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113,842 Research products, page 1 of 11,385

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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  • 2017-2021
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    THEODOSSOPOULOS, Dimitris; VELOUDAKİ, Christianna;
    Country: United Kingdom

    The church of Saint Sophia in Andravida, built around the mid-13th century in Elis, Western Greece has its still-remaining apse roofed in ribbed cross vaults. Built by the Frankish Princes of Achaia who occupied in the 13th and 14th century an area dominated by the native Byzantine architecture, Saint Sophia shows the great effort and attention paid in transferring new architectural forms and technology into a politically and culturally alien environment. This paper discusses the vaults’ construction and structural behaviour and explores questions around the technology transfer mechanisms from Western workshops. Although efficient, the vaults appear rather basic, and conservative compared to the contemporary endeavour to gradual disintegrate the envelope in Gothic architecture in Western Europe. On the whole, the analysis of the geometry, construction and structural performance showed a well-executed design with direct local input only at the construction stage.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gerardo A. Hernández; Fernando A. Rosete; Lidia Salas; Luis F. Alvarado; Juan Martinez; José F. Sanchez;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    A supporting study was developed to identify the priority elements for conservation in the region called “Sierra de San Miguelito” (SSM), in the San Luis Potosi State (SLP), Mexico, with the purpose of establishing a federal protected natural area (PNA). The methodological approach used was the integral-spatial analysis applied in territorial planning processes. The study showed that the forests, xerophilous scrubland, and natural grasslands of the SSM present a high biodiversity, an abundance of endemism (27% of species are endemic to the country, n = 285), and protected species (5% of reported species). In addition, 32.74% of vertebrates and 18.32% of flora reported for SLP status is present in SSM, with an area that represents only 1.79% of the state territory. As a result of the study, an area of 109,638.95 ha was proposed to be declared a federally PNA. The area provides environmental services that favor the San Luis Potosí city (SLPc) and the surrounding population; therefore, its conservation will promote the preservation of natural, cultural, and landscape heritage, being a transversal axis for sustainable development in its area of influence. The result was the basis for starting the negotiation process, developed in 2021, for the creation of the PNA.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Leila Afshari;
    Publisher: İstanbul Üniversitesi

    The Ramhormoz region in south and southwest Iran and its large-scale geography extends to the northern highlands of present-day modern Khuzestan. Despite its significance for its connection with the Susa-Persopolis Road during the Achaemenid period, the region did not attract archaeological attention until 1948s. Even in its brevity, the results of the 1969 Wright-Carter survey showed that the Ramhormoz region is promising in shedding light on the relation between the highlands and lowlands of southwest Iran. As a result of new archaeological data and the survey conducted under my supervision, the characteristics of the Achaemenid settlements on the Ramhormoz plain in Southwest Iran were reanalyzed. The influence of geographical factors such as the presence of large rivers and fertile lands on the formation and prosperity of the settlements, and the relations between sedentary, rural, and nomadic communities were examined. It was thus revealed that proximity to commercial roads and access to water resources and pasture were the main determinants in the distribution model of Achaemenid settlements. Rich pastures for nomads, the potential for irrigated agriculture for settlers, and access to communication routes provided advantages for both lifestyles (Alizadeh, 1979). The socio-political control and settlement pattern organized by the central political power in the Late Elamite Period continued in the Achaemenid period as well. Therefore, the settlement pattern is more associated with roads. When the location of the settlements and their distance to each other are examined, it is seen that the frequency of settlements on the Susa-Persepolis Royal Road is very high. Settlements are located on the road within short distances of each other, which shows that the road is a determining factor on settlements in the region due to its socio-economic advantages. During the Achaemenid period, as in the previous period, while settlements continued their development on the slopes of the mountains and on the edge of the plain, they were mainly concentrated in the center of the plain. During this period, the size of the settlements increased, which is indicative of population growth on the Ramhormoz plain during the Achaemenid period. İran’ın güney ve güneybatısındaki Ramhormoz bölgesi ve onun geniş ölçekli coğrafyası bugünkü modern Huzistan’nın kuzey dağlık kısmına kadar uzanmaktadır. Bölge 1948 yılına kadar arkeolojik açıdan dikkati çekmemekteydi. Halbuki bu bölge Akhaimenid döneminde Susa-Persepolis yolu üzerinde yer alması oldukça büyük öneme sahiptir. Wright ve Carter’in 1969 yılında gerçekleştirdiği yüzey araştırmaları sonucunda bu bölgenin güneybatı İran’ın ovalık ve dağlık kısımları arasında bağlantının olduğunu göstermektedir. Yeni arkeolojik veriler ve başkanlığımda gerçekleştirilen yüzey araştırmasıyla Ramhormoz ovasındaki Akhaimenid yerleşim karakteri tekrar analiz edilmiştir. Büyük nehirlerin ve verimli tarımsal araziler gibi coğrafi faktörler ile yerleşik, kırsal ve göçebe topluluklar arasındaki ilişkilerin iskana etkisi sorgulanmaya çalışılmıştır. Akhaimenid yerleşimlerinin dağılım modelinde ticari yollara yakınlık, su kaynaklarına ve meraya erişimin belirleyici olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Göçebeler için zengin meralar, yerleşikler için sulu tarım potansiyeli ve iletişim yollarına erişim, her iki yaşam biçimi için de avantaj sağlamıştır. Geç Elam Dönemi’ndeki sosyo-politik kontrol ve yerleşme modeli Akhaimenid döneminde de devam etmiştir. Yerleşim örüntüsü daha çok yollarla ilişkilidir. Yerleşmelerin konumlarını ve birbirilerine göre mesafelerini göz önüne aldığımızda Susa-Persepolis Kral Yolu güzergahındaki yerleşme sıklığının da fazla olduğu ortaya çıkar. Yol üzerinde kısa mesafelerle yerleşmeler konumlanmıştır. Bu da yolun sosyo-ekonomik avantajları nedeniyle bölgedeki iskân anlayışında belirleyici olduğunu gösterir. Akhaimenid döneminde, önceki dönemde olduğu gibi, dağların yamaçlarında ve ova kenarında yerleşmeler devam ederken, ana odağı ovanın merkezindedir. Bu dönemde, yerleşimlerin büyüklüğü artmıştır ve bu da Akhaimenid döneminde Ramhormoz ovasında nüfus artışının göstergesidir.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pettinicchi, Yuri;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782)

