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169 Research products

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • 2019-2023
  • Open Access
  • ODRAZ - Open Repository of the University of Zagreb Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Mirjana Sanader; Mirna Vukov; Domagoj Bužanić;

    One of the last stages of the Delmataean-Pannonian rebellion took place in the area between Burnum and Tilurium between 6 and 9 AD. This revolt is known as the Bellum Batonianum, which was named after the two leaders of the rebellion. Suetonius’ words in Tiberius’s biography (Suet. Tib. 16.1) ...gravissimum omnium externorum bellorum post Punica, best attest to the nature of the conflict and how much it affected the Roman state. In the Roman province of Dalmatia, true peace, the so-called Pax Romana, could have begun only after overpowering the rebels. This peace was also very beneficial to Italy, which was secured by Dalmatian coastal routes. The benefit of peace was achieved by the Romans through the strategic deployment of legionary and auxiliary military units in the area between Burnum and Tilurium. This paper seeks to explore whether the spatial arrangement of units had a certain system and whether the spatial arrangement of auxiliary units during the 1st century had any significance in that system. Na području između Burna i Tilurija odvijala se od 6. do 9. godine jedna od posljednjih faza delmatsko-panonskog ustanka. Taj ustanak, poznat pod imenom Bellum Batonianum, dobio je ime po Batonima, vođama pobunjenika. O kakvom se sukobu radilo i koliko je on uzdrmao rimsku državu najbolje svjedoče Svetonijeve riječi u Tiberijevoj biografiji (Suet. Tib. 16.1): ...gravissimum omnium externorum bellorum post Punica. Tek je nakon savladavanja ustanika u rimskoj provinciji Dalmaciji moglo započeti razdoblje istinskoga mira (Pax Romana) koji je, osim toga, bio blagodatan i za Italiju kojoj je ova čuvala priobalne prilaze. Mirnodopsku blagodat na prostoru između Burna i Tilurija Rimljani su postigli strateškim razmještanjem legionarskih i pomoćnih vojnih jedinica. Ovaj rad želi istražiti da li u tome prostornom razmještaju trupa ima sustava i da li je u tome sustavu tijekom 1. stoljeća od značenja bio i raspored pomoćnih trupa.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Prilozi Instituta za...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Prilozi Instituta za...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Zlodi, Goran; Majer, Ivana; Biličić, Lucija;

    Browsing through topics in online catalogues is often the first step in the information-seeking process. Therefore, subject analysis and indexing are vitally important and also closely connected to the subject access to information. The aim of this paper is to analyse and compare the subject terms from different knowledge organization systems, used for subject retrieval in online catalogues of museums and cultural heritage institutions, in order to better understand and improve browsing interfaces. Preliminary research and mapping will be conducted on subject terms collected from three sources: (1) the Art UK platform, (2) the Tate's website, and (3) the Art & Architecture Thesaurus. The mapping between the previously mentioned subject vocabularies resulted in the identification of various levels of matching. Based on the analysis and interpretation of mapping results, a few suggestions, aimed at ensuring the functionality and convenience of browsing in the context of online catalogues of collections held in museums and heritage institutions, are offered.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ODRAZ - Open Reposit...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    https://repozitorij.ffzg.unizg...
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Croatian Scientific Bibliography - CROSBI
    Other literature type . Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ODRAZ - Open Reposit...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Croatian Scientific Bibliography - CROSBI
      Other literature type . Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Knego, Paula;

    Tipološkom i stilskom analizom ulomaka srednjovjekovne i novovjekovne glazirane stolne keramike s lokaliteta benediktinski samostan sv. Marije na Lokrumu, ovaj diplomski rad donosi uvid u jedan specifični aspekt arheološke baštine ovog samostana - keramičku građu, koji je dosad zanemarivan. Prvi dio rada bavi se povijesti ovog samostana i Lokruma, nakon čega je prezentirana povijest istraživanja. Sljedeći dio opisuje glavne vrste keramike prisutne u ovom radu te proces njihove proizvodnje, odnosno proces proizvodnje kasnosrednjovjekovnog i novovjekovnog glaziranog posuđa. Posljednji dio rada bavi se analizom odabrane keramičke građe, u kojoj se pokušalo odrediti vrijeme i mjesto proizvodnje pojedinih ulomaka, koji su prezentirani u katalogu. Cilj je rada dati doprinos poznavanju povijesti samostana na Lokrumu te poznavanju kasnosrednjovjekovne i ranonovovjekovne keramike na području Dubrovnika i Hrvatske. Through typological and stylistic analysis of late medieval and postmedieval pottery sherds from the archeological site of Benedictine monastery of St. Mary on Lokrum island, this thesis gives an insight into one specific part of archeological heritage of this monastery – pottery, which has so far been neglected. The first part of the paper deals with the history of this monastery and Lokrum island, after which the history of archeological research is presented. The next part describes the main types of pottery present in this paper and the process of their production, ie the process of production of late medieval and postmedieval glazed dishes. The last part of the paper deals with the analysis of selected ceramic material, in which an attempt was made to determine the time and place of production of individual fragments, which are presented in the catalog. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the knowledge of the history of the monastery on Lokrum and the knowledge of late medieval and early postmedieval pottery in the area of Dubrovnik and Croatia.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ODRAZ - Open Reposit...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ODRAZ - Open Reposit...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Krnjeta, Igor;

