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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
16 Research products, page 1 of 2

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • 2017-2021
  • Hal-Diderot
  • Hyper Article en Ligne
  • Gallia préhistoire

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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    English
    Authors: 
    Huet Thomas;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; As with geography, ceramic decorations are essentially spatial organisations of features. Therefore, they should be analysed with spatial indexes. But spatial analyses, at the shard or the complete ceramic scale, are often difficult to set up, mostly because of the contiguity of graphical features.This paper presents a new method to record and analyse ceramic decoration. We use graph theory, with a GIS interface and Python programming, to analyse ceramic decoration in a bottom-up process. A priori definitions are minimal and only concern elementary units (morphological, graphical and plastic) which compose the ceramic.The studied corpus is composed of ceramic decorations belonging to the Mailhac I facies (Late Bronze Age), characterised by complex figurative compositions. Each decoration — complete or fragmented — is considered as a spatialized network (i.e. geometric graph). Graph theory provides tools to record and measure proximities between units and normalised indexes to compare different decorations, whatever their completeness. The GIS offers a graphic interface and ensures the correctness of spatial relationships between these units. The typology of these units is realised in a hierarchical oriented graph. This structure allows processes of generalisation (going up the tree) and specification (going down the tree), permitting comparison between units with different kinds of resolution and/or complexity. The method presented here can be used for other types of mediums(statuary, rock art, etc.).

  • German
    Authors: 
    Armbruster, Barbara;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marc Groenen; Marie-Christine Groenen;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Belgium, France

    The iconographic, formal and technical analysis of the decoration elements of El Castillo and La Pasiega (Cantabria) highlights a heterogeneous distribution of the main themes, with distribution logics that are very different in each of the caves. In El Castillo, the main themes appear in distinct sectors, each one containing a central area with a high density of motifs and an end that sets its limit. Consequently, the decoration appears as a mosaic formed of small sets of motifs. In contrast, using the same analysis criteria for the cave of La Pasiega shows that, besides motifs of the same type spread in the network space, there are more structured decorated sets. The set of Gallery A shows an increasing number of motifs from the beginning to the end of the sector, with a maximum density at the level of the back areas. In turn, the set of Gallery B comprises animal figures that stood out all the more to the viewers that they were illuminated by natural light. Whereas the decoration of Gallery A is organised in the manner of deep sanctuaries, the ornamentation of the Salle du Mégacéros of Gallery B falls rather in the logic of open-air sanctuaries. info:eu-repo/semantics/published SCOPUS: ar.j

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bruno Dumons;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    En choisissant de mettre à l’honneur des citoyens modèles, notamment grâce à la technique des décorations, la Troisième République a recours à une pédagogie par l’exemple pour installer durablement une culture méritocratique dans la société française. Pour cela, elle invente de nouvelles médailles tout en s’appropriant celles qui avaient été créées sous les régimes précédents comme la plus prestigieuse d’entre elles : la Légion d’Honneur (1802). Si l’historiographie des usages symboliques de la République a été rendue solide avec les travaux de Maurice Agulhon sur la Provence, moins connues sont ces « élites de l’honneur » dont les archives publiques ont conservé les traces. En explorant le célèbre « Var rouge », il nous a été permis de cerner le profil de ces élites méditerranéennes que l’État républicain a souhaité honorer entre 1870 et 1940. Parmi celles-ci, se distingue la catégorie des maires, en particulier ces « bons maires » qui œuvrent pour la « républicanisation » de la société. Ce sont quelques-unes de ces personnalités qui seront présentées dans ce chapitre. In designating model citizens through processes like decorations, the French Third Republic set examples to establish a culture of meritocracy in French society. It invented new medals and appropriated existing ones created by former regimes, including the most prestigious of all: the Légion d’Honneur (1802).Although the historiography of the Republic’s symbolic practices has been augmented by Maurice Agulhon’s works on Provence, this “elite of honour” whose trace remained in public archives is not well known. We explored the “Var rouge” (the predominantly left-wing Var département) to study the profiles of this Mediterranean elite which was honoured by the Republican state between 1870 and 1940. These include the category of mayors, in particular the “bons maires” who contributed to the “republicanisation” of society. This chapter presents a few of these personalities.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Pioffet, H.; Ard, Vincent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The British Neolithic transition, occurring around 4000 BC, at least one millennium after the continental part of Northwest Europe, is still subject to important debate these days. Various studies suggest that the Neolithic start involved farming immigrants from various parts of the Continent. However, ceramics of the Early Neolithic of Britain became increasingly distinct from their Continental roots, particularly in the Southwest and Southeast of England. We recently completed two important projects, one on Early Neolithic British and Irish pottery and the other on Peterborough Ware, integrating a new way of considering these early productions through a technological approach and the observation of various steps of the chaîne opératoire. This paper is the opportunity to present preliminary results which shed a new light on the evolution of pottery wares during the fourth millennium BC in Southern Britain. It specifically highlights strong connections between Early Neolithic and Middle Neolithic pottery, in terms of style, but above in terms of manufacturing techniques.

