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22 Research products, page 1 of 3

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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  • Roskilde Universitetscenter's Digitale Arkiv

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jørgensen, Oliver Lunding; Tækker, Tobias Lund; Paget, Marc David; Utzon, Bjørn Anton;
    Publisher: Roskilde University
    Country: Denmark

    This paper, seeks to examine the correlation between stock price and public sentiment expressed through social media. Through twitter scraping and pre- processing, sentiment can be extracted from text. The paper will be based on a heuristic approach to natural language processing. Furthermore, the paper will rely on the most common forms of sentiment analysis, using a rule-based and a machine-learning approach as a starting point and weigh these up against each other. Finally, we will continue with the best performing method, and weigh this up against real market data in a pursuit to find a correlation, should one exist. The paper found a sentiment-to-market accuracy 75%. And the accuracy score utilizing the rules-based approach of 72,72%.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Russo, Mirko; Viñas Malo, Daniel; Kastner, Melanie;
    Publisher: RUC
    Country: Denmark

    This project will deep into the motives and reasons behind cultural destruction. It will underline the will to entirely wipe off a distinctive group of population and its culture. Taking Syria as our main case given the events of the last decade; centring in the civil war where lives and art have been lost forever, together with the morale of its population, which fled to other countries in big numbers throughout the war. As for the perpetrators, ISIS will be the focus of our project, guilty of intentionally destroying many monuments, especially in Syria. Before explaining and answering to the questions of the project regarding culture, it is more than mandatory to analyse Syria’s history, tribes and regions. After reaching the core of our project and describing the possible reasons behind these actions, the third part of our project, which focuses on the emotional sphere of the victims. War brings with itself grief, loss, damage and destruction to a country and its material environment. To focus on the emotional attachment and emotional damage during this war shall be a matter of discussion nevertheless. We will not only analyse and discuss cultural destruction and the loss for humanity whenever perpetrators decide to damage forever something so important as our, as humans, common and singular past.

  • Other research product . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bin Abdul Rahman, Abdul Halim; Sørensen Alves Monteiro, Miguel;
    Publisher: Roskilde University
    Country: Denmark

    This project was set out to explore the role of the Turing Test in the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), with emphasis on the historical perspective. This report contains an introductory presentation of the Turing Test and Artificial Intelligence. Furthermore, it presents two methods for analysis. The first method is a quantitative search in extracting the number of results from Google Scholars for search range between 1950 and 2019. The searched terms are ‘Turing Test’ and ‘Artificial Intelligence’. The second method is the one used for the analysis of two case studies, ELIZA and Google Duplex. In exploring the historical development, ELIZA is an early research topic from 1966 and Google Duplex is a contemporary project from 2018. This report concludes that the Turing Test appears to have played a role in the historical development of AI. Results from the quantitative search show that there is an exponential growth, followed by a short stabilisation, before it begins to decay towards the last decade. Both case studies failed when subjected to a strict Turing Test. Though when subjected to the Total Turing Test, Google Duplex seems to surpass it. Finally, this report also concludes that the Turing Test may no longer be relevant, as mediums for AI have evolved beyond text-based and most developments are no longer concerned with tricking humans.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edslev, Frederik Borring; Børglum, Hjalte Gutzon; Thiel, Nora Sophie; Pedersen, Emma Sonne Rønshof; Norén, Laura Bødker; Boye, Natasha Alexandria;
    Publisher: Roskilde Universitet
    Country: Denmark

    The main goal of the project will be to investigate to which extent ‘authentic’ culture isperformed. The main theories used, in order to obtain an understanding of culture andperception, will be Bourdieu’s Habitus, Butler’s Performativity and Goffman’s ImpressionManagement. The analysis will be structured around three different aspects: the object, thephenomenology and the discursive, connected by Brinkmann’s ontological triangle from TheEpistemology of Working with Everyday Life Materials. The theories will be applied in order toanalyze interactions made in Venice, by the group members, in order to determine to whichextent they had performed their culture, and how this can affect the ‘authenticity’ in culture.

  • Other research product . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Siegel, Viktor; Labuz, Patrick Ravn;
    Country: Denmark

    The project focuses on how the hungarian culture has been preserved throughout the years in the southeast region of Slovakia (Rye Island).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vachnadze, Nikoloz;
    Country: Denmark

    The field of subtitling is certainly one of the underrated and underexplored areas in the academic world. This project intends to outline the lengthy evolution of subtitles as it was being shaped throughout the last century by experimenting with its different forms and uses. The historical perspective sheds light on the field of subtitling and looks at its functions, technology, and usages, tracing its change from the origin to its present-day form. The intention of covering the historical side of the field is to familiarize the reader with the profession and its practices before stepping into a more detailed observation, covering linguistic and semiotic elements of subtitling. As a medium of communication, it is a field that can reach countless viewers. It can be used as a tool for educating the illiterate, deaf and the hard of hearing, students of second language, enriching vocabulary, maintaining language skills for the elderly, not to mention its capability of translating information to a non-native-speaker audience for the purpose of exchanging cultural wealth.

