Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
18 Research products, page 1 of 2

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Research data
  • Other research products
  • 2012-2021
  • Open Access
  • Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
  • NL
  • EU
  • CZ
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

10
arrow_drop_down
Relevance
arrow_drop_down
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Beddow, Helen M; Liebrand, Diederik; Wilson, Douglas S; Hilgen, Frederik J; Sluijs, Appy; Wade, Bridget S; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: EC | ERAS (293741), EC | EARTHSEQUENCING (617462), NWO | Evolution of astronomical... (5600)

    Astronomical tuning of sediment sequences requires both unambiguous cycle-pattern recognition in climate proxy records and astronomical solutions, and independent information about the phase relationship between these two. Here we present two different astronomically tuned age models for the Oligocene-Miocene Transition (OMT) from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1334 (equatorial Pacific Ocean) to assess the effect tuning has on astronomically calibrated ages and the geologic time scale. These alternative age models (from ~22 to ~24 Ma) are based on different tunings between proxy records and eccentricity: the first age model is based on an aligning CaCO3 weight (wt%) to Earth's orbital eccentricity, the second age model is based on a direct age calibration of benthic foraminiferal stable carbon isotope ratios (d13C) to eccentricity. To independently test which tuned age model and associated tuning assumptions is in best agreement with independent ages based on tectonic plate-pair spreading rates, we assign our tuned ages to the magnetostratigraphic reversals identified in deep-marine magnetic anomaly profiles. Subsequently, we compute tectonic plate-pair spreading rates based on the tuned ages. The resultant, alternative spreading rate histories indicate that the CaCO3 tuned age model is most consistent with a conservative assumption of constant, or linearly changing, spreading rates. The CaCO3 tuned age model thus provides robust ages and durations for polarity chrons C6Bn.1n-C6Cn.1r, which are not based on astronomical tuning in the latest iteration of the Geologic Time Scale. Furthermore, it provides independent evidence that the relatively large (several 10,000 years) time lags documented in the benthic foraminiferal isotope records relative to orbital eccentricity, constitute a real feature of the Oligocene-Miocene climate system and carbon cycle. The age constraints from Site U1334 thus provide independent evidence that the delayed responses of the Oligocene-Miocene climate-cryosphere system and carbon cycle resulted from highly nonlinear feedbacks to astronomical forcing.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    van Zuijlen, Mitchell; Pont, S.C. (Sylvia); Wijntjes, M.W.A. (Maarten);
    Publisher: 4TU.Centre for Research Data
    Country: Netherlands
    Project: NWO | Visual communication of m... (26743)

    A collection of around 11.000 painted faces, from 6 galleries, and a datafile with statistics for each face. Each face is present as a crop from the original painting, a crop with the background removed and a crop with the background, eyes and mouth removed.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lauretano, Vittoria; Littler, Kate; Polling, M; Zachos, James C; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Evolution of astronomical... (5600)

    Recent studies have shown that the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO) was preceded by a series of short-lived global warming events, known as hyperthermals. Here we present high-resolution benthic stable carbon and oxygen isotope records from ODP Sites 1262 and 1263 (Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic) between ~54 and ~52 million years ago, tightly constraining the character, timing, and magnitude of six prominent hyperthermal events. These events, which include Eocene Thermal Maximum (ETM) 2 and 3, are studied in relation to orbital forcing and long-term trends. Our findings reveal an almost linear relationship between d13C and d18O for all these hyperthermals, indicating that the eccentricity-paced co-variance between deep-sea temperature changes and extreme perturbations in the exogenic carbon pool persisted during these events towards the onset of the EECO, in accord with previous observations for the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) and ETM2. The covariance of d13C and d18O during H2 and I2, which are the second pulses of the "paired" hyperthermal events ETM2-H2 and I1-I2, deviates with respect to the other events. We hypothesize that this could relate to a relatively higher contribution of an isotopically heavier source of carbon, such as peat or permafrost, and/or to climate feedbacks/local changes in circulation. Finally, the d18O records of the two sites show a systematic offset with on average 0.2 per mil heavier values for the shallower Site 1263, which we link to a slightly heavier isotopic composition of the intermediate water mass reaching the northeastern flank of the Walvis Ridge compared to that of the deeper northwestern water mass at Site 1262.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    van Zuijlen, Mitchell; Lin, Hubert; Bala, Kavita; Pont, S.C. (Sylvia); Wijntjes, M.W.A. (Maarten);
    Publisher: 4TU.ResearchData
    Country: Netherlands
    Project: NWO | Visual communication of m... (26743)