    U radu se analizira može li se na temelju epidemioloških kriterija preko kojih se određuju pandemije (geografska rasprostranjenost, pokretljivosti bolesti, visoke stope napada i eksplozivno širenje patogena, minimalni imunitet populacije i novitet patogena, zaražljivost te visoke stope smrtnosti) odrediti je li antoninska kuga (165. – cca. 190) prvi pandemijski događaj koji je pogodio Europu. Isti kriteriji primijenjeni su i pri analizi ranijih izbijanja bolesti na koje se može gledati kao na pandemije (bubonska kuga u prapovijesnoj Europi, Tukididova kuga i niz pošasti koje su pogodile rimski svijet prije antoninske kuge). Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju na to da je antoninska kuga prva dokaziva europska pandemija. The goal of this paper was to examine whether we can refer to the Antonine Plague, which ravaged the Roman Empire between 165 and approximately 190 AD, as the first pandemic in European history. The methodology employed to analyse the pandemic character of the aforementioned plague was taken from the epidemiological criteria which were established to differentiate epidemics from pandemics. The criteria for determining whether a disease outbreak can be labelled a pandemic are: wide geographic scope, disease movement, high attack rates and explosiveness, minimal population immunity and novelty, contagiousness, and finally, severity. Next, all of these criteria were tested by analysing ancient sources, as well as the results of historiographic and scientific research in order to ascertain if any of them might be used as evidence for the verification of each separate criterion. Besides the Antonine Plague, this analysis was also applied to two historical disease outbreaks which may also be viewed as pandemics. These were the possible Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age bubonic plague pandemic and the Plague of Athens. A brief survey of all currently known diseases which struck the Roman world is also presented. The conclusion which emerges based on an evaluation of the aforementioned criteria in the light of ancient sources and the results of modern biological sciences is that the Antonine Plague can be dubbed the first clearly attested pandemic in European history with reasonable confidence, while all of the earlier analysed examples were probably semi-connected epidemic outbreaks. This characterization has been chosen for two reasons. The first pertains to the fact that we are faced with a substantial lack of sources for earlier examples, and therefore cannot properly ascertain whether these occurrences truly were pandemics. The second reason why these disease outbreaks cannot, to the best of our current knowledge, be defined as pandemics is linked to the criterion of wide geographic extent, but also to the lack of human-built infrastructure which abets with the spread of highly virulent pathogens.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Radovi : Zavod za Hr...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Radovi : Zavod za Hrvatsku Povijest
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Radovi : Zavod za Hr...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Radovi : Zavod za Hrvatsku Povijest
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Radolović, Karla;

    Kulturni turizam oblik je turizma u kojem turisti posjećuju destinaciju djelomično ili u potpunosti motivirani povijesnim nasljeđem, umjetnošću ili stilom života. Cilj kulturno turističkih destinacija je razvoj održivog turizma. Grad Pula ima bogatu arheološku baštinu i bogate temelje za razvoj kvalitetnog kulturnog turizma, a najpoznatiji je Amfiteatar koji je iznimno posjećen kao objekt i u kojemu se događa najveći broj manifestacija. Arheološka baština gradu daje autentičnu sliku i jedinstvenu ponudu u turizmu, te mogućnost dugoročnog razvoja kulturnog turizma. Svijest o zaštiti arheološke baštine donosi sve veći razvoj arheološkog turizma pomoću kojeg se radi na edukaciji lokalnog stanovništva i turista. Arheološki turizam također pridonosi razvoju grada i gradske infrastruktire, a pomaže i lokalnom stanovništvu kojemu je to jedan od izvora prihoda. Najpoznatije manifestacije koje grad nudi turistima i lokalnom stanovništvu su Pulski filmski festival, Dani antike i Specracvla antiqva koji privlače brojne posjetitelje. U turističkoj ponudi se nalaze i mobilne aplikacije čiji je cilj na interaktivan način provesti posjetitelja kroz grad. Cultural tourism is a form of tourism in which tourists visit a destination partially or fully motivated by historical heritage, art or lifestyle. The goal of cultural tourism destinations is the development of sustainable tourism. The city of Pula has a rich archaeological heritage and rich foundations for the development of quality cultural tourism. Certainly the most famous is the Amphitheater, where most events take place. The archaeological heritage gives the city an authentic image and a unique offer in tourism, as well as the possibility of long-term development of cultural tourism. Awareness of the protection of archaeological heritage brings an increasing development of archaeological tourism, which is used to educate the local population and tourists. Archaeological tourism also contributes to the development of the city and its infrastructure, and it also helps the local population, for whom it is one of the sources of income. The most famous events that the city offers to tourists and local residents are the Pula Film Festival, Days of Antiquity and Specracvla Antiqva, which attract many visitors. The tourist offer also includes mobile applications whose goal is to guide the visitor through the city in an interactive way.

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    Authors: Šakić, Sanja;

