie des usines Lumière à Lyon (August and Louis Lumière, 1895), for example, is a manifestation of a scientifi c accomplishment of the West (a movie) and at the same time is showing where this new object was made (the camera factory): spectators could see men and women coming out of a modern (soon to be Fordist) industry, some of them riding bicycles. In The Last Emperor (1987) Bertolucci poetizes the seduction of the newly imported (foreign) innovation of locomotion. Audiences could be in awe of the epitome of the industrialization of Europe via an astonishing product of this progress, the movie projector. This scientifi c curiosity is displayed as an attraction: movies are shown in theatres, tea houses, expositions, and slowly contribute to the shaping of the fast-growing eastern metropolis via the building of ad hoc modern cinema theatres. The local public showed a desire to appropriate the representational device, linking it to the shadow puppetry that they used to appreciate. The debate is still ongoing to clarify how much the cultural appreciation of puppet theatre has been a source of inspiration for the adoption of the term yingxi fi rst, and dianying later. The former merges the "shadow (ying)" with the "spectacle (xi)," and the latter is a word that conjures ideas of electricity (therefore modernity) and the theatrical/traditional visual apparatus. As Emi-lie Yueh-yu Yeh states, the fi rst fi lm magazine used the title The Motion Picture Review ; 1 yet, in an article published in the very same review, she cautions readers in remembering that "Central to these dominant historiographical discourses lies the yingxi concept and its literal English translation 'shadow play.' " Scholars of Chinese fi lm history, in both China and the West, have adopted the ideas of yingxi and its translated twin "shadow play" to frame the reception of cinema in late 15 MASTERPIECES OF EARLY CINEMA Corrado Neri 15031-1823d-1Pass-r03.indd 205

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wei Wang; Romaric Besançon; Olivier Ferret; Brigitte Grau;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Most research in Information Extraction concentrates on the extraction of relations from texts but less work has been done about their organization after their extraction. We present in this article a multi-level clustering method to group semantically equivalent relations: a first step groups relation instances with similar expressions to form clusters with high precision; a second step groups these initial clusters into larger semantic clusters using more complex semantic similarities. Experiments demonstrate that our multi-level clustering not only improves the scalability of the method but also improves clustering results by exploiting redundancy in each initial cluster.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Israël-César Lerman; Philippe Peter;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Mathematical representation of complex data knowledge is one of the most important problems in Classification and Data Mining. In this contribution we present an original and very general formalization of various types of knowledge. The specific data are endowed with biological descriptions of phlebotomine sandfly species. Relative to a descriptive categorical variable, subsets of categories values have to be distinguished. On the other hand, hierarchical dependencies between the descriptive variables, associated with the mother ! daughter relation, have to be taken into account. Additionally, an ordinal similarity function on the modality set of each categorical variable. The knowledge description is formalized by means of a new type of descriptor that we call “Taxonomic preordonance variable with multiple choice”. Probabilistic similarity index between concepts described by such variables can be built.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Abdelghani Laifa; Laurent Gautier; Christophe Cruz;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The present work aims to develop a text summarisation system for financial texts with a focus on the fluidity of the target language. Linguistic analysis shows that the process of writing summaries should take into account not only terminological and collocational extraction, but also a range of linguistic material referred to here as the "support lexicon", that plays an important role in the cognitive organisation of the field. On this basis, this paper highlights the relevance of pre-training the CamemBERT model on a French financial dataset to extend its domainspecific vocabulary and fine-tuning it on extractive summarisation. We then evaluate the impact of textual data augmentation, improving the performance of our extractive text summarisation model by up to 6%-11%.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dudek, Iwona; Blaise, Jean-Yves;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Section one presents a method of analysis developed over the years in order to model and visualise the evolution of architectural objects. The method combines a systematic description of transformations, qualification and classification of references, and visualisation tools that support reasoning tasks inside an object’s lifeline, and across the whole collection of objects. In this section some fundamental epistemological issues will be discussed (diachronic bias, intersubjectivity, historical criticism, etc.). Details will be given on the choices we made in order to describe architectural transformations and to cope with classic uncertainty problems (trustworthiness, precision, credibility, etc.). Section one is concluded by a chapter presenting the set of time-oriented data visualisations designed for section two of the catalogue, and by an overview of that catalogue’s general layout. Rozdział pierwszy porusza podstawowe zagadnienia epistemologiczne związane z analizą ewolucji obiektów architektonicznych (analiza diachroniczna, intersubiektywność, krytyka historyczna, ...) i przedstawia opracowaną przez nas metodę. Poruszamy tu między innymi problem zróżnicowanej precyzji i wiarygodności danych historycznych, klasyfikację transformacji jakim podlegają obiekty architektoniczne, czy rolę wizualizacji w procesach analizy danych historycznych.

