Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Open Access
  • Publications
  • FR
  • English
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Her...

Relevance
arrow_drop_down
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Vydrina, Alexandra;

    The publication of the Vai dictionary based on August Klingenheben’s collection and edited by Raimund Kastenholz is a very fortunate event for African studies. It finally makes the rich lexical database that was compiled by August Klingenheben (1886-1967) accessible. The thorough and consistent editorial work carried out by Kastenholz has made available the results of Klingenheben’s research and documentation project on Vai, which, as we learn from the introduction, spanned a period of over f...

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ OpenEdition; DOAJ-Ar...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DOAJ
    Article . 2020
    Data sources: DOAJ
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: El Boukkouri, Hicham;

    Il existe, à la base de la plupart des systèmes de TAL, des représentations numériques appelées « plongements lexicaux » qui permettent à la machine de traiter, d'interagir avec et, dans une certaine mesure, de comprendre le langage humain. Ces plongements lexicaux nécessitent une quantité importante de textes afin d'être entraînés correctement, ce qui conduit souvent les praticiens du TAL à collecter et fusionner des textes provenant de sources multiples, mélangeant souvent différents styles et domaines (par exemple, des encyclopédies, des articles de presse, des articles scientifiques, etc.). Ces corpus dits du « domaine général » sont aujourd'hui la base sur laquelle s'entraînent la plupart des plongements lexicaux, limitant fortement leur utilisation dans des domaines plus spécifiques. En effet, les « domaines spécialisés » comme le domaine médical manifestent généralement assez de spécificités lexicales, sémantiques et stylistiques (par exemple, l'utilisation d'acronymes et de termes techniques) pour que les plongements lexicaux généraux ne soient pas en mesure de les représenter efficacement. Dans le cadre de cette thèse, nous explorons comment différents types de ressources peuvent être exploités afin soit d’entraîner de nouveaux plongements spécialisés, soit de spécialiser davantage des représentations préexistantes. Plus précisément, nous étudions d'abord comment des corpus de textes peuvent être utilisés à cette fin. En particulier, nous montrons que la taille du corpus ainsi que son degré de similarité au domaine d’intérêt jouent un rôle important dans ce processus puis proposons un moyen de tirer parti d'un petit corpus du domaine cible afin d’obtenir de meilleurs résultats dans des contextes à faibles ressources. Ensuite, nous abordons le cas des modèles de type BERT et observons que les vocabulaires généraux de ces modèles conviennent mal aux domaines spécialisés. Cependant, nous montrons des résultats indiquant que des modèles formés à l'aide de tels vocabulaires peuvent néanmoins être comparables à des systèmes entièrement spécialisés et utilisant des vocabulaires du domaine du domaine, ce qui nous amène à la conclusion que le ré-entraînement de modèles du domaine général est une approche tout à fait efficace pour construire des systèmes spécialisés. Nous proposons également CharacterBERT, une variante de BERT capable de produire des représentations de mots entiers en vocabulaire ouvert via la consultation des caractères de ces mots. Nous montrons des résultats indiquant que cette architecture conduit à une amélioration des performances dans le domaine médical tout en étant plus robuste aux fautes d'orthographe. Enfin, nous étudions comment des ressources externes sous forme de bases de connaissances et ontologies du domaine peuvent être exploitées pour spécialiser des représentations de mots préexistantes. Dans ce cadre, nous proposons une approche simple qui consiste à construire des représentations denses de bases de connaissances puis à combiner ces ``vecteurs de connaissances’’ avec les plongements lexicaux cibles. Nous généralisons cette approche et proposons également des Modules d'Injection de Connaissances, de petites couches neuronales permettant l'intégration de représentations de connaissances externes au sein des couches cachées de modèles à base de Transformers. Globalement, nous montrons que ces approches peuvent conduire à de meilleurs résultats, cependant, nous avons l'intuition que ces performances finales dépendent en fin de compte de la disponibilité de connaissances pertinentes pour la tâche cible au sein des bases de connaissances considérées. Dans l'ensemble, notre travail montre que les corpus et bases de connaissances du domaine peuvent être utilisés pour construire de meilleurs plongements lexicaux en domaine spécialisé. Enfin, afin de faciliter les recherches futures sur des sujets similaires, nous publions notre code et partageons autant que possible nos modèles pré-entraînés. There are, at the basis of most NLP systems, numerical representations that enable the machine to process, interact with and—to some extent—understand human language. These “word embeddings” come in different flavours but can be generally categorised into two distinct groups: on one hand, static embeddings that learn and assign a single definitive representation to each word; and on the other, contextual embeddings that instead learn to generate word representations on the fly, according to a current context. In both cases, training these models requires a large amount of texts. This often leads NLP practitioners to compile and merge texts from multiple sources, often mixing different styles and domains (e.g. encyclopaedias, news articles, scientific articles, etc.) in order to produce corpora that are sufficiently large for training good representations. These so-called “general domain” corpora are today the basis on which most word embeddings are trained, greatly limiting their use in more specific areas. In fact, “specialized domains” like the medical domain usually manifest enough lexical, semantic and stylistic idiosyncrasies (e.g. use of acronyms and technical terms) that general-purpose word embeddings are unable to effectively encode out-of-the-box. In this thesis, we explore how different kinds of resources may be leveraged to train domain-specific representations or further specialise preexisting ones. Specifically, we first investigate how in-domain corpora can be used for this purpose. In particular, we show that both corpus size and domain similarity play an important role in this process and propose a way to leverage a small corpus from the target domain to achieve improved results in low-resource settings. Then, we address the case of BERT-like models and observe that the general-domain vocabularies of these models may not be suited for specialized domains. However, we show evidence that models trained using such vocabularies can be on par with fully specialized systems using in-domain vocabularies—which leads us to accept re-training general domain models as an effective approach for constructing domain-specific systems. We also propose CharacterBERT, a variant of BERT that is able to produce word-level open-vocabulary representations by consulting a word's characters. We show evidence that this architecture leads to improved performance in the medical domain while being more robust to misspellings. Finally, we investigate how external resources in the form of knowledge bases may be leveraged to specialise existing representations. In this context, we propose a simple approach that consists in constructing dense representations of these knowledge bases then combining these knowledge vectors with the target word embeddings. We generalise this approach and propose Knowledge Injection Modules, small neural layers that incorporate external representations into the hidden states of a Transformer-based model. Overall, we show that these approaches can lead to improved results, however, we intuit that this final performance ultimately depends on whether the knowledge that is relevant to the target task is available in the input resource. All in all, our work shows evidence that both in-domain corpora and knowledge may be used to construct better word embeddings for specialized domains. In order to facilitate future research on similar topics, we open-source our code and share pre-trained models whenever appropriate.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ INRIA a CCSD electro...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ INRIA a CCSD electro...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Joly, Nathalie;