    Rad se bavi prozom suvremenog srpskog pisca Davida Albaharija polazeći od teze da se u njegovu opusu očitava sumnja u svaku diskurzivno utemeljenu stvarnost, neovisna o sociopolitičkoj zbilji. Uočava se da problemski odnos historije i književnosti kao pripovjednih diskursa predstavlja poetički i sadržajni kontinuitet na razini opusa, te da je zastupljenost i privilegiranje historijskih, političkih, kulturoloških i socijalnih tema u kritičkoj recepciji produkt čitateljske konfiguracije vremena, a ne značenja koje eksplicitno i jasno proizlazi iz književnoga teksta. Istraživanje se kreće putem razmatranja sumnje u zaposjedanje realnog i faktografskog jezikom, pa je usmjereno na ispitivanje jezične djelatnosti pripovjedača, pripovjednog identiteta i zapleta zasnovano na hermeneutičkoj teoriji pripovijedanja Paula Ricoeura, njezinu kritičkom odnosu spram strukturalističke analize i konceptu identiteta kao dinamičnog i nedovršenog postajanja. Privilegiranje i tumačenje izražene metafikcionalne dimenzije Albaharijevih književnih tekstova pokazuje da se njihova referencijalna dimenzija sustavno dovodi u pitanje, te da je ova subverzivna strategija preduvjet pripovijedanju shvaćenom kao kreativna djelatnost i preduvjet čitanju shvaćenom kao ponovno osmišljavanje teksta. Rad predlaže novo čitanje Albaharijeva opusa formiranjem književnoteorijskog okvira kojim sintetizira poetičke i sadržajne preokupacije književnih tekstova s razmatranjem odnosa književnosti i historiografije kao pripovjednih diskursa, postavljajući u svoje središte čitanje koje artikulira i konkretizira priču. Od predloženog čitanja očekuje se da doprinese kvalitetnom i sustavnom uvidu u prozu Davida Albaharija, te kritičkom sagledavanju njezina poetičkog kontinuiteta u odnosu prema sukladnim književnim pojavama u modernoj književnosti. The dissertation analyses the prose work of the contemporary Serbian writer David Albahari starting from the thesis that his oeuvre reveals doubt in any discursively based reality, regardless of the socio-political actuality. We observe that the problem relation between history and literature as narrative discourses presents a poetical and content-related continuity at the level of the oeuvre and that the representation and favouring of historical, political, cultural and social topics in the critical reception is a product of the reader’s time configuration and not of the meaning which explicitly and clearly arises from the literary text. The research proceeds by considering the doubt in occupying the real and the factual with language and thus focuses on analysing the narrator’s language activity, narrative identity and plot based on Paul Ricoeur’s hermeneutical theory of narration, its critical stance towards the structuralist analysis and the concept of identity as a dynamic and incomplete coming-into-being. Favouring and interpreting the pronounced metafictional dimension of Albahari’s literary texts show that their referential dimension is systematically brought into question and that this subversive strategy is a precondition to narration understood as a creative activity and a precondition to reading understood as a re-creation of a text. The dissertation proposes a new reading of Albahari’s oeuvre through the formation of a literarytheoretical framework which should synthesize the poetical and content-related preoccupations of literary texts and the consideration of the relation between literature and historiography as narrative discourses, placing at its centre the reading which articulates and concretizes the story. The proposed reading is expected to contribute to a substantial and systematic insight into the prose work of David Albahari, as well as to the critical evaluation of its poetic continuity in relation to the corresponding literary phenomena in modern literature.

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    Authors: Bajac, Petra;

    By approaching the phenomenon of structural ambiguity from two different perspectives – psycholinguistic and computational, this thesis shows how linguistic research can have practical applications in improving NLP systems. The analyses of specific sentences show breakdowns in processing, present the possible explanations for the reasons behind them through principles such as Minimal Attachment/Late closure and Lexical preference, and demonstrate the backtracking needed in order to achieve a full, successful parsing of ambiguous sentences. The types of sentences chosen for this thesis are called garden-path sentences, which induce a lot of difficulty in processing for both humans and machines, making them a perfect choice to demonstrate the similarities and differences between sentence processing in humans and machines. The research employs a combination of computational methods, both rule-based and statistical, and psycholinguistic hypotheses to explain the parsing process of garden-path sentences. The results show that in order for an NLP system to fully process highly ambiguous sentences such as these, it needs theoretical input to repair the partly parsed structures and successfully complete the parsing process. This implies a strong need for multidisciplinary research involving programmers, linguists, and cognitive scientists to succeed in emulating human intelligence in complex AI systems.

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    Authors: Antonić, Nikolina;

