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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
38 Research products, page 1 of 4

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Publications
  • Research data
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  • 2018-2022
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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Marko Lovrić; Riccardo Da Re; Enrico Vidale; Prokofieva I; Jennifer Wong; Davide Pettenella; Pieter Johannes Verkerk; Robert Mavsar;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | STAR TREE (311919), EC | BioMonitor (773297), EC | STAR TREE (311919), EC | BioMonitor (773297)

    Mushrooms, berries and other Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs) are an important part of forest recreation, rural income and of cultural heritage. Due to poor data on their collection and use, they are often ignored in forest policy and management decisions, which could impair those livelihoods that depend on NWFPs as an income source. We conducted a survey involving 17,346 respondents from 28 European countries to estimate which and how much of these products are collected. Our results show that 26% of European households collect NWFPs and that collection rates and quantities increase from Western to Eastern Europe. Previous studies focused mainly on marketed NWFPs, but our findings suggest that marketed NWFPs represent only a small share and that 86% of the collected weight is self-consumed. The total value of NWFPs collected each year amounts to 71% of the value of annual roundwood production, much more than previously estimated. Our results point to the need to consider co-production of wood and NWFPs, especially in Central Europe where their value per hectare is the highest. The authors acknowledge the funding received from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement no. 311919 (project StarTree) and Horizon 2020 EU Research and Innovation programme under grant agreement no. 773297 (project BioMonitor).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pandya, Abhinay; Oussalah, Mourad; Monachesi, P.; Kostakos, Panos; UiL OTS LLI; LS Linguistiek de taalinformatica;
    Countries: Netherlands, Netherlands, Finland
    Project: EC | GRAGE (645706), EC | CUTLER (770469), EC | GRAGE (645706), EC | CUTLER (770469)

    Abstract Social media data represent an important resource for behavioral analysis of the aging population. This paper addresses the problem of age prediction from Twitter dataset, where the prediction issue is viewed as a classification task. For this purpose, an innovative model based on Convolutional Neural Network is devised. To this end, we rely on language-related features and social media specific metadata. More specifically, we introduce two features that have not been previously considered in the literature: the content of URLs and hashtags appearing in tweets. We also employ distributed representations of words and phrases present in tweets, hashtags and URLs, pre-trained on appropriate corpora in order to exploit their semantic information in age prediction. We show that our CNN-based classifier, when compared with baseline models, yields an improvement of up to 12.3% for Dutch dataset, 9.8% for English1 dataset, and 6.6% for English2 dataset in the micro-averaged F1 score.

  • Publication . Conference object . Article . Preprint . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Matej Martinc; Syrielle Montariol; Elaine Zosa; Lidia Pivovarova;
    Country: Finland
    Project: EC | NewsEye (770299), EC | EMBEDDIA (825153), EC | NewsEye (770299), EC | EMBEDDIA (825153)

    The way the words are used evolves through time, mirroring cultural or technological evolution of society. Semantic change detection is the task of detecting and analysing word evolution in textual data, even in short periods of time. In this paper we focus on a new set of methods relying on contextualised embeddings, a type of semantic modelling that revolutionised the NLP field recently. We leverage the ability of the transformer-based BERT model to generate contextualised embeddings capable of detecting semantic change of words across time. Several approaches are compared in a common setting in order to establish strengths and weaknesses for each of them. We also propose several ideas for improvements, managing to drastically improve the performance of existing approaches.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Tallavaara, Miikka; Jørgensen, Erlend Kirkeng;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: AKA | Human population dynamics... (317567), AKA | Human population dynamics... (317567)

    This submission contains data and R-code that enable to reproduce the data manipulations and analyses in the paper “Why are population growth rate estimates of past and present hunter-gatherers so different?” by Miikka Tallavaara and Erlend Kirkeng Jørgensen (Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society B). Please, cite the paper and this Zenodo repository if you use the files included in this Zenodo record in your work. The submission includes a html-file titled “Why are population growth rate estimates of past and present hunter-gatherers so different? - Data analyses” (TJ2020.html) that contains R-code and instructions and comments for running the code (open this file in your browser). In addition, the submission includes Rdata-file (dataTJ2020.Rdata) containing all the data that are not created within the code and pure R-code (TJ2020.R).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tiedemann, Jörg; Scherrer, Yves;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | FoTran (771113), EC | MeMAD (780069)

    This release contains data sets for experiments with document-level machine translation. The data sets have been used in previous studies and provided here for replicability and comparison with other systems. The data sets are taken from the English-German news translation task at WMT 2019 and the English-German bitext in the OpenSubtitles collection v2016 from OPUS. All data sets are sentence aligned with corresponding lines being aligned to each other. Document boundaries are marked with empty lines (on both sides of the parallel corpus). The data set has been used in the following publication: @inproceedings{scherrer-tiedemann-loaiciga-2019, title = "Analysing concatenation approaches to document-level NMT in two different domains", author = {Scherrer, Yves and Tiedemann, J{\"o}rg and Lo{\'a}iciga, Sharid}, booktitle = "Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation", month = nov, year = "2019", address = "Hong-Kong", publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics", } Please, cite that paper if you use the data set in your own work. {"references": ["Scherrer, Tiedemann and Lo\u00e1iciga: \"Analysing concatenation approaches to document-level NMT in two different domains\", in Proceedings of DiscoMT2019 at EMNLP 2019, Hong-Kong"]}

