Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
We have before us the sixth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology. This is the second issue in a row dedicated to the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. After the overwhelming response from all over the world to the call for papers and provocative inspections that ensued, here we wanted to discuss the ways in which technology shapes and enables work in the areas of music, arts, humanities, and the education process, this time inviting our collaborators to discuss the shortcomings and struggles of the working processes in these fields. The main theme, “Music, Art and Humanities in the Time of Global Crisis”, expanded from the Main Theme section into the interviews as well.
Background: Searching through the COVID-19 research literature to gain actionable clinical insight is a formidable task, even for experts. The usefulness of this corpus in terms of improving patient care is tied to the ability to see the big picture that emerges when the studies are seen in conjunction rather than in isolation. When the answer to a search query requires linking together multiple pieces of information across documents, simple keyword searches are insufficient. To answer such complex information needs, an innovative artificial intelligence (AI) technology named a knowledge graph (KG) could prove to be effective. Methods: We conducted an exploratory literature review of KG applications in the context of COVID-19. The search term used was "covid-19 knowledge graph". In addition to PubMed, the first five pages of search results for Google Scholar and Google were considered for inclusion. Google Scholar was used to include non-peer-reviewed or non-indexed articles such as pre-prints and conference proceedings. Google was used to identify companies or consortiums active in this domain that have not published any literature, peer-reviewed or otherwise. Results: Our search yielded 34 results on PubMed and 50 results each on Google and Google Scholar. We found KGs being used for facilitating literature search, drug repurposing, clinical trial mapping, and risk factor analysis. Conclusions: Our synopses of these works make a compelling case for the utility of this nascent field of research.
Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
In the seventh issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology, we are continuing our series on themes dedicated to art, music, and humanities in times of global crisis. After dealing with more general questions regarding these areas of creation, in this volume we are thinking about the issue of mental and bodily health during the Covid-19 pandemic and its possible ties and representations in music and art.
A 6 flyer-set (1HEX): #01—attempt; #02—try again; #03—do something else; #04—return; #05—unlearn; #06—crossover. In this flyer-series, content is queried as a vectored relationship between image and writing. The reference framework is Samuel Beckett’s queries in the “novellas” Ill Seen Ill Said/Company/ Worstward Ho/Stirrings Still (FF—faber & faber). The concept of excavation determines the hatching of content through a work of staging: the performed container. A ontological status is ascribed to such containers: they feature a category of dis/play which is neither an exhibit, nor a show. The lineup (Germ. Ausstellung, Norw. Oppstilling) is discussed as a dis/play in which the nature of what is seen and said is yet undetermined, or uncertain. From this basis the notion that the Beckett estate clusters the signature, event and context—rather than being external to Beckett’s work—is suggested. From this ground the possibility that Covid19 (pandemic and the lockdown as life-work) can fruitfully be considered an estate, is tentatively demonstrated and argued, from the vantage point of terrestrial estates, that may hatch and develop in the wake of Bruno Latour’s work, and Donna Haraway’s scheme of staying with the trouble. Which is also why the geological time-frame (cf, anthropocene) is discussed. Hereby, the /Covid-19 estate/ is launched.
This dissertation project identifies the anti-colonial and anti-racist traditions that Black and Brown Angelenos have created, specifically the artworks expressing cultural pride and solidarity with each other. While other scholars have looked at Black and Latina/o/x Los Angeles together, few have looked at the trends and traditions within visual culture and art history. This particular intervention is historical, but also builds from the contemporary moment we live in, where underpaid school teachers have been striking en masse, where women are proclaiming #TimesUp, where Black Lives Matter is ushering perhaps the largest social movement in U.S. history, and still, the movement continues to grow all over the world. Furthermore, this dissertation has been informed by the COVID-19 crisis, which deeply and disproportionately impacts housing, employment, health outcomes and many other factors for people of color, especially Native Peoples, African Americans and Latinx folks in the U.S. As a way to reframe this political moment of pandemics, social injustice, and consciousness raising, I freedom dream through Afro-Latinx Futurism, a concept I offer that empowers Black, Latinx and Afro-Latinx people to center pleasure, rest, and joy as a visual practice in the arts and an important expression of liberation. Together, this project will forge a new history of the past by offering analysis of artworks, but also, moments when people lived, fought and created together. In some cases, I will highlight works of art that were not exactly made together, or directly in conversation with the other, but still work within a constellation of struggle against US imperialism and white supremacy. I have conducted participatory observation fieldwork, interviews, investigated archives, made maps via Emoji Mapping and Social Explorer; I offer visual and historical analysis to demonstrate the social realities that Black and Brown creative communities have forged for the past 237 years in what is now Los Angeles.