    Turopolje lies in Zagreb County. The region is bordered on the north and east by the Sava River and the Vukomeričke Gorice hills to the southwest. The aim of this doctoral thesis is to reconstruct the medieval settlement system of the region using historical, archaeological, onomastic, cartographic and ethnographic sources. The idea of this work came out of the attempt of putting two archaeological sites excavated in the highway rescue excavations on the track of Zagreb-Sisak highway in the period 2006-2009 in their medieval environment. These sites, called Šepkovčica and Okuje, were geographically placed in the middle of Turopolje. Although they were just 6 kilometres distant from each other, the ownership structure of the settlements surrounding the sites was different. This has drawn the attention to the complexity of the settlement system of the region. As the sites have remained the spatial focus over which the research was developing, the text of the thesis is divided in two main parts. The first part concerns settlements surrounding the site of Okuje and the second part deals with settlements that surrounded the site of Šepkovčica. The site of Okuje was surrounded by the estates of various owners of different social status. At the same time, the owners of most of the estates changed over centuries. As was the case with the settlements around the site of Šepkovčica, some settlements that surrounded the site of Okuje were inhabited by the castle warriors of Turopolje. These smaller conditional nobles formed the noble community of Turopolje, an organization by which the history of the region is most known and studied in the scholarly literature. These people were originally the castle warriors of Zagreb castle that had managed to preserve their status of lesser nobles long after the castle system disappeared in the other areas of the Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia. Along with their estates, in the area around the site of Okuje were also estates of the Hospitallers, bans (that is, kings), as well as mid rank (the Ivanović family, the Farkaš family etc.) and high nobility (the Babonići, the Thots, the Hennings, Baltazar Alapić). In this respect, it is shown in this work that the noble community, which until now was the primary focus of the research of historians, was not the only important factor in forming of social, economic and natural environment of medieval Turopolje. At the same time, it was shown that changes of ownership structure in the area around the site were reflections of some major political changes in Zagreb County and the Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia in general. Thus, political history is also important for understanding the changes of the settlement system of this area. The site of Šepkovčica, on the other hand, was surrounded exclusively by the villages of the nobles of the noble community of Turopolje. As the thirteenth and fourteenth century sources concerning these villages were scarce and not equally extant for each village the research was expanded on the wider area inhabited by the nobles. Primarily through study of spatial data recorded in charters, processes of a division of land between kindreds, breaking up of lands of kindreds into the smaller estates and the emergence of the villages was shown. At the same time, it was shown that due to the noble community kindreds in Turopolje did not cease to exist in the early modern period. Even more, the renewal of the brotherhood of Turopolje 1560 marked a new stage in this process. I hope the data gained through the analysis done in this chapter will contribute to the research of the earliest history of the noble community. Finally, it should be emphasized that the goal of this work is to create a general framework for studying the settlement system of Turopolje region in the interdisciplinary manner, by studying all the available sources. It is just the first step that should be complemented and most likely corrected with the new data gained both through the further analysis of historical sources and new archaeological research. Ovaj rad je pokušaj rekonstrukcije srednjovjekovnog naseobinskog sustava Turopolja, regije u Zagrebačkoj županiji, omeđene tokom Sava na sjeveru i istoku, te Vukomeričkim goricama na jugozapadu. Ideja za rad je proizašla iz pokušaja da se dva arheološka lokaliteta, Šepkovčica i Okuje, istraženi tijekom zaštitnih arheoloških istraživanja na trasi autoceste Zagreb-Sisak u periodu 2006-2009, smjeste u srednjovjekovni okoliš te da se na taj način lakše interpretiraju strukture i nalazi pronađeni tijekom istraživanja. U ovom pokušaj rekonstrukcije naseobinskog sustava su uključeni svi dostupni izvori: arheološki, povijesni, onomastički, kartografski i etnografski. Rad je podijeljen u dvije veće cjeline; u prvoj se analizira naseobinski sustav oko lokaliteta Šepkovčica a u drugoj oko lokaliteta Okuje. Iako su dva nalazišta nađena na udaljenosti od samo 6 kilometara i oba u središnjem dijelu Turopolje, vlasnička struktura oko njih je bila drugačija. Dosadašnje istraživanje Turopolja bilo je u najvećoj mjeri fokusirano na istraživanje povijesti Plemenite općine turopoljske i institucija vezanih uz ovu organizaciju. Neki od posjeda koji su okruživali lokalitet Okuje su pripadali turopoljskom sitnom plemstvu. No, uz njih, na ovom teritoriju je bilo i posjeda koji su pripadali drugim vlasnicima, s tim da se je to vlasništvo i mijenjalo. Ovim radom pokušalo se skrenuti pažnju na činjenicu da povijest Turopolja nije isključivo povijest Plemenite općine turopoljske, već da su različiti akteri sudjelovali u stvaranju prošlosti turopoljskog kraja. Vlasnici prostranih posjeda na ovom prostoru su bili Ivanovci (do 1328), zatim ban, odnosno kralj. Također su tu bili prisutni i pripadnici srednjeg te visokog plemstva. U prvu skupinu spadaju obitelj Farkaš (porijeklom najvjerojatnije iz gorske županije), obitelj koja potječe od zagrebačkog comesa Jurka kasnije zvana de Gepew, te obitelj Ivanović koja potječe od Jaroslava i Ivana (poznatiji u historiografiji kao knez Okićki) sa sjedištem u Brezovici. U drugu skupinu spadaju Babonići, obitelj Széchy, obitelj Toth-Susedgradskih (kasnije Henning), te Baltazar Alapić koji krajem 15. stoljeća formira svoje imanje sa središtem u Vukovini. Promjene vlasništva na ovom dijelu Turopolja reflektiraju neke značajne političke promjene koje su se događale na razini kako zagrebačke županije tako i cijelog Hrvatsko-ugarskog kraljevstva. Tome je također posvećena pozornost; u ovom slučaju promjene u prostoru su promatrane kao refleksija političkih promjena odnosno kroz prizmu političke povijesti. Na kraju ovog poglavlja prezentirani su i podaci dobiveni istraživanjem arheološkog nalazišta Okuje, u prvom redu prostorne promjene koje su se mogle iščitati datiranjem arheoloških struktura i podjelom na horizonte 13., 14. i 16./17. stoljeća. Zaključno se razmotrilo u kojoj mjeri se povijesni i arheološki izvori nadopunjuju te su se definirala pitanja za buduća istraživanja. Lokalitet Šepkovčica je bio okružen isključivo posjedima turopoljskog sitnog plemstva. U ranoj fazi istraživanja je shvaćeno da isprave 13. i 14. stoljeća koje se odnose na prostor naselja koja direktno okružuju lokalitet (Donja Lomnica, Kurilovec, Velika i Mala Gorica, Pleso, Velika Mlaka i Hrašće) nisu ravnomjerno sačuvana za sva naselja te da će se potpuniji rezultati dobiti ako se istraživanje proširi na veće područje na kojem su živjeli turopoljski plemići. Tako je i ovo poglavlje podijeljeno na dvije veće cjeline: naselja na sjeverozapadnom i na naselja na jugozapadnom dijelu Turopolje. Analizom ranih izvora, sa naglaskom na reambulacije granica posjeda zapisanih u izvorima koji su iscrtani na kartama, dobiveni su novi podaci o najranijoj povijesti ovog prostora tj. o razdoblju 13. i 14. stoljeća kada se javljaju prvi pisani izvori. Te spoznaje su donekle dopunjene i rezultatima arheoloških istraživanja (koliko je bilo moguće s obzirom na limitiranost i povijesnih i arheoloških izvora). Nove spoznaje odnose se prvenstveno na rasprostiranje teritorija pojedinih rodova, borbe među rodovima koje se reflektiraju u promjenama granica tih teritorija, raspadanje rodovske zemlje na manje cjeline koje teče paralelno sa raspadanjem većih rodovskih zajednica u manje itd. No, uz to, uočeno je da je ovaj proces tekao u smjeru raspadanja do jedne točke, no da istovremeno neka vrsta rodovske organizacije u Turopolju nije prestala postojati praktički do nestanka Plemenite općine, odnosno do 20. stoljeća. Njezin razvoj u novom vijeku zahtijevao bi posebnu studiju, no budući da je srednjovjekovna povijest osnova za to daljnje istraživanje, nadam se da je ovaj rad još jedan prilog povijest Plemenite turopoljske općine. Na kraju bih željela naglasiti da je cilj ovog rada proučavanje srednjovjekovne povijesti Turopolja na osnovi svih dostupnih izvora. No, iako mislim da su kroz različite vrste izvora dobiveni brojni novi podaci o prošlosti Turopolja, ostavljena su i brojna otvorna pitanja koja upućuju na daljnje istraživanje. Isto tako, koliko god je broj povijesnih izvora korištenih u radu velik sigurna sam da će se s vremenom pojaviti sve više novih izvora; u dokumentima 16. stoljeća koji su generalno slabo obrađeni u arhivima se često nalaze prijepisi dokumenta ranijih stoljeća. Također, određeni broj dokumenata je sačuvan i u vlasništvu obitelji koji su potomci turopoljskih plemića. Uz to, novi podaci će se dobiti i arheološkim istraživanjima. Nadam se da će se time i ovaj rad nadopunjavati i gdje je potrebno, ispravljati.

