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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • 2023-2023
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Wolff, Eric William; Mulvaney, Robert; Grieman, Mackenzie M; Hoffmann, Helene; +1 Authors

    We present an age model for the 651 m deep Skytrain Ice Rise ice core (79°44.5'S, 78°32.7'W). The top 2000 years have previously been dated using age markers interpolated through annual layer counting. Below this, we align the Skytrain core to the AICC2012 age model using tie points in the ice and air phase, and apply the Paleochrono program to obtain the best fit to the tie points and glaciological constraints. In the gas phase, ties are made using methane and, in critical sections, δ18Oair; in the ice phase ties are through 10Be across the Laschamps Event, and through ice chemistry related to long-range dust transport and deposition. This strategy provides a good outcome to about 108 ka (~605 m). Beyond that there are signs of flow disturbance, with a section of ice probably repeated. Nonetheless values of CH4 and δ18Oair confirm that part of the last interglacial (LIG), from about 117-126 ka (617-628 m), is present and in chronological order. Below this there are clear signs of stratigraphic disturbance, with rapid oscillation of values in both the ice and gas phase at the base of the LIG section. Based on methane values, the warmest part of the LIG and the coldest part of the penultimate glacial are missing from our record. Ice below 631 m appears to be of age >150 ka.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Martínez-Abarca, Rodrigo; Abstein, Michelle; Schenk, Frederik; Hodell, David A; +14 Authors

    Inorganic geochemistry data (Ti, Al, Ca, Fe, and Mn) and mineralogy of sediments from Lake Petén Itzá are presented. Lake Petén Itzá was drilled in 2006 by the International Continental Discovery Program, obtaining seven lacustrine sedimentary records: PI-01, PI-02, PI-03, PI-04, PI-06, PI-7, and PI-9. Here, we present data from site PI-02 located north of the lake (16°59'58.04''N; 89°44'41.51''W) and measured between 67 and 19 m depth. Inorganic geochemistry data were obtained by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) using a Cox Analytical Itrax Core Scanner (Cr tube, 30 kV, 55 mA, 15 s exposure) with a resolution of 1 cm. XRF data is displayed in counts per second (cps). Subsequently, a transformation to centered log-ratio (CLR) was performed. The CLR data were obtained by dividing each value by the geometric mean of the elements measured at said depth, then the natural logarithm of said quotient was obtained. CLR results have no units. The mineralogy data were obtained every 1 m by ray diffraction (XRD) using a Rigaku MiniFlex 600 equipment (15 mA/40kV) in a rotation axis between 3 and 80°. The XRD values are in relative percentages obtained using the X-Pert High Score software (version 1.0b) and the diffraction potential files of the International Center for Diffraction Data, USA. Depth data corresponds with the master composite sequence presented by Mueller et al. (2010), while age data belongs to the age-depth model presented by Martínez-Abarca et al. 2023.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Rush, William; Self-Trail, Jean; Zhang, Yang; Sluijs, Appy; +4 Authors

    The Knapps Narrows core was drilled at 38.72129N, -76.33162W on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The cored target interval lies between 84-102 meters in the Nanjemoy Formation. Calcareous nannofossil biozonation was established in conjunction with paleomagnetic data, allowing us to date the interval to approximately 53.7 mya. Benthic foraminiferal and bulk carbon isotope data allowed for further refinement of the dating of this interval, allowing us to identify ETM2 and H2 on the basis of carbon isotope stratigraphy. For analyses of benthic foraminifera 4-6 Anomalinoides acutus specimens were picked from the 180-250 μm size fraction at each interval. Dinoflagellate cyst assemblages were counted in order to allow for paleo-environmental analysis. Benthic foraminiferal δ18O and TEX86 temperature proxies were compiled over the interval of interest. Semi-quantitative clay mineral assemblages were used to test for changes in the weathering response over hyperthermal intervals. There is excellent agreement between the δ18O and TEX86 temperature proxies, although the highest temperatures do not correspond to either hyperthermal event. There is a noticeable increase in illite content during the ETM2 interval, and an absence of kaolinite. Dinoflagellate assemblages suggest changes in marine paleo-environmental conditions were driven by long-term trends rather than immediate responses to the hyperthermal events.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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3 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Wolff, Eric William; Mulvaney, Robert; Grieman, Mackenzie M; Hoffmann, Helene; +1 Authors