    This report documents the availability of the Automatic Verification Tool (AVT) that is used in the translation research activities of Task 4.3 of the SSHOC project. The task team describes the role of the milestone and the means of verification.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Intagliata, Emanuele Ettore;
    Publisher: IFPO - Institut français du Proche-Orient

    This article aims to provide the first scholarly overview of the practice of reuse of building material in late antique and early Islamic Palmyra (273-750 ce) and to examine this phenomenon more systematically within the Sanctuary of Baalshamin. To achieve this, it makes use of previously unpublished archival data. The way in which this material was used at Palmyra varied depending on the function of the buildings. By examining evidence from the Sanctuary of Baalshamin in more detail, the article also advances several hypotheses on building practices and the organisation of the workforce. Le remploi de matériaux de construction et de sculptures à Palmyre dans l’Antiquité tardive et la période islamique ancienne (273-750 de n. è.). Aperçu des pratiques et remarques sur les indices découverts dans le sanctuaire de Baalshamin Cet article fournit la première synthèse académique sur le remploi de matériaux de construction à Palmyre dans l’Antiquité tardive et la période islamique ancienne (273-750). Ce phénomène est étudié plus particulièrement dans le sanctuaire de Baalshamin, en s’appuyant sur des archives jusqu’alors inédites. La façon dont ces matériaux ont été utilisés à Palmyre varie selon la fonction des bâtiments. En étudiant plus en détail les données disponibles dans le sanctuaire de Baalshamin, l’article propose également plusieurs hypothèses sur les pratiques de construction et l’organisation de la main-d’œuvre. إعادة استخدام مواد البناء والمنحوتات في تدمر في أواخر العصور التاريخية القديمة المتأخرة والعصر الإسلامي المبكر (٢٣٧ ـ ٧٥٠م). نظرة عامة على التطبيقات والملاحظات على القرائن المكتشفة في معبد بعل شمينيقدم هذا المقال خلاصة حول عملية إعادة استخدام مواد البناء في تدمر في أواخر العصور التاريخية القديمة والعصر الإسلامي المبكر (٢٣٧ ـ ٧٥٠م). تمت دراسة هذه الظاهرة بشكل خاص في معبد بعل شمين بالاعتماد على أرشيفات لم تُنشر مسبقاً. تختلف طريقة استخدام هذه المواد في تدمر اعتمادا على وظيفة المباني. يقدم هذا المقال عدة فرضيات حول ممارسات البناء وتنظيم القوى العاملة، من خلال الدراسة التفصيلية للمعطيات المكتشفة في معبد بعلشمين.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Faezeh Mohajeri;
    Publisher: Ahmet YEŞİL