  • English
    Authors: 
    François Kirbihler;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2012
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mélanie Jouitteau;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Breton tensed verbs show a synthetic/analytic alternation (I.know vs. to.know I.do), that is not conditioned by their semantic or aspectual structure but by their syntactic environment, namely word order. Such a paradigm of verb-doubling poses a strong case against iconicity, because knowing where a verb can double requires full information about the entire derivation of the sentence. The sentence is correct if and only if the tensed element is not at the left edge of the sentence. The infinitive form of the analytic construction prevents the tensed element from occurring in the most left-edge position. This paper proposes that the analytic structure (to.know I.do) responds to the same trigger as expletive insertion (expl I.know). I claim that analytic tense formation is a last resort strategy that forms the equivalent of an expletive by excorporation of the verbal root out of the tensed complex head. The excorporated lexical verb appears fronted as an infinitive form by default. The tensed auxiliary is either realized as a dummy 'do' auxiliary (to.know I.do), or, for an idiosyncratic list of verbs, as the tensed reiteration of the excorporated verb itself (do.ubling; to.know I.know).

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
1,627 Research products, page 1 of 163
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    English
    Authors: 
    Zhang Yinde;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Laurence Danlos; Philippe de Groote; Sylvain Pogodalla;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | Polymnie (ANR-12-CORD-0004)

    International audience; Neg-Raising (NR) verbs form a class of verbs with a clausal complement that show the following behavior: when a negation syntactically attaches to the matrix predicate, it can semantically attach to the embedded predicate. This paper presents an account of NR predicates within Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG). We propose a lexical semantic interpretation that heavily relies on a Montague-like semantics for TAG and on higher-order types.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Roland Nespoulet; Laurent Chiotti; Dominique Henry-Gambier;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Corrado Neri;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The last phase of the nineteenth-century China was in a state of dramatic political instability, caused both by foreign aggression and internal troubles. The fall of the Qing dynasty seemed more and more likely, and the presence of the foreign (people, goods, ideas) on the imperial soil aroused confl icting reactions: shame and pride, the desire to emulate and the desire to rekindle "traditional" culture(s), as well as the evidence of the necessity of rapid modernization, at least in the technical fi eld. Stretched between these overlapping poles, cinema as a technical development and as a new form of entertainment appeared very quickly as a formidable way to get to know the West, as well as a medium to be appropriated by local standards. Early movies made by the Lumière Company were travelling to China, and it was easy to understand the clamor made by the depiction of contemporary Europe. La sortie des usines Lumière à Lyon (August and Louis Lumière, 1895), for example, is a manifestation of a scientifi c accomplishment of the West (a movie) and at the same time is showing where this new object was made (the camera factory): spectators could see men and women coming out of a modern (soon to be Fordist) industry, some of them riding bicycles. In The Last Emperor (1987) Bertolucci poetizes the seduction of the newly imported (foreign) innovation of locomotion. Audiences could be in awe of the epitome of the industrialization of Europe via an astonishing product of this progress, the movie projector. This scientifi c curiosity is displayed as an attraction: movies are shown in theatres, tea houses, expositions, and slowly contribute to the shaping of the fast-growing eastern metropolis via the building of ad hoc modern cinema theatres. The local public showed a desire to appropriate the representational device, linking it to the shadow puppetry that they used to appreciate. The debate is still ongoing to clarify how much the cultural appreciation of puppet theatre has been a source of inspiration for the adoption of the term yingxi fi rst, and dianying later. The former merges the "shadow (ying)" with the "spectacle (xi)," and the latter is a word that conjures ideas of electricity (therefore modernity) and the theatrical/traditional visual apparatus. As Emi-lie Yueh-yu Yeh states, the fi rst fi lm magazine used the title The Motion Picture Review ; 1 yet, in an article published in the very same review, she cautions readers in remembering that "Central to these dominant historiographical discourses lies the yingxi concept and its literal English translation 'shadow play.' " Scholars of Chinese fi lm history, in both China and the West, have adopted the ideas of yingxi and its translated twin "shadow play" to frame the reception of cinema in late 15 MASTERPIECES OF EARLY CINEMA Corrado Neri 15031-1823d-1Pass-r03.indd 205