    We present an age model for the 651 m deep Skytrain Ice Rise ice core (79°44.5'S, 78°32.7'W). The top 2000 years have previously been dated using age markers interpolated through annual layer counting. Below this, we align the Skytrain core to the AICC2012 age model using tie points in the ice and air phase, and apply the Paleochrono program to obtain the best fit to the tie points and glaciological constraints. In the gas phase, ties are made using methane and, in critical sections, δ18Oair; in the ice phase ties are through 10Be across the Laschamps Event, and through ice chemistry related to long-range dust transport and deposition. This strategy provides a good outcome to about 108 ka (~605 m). Beyond that there are signs of flow disturbance, with a section of ice probably repeated. Nonetheless values of CH4 and δ18Oair confirm that part of the last interglacial (LIG), from about 117-126 ka (617-628 m), is present and in chronological order. Below this there are clear signs of stratigraphic disturbance, with rapid oscillation of values in both the ice and gas phase at the base of the LIG section. Based on methane values, the warmest part of the LIG and the coldest part of the penultimate glacial are missing from our record. Ice below 631 m appears to be of age >150 ka.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Martínez-Abarca, Rodrigo; Abstein, Michelle; Schenk, Frederik; Hodell, David A; +14 Authors

    Inorganic geochemistry data (Ti, Al, Ca, Fe, and Mn) and mineralogy of sediments from Lake Petén Itzá are presented. Lake Petén Itzá was drilled in 2006 by the International Continental Discovery Program, obtaining seven lacustrine sedimentary records: PI-01, PI-02, PI-03, PI-04, PI-06, PI-7, and PI-9. Here, we present data from site PI-02 located north of the lake (16°59'58.04''N; 89°44'41.51''W) and measured between 67 and 19 m depth. Inorganic geochemistry data were obtained by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) using a Cox Analytical Itrax Core Scanner (Cr tube, 30 kV, 55 mA, 15 s exposure) with a resolution of 1 cm. XRF data is displayed in counts per second (cps). Subsequently, a transformation to centered log-ratio (CLR) was performed. The CLR data were obtained by dividing each value by the geometric mean of the elements measured at said depth, then the natural logarithm of said quotient was obtained. CLR results have no units. The mineralogy data were obtained every 1 m by ray diffraction (XRD) using a Rigaku MiniFlex 600 equipment (15 mA/40kV) in a rotation axis between 3 and 80°. The XRD values are in relative percentages obtained using the X-Pert High Score software (version 1.0b) and the diffraction potential files of the International Center for Diffraction Data, USA. Depth data corresponds with the master composite sequence presented by Mueller et al. (2010), while age data belongs to the age-depth model presented by Martínez-Abarca et al. 2023.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Rush, William; Self-Trail, Jean; Zhang, Yang; Sluijs, Appy; +4 Authors

    The Knapps Narrows core was drilled at 38.72129N, -76.33162W on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The cored target interval lies between 84-102 meters in the Nanjemoy Formation. Calcareous nannofossil biozonation was established in conjunction with paleomagnetic data, allowing us to date the interval to approximately 53.7 mya. Benthic foraminiferal and bulk carbon isotope data allowed for further refinement of the dating of this interval, allowing us to identify ETM2 and H2 on the basis of carbon isotope stratigraphy. For analyses of benthic foraminifera 4-6 Anomalinoides acutus specimens were picked from the 180-250 μm size fraction at each interval. Dinoflagellate cyst assemblages were counted in order to allow for paleo-environmental analysis. Benthic foraminiferal δ18O and TEX86 temperature proxies were compiled over the interval of interest. Semi-quantitative clay mineral assemblages were used to test for changes in the weathering response over hyperthermal intervals. There is excellent agreement between the δ18O and TEX86 temperature proxies, although the highest temperatures do not correspond to either hyperthermal event. There is a noticeable increase in illite content during the ETM2 interval, and an absence of kaolinite. Dinoflagellate assemblages suggest changes in marine paleo-environmental conditions were driven by long-term trends rather than immediate responses to the hyperthermal events.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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