  • Other research product . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gräs, Jesper Ladekær; Hvass, Anders Colstrup;
    Country: Denmark

    The motivation for this project was based on the newly founded movement DiEM25 (Democracy in Europe Movement 2025) and their manifesto. The movement’s ideas and visions are based on the critique of the European Union’s handling of the economic, refugee and migration crisis’, that has been debated throughout Europe in recent years. With their manifesto, DiEM25 has formulated an idealistic alternative vision for the future Europe. This assignment seeks to find answers to what kind of alternative this is. More specifically; which kind of cosmopolitanism is expressed in the manifesto, and which European concept historical traditions this cosmopolitanism builds upon. The analysis conducted in this project will be a comparative concept historian analysis of the cosmopolitan vision formulated in the DiEM25 Manifesto. The assignment concludes that the manifesto entails a potential utopian cosmopolitan vision of re-democratising Europe, and more specifically the EU in our present modern and globalised world. Furthermore, it concludes that the the cosmopolitanism in the DiEM25 Manifesto builds on a long tradition of cosmopolitan ideas, leading back to Immanuel Kant initial ideas of cosmopolitanism, through post world war and the thoughts of Ulrich Beck up until the 21st century and the notion of New Cosmopolitanism.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Flörke, Bruno Jeremy; Vachnadze, Nikoloz; Jørgensen, Anna Neerup; Benford-Brown, Cory George;
    Publisher: Roskilde University
    Country: Denmark

    This paper is an historical sociolinguistic study of the English language primarily utilising the works of Meyerhoff (2006), Bergs (2005), and Fennell (2001) to investigate phonetic changes in English caused by the Great Vowel Shift. Our research explores the ‘Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century, Part I’ as chronicled by Davis (1971) as a means of discovering to what extent the Great Vowel Shift had materialised in the 15th century. Prefacing our study is an historical overview spanning from the 11th century and leading up to the Late Middle English period of the 15th century, which is intended to provide the reader with a historical, linear plotting of the English language, mapping its rise to dominance in England.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Engrose, Felix Kevin; Clausen, Thomas Wolff;
    Country: Denmark

    This project examines F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby and the historical, cultural, and societal periods surrounding, following its publication on April 10, 1925. Specifically, the Roaring Twenties (1920-29), the Great Depression (1929-39), and World War II (1939-45), in light of the wonder that it started out with lackluster reviews and only meager sales but later rose to international fame and popularity as the literary phenomenon we know today, all within the span of this specific generation. Applying a dualistic approach to the analysis, the project seeks to both study the literature and the culture, by introducing two different but complementing theoretical perspectives: The psychological perspective and the Marxist perspective. This is done to make sure that both the novel and its characters are analyzed from both an internal and an external perspective, to increase and to expand the understanding of Fitzgerald’s literary work and its impact on American culture and society. The project concludes that a reason the novel was not popular when it was first published is that the materialist and consumerist generation of the Roaring Twenties primarily identified with Daisy over Gatsby - and the way she chose her safety and esteem needs met with Tom Buchanan over her love needs and a life with Gatsby. Hence the perception and interpretation of a character like Jay Gatsby has changed radically through years of cultural and societal upheaval, which eventually caused the novel to finally be accepted and appreciated. In the 1920s, Gatsby was primarily seen as a critique of the lavishly spending and materialistic status quo, and people did not care much for that because of a bad social conscience, or they simply did not understand the critique. But later, in the 1940s, the American outlook had changed forever and so had their view of Gatsby, enthroning him instead as a hero, an icon and idol, and as a role model.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Castells Puig, Gala; Klæbel, Birgitte; Šulskus, Mantautas; Hjorth, Liza;
    Country: Denmark

    Through this paper, we examine the redesign process that the building of Nikolaj Church has gone through from the 1960ies, to how it appears today, as Nikolaj Kunsthal. The traces and layers have visible signs of a random design process through time. Nowadays the art centre aims for a coherent atmosphere and sense of place in an upcoming design process. Our analysis of textual data gathered from relevant documents and interviews with key stakeholders, relies on the development of a sociotechnical perspective. This perspective allows us to recognise the various agencies and networks in connection to the design process that emerge from the technical and social aspects, which are analysed. The findings emphasize the building as an actant and a network, that plays a crucial part in the design process.