Romanesque round church towers - a Skandinavian perspective: The aim of the article is to discuss the interpretation of the Romanesque round church towers seen from a Scandinavian perspective. After a research history and a geographical outlook, which passes Ireland, England and Holstein, the article focusses on the 15-19 churches with round towers in medieaval Denmark, Sweden and Norway, with the main part in Southern Schleswig and Scania; none are known from Finland. The chronology and social context, function and meaning of the church towers are discussed. The Romanesque round church towers are also discussed in relation to the 33 known Romanesque round churches in the same area. Finally a catalogue of the round church towers in Scandinavia is presented. The theses of the article is, that the building material was not decisive for the choice of the round architecture, at least not in Scandinavia. The round church towers were unfortified burial memorials and bell towers, where the architecture, as was the case for the round churches, copied central church buildings in the West. In a period, where most churches were without a tower or had square towers, the round church towers were examples of a “conspicuous symbolism”. The initiative to build the round church towers must have been taken by an aristocracy, who participated or were inspired by the contemporary crusades at the Baltic Sea, and who used the towers in their mutual competition on status.Corrections in the pdf 2015.
A very critical review of Henrik Jacobsens dissertation in medieval archaeology, "Romanske vesttårne, deres indretning og funktion. Vesttårne før 1300 i det middelalderlige Danmark øst for Storebælt" (Stockholm 1993). Alternative explanations are proposed.
Medieval watermills: A review of Christian Fischers monograph “Tidlige danske vandmøller. To middelalderlige vandmøller ved Tovstrup og Vejerslev” (Early Danish Watermills. Two medieval watermills at Tovstrup and Vejerslev) from 2004.
From knight's spur to wooden shoe: A critical review of Axel Bolvig's "Kirkekunstens storhedstid" (The golden age of church art, Copenhagen 1992). The transition in architecture and art from the Romanesque to the Gothic cannot be reduced to the question of who was erecting and visiting the churches.
Publisher: Kungliga Vitterhets- historie- och antikvitetsakademien
The faculty opposition of Stig Lundbergs licentiate thesis concerning the so-called Eskilstuna sarcophagi. The long dating-sequence of the stones and their unclear social origin aggravate their use in describing the state formation process. The author proposes a little dirrefent interpretaion than Lundberg.