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wei Wang; Romaric Besançon; Olivier Ferret; Brigitte Grau;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Most research in Information Extraction concentrates on the extraction of relations from texts but less work has been done about their organization after their extraction. We present in this article a multi-level clustering method to group semantically equivalent relations: a first step groups relation instances with similar expressions to form clusters with high precision; a second step groups these initial clusters into larger semantic clusters using more complex semantic similarities. Experiments demonstrate that our multi-level clustering not only improves the scalability of the method but also improves clustering results by exploiting redundancy in each initial cluster.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Israël-César Lerman; Philippe Peter;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Mathematical representation of complex data knowledge is one of the most important problems in Classification and Data Mining. In this contribution we present an original and very general formalization of various types of knowledge. The specific data are endowed with biological descriptions of phlebotomine sandfly species. Relative to a descriptive categorical variable, subsets of categories values have to be distinguished. On the other hand, hierarchical dependencies between the descriptive variables, associated with the mother ! daughter relation, have to be taken into account. Additionally, an ordinal similarity function on the modality set of each categorical variable. The knowledge description is formalized by means of a new type of descriptor that we call “Taxonomic preordonance variable with multiple choice”. Probabilistic similarity index between concepts described by such variables can be built.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Abdelghani Laifa; Laurent Gautier; Christophe Cruz;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The present work aims to develop a text summarisation system for financial texts with a focus on the fluidity of the target language. Linguistic analysis shows that the process of writing summaries should take into account not only terminological and collocational extraction, but also a range of linguistic material referred to here as the "support lexicon", that plays an important role in the cognitive organisation of the field. On this basis, this paper highlights the relevance of pre-training the CamemBERT model on a French financial dataset to extend its domainspecific vocabulary and fine-tuning it on extractive summarisation. We then evaluate the impact of textual data augmentation, improving the performance of our extractive text summarisation model by up to 6%-11%.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dudek, Iwona; Blaise, Jean-Yves;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Section one presents a method of analysis developed over the years in order to model and visualise the evolution of architectural objects. The method combines a systematic description of transformations, qualification and classification of references, and visualisation tools that support reasoning tasks inside an object’s lifeline, and across the whole collection of objects. In this section some fundamental epistemological issues will be discussed (diachronic bias, intersubjectivity, historical criticism, etc.). Details will be given on the choices we made in order to describe architectural transformations and to cope with classic uncertainty problems (trustworthiness, precision, credibility, etc.). Section one is concluded by a chapter presenting the set of time-oriented data visualisations designed for section two of the catalogue, and by an overview of that catalogue’s general layout. Rozdział pierwszy porusza podstawowe zagadnienia epistemologiczne związane z analizą ewolucji obiektów architektonicznych (analiza diachroniczna, intersubiektywność, krytyka historyczna, ...) i przedstawia opracowaną przez nas metodę. Poruszamy tu między innymi problem zróżnicowanej precyzji i wiarygodności danych historycznych, klasyfikację transformacji jakim podlegają obiekty architektoniczne, czy rolę wizualizacji w procesach analizy danych historycznych.

  • English
    Authors: 
    François Kirbihler;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2012
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mélanie Jouitteau;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Breton tensed verbs show a synthetic/analytic alternation (I.know vs. to.know I.do), that is not conditioned by their semantic or aspectual structure but by their syntactic environment, namely word order. Such a paradigm of verb-doubling poses a strong case against iconicity, because knowing where a verb can double requires full information about the entire derivation of the sentence. The sentence is correct if and only if the tensed element is not at the left edge of the sentence. The infinitive form of the analytic construction prevents the tensed element from occurring in the most left-edge position. This paper proposes that the analytic structure (to.know I.do) responds to the same trigger as expletive insertion (expl I.know). I claim that analytic tense formation is a last resort strategy that forms the equivalent of an expletive by excorporation of the verbal root out of the tensed complex head. The excorporated lexical verb appears fronted as an infinitive form by default. The tensed auxiliary is either realized as a dummy 'do' auxiliary (to.know I.do), or, for an idiosyncratic list of verbs, as the tensed reiteration of the excorporated verb itself (do.ubling; to.know I.know).