    It is accepted that for the first time in 1516, Thomas More introduced the concepts of an ideal place in his Utopia; however, centuries before him in 1154 Shahāb al-Din al-Suhrawardī, a Persian philosopher, introduced the term Nā-kujā-ābād, which literally means utopia. This word was initially used in literature for defining an ideal society, which simultaneously bears the meaning of a non-existing or probably never-existed society. Accordingly, this article analyses the perennial Idealism in Suhrawardī’s Nā-kujā-ābād (no-where) by which he amalgamates the discourse of idealism with the perfect nature of human beings during the twelfth century. Nā-kujā-ābād is a prototypical term that illustrates the transcending world and portrays the ultimate perception of the living soul in utopia. The twofold essence of this term has always been at the center of the argument; a self-contradictory word, holding two opposite meanings at the same time: the spiritual world (Ālam-i Mesāl) and the material world (Ālam-i Nāsūt). This article aims to reconstruct Suhrawardī’s treatises through the textual analysis illuminating the interpretation of no-where through the utopian angle in treatises of The Chant of Gabriel’s Wings (Āwāz-i Par-i Jabraʾīl) and The Crimson Intellect (Aql-i Surkh) and finally concludes that Suhrawardī’s utopia is the true self of human beings apart from political and social issues. İdeal mekânın ilk kez Thomas More tarafından 1516 yılında Ütopya adlı kitabında tanıtıldığı kabul edilir; ancak İranlı filozof Şahâbüddin es-Sühreverdî, More'dan yüzyıllar önce, 1154'te, kelimenin tam anlamıyla ütopya anlamına gelen Nā-kujā-ābād (hiçbir yer) kavramını ortaya atmıştır. Erken literatürde bu terim, var olmayan ve muhtemelen hiç var olmamış ideal bir toplumu tasvir etmekteydi. Buna göre, bu makale daimi İdealizm okulunun yorumcularını ve Sühreverdî'nin Nā-kujā-ābād'ını (hiçbir yer) kavramını incelemektedir. Nā-kujā-ābād (hiçbir yer), aşkın dünyayı tasvir etmek ve ütopyada yaşayan ruhun uzak algısını tasvir etmek için onun tarafından tanıtılan prototipik bir terimdir. Bu terimin iki yönlü özü her zaman tartışmanın merkezi olmuştur; aynı anda iki zıt anlamı taşıyan kendi içinde çelişkili bir kelimedir: Manevi dünya (Alem-i misâl) ve maddi dünya (Alem-i nâsût). Bu makale metin analizine dayalıdır ve Sühreverdî'nin risalelerini yeniden inşa ederek, Cebrail'in Kanat Sesi (Āwāz-i Par-i Jabraʾīl) ve Kızıl Akıl (Aql-i Surkh) risalelerinde ütopik bir bakış açısıyla hiçbir yerin yorumunu aydınlatmayı amaçlamaktadır. Son olarak araştırmacı, Sühreverdî'nin ütopyasının, insan hayatındaki siyasi ve sosyal meselelerden uzak, herkesin ulaşabileceği gerçek benlik olduğu sonucuna varır.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Saji, Ami;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782)

    Quantitative surveys play an important and imperative role in studying and learning about the integration and inclusion experiences of ethnic and migrant minorities (EMM). Unfortunately, such data have not always been easy to locate or access for both research and policymaking purposes. The EMM (Ethnic and Migrant Minority) Survey Registry is, hence, a direct response to this challenge, as its main objective is to make quantitative surveys undertaken with EMM populations ‘FAIR’ (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Re-usable). The EMM Survey Registry is a free online discovery tool that displays detailed information (i.e. metadata) about existing quantitative sample-based surveys conducted with EMM populations in Europe. Jointly developed by SSHOC, the COST Action 16111 – ETHMIGSURVEYDATA (a network of 200 plus EMM researchers across Europe), and the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR)-funded project FAIRETHMIGQUANT, the EMM Survey Registry promotes the FAIR principles and provides a concrete example of how an interdisciplinary data community can drive the creation of a FAIR-friendly tool for the social sciences using a bottom up, collaborative approach for the benefit of a wide range of stakeholders. The EMM Survey Registry is intended for use by researchers, policymakers, and other practitioners in their own research and/or policy-related activities. As a model of co-creation, it will also be of interest to data communities committed to making their data FAIR, to data curation actors looking to partner or connect with data producers or users for whom they can tailor their current data curation services, and to policy-makers working on open research and open data initiatives.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tin Turković; Nikolina Maraković;
    Country: Croatia