This Master’s thesis is based on a web-based multimedia project titled, “Soundscapes of Pandemia,” created during the 2020 coronavirus pandemic and global Black Lives Matter uprisings. A question guiding the design of this multimedia project that this Master’s thesis considers is, “How can art and collaborative research design critically engage, with current historic moments?” By critical engagement, I mean how can people actively and carefully consider stimuli such as sounds as a means of producing knowledge about current moments and their relationship to possible futures in the urban environment. As an artist, activist, and researcher, I curate visual illustrations and collage the soundscapes in web-space guided by a decolonial practice of counter- mapping and emergent strategy. A collective of submissions qualified a synesthetic multimedia project expressing counter-hegemonic ontologies in transnational urban contexts of Sao Paulo, Leipzig, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego, ranging from audio files to audio & video files of varying formats and lengths from nine people. A total of 41 files were submitted by the people in the network and were transmitted from smartphone devices and a GoPro camera utilizing broadband fiber connections. I assert that by engaging with actual and virtual media through magical realism is to engage in imagining future possibilities outside of hegemonic hierarchical and temporal orders.
This essay is comprised of three separate but interconnected sections, each working through at a different level the history of how Southern Illinois came to be called Egypt, and the implications of such a regional nicknaming. In the first, I consider the history of the moniker along with histories of the region through critical discussions of religion, race, and nineteenth century American Egyptomania. In the second, I retrace two cataclysmic events which occurred in Cairo, Illinois, and suggestively implicate by proximity Southern Illinois’ overidentification with Egypt. Finally, I recount and reconsider my own relation to the region and to its history and folklore, and describe my thesis exhibition, which has not yet been mounted due to COVID-19.
Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
The fifth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology is the second one we are preparing and publishing in the Covid-19 pandemic. And while the theme for the previous issue was conceived in a world unburdened with what has preoccupied our minds and lives in 2020, the theme for this one is directly shaped by it. During the Spring, when we were taken aback by the governmental measures and the fear of the “invisible enemy” (the use of militant vocabulary is rather prominent in the discourse surrounding the virus), the uncertainty for the future grew strong. However, at that time, we could not predict the longevity, brevity and consequences of the pandemic – in December we are still not certain, but we are getting tired. This is why I would like to thank all the authors for working with us in these trying times, unpacking what can only be a beginning of ‘a global crisis’ during the Summer and Autumn of 2020. The main theme of the issue, Music, Art, and Technology in the Time of Global Crisis, strives to capture this period through the lens of workers in art, music, and academia around the world, focusing on the role and place of arts and technology in our/their relocated institutional realities.