    The practice of record keeping on French farms and the forms taken by farm records have not been widely studied. If[i] livres de raison[/i] have attracted some recent discussion, little interest has been shown in the day-to-day writings contained in[i] agendas[/i] (diaries). This article shows that persistent efforts were made throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to introduce onto farms accounting management tools and the media needed to keep records. The movement provided an organised body of resources: their use was advocated by authority figures such as[i] agromanes[/i], schoolmasters and agricultural masters.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ProdInraarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ProdInra
    Article . 2011
    License: CC BY SA
    Data sources: ProdInra
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: DEVOGELAERE, Jonathan;

    International audience; Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, with lead also added. Hellenistic and Roman bronze objects have a variable percentage of metals, and because of this the colour of the alloy will differ depending on the proportions. The colour of the alloy can be maintained by polishing, but it is also possible to give a patina to the surface of bronze using a reagent. Other metals and alloys (copper, silver, gold, Corinthian bronze) can be inlaid by damascening, or by plating to create polychrome decorations. Unfortunately, copper alloy materials recovered from archaeological sites suffer from the effects of time and deposition, which may lead to corrosion and discolouring of the surface, often appearing green or brown. Archaeological bronzes also may suffer from overly aggressive restorations which scour original surfaces or cover them with a layer of paint imitating green corrosion. The collection of swatches I created gathers the spectrum of colours of antique bronzes, and allows for a restoration the original colours of the objects of my study: Greco-Roman bronze furniture. This study combines the processes of the lost wax method and the addition of polychrome bronze surfaces (patina, inlay and gilding). Some platelet samples from this collection of swatches have also been analysed to determine their elemental composition and their patina, so as to compare them to archaeological materials. Initial results suggest that the colours of bronze luxury furniture vary greatly, and that the spectrum of colours is a product of bronze alloy composition, and of the techniques used in finishing the surface, either polishing or patina application.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DOAJarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DOAJ
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    EXARC Journal
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ortiz Suarez, Pedro;

