Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
353 Research products, page 1 of 36

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • Other research products
  • 2013-2022
  • English
  • SSRN Electronic Journal
  • Neliti
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

10
arrow_drop_down
Relevance
arrow_drop_down
  • Publication . Report . Other literature type . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefania Albanesi; Claudia Olivetti; Barbara Petrongolo;
    Publisher: University of Oxford
    Country: United Kingdom

    Using comparable data for 24 countries since the 1970s, we document gender convergence in schooling, employment and earnings, marriage delay and the accompanying decline in fertility, and the large remaining gaps in labor market outcomes, especially among parents. A model of time allocation illustrates how the specialization of spouses in home or market production responds to preferences, comparative advantages and public policies. We draw lessons from existing evidence on the impacts of family policies on women’s careers and children’s wellbeing. There is to date little or no evidence of beneficial effects of longer parental leave (or fathers’ quotas) on maternal participation and earnings. In most cases longer leave de lays mothers’ return to work, without long-lasting consequences on their careers. More generous childcare funding instead encourages female participation whenever subsidized childcare replaces maternal childcare. Impacts on child development de pend on counterfactual childcare arrangements and tend to be more beneficial for disadvantaged households. In-work benefits targeted to low-earners have clear positive impacts on lone mothers’ employment and negligible impacts on other groups. While most of this literature takes policy as exogenous, political economy aspects of policy adoption help understand the interplay between societal changes, family policies and gender equality.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Alberto Alemanno; James Organ;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    Ten years after the introduction of participatory democracy as one of the democratic foundations of the European Union, this introductory chapter to "Citizen Participation in Democratic Europe" provides some theoretical background on the role citizens play, and should play, within the EU democratic system. As such, it offers a contribution about the place of citizen participation in the wider, ongoing debate about how to develop the EU’s democratic system in a post-pandemic Europe. It sets the scene for the subsequent chapters written, again, not only by academic scholars but also civil society advocates and practitioners from across Europe who experience on a daily basis the realities of EU citizen participation. Ultimately, this edited volume argues how Europe’s long-standing democracy challenge can be addressed through the emergence of a new model of EU citizen participation, and a set of democratic innovations emerging bottom-up across the continent. To do so, it offers a re-evaluation and systematisation of EU level citizen participation and its future development, which remains largely underexplored.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vladislav Malyshkin; Mikhail Gennadievich Belov;

    An attempt to obtain market directional information from non-stationary solution of the dynamic equation: "future price tends to the value maximizing the number of shares traded per unit time" is presented. A remarkable feature of the approach is an automatic time scale selection. It is determined from the state of maximal execution flow calculated on past transactions. Both lagging and advancing prices are calculated.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bernd Skiera; Lukas Jürgensmeier; Kevin Stowe; Iryna Gurevych;

    Knowledge about the daily number of new infections of Covid-19 is important because it is the basis for political decisions resulting in lockdowns and urgent health care measures. We use Germany as an example to illustrate shortcomings of official numbers, which are, at least in Germany, disclosed only with several days of delay and severely underreported on weekends (more than 40%). These shortcomings outline an urgent need for alternative data sources. The other widely cited source provided by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) also deviates for Germany on average by 79% from the official numbers. We argue that Google Search and Twitter data should complement official numbers. They predict even better than the original values from Johns Hopkins University and do so several days ahead. These two data sources could also be used in parts of the world where official numbers do not exist or are perceived to be unreliable. 15 pages, 5 figures

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aditya Nandy; Shuwen Yue; Changhwan Oh; Chenru Duan; Gianmarco G. Terrones; Yongchul Chung; Heather Kulik;

    High-throughput screening of large hypothetical databases of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can uncover new materials, but their stability in real-world applications is often unknown. We leverage community knowledge and machine learning (ML) models to identify MOFs that are thermally stable and stable upon activation. We separate these MOFs into their building blocks and recombine them to make a new hypothetical MOF database of over 50,000 structures that samples orders of magnitude more connectivity nets and inorganic building blocks than prior databases. This database shows an order of magnitude enrichment of ultrastable MOF structures that are stable upon activation and more than one standard deviation more thermally stable than the average experimentally characterized MOF. For the nearly 10,000 ultrastable MOFs, we compute bulk elastic moduli to confirm these materials have good mechanical stability, and we report methane deliverable capacities. Our work identifies privileged metal nodes in ultrastable MOFs that optimize gas storage and mechanical stability simultaneously.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Alice Diver; Jules Bradshaw;
    Publisher: Penn State University Press
    Country: United Kingdom