    Materials In Paintings (MIP): An interdisciplinary dataset for perception, art history, and computer vision.Download the README.txt first to help you decide what you want/need to download!In this dataset, we capture the painterly depictions of materials to enable the study of depiction and perception of materials through the artists' eye. We annotated a dataset of 19k paintings with 200k+ bounding boxes from which polygon segments were automatically extracted. Each bounding box was assigned a coarse label (e.g., fabric) and a fine-grained label (e.g., velvety, silky).Note that the data can be browed and explored on https://materialsinpaintings.tudelft.nl. If you only want to download a few paintings, using that website might be faster.

  • Other research product . 2017
    Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Kocour, Matěj;
    Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
    Country: Czech Republic
    Project: NWO | Towards inline 2D surface... (12750)

    Práce se věnuje vzniku, průběhu a důsledkům čtyř posloupných válek v Africe na Zlatonosném pobřeží. Ve válkách se zajímavě kloubily zájmy afrických království a obchodní rivalita evropských států v regionu, jmenovitě Anglie a Spojených provincií. Práce války popisuje hlavně z evropské perspektivy, a zároveň je v jejím rámci i celkově popsaná koexistence Evropanů, žijících v pevnostech na pobřeží Guinejského zálivu a domorodých Afričanů, způsob, jakým se Evropané v Africe angažovali a fungování místní politiky domorodých států a evropských obchodních společností. Obhájeno The thesis follows the origin, the course and the consequences of four successive wars in Africa on the Gold Coast. In these wars, there an interesting intertwining of local African polities and trading rivalry of European states in the region, namely England and United provinces. The thesis describes the wars mainly from European perspective, and within its frameworks, it also describes the general coexistence of Europeans, living on the trading forts in Guinea bay and native Africans, the way how Europeans engaged themselves in Africa and the way local politics and politics of the European trading companies worked.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    van Nieukerken, Erik J.; Gilrein, Daniel Owen; Eiseman, Charles S.;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: NWO | GRMHD simulations of thin... (27728)

    Specimen data of Stigmellamultispicata and other Ulmus mining Nepticulidae : Explanation note: The 288 records are the records of specimens examined and records obtained from online sources, of the taxa treated in this paper and supplement the presented Material examined.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Salabarnada, Ariadna; Escutia, Carlota; Röhl, Ursula; Nelson, C Hans; McKay, Robert M; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco Jose; Bijl, Peter K; Hartman, Julian D; Ikehara, Minoru; Strother, Stephanie L; +6 more
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Reconstructing the the ev... (7456), NWO | The Dawn of a Greenhouse ... (10684)