    The bathing complex in Domavia (near modern Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina), drew our attention as one of the most interesting and yet still unexplored bathing complexes at the territory of the ancient Roman province of Dalmatia. It was discovered more than a hundred years ago by Ljudevit Pogatschnig during the excavation of the site called Gradina, unearthed to a significant extent, and rather well documented by Vaclav Radimský in his reports from 1892 and 1894. Unfortunately, although this monumental and lavishly decorated bathing complex differs in many respects from the majority of ancient baths around the Roman world, and is a superb testament to the social conditions, wealth and overall culture of Domavia, an official mining centre from the time of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, its remains (except for the mosaics) never spurred further academic interest. This paper deals with the unusual arrangement and structure of the complex, its way of functioning, its rich decoration and quite substantial epigraphic material. All these contribute not only to the better understanding of life in ancient Domavia and northern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, but also to the general knowledge and understanding of Roman baths, their types and distinctive features. For their unique structure and character, we labelled Domavia baths – balnea metallicorum, arguing that they were designed for specific purposes and specific needs of their customers. We are also convinced that they were not an isolated example of this kind of baths at the territory of the Roman province.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Quintilla Castán, Marta; Agustín Hernández, Luis;
    Country: Spain

    With current data acquisition techniques, exhaustive documentation of patrimonial goods is generated, which allows obtaining a 3D geometric model, on which data from research from research is generated. As in other fields of architecture, the latest graphic techniques and manipulation of the image, allow a working methodology other than the current one in the patrimonial field. The information systems have been evolving towards technologies developed with open source software, the use of standards, ontologies and the structuring of information and of the 3D model itself under a semantic hierarchy. Interoperability between databases is favored and the maintenance of applications is ensured. The purpose is to support decision-making related to the model and simultaneously, serve multiple purposes such as cataloging, protection, restoration, conservation, maintenance or dissemination, among others. The research carried out for the realization of the survey of the City Council and Lonja of Alcañiz (Teruel), has the aim of expanding the historical knowledge of the buildings and delimiting its possible constructive phases, in order to obtain the geometric reality of the buildings. In this way, provide greater instruments to carry out the drafting work of the set restoration project. 

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Faris Demir;
    Publisher: İstanbul Üniversitesi

    The Karatepe storm god has been defined in Luwian inscriptions as Tarhunza Usanuwami, and in the Phoenician version as Baal Krntryš. The meaning of the Krntryš epithet still maintains its mystery. Location names, names and adjectives with weak probability that have been proposed by some researchers do not provide a convincing explanation. The main gods of the Neo-Hittite provinces and the main features of these gods can be different, and neglecting the Karatepe reliefs and inscriptions and looking for cult characteristics outside the region can cause wrong interpretations. There is no study in which the Usanuwami and Krntryš epithet of the storm god has been investigated in all its features. In this study, suggestions having a high probability for the word Krntryš are presented in line with the iconographic features of the Karatepe storm god. These suggestions are the combination of the words for granary (Luwian karuna, Phoenician ‘qrnt) and wine and vineyard/wine warehouse (Luwian tuwarsa-tuwarisa, Phoenician trš, plural tryš). Karatepe Fırtına Tanrısı Luwice yazıtlarda Tarhunza Usanuwami, Fenikece yazıtlarda Baal Krntryš olarak belirtilmiştir. Krntryš epithetinin anlamı gizemini hâlâ korumaktadır. Bazı araştırmacılar tarafından önerilen olasılığı zayıf yer adları, isim ve sıfatlar ikna edici bir açıklamaya sahip değildir. Geç Hitit kentlerinin öncelikli tanrıları ve bu tanrıların öncelikli olduğu yönleri farklı olabilmektedir. Karatepe kabartmaları ve yazıtlarının göz ardı edilerek kült özelliklerinin bölge dışında aranması hatalı yorumlara neden olmaktadır. Fırtına Tanrısı’nın Usanuwami ve Krntryš epithetinin tüm yönleriyle araştırıldığı kabul gören bir çalışma bulunmamaktadır. Bu çalışmada, Karatepe Fırtına Tanrısı’nın ikonografik özellikleri doğrultusunda Krntryš kelimesi için olasılığı yüksek öneriler sunulacaktır. Bu öneriler tahıl deposu (Luwice karuna, Fenikece ‘qrnt), şarap ve üzüm bahçesi/şarap deposu (Luwice tuwarsa-tuwarisa, Fenikece trš çoğul tryš) kelimelerinin birleşimidir