    By documenting the harsh realities of the era, The Grapes of Wrath (‘GOW’) calls to mind those distressing UN Country Reports that both describe and denounce avoidable landscapes of poverty, hunger, homelessness, and dispossession. Steinbeck embeds the novel’s harrowing images within an unforgiving framework of human rights violations, most of which flow directly from human greed. The novel’s prescient yet timeless warnings speak not only to the various humanitarian crises brought about by climate change and unethical commercial practices, but also to many ongoing, perennial global atrocities: corrupt political regimes, gendered injustices, ethnic cleansing, and displacement of entire populations. It is landscapes such as these that still serve to both spark and underpin refugee existence: the need for a compassionate system of asylum-granting, firmly grounded in human rights law, clearly remains as urgent now as it was in Steinbeck’s time. As witnesses to such chronic disregard for human dignity, readers of the novel are not only tasked with judging those responsible: we must also evaluate the perennial failings of the various global and domestic systems that have enabled and perpetuated such egregious rights violations. The final scene, drenched in symbolism, still serves as a quasi-courtroom: before the bared breast of a Lady Justice figure we become jurists, and cannot help apportioning blame for all that has been witnessed over the course of the Joad’s journeying. A close reading now, almost a century later, serves as a timely reminder that similar atrocities continue: migrant and refugee populations remain especially vulnerable, not least where they have been displaced by poverty or political crises from all that was once familiar. This article argues that the novel’s central focus on “social realism” demands much in the way of “moral and emotional effort” (Benson, 9) from the reader: we should leave the book with nothing less than a highly “active compassion for the dispossessed” (Wyatt, 12). It is perhaps best viewed as a collection of first-hand witness testimonies, akin to those gathered and collated by the United Nations (UN) various Committees and which serve to reveal, record, and address the horrendously fine detail of abject human rights violations and their impacts upon the most vulnerable. It is Steinbeck’s “consistently catchy eyewitness quality” (De Mott, xiii) which both brings and retains this timeless sense of urgency and immediacy, without directing any clear response: it is up to the conscience of the individual reader to determine how best to process or address the various challenges presented.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jeroen Staring;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    This case study investigates anecdotes and claims about Alexander Technique founding father Frederick Matthias Alexander who allegedly „treated" numerous eminent Edwardian London actresses and actors. Research shows it is advisable to question those stories and claims.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Elisabeth Militz; Carolin Schurr;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: Switzerland

    While Michael Billig’s ‘banal nationalism’ points to the significance of the trivial reproduction of national representations in everyday routines, feminist political geographers have highlighted how the nation is brought into being through embodied and emotional practices. Building upon and extending these notions of the nation as represented and embodied, the paper argues that the nation also takes shape through bodily encounters and joyful as well as painful affections. In what we call ‘affective nationalism’, the nation emerges in moments of encounter between different bodies and objects through embodying, sharing, enjoying or disliking what feels national. We combine a Deleuzian reading of affect that discloses the mechanisms of material becomings with feminist scholarship sensitive to how bodies affect and are affected differently by materially produced nationalisms. Based on ethnographic field research in Azerbaijan, which we present in three vignettes, we untangle the affective becoming of national bodies, objects and places during a publicly staged ceremony of the collective remembrance of martyr and the celebration of a national holiday within the realm of a family. The paper makes two contributions to researching affective nationalism. First, it enquires into how people identify with Azerbaijan through their capacities to affect and to be affected by what feels national and, second, it explores how affective nationalism can be captured through vignettes of affective writing.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jong-hyoung Kim; Lishuai Jin; Benjamin C. Schafer; Quan Jiao; Katia Bertoldi; David W. Keith; Joost J. Vlassak;

    We introduce a class of ultra-light and ultra-stiff sandwich panels designed for use in photophoretic levitation applications and investigate their mechanical behavior using both computational analyses and micro-mechanical testing. The sandwich panels consist of two face sheets connected with a core that consists of hollow cylindrical ligaments arranged in a honeycomb-based hexagonal pattern. Computational modeling shows that the panels have superior bending stiffness and buckling resistance compared to similar panels with a basketweave core, and that their behavior is well described by Uflyand-Mindlin plate theory. By optimizing the ratio of the face sheet thickness to the ligament wall thickness, panels maybe obtained that have a bending stiffness that is more than five orders of magnitude larger than that of a solid plate with the same area density. Using a scalable microfabrication process, we demonstrate that panels as large as 3x3 cm^2 with a density of 20 kg/m^3 can be made in a few hours. Micro-mechanical testing of the panels is performed by deflecting microfabricated cantilevered panels using a nanoindenter. The experimentally measured bending stiffness of the cantilevered panels is in very good agreement with the computational results, demonstrating exquisite control over the dimensions, form, and properties of the microfabricated panels. Main: 26 pages, 10 figures. Supporting information: 5 pages, 4 figures