    Antarctic ice sheet and Southern Ocean paleoceanographic configurations during the late Oligocene are not well resolved. They are however important to understand the influence of high-latitude Southern Hemisphere feedbacks on global climate under CO2 scenarios (between 400 and 750 ppm) projected by the IPCC for this century, assuming unabated CO2 emissions. Sediments recovered by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) at Site U1356, offshore of the Wilkes Land margin in East Antarctica, provide an opportunity to study ice sheet and paleoceanographic configurations during the late Oligocene (26-25 Ma). Our study, based on a combination of sediment facies analysis, magnetic susceptibility, density, and X-Ray Fluorescence geochemical data, shows that glacial and interglacial sediments are continuously reworked by bottom-currents, with maximum velocities occurring during the interglacial periods. Glacial sediments record poorly ventilated, low-oxygenation bottom water conditions, interpreted to result from a northward shift of westerly winds and surface oceanic fronts. Interglacial sediments record more oxygenated and ventilated bottom water conditions and strong current velocities, which suggests enhanced mixing of the water masses as a result of a southward shift of the Polar Front. Intervals with preserved carbonated nannofossils within some of the interglacial facies are interpreted to form under warmer paleoclimatic conditions when less corrosive warmer northern component water (e.g. North Atlantic sourced deep water) had a greater influence on the Site. Spectral analysis on the late Oligocene sediment interval show that the glacial-interglacial cyclicity and related displacements of the Southern Ocean frontal systems between 26-25 Ma were forced mainly by obliquity. The paucity of iceberg rafted debris (IRD) throughout the studied interval contrasts with earlier Oligocene and post-Miocene Climate Optimum sections from Site U1356 and with late Oligocene strata from the Ross Sea, which contain IRD and evidence for coastal glaciers and sea ice. These observations, supported by elevated sea surface paleotemperatures, the absence of sea-ice, and reconstructions of fossil pollen between 26 and 25 Ma at Site U1356, suggest that open ocean water conditions prevailed. Combined, these evidences suggest that glaciers or ice caps likely occupied the topographic highs and lowlands of the now marine Wilkes Subglacial Basin (WSB). Unlike today, the continental shelf was not over-deepened and thus ice sheets in the WSB were likely land-based and marine-based ice sheet expansion was likely limited to coastal regions.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gürer, Derya; van Hinsbergen, Douwe J J; Özkaptan, Murat; Creton, Iverna; Koymans, Mathijs R; Cascella, Antonio; Langereis, Cornelis G;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Subduction Initiation rec... (8855), EC | SINK (306810)

    To quantitatively reconstruct the kinematic evolution of Central and Eastern Anatolia within the framework of Neotethyan subduction accommodating Africa-Eurasia convergence, we paleomagnetically assess timing and amount of vertical axis rotations across the Ulukisla and Sivas regions. We show paleomagnetic results from ~30 localities identifying a coherent rotation of a block - comprising the southern Kirsehir Block, the Ulukisla basin, the Central and Eastern Taurides, and the southern part of the Sivas basin. This block experienced a ~30° counter-clockwise vertical axis rotation since Oligocene time. Sediments in the northern Sivas region show clockwise rotations. We use the rotation patterns together with known fault zones to argue that the counter-clockwise rotating domain of south-central Turkey was bounded by the Savcili Thrust Zone and Deliler-Tecer Fault Zone in the north and by the African-Arabian trench in the south, the western boundary of which is poorly constrained and requires future study. Our new paleomagnetic constraints provide a key ingredient for future kinematic restorations of the Anatolian tectonic collage. We combine our extensive new dataset with existing data (Guerer et al., 2018, and references therein) to identify the dimension of rotating domains in Central and Eastern Anatolia, and identify structures that may have accommodated these rotations. Paleomagnetic interpretations and statistical analyses were carried out using the platform independent portal Paleomagnetism.org (Koymans et al., 2016).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lauretano, Vittoria; Littler, Kate; Polling, M; Zachos, James C; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Evolution of astronomical... (5600)

    Recent studies have shown that the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO) was preceded by a series of short-lived global warming events, known as hyperthermals. Here we present high-resolution benthic stable carbon and oxygen isotope records from ODP Sites 1262 and 1263 (Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic) between ~54 and ~52 million years ago, tightly constraining the character, timing, and magnitude of six prominent hyperthermal events. These events, which include Eocene Thermal Maximum (ETM) 2 and 3, are studied in relation to orbital forcing and long-term trends. Our findings reveal an almost linear relationship between d13C and d18O for all these hyperthermals, indicating that the eccentricity-paced co-variance between deep-sea temperature changes and extreme perturbations in the exogenic carbon pool persisted during these events towards the onset of the EECO, in accord with previous observations for the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) and ETM2. The covariance of d13C and d18O during H2 and I2, which are the second pulses of the "paired" hyperthermal events ETM2-H2 and I1-I2, deviates with respect to the other events. We hypothesize that this could relate to a relatively higher contribution of an isotopically heavier source of carbon, such as peat or permafrost, and/or to climate feedbacks/local changes in circulation. Finally, the d18O records of the two sites show a systematic offset with on average 0.2 per mil heavier values for the shallower Site 1263, which we link to a slightly heavier isotopic composition of the intermediate water mass reaching the northeastern flank of the Walvis Ridge compared to that of the deeper northwestern water mass at Site 1262.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Frieling, Joost; Reichart, Gert-Jan; Middelburg, Jack J; Röhl, Ursula; Westerhold, Thomas; Bohaty, Steven M; Sluijs, Appy;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | A sensitive ultra high pr... (7295), EC | DINOPRO (259627)