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    Authors: Mateljak, Lea;

    Knjižnice su od davnih vremena bitna kulturna, društvena i informacijska središta. Zbog vrijednosti kojima doprinose društvu, gubitak knjižnica vrlo je velika šteta za zajednice u kojima se nalaze, ali i za kulturu općenito. Baš zbog toga, vrlo su česta meta u ratovima jer se koriste za brisanje povijesti jednoga naroda. U ovom radu na temelju brojne literature sagledat će se zašto dolazi do uništavanja knjižnica. Dati će se pregled uništenih knjižnica u ratovima 20. i 21. stoljeća. Obradit će se primjeri iz Drugog svjetskog rata, Domovinskog rata, Rata u Bosni i Hercegovini, Rata u Iraku i Rata u Ukrajini. Poseban naglasak stavit će se na vrijedne knjižnice s najvećim gubitcima, poput Nacionalne i univerzitetske biblioteke Bosne i Hercegovine i Nacionalne knjižnice Iraka. Nakon primjera knjižnica obradit će se postojeće UNESCO-ve zaštite knjižnica u slučaju oružanih sukoba. Naposljetku će se sagledati razlozi zašto se knjižnice namjerno ciljaju u ratovima te postoji li adekvatno rješenje za taj problem. Since ancient times libraries have been important cultural, social and information centers. Because of the value they contribute to society, the loss of libraries is a big loss for the communities in which they are located, but also for culture in general. Because of this, they are often targeted in wars because this is used for erasing history of a nation. Based on numerous literature, in this paper it will be examined why libraries are destroyed. An overview of the libraries destroyed in the wars of the 20th and 21st centuries will be given. Examples from the Second World War, the Croatian War of Independence the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the War in Iraq and the War in Ukraine will be covered. Special emphasis will be placed on valuable libraries with the greatest losses, such as the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the National Library of Iraq. After the example of libraries, the existing UNESCO protections of libraries in case of armed conflicts will be discussed. Finally, the reasons why libraries are deliberately targeted in wars will be examined and whether there is an adequate solution for this problem.

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    Authors: Martić Štefan, Dunja;