    Depuis plusieurs années, les approches neuronales ont régulièrement amélioré l'état de l'art du traitement automatique des langues (TAL) sur une grande variété de tâches. L'un des principaux facteurs ayant permis ces progrès continus est l'utilisation de techniques d'apprentissage par transfert. Ces méthodes consistent à partir d'un modèle pré-entraîné et à le réutiliser, avec peu ou pas d'entraînement supplémentaire, pour traiter d'autres tâches. Même si ces modèles présentent des avantages évidents, leur principal inconvénient est la quantité de données nécessaire pour les pré-entraîner. Ainsi, le manque de données disponibles à grande échelle a freiné le développement de tels modèles pour le français contemporain et a fortiori pour ses états de langue plus anciens.Cette thèse met l'accent sur le développement de corpus pour le pré-entraînement de telles architectures. Cette approche s'avère extrêmement efficace car nous sommes en mesure d'améliorer l'état de l'art pour un large éventail de tâches de TAL pour le français contemporain et historique, ainsi que pour six autres langues contemporaines. De plus, nous montrons que ces modèles sont extrêmement sensibles à la qualité, à l'hétérogénéité et à l'équilibre des données de pré-entraînement et montrons que ces trois caractéristiques sont de meilleurs prédicteurs de la performance des modèles que la taille des données de pré-entraînement. Nous montrons également que l'importance de la taille des données de pré-entraînement a été surestimée en démontrant à plusieurs reprises que l'on peut pré-entraîner de tels modèles avec des corpus de taille assez modeste. In recent years, neural methods for Natural Language Processing (NLP) have consistently and repeatedly improved the state of the art in a wide variety of NLP tasks. One of the main contributing reasons for this steady improvement is the increased use of transfer learning techniques. These methods consist in taking a pre-trained model and reusing it, with little to no further training, to solve other tasks. Even though these models have clear advantages, their main drawback is the amount of data that is needed to pre-train them. The lack of availability of large-scale data previously hindered the development of such models for contemporary French, and even more so for its historical states.In this thesis, we focus on developing corpora for the pre-training of these transfer learning architectures. This approach proves to be extremely effective, as we are able to establish a new state of the art for a wide range of tasks in NLP for contemporary, medieval and early modern French as well as for six other contemporary languages. Furthermore, we are able to determine, not only that these models are extremely sensitive to pre-training data quality, heterogeneity and balance, but we also show that these three features are better predictors of the pre-trained models' performance in downstream tasks than the pre-training data size itself. In fact, we determine that the importance of the pre-training dataset size was largely overestimated, as we are able to repeatedly show that such models can be pre-trained with corpora of a modest size.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2022
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Hyper Article en Ligne
      Other literature type . 2022
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bardiot, Clarisse; Jacquemin, Bernard; Michaan, Alexandre; Westeel, Jeanne; +2 Authors

    Eulalie is an operational, open-source, and free information system dedicated to electroacoustic music to document and preserve works. It is based on the Doremus ontology. We propose adapting this ontology to the specific field of electroacoustic music and its implementation in a database (Heurist, in dialogue with Nakala to host the documents). The project was born in the context of Art Zoyd Studios, a center for musical creation. One of the missions is to preserve the repertoire of the XXth and XXIst century pieces involving electronics. The principles of interoperability and Open Data have guided the different choices made throughout the project. Thus, it is not only possible to make the Art Zoyd Studios information database's content interact with other music resources, but the system itself, Eulalie, can be used by other institutions facing problems similar to those of Art Zoyd Studios. International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Article . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: ZENODO
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    visibility12
    visibilityviews12
    downloaddownloads11
    Powered by Usage counts
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ZENODO
      Article . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Datacite
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ZENODO
      Conference object . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: ZENODO
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Gonzalez-Blanco, Elena; Ros, Salvador; Ruiz, Pablo; Díez, María Luisa; +4 Authors