  • French
    Authors: 
    Jandot, Céline;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The views on the evolution of houses, from the medieval and modern periods, through surveys of the walls in elevation, have made it possible to restore ancient structural states, from the walls to the floors, with their openings to the roofs. The chronological transformation of the spaces during the changes of the 19th and 20th centuries could be revealed by taking into account the fittings of second work (partitions, cupboards) and stratigraphies… of wallpapers.; Les regards portés sur l’évolution de maisons, des périodes médiévales et modernes, par les sondages des murs en élévation, ont permis de restituer des états structurels anciens, des murs aux planchers, avec leurs ouvertures jusqu’aux toitures. La transformation chronologique des espaces pendant les mutations des XIXe et XXe siècle a pu être dévoilée par la prise en compte des aménagements de second œuvre (cloisons, placards) et des stratigraphies… de papiers peints.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Debiais, Vincent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Session 203: Relics at the Interface between Textuality and Materiality, c. 400-c. 1200, II: Inscribing the Relics; International audience; Concentrating on inscriptions on late antique reliquaries from the eastern Mediterranean and on early medieval reliquaries from Western Europe, this panel explores how epigraphic texts participated in the presentation of the relics in their cult sites and how they contributed to explaining the relics’ or the reliquaries’ significance to the intended audience. The proposed papers approach the relations between textual contents, material characteristics of writing, supports and contexts via questions of visibility, legibility, and function of inscriptions.

  • French
    Authors: 
    Mahue, Alexandre;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The Forbin family is one of the most prestigious family of Provence during the 17th and 18th centuries. Their castles, private mansions and other properties are remarkable and were imbued by their historical and social importance in France. Organized thanks to the City of Aix-en-Provence and the association "Les Amis des Salons et Jardins d'Olivary", the study day that was devoted to this family in the town-hall of Aix-en-Provence gathered specialists and students and revealed its predominant role in History.; Brillants mécènes, tour à tour bâtisseurs et collectionneurs, les Forbin ont compté dans leurs rangs des parlementaires fameux, des militaires distingués, des femmes d'esprit et des ecclésiastiques célèbres. Ils illustrèrent la Provence par leurs résidences, leurs commandes artistiques et leurs ambitions. Organisée en partenariat avec la Ville d'Aix-en-Provence et les Amis des Salons et Jardins d'Olivary, la journée d'étude du 16 juin 2017 a réuni plusieurs spécialistes qui, à l'aune des découvertes les plus récentes, ont mis en lumières la place prépondérante de cette famille provençale dans la France du XVIIIe siècle.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Ingrand-Varenne, Estelle;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Session 203: Relics at the Interface between Textuality and Materiality, c. 400-c. 1200, II: Inscribing the Relics; International audience; Concentrating on inscriptions on late antique reliquaries from the eastern Mediterranean and on early medieval reliquaries from Western Europe, this panel explores how epigraphic texts participated in the presentation of the relics in their cult sites and how they contributed to explaining the relics’ or the reliquaries’ significance to the intended audience. The proposed papers approach the relations between textual contents, material characteristics of writing, supports and contexts via questions of visibility, legibility, and function of inscriptions.

  • Publication . Master thesis . 2017
    French
    Authors: 
    Jaunet, Wendy;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The period of the Wars of Religion has been widely used in cinema since 1897, with L’Assassinat du duc de Guise by Georges Hatot. In total, more than forty films were produced, between 1897 and 2014, representing a period of religious and political troubles in France and England. These filmic sources offer a certain reading of history, which the historian must take into account. Their representations, whether anachronistic, modernized, distorted, authentic or purified, give a discourse on history. In that, each historical film must be analyzed in its entirety. This approach consists of designing what happens on the screen and behind the camera. It is a question of combining the film's analysis and the technical realization of the film, which testify to the intentions of the film-maker and the entire technical team to represent the story. The use of the Wars of Religion in the cinema requires a certain work on the way to stage the period of the 16e century. This work consists in the way of design the sets, the costumes, the music and the dialogues, translating the directing sought by the film-maker.; L’époque des guerres de Religion a été largement utilisée au cinéma depuis 1897, avec L’Assassinat du duc de Guise par Georges Hatot. Au total, plus de quarante films ont été réalisés, entre 1897 et 2014, représentant une époque faite de troubles religieux et politiques en France et en Angleterre. Ces sources filmiques proposent une certaine lecture de l’histoire, que l’historien doit prendre en compte. Leurs représentations, qu’elles soient anachroniques, modernisées, déformées, authentiques ou épurées donnent à voir un discours sur l’histoire. En cela, chaque film historique doit être analysé dans sa globalité. Cette approche consiste à concevoir à la fois ce qu’il se passe sur l’écran à la diffusion, et derrière la caméra lors du tournage. Il s’agit de combiner l’analyse filmique et la réalisation technique du film qui témoignent des intentions du réalisateur et de l’ensemble de l’équipe technique pour représenter l’histoire. L’utilisation des guerres de Religion au cinéma demande un certain travail sur la manière de mettre en scène l’époque du 16e siècle. Ce travail consiste à la manière de concevoir les décors, les costumes, les musiques et les dialogues, traduisant la mise en scène recherchée par le réalisateur.