    Lokaliteti Dužine kod Zadubravlja i Slavonski Brod – Galovo pripadaju ranoj fazi starčevačke kulture. Lomljena litika podvrgnuta je funkcionalnoj analizi s ciljem rekonstrukcije svakodnevnih djelatnosti ranoneolitičkog čovjeka koji obitava u Brodskoj Posavini. Analiza je provedena makroskopski pod lupama uvećanja do 20 puta, te mikroskopski pod metalurškim mikroskopom pod uvećanjima od 200 do 400 puta, a izdvojeni nalazi su snimljeni SEM-om pod povećanjem od 1 200 puta. Eksperimentom je pripremljena referentna zbirka na rožnjaku koji odgovara onome s navedenih arheoloških nalazišta. Prilikom istraživanja neolitičkog seta oruđa, uočena su oštećenja koja odgovaraju obradi biljaka visokog i niskog udjela silikatnih spojeva te obradi mesa i mesarenju – odnosno pripremi hrane i preradi biljaka, također su uočena oštećenja koja nastaju prilikom izrade kožnih predmeta te obradom suhih i tvrdih materijala poput drva, kosti i roga. Uočen je opći blagi sjaj koji je nedovoljno razvijen da bi ga se povezalo s tipom materijala na kojem je nastao. Prilikom definiranja sjaja srpa nastalog obradom biljaka visokog udjela silikatnih spojeva izdvojeno je pet faza. Rasprostranjenost nalaza unutar zemunica ukazuje na tendenciju grupiranja poslova, a izdvajaju se mjesta obrade tvrdih i suhih materijala, kožarska radionica te prerade hrane životinjskog podrijetla. Važna promjena je pojava sjaja srpa na sječivima koja se veže uz prikupljanje i uzgoj žitarica. Raspored oštećenja na sječivima upućuje na nazubljene kompozitne srpove grupe 1 – tip Riedschachen (Pétrequin et al. 2006). Relativno velik broj ovih sječiva te izgled srpa zajedno s drugim elementima neolitičkog paketa upućuju na zaključak da je poljoprivredna proizvodnja bila prisutna barem na lokalitetu Slavonski Brod – Galovo (Martić Štefan 2023). The Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje, both from the early phase of the Starčevo culture, lie 15 kilometres apart (Minichreiter 1992, 29), and overlap chronologically in the period from 6 100 to 5 000 cal. BCE (Krajcar Bronić 2011, 183). We can infer from the geographic and chronological factors that there was interaction between the populations of the two sites. The Starčevo culture was the first Neolithic phenomenon in the Brodska Posavina region (Težak-Gregl 1998), such that we can assume that there were manifest lifestyle changes in relation to the Mesolithic period that preceded it. Functional analysis of knapped lithics was performed with the aim of reconstructing activities related to this location and period. Functional analysis was first performed by Semenov in Russia in the 1930s, from where it spread to the rest of Europe and the United States of America in the 1960s (Anderson et al. 2005). Keeley and Newcomer (1977) contributed to the further development of the method, performing blind tests involving the examination of experimental material with the aim of determining the accuracy of the analysis. Keeley introduced the Keeley method, which focuses on the surfaces and edges of tools as indicative points for the formation of use-wear traces (Setzer 2004). In 1985 Vaughan published his Use-wear analysis of flaked stone tools, in which he presented a detailed reference collection. There has been a recent effort to introduce damage metrics (Setzer 2004), and functional analysis is increasingly frequent. AWRANA, an association of archaeologists active in functional analysis, was established in 2015. The analysis of the function of knapped lithics from the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje was performed macroscopically under loupes with up to 20× magnification, and microscopically under magnifications ranging from 200× to 400× as required. The selected samples were imaged using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Recovered archaeological artefacts were examined macroscopically in the process of isolating finds for microscopic analysis. All use-wear traces were compared against samples in a reference collection created on chert consistent with the raw material of a part of the tools from the selected sites. The reference collection is comprised of samples used to work wood, fresh and naturally tanned hides, bone, and horn, and to cut cereal crops, herbaceous plants, and flesh, and to perform butchery work removing skin, flesh, and tendons from bone and cartilage. During use the materials were cut, sawn, scraped, scored, perforated and bored. Five discernible polish formation phases were identified in the process of analysing finds exhibiting sickle gloss (Martić Štefan 2023), corresponding to the three phases described by Vaughan (1985). This finer discrimination was prompted by the observation in the course of experimentation, and on the archaeological material, that the smooth pitted polish phase could be further broken down into three sub-phases of development identifiable as sickle gloss. Use-wear traces were identified at the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje, created in the process of working plants having both high and low silica content, and in meat processing and butchering. Also observed was damage formed in the process of fabricating items of leather, and in the working of dry and hard materials such as wood, bone and horn. Artefacts exhibiting sickle gloss stand out. Their significance lies primarily in the connection to agriculture. Small blades are dominant at Starčevo culture sites in the broader area of distribution (Garašanin 1979: 123). The artefacts recovered at the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod include blades or fragments of blades with and without truncation, with a single trapeze constituting an exception (Martić Štefan 2023). Of the two artefacts recovered at the Dužine site in Zadubravlje only the size of the bladelet is not consistent with most of the above described finds, while the other find is a flake exhibiting use-wear traces on three edges (Martić Štefan 2023). The diagonal distribution of the polish, and fine chipping on the edge opposite the working edge, point to the conclusion that sickles from the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod were from among the Group 1 composite sickles of the Riedschachen type according to Pétrequin et al. (2006, 109–112). Similar blades were found at the early phase Starčevo culture sites Lepenski Vid and Padina (Petrović et al. 2022), and we see analogies at the Govrelo and Vrbjanska Čuka sites (Mazzucco et al. 2022, 6–9). The inhabitants of the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod, and likely those of the Dužine site in Zadubravlje, used composite sickles to cut silica-rich plants, which is also indicated by the find of cereals at the Dužine site in Zadubravlje (Minichreiter 1992c, 31, 51). As the Starčevo culture—at these sites and further abroad—corresponds in all other segments to Childe's (1958) Neolithic package it is very likely that sickle gloss on tools from these sites formed as the result of the cutting of domesticated cereal crops (Martić Štefan 2023). In terms of the chronology, this culture marks the first Neolithic phenomenon in the Brodsko Posavlje region, but corresponds with the Middle Neolithic in the broader sense, which further supports the presence of domesticated cereals in this area. Other activities that can be posited on the basis of the use-wear traces identified on finds from structures at these two sites are leather working, food preparation, i.e., butchery, the cutting of plants, and the working of hard materials such as bone, horn, and wood. Hide processing is certainly most clearly evident in the context of work activity pit house SU 291/292 at the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod, as is food preparation in pit house dwelling 10 at the Dužine site in Zadubravlje. Use-wear traces on knapped lithics from these two structures corroborate hypotheses developed on the basis of finds of bone awls and pins in the case of pit house SU 291/292, or ceramic bowls in which bones were found in pit house dwelling 10. Based on the entirety of the finds, and the identification of use-wear traces on knapped lithics, the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje are typical Neolithic sites. The recovered artefacts in both dwelling and work activity pit houses point to working spaces in which primarily dry and hard materials were processed. A number of structures are notable. Dwelling pit house SU 153/154 at the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod yielded the find of a flake with traces of leather working and two blades exhibiting sickle gloss. Butchery was likely performed in work activity pit house SU 205/206 at the same site, while work activity pit house SU 291/292 was a leather workshop. Notable at the Dužine site in Zadubravlje is pit house dwelling 10 where numerous activities were likely performed, such as food processing, including butchery. At the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod use-wear traces were identified on finds recovered from two grave pits, SU 2012/2013 and SU 2242/2243, where finds exhibiting sickle gloss are predominant. Although no features were identified at the Dužine site in Zadubravlje with human bone burials, the described pit 22 stands out among the structures at both sites. The mixed use-wear traces on finds recovered from pit 22 open more new questions than they provide answers for in relation to the function of this feature, located in the immediate vicinity of pit house dwelling 10. The knapped lithic artefacts recovered at the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje exhibit use-wear traces similar to those seen on knapped lithics from the culturally corresponding Lepenski Vir and Padina sites (Petrović et al. 2022). Lithic tools from both sites were used to work hard and dry materials such as bone, horn, and wood. The working of stone of lesser hardness using knapped lithics was observed at great scale at the Lepenski Vir and Padina sites (Petrović et al. 2022), which was not seen at the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje. At these sites lithic tools were used for butchering, to work animal hides, and—at some of the sites—possibly for fibre processing (Petrović et al. 2022). Tools were used to cut plants having both high and low silica content; the distribution of sickle gloss on blades recovered at the Lepenski Vir and Padina sites, however, is not consistent with the distribution of sickle gloss at the sites in the Brodsko Posavlje region (Petrović et al. 2022). The commonalities of everyday activities shared by these sites are significant given that the results of the functional analysis shows a connection that places them at the dawn of the Neolithisation of these areas. Also notable from the sphere of the Starčevo culture are blades exhibiting sickle gloss from the Govrelo and Vrbjanska Čuka Anzabegovo-Vršnik culture sites in North Macedonia (Mazzucco et al. 2022, 6–9), which are consistent with blades exhibiting sickle gloss from the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod. Sickle gloss observed on the blades found at these sites is distributed diagonally across the body of the sickle, indicative of a more or less curved composite sickle with diagonally set teeth, which is consistent with Group 1 composite sickles of the Riedschachen type according to Pétrequin et al. (2006). Similar sickles have been identified at sites in Bulgaria, for example the Tell Karanovo site (Gurova & Bonsall 2014), which corresponds with the Čavdar-Kremikovci-Karanovo culture group of the Starčevo cultural complex (Težak-Gregl 1998, 63). Developing a map of the distribution of the various sickle types in the broader European space will allow us to follow the influences at play in the adoption and early development of agriculture (Ibáñez et al. 2005). The results of the functional analysis show that the early Starčevo culture population at the investigated sites took part in the initial stages of the Neolithic revolution in the area of their distribution. The use-wear traces identified on finds from the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod and the Dužine site in Zadubravlje are largely consistent with use-wear traces seen at other sites of the Starčevo cultural sphere. This is evident both from the cited examples—which point to commonalities in the types of activities performed within settlements, and from the typology of sickles that appear with the development of agriculture within this cultural complex. From what we currently know the everyday activities at the Dužine site in Zadubravlje and the Galovo site in Slavonski Brod were consistent with the activities that took place at other early Neolithic sites in the broader area.