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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
113,842 Research products, page 1 of 11,385
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    THEODOSSOPOULOS, Dimitris; VELOUDAKİ, Christianna;
    Country: United Kingdom

    The church of Saint Sophia in Andravida, built around the mid-13th century in Elis, Western Greece has its still-remaining apse roofed in ribbed cross vaults. Built by the Frankish Princes of Achaia who occupied in the 13th and 14th century an area dominated by the native Byzantine architecture, Saint Sophia shows the great effort and attention paid in transferring new architectural forms and technology into a politically and culturally alien environment. This paper discusses the vaults’ construction and structural behaviour and explores questions around the technology transfer mechanisms from Western workshops. Although efficient, the vaults appear rather basic, and conservative compared to the contemporary endeavour to gradual disintegrate the envelope in Gothic architecture in Western Europe. On the whole, the analysis of the geometry, construction and structural performance showed a well-executed design with direct local input only at the construction stage.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gerardo A. Hernández; Fernando A. Rosete; Lidia Salas; Luis F. Alvarado; Juan Martinez; José F. Sanchez;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    A supporting study was developed to identify the priority elements for conservation in the region called “Sierra de San Miguelito” (SSM), in the San Luis Potosi State (SLP), Mexico, with the purpose of establishing a federal protected natural area (PNA). The methodological approach used was the integral-spatial analysis applied in territorial planning processes. The study showed that the forests, xerophilous scrubland, and natural grasslands of the SSM present a high biodiversity, an abundance of endemism (27% of species are endemic to the country, n = 285), and protected species (5% of reported species). In addition, 32.74% of vertebrates and 18.32% of flora reported for SLP status is present in SSM, with an area that represents only 1.79% of the state territory. As a result of the study, an area of 109,638.95 ha was proposed to be declared a federally PNA. The area provides environmental services that favor the San Luis Potosí city (SLPc) and the surrounding population; therefore, its conservation will promote the preservation of natural, cultural, and landscape heritage, being a transversal axis for sustainable development in its area of influence. The result was the basis for starting the negotiation process, developed in 2021, for the creation of the PNA.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Leila Afshari;
    Publisher: İstanbul Üniversitesi

    The Ramhormoz region in south and southwest Iran and its large-scale geography extends to the northern highlands of present-day modern Khuzestan. Despite its significance for its connection with the Susa-Persopolis Road during the Achaemenid period, the region did not attract archaeological attention until 1948s. Even in its brevity, the results of the 1969 Wright-Carter survey showed that the Ramhormoz region is promising in shedding light on the relation between the highlands and lowlands of southwest Iran. As a result of new archaeological data and the survey conducted under my supervision, the characteristics of the Achaemenid settlements on the Ramhormoz plain in Southwest Iran were reanalyzed. The influence of geographical factors such as the presence of large rivers and fertile lands on the formation and prosperity of the settlements, and the relations between sedentary, rural, and nomadic communities were examined. It was thus revealed that proximity to commercial roads and access to water resources and pasture were the main determinants in the distribution model of Achaemenid settlements. Rich pastures for nomads, the potential for irrigated agriculture for settlers, and access to communication routes provided advantages for both lifestyles (Alizadeh, 1979). The socio-political control and settlement pattern organized by the central political power in the Late Elamite Period continued in the Achaemenid period as well. Therefore, the settlement pattern is more associated with roads. When the location of the settlements and their distance to each other are examined, it is seen that the frequency of settlements on the Susa-Persepolis Royal Road is very high. Settlements are located on the road within short distances of each other, which shows that the road is a determining factor on settlements in the region due to its socio-economic advantages. During the Achaemenid period, as in the previous period, while settlements continued their development on the slopes of the mountains and on the edge of the plain, they were mainly concentrated in the center of the plain. During this period, the size of the settlements increased, which is indicative of population growth on the Ramhormoz plain during the Achaemenid period. İran’ın güney ve güneybatısındaki Ramhormoz bölgesi ve onun geniş ölçekli coğrafyası bugünkü modern Huzistan’nın kuzey dağlık kısmına kadar uzanmaktadır. Bölge 1948 yılına kadar arkeolojik açıdan dikkati çekmemekteydi. Halbuki bu bölge Akhaimenid döneminde Susa-Persepolis yolu üzerinde yer alması oldukça büyük öneme sahiptir. Wright ve Carter’in 1969 yılında gerçekleştirdiği yüzey araştırmaları sonucunda bu bölgenin güneybatı İran’ın ovalık ve dağlık kısımları arasında bağlantının olduğunu göstermektedir. Yeni arkeolojik veriler ve başkanlığımda gerçekleştirilen yüzey araştırmasıyla Ramhormoz ovasındaki Akhaimenid yerleşim karakteri tekrar analiz edilmiştir. Büyük nehirlerin ve verimli tarımsal araziler gibi coğrafi faktörler ile yerleşik, kırsal ve göçebe topluluklar arasındaki ilişkilerin iskana etkisi sorgulanmaya çalışılmıştır. Akhaimenid yerleşimlerinin dağılım modelinde ticari yollara yakınlık, su kaynaklarına ve meraya erişimin belirleyici olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Göçebeler için zengin meralar, yerleşikler için sulu tarım potansiyeli ve iletişim yollarına erişim, her iki yaşam biçimi için de avantaj sağlamıştır. Geç Elam Dönemi’ndeki sosyo-politik kontrol ve yerleşme modeli Akhaimenid döneminde de devam etmiştir. Yerleşim örüntüsü daha çok yollarla ilişkilidir. Yerleşmelerin konumlarını ve birbirilerine göre mesafelerini göz önüne aldığımızda Susa-Persepolis Kral Yolu güzergahındaki yerleşme sıklığının da fazla olduğu ortaya çıkar. Yol üzerinde kısa mesafelerle yerleşmeler konumlanmıştır. Bu da yolun sosyo-ekonomik avantajları nedeniyle bölgedeki iskân anlayışında belirleyici olduğunu gösterir. Akhaimenid döneminde, önceki dönemde olduğu gibi, dağların yamaçlarında ve ova kenarında yerleşmeler devam ederken, ana odağı ovanın merkezindedir. Bu dönemde, yerleşimlerin büyüklüğü artmıştır ve bu da Akhaimenid döneminde Ramhormoz ovasında nüfus artışının göstergesidir.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pettinicchi, Yuri;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782)