    The Paleocene - Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM; 56 Ma) was a phase of rapid global warming associated with massive carbon input into the ocean-atmosphere system from a 13C-depleted reservoir. Many mid- and high-latitude sections have been studied and document changes in salinity, hydrology and sedimentation, deoxygenation, biotic overturning and migrations, but detailed records from tropical regions are lacking. Here, we study the PETM at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 959 in the equatorial Atlantic using a range of organic and inorganic proxies and couple these with dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) assemblage analysis. The PETM at Site 959 was previously found to be marked by a ~3.8 per mil negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE), and a ~4 ºC surface ocean warming from the uppermost Paleocene to peak PETM, of which ~1 ºC occurs before the onset of the CIE. We record upper Paleocene dinocyst assemblages that are similar to PETM assemblages as found in extra-tropical regions, confirming poleward migrations of ecosystems during the PETM. The early stages of the PETM are marked by a typical acme of the tropical genus Apectodinium, which reaches abundances of up to 95 %. Subsequently, dinocyst abundances diminish greatly, as do carbonate and pyritized silicate microfossils. The combined paleoenvironmental information from Site 959 and a close by shelf site in Nigeria implies the general absence of eukaryotic surface-dwelling microplankton during peak PETM warmth is most likely caused by heat stress. Crucially, abundant organic benthic foraminiferal linings imply sustained export production, likely driven by prokaryotes. In sharp contrast, the recovery of the CIE yields rapid (<<10 kyr) fluctuations in the abundance of several dinocyst groups, suggesting extreme ecosystem and environmental variability.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
18 Research products, page 1 of 2
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Beddow, Helen M; Liebrand, Diederik; Wilson, Douglas S; Hilgen, Frederik J; Sluijs, Appy; Wade, Bridget S; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: EC | ERAS (293741), EC | EARTHSEQUENCING (617462), NWO | Evolution of astronomical... (5600)

    Astronomical tuning of sediment sequences requires both unambiguous cycle-pattern recognition in climate proxy records and astronomical solutions, and independent information about the phase relationship between these two. Here we present two different astronomically tuned age models for the Oligocene-Miocene Transition (OMT) from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1334 (equatorial Pacific Ocean) to assess the effect tuning has on astronomically calibrated ages and the geologic time scale. These alternative age models (from ~22 to ~24 Ma) are based on different tunings between proxy records and eccentricity: the first age model is based on an aligning CaCO3 weight (wt%) to Earth's orbital eccentricity, the second age model is based on a direct age calibration of benthic foraminiferal stable carbon isotope ratios (d13C) to eccentricity. To independently test which tuned age model and associated tuning assumptions is in best agreement with independent ages based on tectonic plate-pair spreading rates, we assign our tuned ages to the magnetostratigraphic reversals identified in deep-marine magnetic anomaly profiles. Subsequently, we compute tectonic plate-pair spreading rates based on the tuned ages. The resultant, alternative spreading rate histories indicate that the CaCO3 tuned age model is most consistent with a conservative assumption of constant, or linearly changing, spreading rates. The CaCO3 tuned age model thus provides robust ages and durations for polarity chrons C6Bn.1n-C6Cn.1r, which are not based on astronomical tuning in the latest iteration of the Geologic Time Scale. Furthermore, it provides independent evidence that the relatively large (several 10,000 years) time lags documented in the benthic foraminiferal isotope records relative to orbital eccentricity, constitute a real feature of the Oligocene-Miocene climate system and carbon cycle. The age constraints from Site U1334 thus provide independent evidence that the delayed responses of the Oligocene-Miocene climate-cryosphere system and carbon cycle resulted from highly nonlinear feedbacks to astronomical forcing.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    van Zuijlen, Mitchell; Pont, S.C. (Sylvia); Wijntjes, M.W.A. (Maarten);
    Publisher: 4TU.Centre for Research Data
    Country: Netherlands
    Project: NWO | Visual communication of m... (26743)