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    https://doi.org/10.17234/diss....
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    Authors: Mirjana Sanader; Mirna Vukov; Domagoj Bužanić;

    One of the last stages of the Delmataean-Pannonian rebellion took place in the area between Burnum and Tilurium between 6 and 9 AD. This revolt is known as the Bellum Batonianum, which was named after the two leaders of the rebellion. Suetonius’ words in Tiberius’s biography (Suet. Tib. 16.1) ...gravissimum omnium externorum bellorum post Punica, best attest to the nature of the conflict and how much it affected the Roman state. In the Roman province of Dalmatia, true peace, the so-called Pax Romana, could have begun only after overpowering the rebels. This peace was also very beneficial to Italy, which was secured by Dalmatian coastal routes. The benefit of peace was achieved by the Romans through the strategic deployment of legionary and auxiliary military units in the area between Burnum and Tilurium. This paper seeks to explore whether the spatial arrangement of units had a certain system and whether the spatial arrangement of auxiliary units during the 1st century had any significance in that system. Na području između Burna i Tilurija odvijala se od 6. do 9. godine jedna od posljednjih faza delmatsko-panonskog ustanka. Taj ustanak, poznat pod imenom Bellum Batonianum, dobio je ime po Batonima, vođama pobunjenika. O kakvom se sukobu radilo i koliko je on uzdrmao rimsku državu najbolje svjedoče Svetonijeve riječi u Tiberijevoj biografiji (Suet. Tib. 16.1): ...gravissimum omnium externorum bellorum post Punica. Tek je nakon savladavanja ustanika u rimskoj provinciji Dalmaciji moglo započeti razdoblje istinskoga mira (Pax Romana) koji je, osim toga, bio blagodatan i za Italiju kojoj je ova čuvala priobalne prilaze. Mirnodopsku blagodat na prostoru između Burna i Tilurija Rimljani su postigli strateškim razmještanjem legionarskih i pomoćnih vojnih jedinica. Ovaj rad želi istražiti da li u tome prostornom razmještaju trupa ima sustava i da li je u tome sustavu tijekom 1. stoljeća od značenja bio i raspored pomoćnih trupa.