    This report documents the availability of the Automatic Verification Tool (AVT) that is used in the translation research activities of Task 4.3 of the SSHOC project. The task team describes the role of the milestone and the means of verification.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Intagliata, Emanuele Ettore;
    Publisher: IFPO - Institut français du Proche-Orient

    This article aims to provide the first scholarly overview of the practice of reuse of building material in late antique and early Islamic Palmyra (273-750 ce) and to examine this phenomenon more systematically within the Sanctuary of Baalshamin. To achieve this, it makes use of previously unpublished archival data. The way in which this material was used at Palmyra varied depending on the function of the buildings. By examining evidence from the Sanctuary of Baalshamin in more detail, the article also advances several hypotheses on building practices and the organisation of the workforce. Le remploi de matériaux de construction et de sculptures à Palmyre dans l’Antiquité tardive et la période islamique ancienne (273-750 de n. è.). Aperçu des pratiques et remarques sur les indices découverts dans le sanctuaire de Baalshamin Cet article fournit la première synthèse académique sur le remploi de matériaux de construction à Palmyre dans l’Antiquité tardive et la période islamique ancienne (273-750). Ce phénomène est étudié plus particulièrement dans le sanctuaire de Baalshamin, en s’appuyant sur des archives jusqu’alors inédites. La façon dont ces matériaux ont été utilisés à Palmyre varie selon la fonction des bâtiments. En étudiant plus en détail les données disponibles dans le sanctuaire de Baalshamin, l’article propose également plusieurs hypothèses sur les pratiques de construction et l’organisation de la main-d’œuvre. إعادة استخدام مواد البناء والمنحوتات في تدمر في أواخر العصور التاريخية القديمة المتأخرة والعصر الإسلامي المبكر (٢٣٧ ـ ٧٥٠م). نظرة عامة على التطبيقات والملاحظات على القرائن المكتشفة في معبد بعل شمينيقدم هذا المقال خلاصة حول عملية إعادة استخدام مواد البناء في تدمر في أواخر العصور التاريخية القديمة والعصر الإسلامي المبكر (٢٣٧ ـ ٧٥٠م). تمت دراسة هذه الظاهرة بشكل خاص في معبد بعل شمين بالاعتماد على أرشيفات لم تُنشر مسبقاً. تختلف طريقة استخدام هذه المواد في تدمر اعتمادا على وظيفة المباني. يقدم هذا المقال عدة فرضيات حول ممارسات البناء وتنظيم القوى العاملة، من خلال الدراسة التفصيلية للمعطيات المكتشفة في معبد بعلشمين.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Faezeh Mohajeri;
    Publisher: Ahmet YEŞİL