    A collection of around 11.000 painted faces, from 6 galleries, and a datafile with statistics for each face. Each face is present as a crop from the original painting, a crop with the background removed and a crop with the background, eyes and mouth removed.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lauretano, Vittoria; Littler, Kate; Polling, M; Zachos, James C; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Evolution of astronomical... (5600)

    Recent studies have shown that the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO) was preceded by a series of short-lived global warming events, known as hyperthermals. Here we present high-resolution benthic stable carbon and oxygen isotope records from ODP Sites 1262 and 1263 (Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic) between ~54 and ~52 million years ago, tightly constraining the character, timing, and magnitude of six prominent hyperthermal events. These events, which include Eocene Thermal Maximum (ETM) 2 and 3, are studied in relation to orbital forcing and long-term trends. Our findings reveal an almost linear relationship between d13C and d18O for all these hyperthermals, indicating that the eccentricity-paced co-variance between deep-sea temperature changes and extreme perturbations in the exogenic carbon pool persisted during these events towards the onset of the EECO, in accord with previous observations for the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) and ETM2. The covariance of d13C and d18O during H2 and I2, which are the second pulses of the "paired" hyperthermal events ETM2-H2 and I1-I2, deviates with respect to the other events. We hypothesize that this could relate to a relatively higher contribution of an isotopically heavier source of carbon, such as peat or permafrost, and/or to climate feedbacks/local changes in circulation. Finally, the d18O records of the two sites show a systematic offset with on average 0.2 per mil heavier values for the shallower Site 1263, which we link to a slightly heavier isotopic composition of the intermediate water mass reaching the northeastern flank of the Walvis Ridge compared to that of the deeper northwestern water mass at Site 1262.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    van Zuijlen, Mitchell; Lin, Hubert; Bala, Kavita; Pont, S.C. (Sylvia); Wijntjes, M.W.A. (Maarten);
    Publisher: 4TU.ResearchData
    Country: Netherlands
    Project: NWO | Visual communication of m... (26743)

    Materials In Paintings (MIP): An interdisciplinary dataset for perception, art history, and computer vision.Download the README.txt first to help you decide what you want/need to download!In this dataset, we capture the painterly depictions of materials to enable the study of depiction and perception of materials through the artists' eye. We annotated a dataset of 19k paintings with 200k+ bounding boxes from which polygon segments were automatically extracted. Each bounding box was assigned a coarse label (e.g., fabric) and a fine-grained label (e.g., velvety, silky).Note that the data can be browed and explored on https://materialsinpaintings.tudelft.nl. If you only want to download a few paintings, using that website might be faster.

  • Other research product . 2017
    Open Access Czech
    Authors: 
    Kocour, Matěj;
    Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
    Country: Czech Republic
    Project: NWO | Towards inline 2D surface... (12750)

    Práce se věnuje vzniku, průběhu a důsledkům čtyř posloupných válek v Africe na Zlatonosném pobřeží. Ve válkách se zajímavě kloubily zájmy afrických království a obchodní rivalita evropských států v regionu, jmenovitě Anglie a Spojených provincií. Práce války popisuje hlavně z evropské perspektivy, a zároveň je v jejím rámci i celkově popsaná koexistence Evropanů, žijících v pevnostech na pobřeží Guinejského zálivu a domorodých Afričanů, způsob, jakým se Evropané v Africe angažovali a fungování místní politiky domorodých států a evropských obchodních společností. Obhájeno The thesis follows the origin, the course and the consequences of four successive wars in Africa on the Gold Coast. In these wars, there an interesting intertwining of local African polities and trading rivalry of European states in the region, namely England and United provinces. The thesis describes the wars mainly from European perspective, and within its frameworks, it also describes the general coexistence of Europeans, living on the trading forts in Guinea bay and native Africans, the way how Europeans engaged themselves in Africa and the way local politics and politics of the European trading companies worked.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    van Nieukerken, Erik J.; Gilrein, Daniel Owen; Eiseman, Charles S.;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: NWO | GRMHD simulations of thin... (27728)