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lourdes Monterrubio Ibáñez;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Rita Azevedo Gomes' Correspondências (2016) draws on the epistolary correspondence between Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen and Jorge de Sena, as well as their respective poetic works, to build an epistolary-poetic, audio-visual and sensory-emotional kaleidoscope based on their reading, reciting and representation in different languages. In this way, the filmmaker generates a kind of phenomenology of reception that uses all the audiovisual possibilities: the different formats, digital and analogue; their multiple textures; and the diverse options of the texts enunciation. The experimentation with their different combinations, also using various image and sound effects, materialises in an epistolary-poetic essay film which reflects on the aesthetic experience and attains a hybrid, complex image defining contemporary cinema: between person and character, diegesis and extradiegesis, digital and analogue images, voice-in and voiceover, private and public, life and work, present and past, absence and presence, that is, between reproduction and representation (Quintana, 2011). Azevedo’s essayistic reflection on creation, exile and absence is generated through parataxic thinking (Català, 2014) and interstitial thinking (Rascaroli, 2017) that create dialectical and symbolic sentence-images (Rancière, 2003). Thus, Correspondências becomes an avant-garde expression of both contemporary epistolary cinema and contemporary essay film.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sara Porzilli; Stefano Bertocci;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    This contribution presents research experiences carried out on historic wooden heritage located between Northern Finland and Russia. Many cultures all over the world hold their own testimony related to historic wooden architecture (Iori 2005), different in their constructive techniques and compositional results but at the same time full of common features. For this reason we can assume that wooden architecture represents one of the oldest building systems adopted all over the world by people who developed specific approaches in building with timber material while respecting local tradition (Pryce 2005). This vast and unique wooden world heritage strongly needs today to be surveyed and documented with a deep level of detail and accuracy by using the most accurate survey methods and digital systems. The contribution describes three specific case studies located in different geographical areas: The Unesco World Heritage Site of the Pogost Complex on Kizhi Island and rural settlements in Karelia (Russia), The Wooden Farm House of Lamminaho in Vaala region (Finland) and the residential wooden district of Raksila in Oulu (Finland). The research experiences presented have the aim to offer a wide viewpoint on how survey operations and analysis should be performed and which are the main strategies and procedures useful for obtaining specific results. From 2012 until now European Funding has supported researches on Wooden Architecture with a Seventh Framework Programme, Marie Curie Actions People (years 2012–2014) and from 2017 until 2019 with a Marie S. Curie Individual Fellowship held by Post Doctoral Researcher Sara Porzilli, actually based in Oulu, Finland.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Tarja Knuuttila; Vivette García Deister;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: AKA | Understanding by Engineer... (290079), EC | LIFEMODE (818772), AKA | Understanding by Engineer... (290079), EC | LIFEMODE (818772)

    Although the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary biological sciences has been addressed by philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science, the different ways in which engineering concepts and methods have been applied in biology have been somewhat neglected. We examine – using the mechanistic philosophy of science as an analytic springboard – the transfer of network methods from engineering to biology through the cases of two biology laboratories operating at the California Institute of Technology. The two laboratories study gene regulatory networks, but in remarkably different ways. The research strategy of the Davidson lab fits squarely into the traditional mechanist philosophy in its aim to decompose and reconstruct, in detail, gene regulatory networks of a chosen model organism. In contrast, the Elowitz lab constructs minimal models that do not attempt to represent any particular naturally evolved genetic circuits. Instead, it studies the principles of gene regulation through a template-based approach that is applicable to any kinds of networks, whether biological or not. We call for the mechanists to consider whether the latter approach can be accommodated by the mechanistic approach, and what kinds of modifications it would imply for the mechanistic paradigm of explanation, if it were to address modelling more generally.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Pirie, Michael D; Chatrou, Lars; Maas, Paul JM;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Country: Belgium

    We present a taxonomic revision of Cremastosperma, a genus of Neotropical Annonaceae occurring in lowland to premontane wet forest, mostly in areas surrounding the Andean mountain chain. We recognise 34 species, describing five as new here: from east of the Andes, C. brachypodum Pirie & Chatrou, sp. nov. and C. dolichopodum Pirie & Maas, sp. nov., endemic to Peru; C. confusum Pirie, sp. nov., from southern Peru and adjacent Bolivia and Brazil; and C. alticola Pirie & Chatrou, sp. nov., at higher elevations in northern Peru and Ecuador; and from west of the Andes, C. osicola Pirie & Chatrou, sp. nov. endemic to Costa Rica, the most northerly distributed species of the genus. We provide an identification key, document diagnostic characters and distributions and provide illustrations and extensive lists of specimens, also presenting the latter in the form of mapping data with embedded links to images available online. Of the 34 species, 22 are regional endemics. On the basis of the extent of occurrence and area of occupancy of species estimated from the distribution data, we designate IUCN threat categries for all species. Fourteen species proved to be endangered (EN) and a further one critically endangered (CR), reflecting their rarity and narrow known distributions.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Preprint . 2021 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Elaine Zosa; Ravi Shekhar; Mladen Karan; Matthew Purver;
    Publisher: arXiv
    Country: Finland
    Project: EC | NewsEye (770299), EC | EMBEDDIA (825153), UKRI | Streamlining Social Decis... (EP/S033564/1), EC | NewsEye (770299), EC | EMBEDDIA (825153), UKRI | Streamlining Social Decis... (EP/S033564/1)

    Moderation of reader comments is a significant problem for online news platforms. Here, we experiment with models for automatic moderation, using a dataset of comments from a popular Croatian newspaper. Our analysis shows that while comments that violate the moderation rules mostly share common linguistic and thematic features, their content varies across the different sections of the newspaper. We therefore make our models topic-aware, incorporating semantic features from a topic model into the classification decision. Our results show that topic information improves the performance of the model, increases its confidence in correct outputs, and helps us understand the model's outputs. Comment: Accepted to RANLP 2021