    It is accepted that for the first time in 1516, Thomas More introduced the concepts of an ideal place in his Utopia; however, centuries before him in 1154 Shahāb al-Din al-Suhrawardī, a Persian philosopher, introduced the term Nā-kujā-ābād, which literally means utopia. This word was initially used in literature for defining an ideal society, which simultaneously bears the meaning of a non-existing or probably never-existed society. Accordingly, this article analyses the perennial Idealism in Suhrawardī’s Nā-kujā-ābād (no-where) by which he amalgamates the discourse of idealism with the perfect nature of human beings during the twelfth century. Nā-kujā-ābād is a prototypical term that illustrates the transcending world and portrays the ultimate perception of the living soul in utopia. The twofold essence of this term has always been at the center of the argument; a self-contradictory word, holding two opposite meanings at the same time: the spiritual world (Ālam-i Mesāl) and the material world (Ālam-i Nāsūt). This article aims to reconstruct Suhrawardī’s treatises through the textual analysis illuminating the interpretation of no-where through the utopian angle in treatises of The Chant of Gabriel’s Wings (Āwāz-i Par-i Jabraʾīl) and The Crimson Intellect (Aql-i Surkh) and finally concludes that Suhrawardī’s utopia is the true self of human beings apart from political and social issues. İdeal mekânın ilk kez Thomas More tarafından 1516 yılında Ütopya adlı kitabında tanıtıldığı kabul edilir; ancak İranlı filozof Şahâbüddin es-Sühreverdî, More'dan yüzyıllar önce, 1154'te, kelimenin tam anlamıyla ütopya anlamına gelen Nā-kujā-ābād (hiçbir yer) kavramını ortaya atmıştır. Erken literatürde bu terim, var olmayan ve muhtemelen hiç var olmamış ideal bir toplumu tasvir etmekteydi. Buna göre, bu makale daimi İdealizm okulunun yorumcularını ve Sühreverdî'nin Nā-kujā-ābād'ını (hiçbir yer) kavramını incelemektedir. Nā-kujā-ābād (hiçbir yer), aşkın dünyayı tasvir etmek ve ütopyada yaşayan ruhun uzak algısını tasvir etmek için onun tarafından tanıtılan prototipik bir terimdir. Bu terimin iki yönlü özü her zaman tartışmanın merkezi olmuştur; aynı anda iki zıt anlamı taşıyan kendi içinde çelişkili bir kelimedir: Manevi dünya (Alem-i misâl) ve maddi dünya (Alem-i nâsût). Bu makale metin analizine dayalıdır ve Sühreverdî'nin risalelerini yeniden inşa ederek, Cebrail'in Kanat Sesi (Āwāz-i Par-i Jabraʾīl) ve Kızıl Akıl (Aql-i Surkh) risalelerinde ütopik bir bakış açısıyla hiçbir yerin yorumunu aydınlatmayı amaçlamaktadır. Son olarak araştırmacı, Sühreverdî'nin ütopyasının, insan hayatındaki siyasi ve sosyal meselelerden uzak, herkesin ulaşabileceği gerçek benlik olduğu sonucuna varır.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Saji, Ami;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | SSHOC (823782)

    Quantitative surveys play an important and imperative role in studying and learning about the integration and inclusion experiences of ethnic and migrant minorities (EMM). Unfortunately, such data have not always been easy to locate or access for both research and policymaking purposes. The EMM (Ethnic and Migrant Minority) Survey Registry is, hence, a direct response to this challenge, as its main objective is to make quantitative surveys undertaken with EMM populations ‘FAIR’ (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Re-usable). The EMM Survey Registry is a free online discovery tool that displays detailed information (i.e. metadata) about existing quantitative sample-based surveys conducted with EMM populations in Europe. Jointly developed by SSHOC, the COST Action 16111 – ETHMIGSURVEYDATA (a network of 200 plus EMM researchers across Europe), and the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR)-funded project FAIRETHMIGQUANT, the EMM Survey Registry promotes the FAIR principles and provides a concrete example of how an interdisciplinary data community can drive the creation of a FAIR-friendly tool for the social sciences using a bottom up, collaborative approach for the benefit of a wide range of stakeholders. The EMM Survey Registry is intended for use by researchers, policymakers, and other practitioners in their own research and/or policy-related activities. As a model of co-creation, it will also be of interest to data communities committed to making their data FAIR, to data curation actors looking to partner or connect with data producers or users for whom they can tailor their current data curation services, and to policy-makers working on open research and open data initiatives.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tin Turković; Nikolina Maraković;
    Country: Croatia