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    Authors: Zlodi, Goran; Majer, Ivana; Biličić, Lucija;

    Browsing through topics in online catalogues is often the first step in the information-seeking process. Therefore, subject analysis and indexing are vitally important and also closely connected to the subject access to information. The aim of this paper is to analyse and compare the subject terms from different knowledge organization systems, used for subject retrieval in online catalogues of museums and cultural heritage institutions, in order to better understand and improve browsing interfaces. Preliminary research and mapping will be conducted on subject terms collected from three sources: (1) the Art UK platform, (2) the Tate's website, and (3) the Art & Architecture Thesaurus. The mapping between the previously mentioned subject vocabularies resulted in the identification of various levels of matching. Based on the analysis and interpretation of mapping results, a few suggestions, aimed at ensuring the functionality and convenience of browsing in the context of online catalogues of collections held in museums and heritage institutions, are offered.

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    https://repozitorij.ffzg.unizg...
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    Croatian Scientific Bibliography - CROSBI
    Other literature type . Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      Croatian Scientific Bibliography - CROSBI
      Other literature type . Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Knego, Paula;

    Tipološkom i stilskom analizom ulomaka srednjovjekovne i novovjekovne glazirane stolne keramike s lokaliteta benediktinski samostan sv. Marije na Lokrumu, ovaj diplomski rad donosi uvid u jedan specifični aspekt arheološke baštine ovog samostana - keramičku građu, koji je dosad zanemarivan. Prvi dio rada bavi se povijesti ovog samostana i Lokruma, nakon čega je prezentirana povijest istraživanja. Sljedeći dio opisuje glavne vrste keramike prisutne u ovom radu te proces njihove proizvodnje, odnosno proces proizvodnje kasnosrednjovjekovnog i novovjekovnog glaziranog posuđa. Posljednji dio rada bavi se analizom odabrane keramičke građe, u kojoj se pokušalo odrediti vrijeme i mjesto proizvodnje pojedinih ulomaka, koji su prezentirani u katalogu. Cilj je rada dati doprinos poznavanju povijesti samostana na Lokrumu te poznavanju kasnosrednjovjekovne i ranonovovjekovne keramike na području Dubrovnika i Hrvatske. Through typological and stylistic analysis of late medieval and postmedieval pottery sherds from the archeological site of Benedictine monastery of St. Mary on Lokrum island, this thesis gives an insight into one specific part of archeological heritage of this monastery – pottery, which has so far been neglected. The first part of the paper deals with the history of this monastery and Lokrum island, after which the history of archeological research is presented. The next part describes the main types of pottery present in this paper and the process of their production, ie the process of production of late medieval and postmedieval glazed dishes. The last part of the paper deals with the analysis of selected ceramic material, in which an attempt was made to determine the time and place of production of individual fragments, which are presented in the catalog. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the knowledge of the history of the monastery on Lokrum and the knowledge of late medieval and early postmedieval pottery in the area of Dubrovnik and Croatia.

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    Authors: Krnjeta, Igor;

    U radu se analizira može li se na temelju epidemioloških kriterija preko kojih se određuju pandemije (geografska rasprostranjenost, pokretljivosti bolesti, visoke stope napada i eksplozivno širenje patogena, minimalni imunitet populacije i novitet patogena, zaražljivost te visoke stope smrtnosti) odrediti je li antoninska kuga (165. – cca. 190) prvi pandemijski događaj koji je pogodio Europu. Isti kriteriji primijenjeni su i pri analizi ranijih izbijanja bolesti na koje se može gledati kao na pandemije (bubonska kuga u prapovijesnoj Europi, Tukididova kuga i niz pošasti koje su pogodile rimski svijet prije antoninske kuge). Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju na to da je antoninska kuga prva dokaziva europska pandemija. The goal of this paper was to examine whether we can refer to the Antonine Plague, which ravaged the Roman Empire between 165 and approximately 190 AD, as the first pandemic in European history. The methodology employed to analyse the pandemic character of the aforementioned plague was taken from the epidemiological criteria which were established to differentiate epidemics from pandemics. The criteria for determining whether a disease outbreak can be labelled a pandemic are: wide geographic scope, disease movement, high attack rates and explosiveness, minimal population immunity and novelty, contagiousness, and finally, severity. Next, all of these criteria were tested by analysing ancient sources, as well as the results of historiographic and scientific research in order to ascertain if any of them might be used as evidence for the verification of each separate criterion. Besides the Antonine Plague, this analysis was also applied to two historical disease outbreaks which may also be viewed as pandemics. These were the possible Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age bubonic plague pandemic and the Plague of Athens. A brief survey of all currently known diseases which struck the Roman world is also presented. The conclusion which emerges based on an evaluation of the aforementioned criteria in the light of ancient sources and the results of modern biological sciences is that the Antonine Plague can be dubbed the first clearly attested pandemic in European history with reasonable confidence, while all of the earlier analysed examples were probably semi-connected epidemic outbreaks. This characterization has been chosen for two reasons. The first pertains to the fact that we are faced with a substantial lack of sources for earlier examples, and therefore cannot properly ascertain whether these occurrences truly were pandemics. The second reason why these disease outbreaks cannot, to the best of our current knowledge, be defined as pandemics is linked to the criterion of wide geographic extent, but also to the lack of human-built infrastructure which abets with the spread of highly virulent pathogens.

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    Radovi : Zavod za Hrvatsku Povijest
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
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      Radovi : Zavod za Hrvatsku Povijest
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
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