    Specimen data of Stigmellamultispicata and other Ulmus mining Nepticulidae : Explanation note: The 288 records are the records of specimens examined and records obtained from online sources, of the taxa treated in this paper and supplement the presented Material examined.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Salabarnada, Ariadna; Escutia, Carlota; Röhl, Ursula; Nelson, C Hans; McKay, Robert M; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco Jose; Bijl, Peter K; Hartman, Julian D; Ikehara, Minoru; Strother, Stephanie L; +6 more
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Reconstructing the the ev... (7456), NWO | The Dawn of a Greenhouse ... (10684)

    Antarctic ice sheet and Southern Ocean paleoceanographic configurations during the late Oligocene are not well resolved. They are however important to understand the influence of high-latitude Southern Hemisphere feedbacks on global climate under CO2 scenarios (between 400 and 750 ppm) projected by the IPCC for this century, assuming unabated CO2 emissions. Sediments recovered by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) at Site U1356, offshore of the Wilkes Land margin in East Antarctica, provide an opportunity to study ice sheet and paleoceanographic configurations during the late Oligocene (26-25 Ma). Our study, based on a combination of sediment facies analysis, magnetic susceptibility, density, and X-Ray Fluorescence geochemical data, shows that glacial and interglacial sediments are continuously reworked by bottom-currents, with maximum velocities occurring during the interglacial periods. Glacial sediments record poorly ventilated, low-oxygenation bottom water conditions, interpreted to result from a northward shift of westerly winds and surface oceanic fronts. Interglacial sediments record more oxygenated and ventilated bottom water conditions and strong current velocities, which suggests enhanced mixing of the water masses as a result of a southward shift of the Polar Front. Intervals with preserved carbonated nannofossils within some of the interglacial facies are interpreted to form under warmer paleoclimatic conditions when less corrosive warmer northern component water (e.g. North Atlantic sourced deep water) had a greater influence on the Site. Spectral analysis on the late Oligocene sediment interval show that the glacial-interglacial cyclicity and related displacements of the Southern Ocean frontal systems between 26-25 Ma were forced mainly by obliquity. The paucity of iceberg rafted debris (IRD) throughout the studied interval contrasts with earlier Oligocene and post-Miocene Climate Optimum sections from Site U1356 and with late Oligocene strata from the Ross Sea, which contain IRD and evidence for coastal glaciers and sea ice. These observations, supported by elevated sea surface paleotemperatures, the absence of sea-ice, and reconstructions of fossil pollen between 26 and 25 Ma at Site U1356, suggest that open ocean water conditions prevailed. Combined, these evidences suggest that glaciers or ice caps likely occupied the topographic highs and lowlands of the now marine Wilkes Subglacial Basin (WSB). Unlike today, the continental shelf was not over-deepened and thus ice sheets in the WSB were likely land-based and marine-based ice sheet expansion was likely limited to coastal regions.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gürer, Derya; van Hinsbergen, Douwe J J; Özkaptan, Murat; Creton, Iverna; Koymans, Mathijs R; Cascella, Antonio; Langereis, Cornelis G;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Subduction Initiation rec... (8855), EC | SINK (306810)