    The bathing complex in Domavia (near modern Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina), drew our attention as one of the most interesting and yet still unexplored bathing complexes at the territory of the ancient Roman province of Dalmatia. It was discovered more than a hundred years ago by Ljudevit Pogatschnig during the excavation of the site called Gradina, unearthed to a significant extent, and rather well documented by Vaclav Radimský in his reports from 1892 and 1894. Unfortunately, although this monumental and lavishly decorated bathing complex differs in many respects from the majority of ancient baths around the Roman world, and is a superb testament to the social conditions, wealth and overall culture of Domavia, an official mining centre from the time of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, its remains (except for the mosaics) never spurred further academic interest. This paper deals with the unusual arrangement and structure of the complex, its way of functioning, its rich decoration and quite substantial epigraphic material. All these contribute not only to the better understanding of life in ancient Domavia and northern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, but also to the general knowledge and understanding of Roman baths, their types and distinctive features. For their unique structure and character, we labelled Domavia baths – balnea metallicorum, arguing that they were designed for specific purposes and specific needs of their customers. We are also convinced that they were not an isolated example of this kind of baths at the territory of the Roman province.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Quintilla Castán, Marta; Agustín Hernández, Luis;
    Country: Spain

    With current data acquisition techniques, exhaustive documentation of patrimonial goods is generated, which allows obtaining a 3D geometric model, on which data from research from research is generated. As in other fields of architecture, the latest graphic techniques and manipulation of the image, allow a working methodology other than the current one in the patrimonial field. The information systems have been evolving towards technologies developed with open source software, the use of standards, ontologies and the structuring of information and of the 3D model itself under a semantic hierarchy. Interoperability between databases is favored and the maintenance of applications is ensured. The purpose is to support decision-making related to the model and simultaneously, serve multiple purposes such as cataloging, protection, restoration, conservation, maintenance or dissemination, among others. The research carried out for the realization of the survey of the City Council and Lonja of Alcañiz (Teruel), has the aim of expanding the historical knowledge of the buildings and delimiting its possible constructive phases, in order to obtain the geometric reality of the buildings. In this way, provide greater instruments to carry out the drafting work of the set restoration project. 

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Faris Demir;
    Publisher: İstanbul Üniversitesi

    The Karatepe storm god has been defined in Luwian inscriptions as Tarhunza Usanuwami, and in the Phoenician version as Baal Krntryš. The meaning of the Krntryš epithet still maintains its mystery. Location names, names and adjectives with weak probability that have been proposed by some researchers do not provide a convincing explanation. The main gods of the Neo-Hittite provinces and the main features of these gods can be different, and neglecting the Karatepe reliefs and inscriptions and looking for cult characteristics outside the region can cause wrong interpretations. There is no study in which the Usanuwami and Krntryš epithet of the storm god has been investigated in all its features. In this study, suggestions having a high probability for the word Krntryš are presented in line with the iconographic features of the Karatepe storm god. These suggestions are the combination of the words for granary (Luwian karuna, Phoenician ‘qrnt) and wine and vineyard/wine warehouse (Luwian tuwarsa-tuwarisa, Phoenician trš, plural tryš). Karatepe Fırtına Tanrısı Luwice yazıtlarda Tarhunza Usanuwami, Fenikece yazıtlarda Baal Krntryš olarak belirtilmiştir. Krntryš epithetinin anlamı gizemini hâlâ korumaktadır. Bazı araştırmacılar tarafından önerilen olasılığı zayıf yer adları, isim ve sıfatlar ikna edici bir açıklamaya sahip değildir. Geç Hitit kentlerinin öncelikli tanrıları ve bu tanrıların öncelikli olduğu yönleri farklı olabilmektedir. Karatepe kabartmaları ve yazıtlarının göz ardı edilerek kült özelliklerinin bölge dışında aranması hatalı yorumlara neden olmaktadır. Fırtına Tanrısı’nın Usanuwami ve Krntryš epithetinin tüm yönleriyle araştırıldığı kabul gören bir çalışma bulunmamaktadır. Bu çalışmada, Karatepe Fırtına Tanrısı’nın ikonografik özellikleri doğrultusunda Krntryš kelimesi için olasılığı yüksek öneriler sunulacaktır. Bu öneriler tahıl deposu (Luwice karuna, Fenikece ‘qrnt), şarap ve üzüm bahçesi/şarap deposu (Luwice tuwarsa-tuwarisa, Fenikece trš çoğul tryš) kelimelerinin birleşimidir