Black Americans presently and have historically faced disproportionately negative experiences in the U.S. healthcare system, as spotlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In my dissertation, I employ diverse methodologies, including quantitative analyses of nationally representative data, qualitative analyses of focus groups, and experimental methods aiming to understand and illuminate potential ways to address Black Americans’ experiences of injustice in healthcare. The introduction (Chapter 1) builds upon previous research to illustrate a model which emphasizes the importance of individuals and systems (and the histories of individuals and systems) to better understand racial injustice in healthcare. In Chapter 2, I provide a narrative review of the present and historical experiences of Black Americans in the healthcare system. Next, in Chapter 3, across two studies (N=13,054), including a nationally representative sample of Black and White Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic, Black (relative to White) Americans reported less positive experiences in healthcare, which explained early COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy and lower medical system trust. Current knowledge of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was not related significantly to medical trust or vaccination intention, however. In Chapter 4, qualitative data and thematic analysis were used to interrogate the quality of healthcare provider-Black patient interactions in a sample of 37 Black American women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. In a community-academic collaboration, three focus groups were conducted across California. Results demonstrated that participants experienced discrimination, stereotyping, and hostility from healthcare providers and within the healthcare system which undermined their medical trust. Further, participants offered suggestions for improving the healthcare experiences of Black women diagnosed with breast cancer. A critical step toward dismantling racial injustice is acknowledging its existence. Thus, in Chapter 5, I tested specific ways to shift dominant group members’ perceptions to recognize both individual and systemic racism and how to increase behavioral intentions to combat injustice in healthcare. Results from this online experiment conducted with 1853 adults suggested that when White Americans learned about critical Black history in healthcare (i.e., history of injustice) vs. celebratory Black history (i.e., history of achievement) or control information, they reported significantly more perspective-taking with Black Americans, which in turn predicted more individual and systemic racism recognition and support for anti-racist policies in healthcare. Ultimately, my dissertation studies highlight specific experiences of injustice that Black Americans face in healthcare and identifies a mechanism to increase White Americans’ recognition of and support for addressing injustices toward Black Americans.
À medida que o uso de smartphones se torna onipresente, a saúde móvel (mHealth) torna-se cada vez mais importante. A pandemia COVID-19 tem sido associada ao aumento da taxa de download de aplicações de mHealth, num contexto em que os cidadãos procuram soluções alternativas de acesso à saúde, mas falta evidência sobre se houve uma perceção cada vez mais positiva destas soluções. Esta dissertação pretende avaliar qualitativa e quantitativamente essa tendência, estudando a evolução de dados como avaliações e classificações de aplicativos de saúde móvel pré-selecionados na Google Play Store durante 2020. Uma análise mais aprofundada com foco no comportamento do cliente é necessária para estabelecer condições e práticas que apoiem o crescimento contínuo e a sustentabilidade dos fornecedores de mHealth. Para analisar o desenvolvimento das soluções bem como o conteúdo das críticas (reviews), foram utilizadas ferramentas de processamento de linguagem natural (PLN). Não há trabalhos publicados analisando críticas de aplicações mHealth estas ferramentas para 2020. Os resultados não indicaram uma tendência clara para o aumento de uma perceção positiva sobre aplicativos de saúde móvel. As preferências do cliente foram reunidas e categorizadas pela estrutura da "Teoria Unificada de Aceitação e Uso da Tecnologia". Diferentes subgrupos estiveram associados a diferentes perceções sobre os aplicativos mHealth analisados. Uma das principais conclusões deste estudo foi como a robustez técnica dos aplicativos de saúde móvel pode influenciar fortemente a perspetiva do cliente. A tese aponta oportunidades para a cooperação entre reguladores, criadores de soluções de saúde digital e seguradoras. As smartphone use becomes ubiquitous, mobile health (mHealth) is becoming increasingly important. The COVID-19 pandemic has been linked to the increasing download rate of mHealth applications, as alternative healthcare solutions are sought by citizens restricted due to public health measures. Further evidence is necessary in order to prove if there was an increasing positive perception of healthcare applications by the population. This dissertation seeks to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate this by studying the evolution of objective data like reviews and ratings of preselected mHealth applications in the Google Play Store during 2020. Further analysis focused on customer behavior is necessary to establish conditions and practices that support continuous growth and stability for mHealth providers. In order to analyze the mHealth applications development as well as the content of the reviews, natural language processing (NLP) tools were used. There is no published research or similar studies analyzing mHealth reviews with NLP tools for 2020. The results indicated no clear trend towards increasing positive perception of mHealth applications. Customer preferences were gathered and categorized by the ‘Unified Theory of Acceptance and Usage of Technology’ framework. The analyzed mHealth applications showed insights in form of different preferences in accordance with their respective subgroups. One main finding of this study was how the technical composition of mHealth applications can strongly influence the customer perspective. Furthermore, the study reveals missed opportunities if form of cooperation between regulators, application developers and insurances.