  • English
    Authors: 
    Manon Batista; Ellen Ignatia Maria Donker; Cécile Bon; Myriam Guillien; Adriana Caisso; Lionel Mourey; Jean Marie François; Laurent Maveyraud; Didier Zerbib;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
353 Research products, page 1 of 36
  • Publication . Report . Other literature type . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefania Albanesi; Claudia Olivetti; Barbara Petrongolo;
    Publisher: University of Oxford
    Country: United Kingdom

    Using comparable data for 24 countries since the 1970s, we document gender convergence in schooling, employment and earnings, marriage delay and the accompanying decline in fertility, and the large remaining gaps in labor market outcomes, especially among parents. A model of time allocation illustrates how the specialization of spouses in home or market production responds to preferences, comparative advantages and public policies. We draw lessons from existing evidence on the impacts of family policies on women’s careers and children’s wellbeing. There is to date little or no evidence of beneficial effects of longer parental leave (or fathers’ quotas) on maternal participation and earnings. In most cases longer leave de lays mothers’ return to work, without long-lasting consequences on their careers. More generous childcare funding instead encourages female participation whenever subsidized childcare replaces maternal childcare. Impacts on child development de pend on counterfactual childcare arrangements and tend to be more beneficial for disadvantaged households. In-work benefits targeted to low-earners have clear positive impacts on lone mothers’ employment and negligible impacts on other groups. While most of this literature takes policy as exogenous, political economy aspects of policy adoption help understand the interplay between societal changes, family policies and gender equality.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Alberto Alemanno; James Organ;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    Ten years after the introduction of participatory democracy as one of the democratic foundations of the European Union, this introductory chapter to "Citizen Participation in Democratic Europe" provides some theoretical background on the role citizens play, and should play, within the EU democratic system. As such, it offers a contribution about the place of citizen participation in the wider, ongoing debate about how to develop the EU’s democratic system in a post-pandemic Europe. It sets the scene for the subsequent chapters written, again, not only by academic scholars but also civil society advocates and practitioners from across Europe who experience on a daily basis the realities of EU citizen participation. Ultimately, this edited volume argues how Europe’s long-standing democracy challenge can be addressed through the emergence of a new model of EU citizen participation, and a set of democratic innovations emerging bottom-up across the continent. To do so, it offers a re-evaluation and systematisation of EU level citizen participation and its future development, which remains largely underexplored.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vladislav Malyshkin; Mikhail Gennadievich Belov;

    An attempt to obtain market directional information from non-stationary solution of the dynamic equation: "future price tends to the value maximizing the number of shares traded per unit time" is presented. A remarkable feature of the approach is an automatic time scale selection. It is determined from the state of maximal execution flow calculated on past transactions. Both lagging and advancing prices are calculated.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bernd Skiera; Lukas Jürgensmeier; Kevin Stowe; Iryna Gurevych;

    Knowledge about the daily number of new infections of Covid-19 is important because it is the basis for political decisions resulting in lockdowns and urgent health care measures. We use Germany as an example to illustrate shortcomings of official numbers, which are, at least in Germany, disclosed only with several days of delay and severely underreported on weekends (more than 40%). These shortcomings outline an urgent need for alternative data sources. The other widely cited source provided by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) also deviates for Germany on average by 79% from the official numbers. We argue that Google Search and Twitter data should complement official numbers. They predict even better than the original values from Johns Hopkins University and do so several days ahead. These two data sources could also be used in parts of the world where official numbers do not exist or are perceived to be unreliable. 15 pages, 5 figures

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aditya Nandy; Shuwen Yue; Changhwan Oh; Chenru Duan; Gianmarco G. Terrones; Yongchul Chung; Heather Kulik;

    High-throughput screening of large hypothetical databases of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can uncover new materials, but their stability in real-world applications is often unknown. We leverage community knowledge and machine learning (ML) models to identify MOFs that are thermally stable and stable upon activation. We separate these MOFs into their building blocks and recombine them to make a new hypothetical MOF database of over 50,000 structures that samples orders of magnitude more connectivity nets and inorganic building blocks than prior databases. This database shows an order of magnitude enrichment of ultrastable MOF structures that are stable upon activation and more than one standard deviation more thermally stable than the average experimentally characterized MOF. For the nearly 10,000 ultrastable MOFs, we compute bulk elastic moduli to confirm these materials have good mechanical stability, and we report methane deliverable capacities. Our work identifies privileged metal nodes in ultrastable MOFs that optimize gas storage and mechanical stability simultaneously.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Alice Diver; Jules Bradshaw;
    Publisher: Penn State University Press
    Country: United Kingdom