    To quantitatively reconstruct the kinematic evolution of Central and Eastern Anatolia within the framework of Neotethyan subduction accommodating Africa-Eurasia convergence, we paleomagnetically assess timing and amount of vertical axis rotations across the Ulukisla and Sivas regions. We show paleomagnetic results from ~30 localities identifying a coherent rotation of a block - comprising the southern Kirsehir Block, the Ulukisla basin, the Central and Eastern Taurides, and the southern part of the Sivas basin. This block experienced a ~30° counter-clockwise vertical axis rotation since Oligocene time. Sediments in the northern Sivas region show clockwise rotations. We use the rotation patterns together with known fault zones to argue that the counter-clockwise rotating domain of south-central Turkey was bounded by the Savcili Thrust Zone and Deliler-Tecer Fault Zone in the north and by the African-Arabian trench in the south, the western boundary of which is poorly constrained and requires future study. Our new paleomagnetic constraints provide a key ingredient for future kinematic restorations of the Anatolian tectonic collage. We combine our extensive new dataset with existing data (Guerer et al., 2018, and references therein) to identify the dimension of rotating domains in Central and Eastern Anatolia, and identify structures that may have accommodated these rotations. Paleomagnetic interpretations and statistical analyses were carried out using the platform independent portal Paleomagnetism.org (Koymans et al., 2016).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lauretano, Vittoria; Littler, Kate; Polling, M; Zachos, James C; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | Evolution of astronomical... (5600)

    Recent studies have shown that the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO) was preceded by a series of short-lived global warming events, known as hyperthermals. Here we present high-resolution benthic stable carbon and oxygen isotope records from ODP Sites 1262 and 1263 (Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic) between ~54 and ~52 million years ago, tightly constraining the character, timing, and magnitude of six prominent hyperthermal events. These events, which include Eocene Thermal Maximum (ETM) 2 and 3, are studied in relation to orbital forcing and long-term trends. Our findings reveal an almost linear relationship between d13C and d18O for all these hyperthermals, indicating that the eccentricity-paced co-variance between deep-sea temperature changes and extreme perturbations in the exogenic carbon pool persisted during these events towards the onset of the EECO, in accord with previous observations for the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) and ETM2. The covariance of d13C and d18O during H2 and I2, which are the second pulses of the "paired" hyperthermal events ETM2-H2 and I1-I2, deviates with respect to the other events. We hypothesize that this could relate to a relatively higher contribution of an isotopically heavier source of carbon, such as peat or permafrost, and/or to climate feedbacks/local changes in circulation. Finally, the d18O records of the two sites show a systematic offset with on average 0.2 per mil heavier values for the shallower Site 1263, which we link to a slightly heavier isotopic composition of the intermediate water mass reaching the northeastern flank of the Walvis Ridge compared to that of the deeper northwestern water mass at Site 1262.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Frieling, Joost; Reichart, Gert-Jan; Middelburg, Jack J; Röhl, Ursula; Westerhold, Thomas; Bohaty, Steven M; Sluijs, Appy;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: NWO | A sensitive ultra high pr... (7295), EC | DINOPRO (259627)

    The Paleocene - Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM; 56 Ma) was a phase of rapid global warming associated with massive carbon input into the ocean-atmosphere system from a 13C-depleted reservoir. Many mid- and high-latitude sections have been studied and document changes in salinity, hydrology and sedimentation, deoxygenation, biotic overturning and migrations, but detailed records from tropical regions are lacking. Here, we study the PETM at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 959 in the equatorial Atlantic using a range of organic and inorganic proxies and couple these with dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) assemblage analysis. The PETM at Site 959 was previously found to be marked by a ~3.8 per mil negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE), and a ~4 ºC surface ocean warming from the uppermost Paleocene to peak PETM, of which ~1 ºC occurs before the onset of the CIE. We record upper Paleocene dinocyst assemblages that are similar to PETM assemblages as found in extra-tropical regions, confirming poleward migrations of ecosystems during the PETM. The early stages of the PETM are marked by a typical acme of the tropical genus Apectodinium, which reaches abundances of up to 95 %. Subsequently, dinocyst abundances diminish greatly, as do carbonate and pyritized silicate microfossils. The combined paleoenvironmental information from Site 959 and a close by shelf site in Nigeria implies the general absence of eukaryotic surface-dwelling microplankton during peak PETM warmth is most likely caused by heat stress. Crucially, abundant organic benthic foraminiferal linings imply sustained export production, likely driven by prokaryotes. In sharp contrast, the recovery of the CIE yields rapid (<<10 kyr) fluctuations in the abundance of several dinocyst groups, suggesting extreme ecosystem and environmental variability.