    By documenting the harsh realities of the era, The Grapes of Wrath (‘GOW’) calls to mind those distressing UN Country Reports that both describe and denounce avoidable landscapes of poverty, hunger, homelessness, and dispossession. Steinbeck embeds the novel’s harrowing images within an unforgiving framework of human rights violations, most of which flow directly from human greed. The novel’s prescient yet timeless warnings speak not only to the various humanitarian crises brought about by climate change and unethical commercial practices, but also to many ongoing, perennial global atrocities: corrupt political regimes, gendered injustices, ethnic cleansing, and displacement of entire populations. It is landscapes such as these that still serve to both spark and underpin refugee existence: the need for a compassionate system of asylum-granting, firmly grounded in human rights law, clearly remains as urgent now as it was in Steinbeck’s time. As witnesses to such chronic disregard for human dignity, readers of the novel are not only tasked with judging those responsible: we must also evaluate the perennial failings of the various global and domestic systems that have enabled and perpetuated such egregious rights violations. The final scene, drenched in symbolism, still serves as a quasi-courtroom: before the bared breast of a Lady Justice figure we become jurists, and cannot help apportioning blame for all that has been witnessed over the course of the Joad’s journeying. A close reading now, almost a century later, serves as a timely reminder that similar atrocities continue: migrant and refugee populations remain especially vulnerable, not least where they have been displaced by poverty or political crises from all that was once familiar. This article argues that the novel’s central focus on “social realism” demands much in the way of “moral and emotional effort” (Benson, 9) from the reader: we should leave the book with nothing less than a highly “active compassion for the dispossessed” (Wyatt, 12). It is perhaps best viewed as a collection of first-hand witness testimonies, akin to those gathered and collated by the United Nations (UN) various Committees and which serve to reveal, record, and address the horrendously fine detail of abject human rights violations and their impacts upon the most vulnerable. It is Steinbeck’s “consistently catchy eyewitness quality” (De Mott, xiii) which both brings and retains this timeless sense of urgency and immediacy, without directing any clear response: it is up to the conscience of the individual reader to determine how best to process or address the various challenges presented.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jeroen Staring;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    This case study investigates anecdotes and claims about Alexander Technique founding father Frederick Matthias Alexander who allegedly „treated" numerous eminent Edwardian London actresses and actors. Research shows it is advisable to question those stories and claims.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Elisabeth Militz; Carolin Schurr;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: Switzerland

    While Michael Billig’s ‘banal nationalism’ points to the significance of the trivial reproduction of national representations in everyday routines, feminist political geographers have highlighted how the nation is brought into being through embodied and emotional practices. Building upon and extending these notions of the nation as represented and embodied, the paper argues that the nation also takes shape through bodily encounters and joyful as well as painful affections. In what we call ‘affective nationalism’, the nation emerges in moments of encounter between different bodies and objects through embodying, sharing, enjoying or disliking what feels national. We combine a Deleuzian reading of affect that discloses the mechanisms of material becomings with feminist scholarship sensitive to how bodies affect and are affected differently by materially produced nationalisms. Based on ethnographic field research in Azerbaijan, which we present in three vignettes, we untangle the affective becoming of national bodies, objects and places during a publicly staged ceremony of the collective remembrance of martyr and the celebration of a national holiday within the realm of a family. The paper makes two contributions to researching affective nationalism. First, it enquires into how people identify with Azerbaijan through their capacities to affect and to be affected by what feels national and, second, it explores how affective nationalism can be captured through vignettes of affective writing.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jong-hyoung Kim; Lishuai Jin; Benjamin C. Schafer; Quan Jiao; Katia Bertoldi; David W. Keith; Joost J. Vlassak;

    We introduce a class of ultra-light and ultra-stiff sandwich panels designed for use in photophoretic levitation applications and investigate their mechanical behavior using both computational analyses and micro-mechanical testing. The sandwich panels consist of two face sheets connected with a core that consists of hollow cylindrical ligaments arranged in a honeycomb-based hexagonal pattern. Computational modeling shows that the panels have superior bending stiffness and buckling resistance compared to similar panels with a basketweave core, and that their behavior is well described by Uflyand-Mindlin plate theory. By optimizing the ratio of the face sheet thickness to the ligament wall thickness, panels maybe obtained that have a bending stiffness that is more than five orders of magnitude larger than that of a solid plate with the same area density. Using a scalable microfabrication process, we demonstrate that panels as large as 3x3 cm^2 with a density of 20 kg/m^3 can be made in a few hours. Micro-mechanical testing of the panels is performed by deflecting microfabricated cantilevered panels using a nanoindenter. The experimentally measured bending stiffness of the cantilevered panels is in very good agreement with the computational results, demonstrating exquisite control over the dimensions, form, and properties of the microfabricated panels. Main: 26 pages, 10 figures. Supporting information: 5 pages, 4 figures

  • English
    Authors: 
    Manon Batista; Ellen Ignatia Maria Donker; Cécile Bon; Myriam Guillien; Adriana Caisso; Lionel Mourey; Jean Marie François; Laurent Maveyraud; Didier Zerbib;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France