    POSTDATA (Poetry Standardization and Linked Open Data) aims at bridging the digital gap among traditional cultural assets and the growing world of data. It is focused on poetry analysis, classification and publication, applying Digital Humanities methods of academic analysis-such as XML-TEI encoding-(Dombrowski & Denbo, 2013), (Flanders &Hmali, 2013) in order to look for standardization, as well as innovation by using semantic web technologies (Cigarrán-Recuero et al 2014) to link and publish literary datasets in a structured way in the linked data cloud. The advantages of making poetry available online as machine-readable linked data are threefold: first, the academic community will have an accessible digital platform to work with poetic corpora and to contribute to its enrichment with their own texts; second, this way of encoding and standardizing poetic information will be a guarantee of preservation for poems published only in old books or even transmitted orally, as texts will be digitized and stored; third: datasets and corpora will be available and open access to be used by the community for other purposes, such as education, cultural diffusion or entertainment. POSTDATA will be materialized in the creation of a digital semantic web-based platform for poetry analysis and edition, to study, publish and share digital collections in a virtual research environment using digital humanities open standards combined with traditional philological academic analysis. The environment will be open to any language and type of poetry and accessible for multiple users with different profiles, and it will provide access to digital resources on poetry linked together through data repositories. These data will be subsequently indexed by a search engine and finally provided simultaneously on a Website interface, an API and a single point of access to enriched and open information in accordance with RDF formalism. The proposal is based in three pillars: Semantic modeling, poetry lab and infrastructure deployment. International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL Descartes; Mémoi...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    https://zenodo.org/record/2203...
    Article . 2018
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Sygma
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2018
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: ZENODO
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2018
    License: CC BY
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    visibility177
    visibilityviews177
    downloaddownloads160
    Powered by Usage counts
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL Descartes; Mémoi...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://zenodo.org/record/2203...
      Article . 2018
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Sygma
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ZENODO
      Conference object . 2018
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: ZENODO
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ZENODO
      Conference object . 2018
      License: CC BY
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Rambach, Hadrien;

    I wish to publish here some corrections and additions to the article which I published with Alan Walker some years ago (RAMBACH WALKER 2012). International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL - Université de ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Oliveira de Araújo Lima, Érico;

    International audience; This paper discusses the film A idade da terra (Glauber Rocha, 1980), according to a theoretical-methodological approach that highlights the materiality of picture and sound. There are two gestures here: an analytical gesture, which tries to establish a material contact to the film in question; and the other one, of conceptual tone, which consists in situating the debate on the materiality of communication objects. Through the path of this research for concepts, we have found a fundamental bind between the temporal dimension of forms and the materiality of the aesthetic experience.; Este artigo aborda o filme A Idade da Terra (Glauber Rocha, 1980), segundo uma abordagem teórico-metodológica que destaca as materialidades da imagem e do som. Existem aqui dois gestos: um de caráter analítico, que tenta efetuar um contato material com a obra destacada; e um segundo gesto, de tonalidade conceitual, que consiste em situar a discussão sobre as materialidades dos objetos da comunicação. No caminho por essa pesquisa de conceitos, encontramos uma vinculação fundamental entre a dimensão temporal das formas e a materialidade da experiência estética.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Galáxiaarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Galáxia
    Article . 2015
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DOAJ
    Article . 2015
    Data sources: DOAJ
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Rohrbasser, Jean-Marc;

    Most countries count their populations by census.INSEE conducted the second round of the new rench census in January 2005. But this was not always the case. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, an indirect enumeration technique, called the "multiplier", was preferred. Jean-Marc Rohrbasser explains how the method works and cites examples of its use, from France to China.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Archinedarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Archined
    Article . 2005
    License: CC BY ND
    Data sources: Archined
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Archinedarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Archined
      Article . 2005
      License: CC BY ND
      Data sources: Archined
Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Vydrina, Alexandra;

    The publication of the Vai dictionary based on August Klingenheben’s collection and edited by Raimund Kastenholz is a very fortunate event for African studies. It finally makes the rich lexical database that was compiled by August Klingenheben (1886-1967) accessible. The thorough and consistent editorial work carried out by Kastenholz has made available the results of Klingenheben’s research and documentation project on Vai, which, as we learn from the introduction, spanned a period of over f...

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ OpenEdition; DOAJ-Ar...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DOAJ
    Article . 2020
    Data sources: DOAJ
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: El Boukkouri, Hicham;

    Il existe, à la base de la plupart des systèmes de TAL, des représentations numériques appelées « plongements lexicaux » qui permettent à la machine de traiter, d'interagir avec et, dans une certaine mesure, de comprendre le langage humain. Ces plongements lexicaux nécessitent une quantité importante de textes afin d'être entraînés correctement, ce qui conduit souvent les praticiens du TAL à collecter et fusionner des textes provenant de sources multiples, mélangeant souvent différents styles et domaines (par exemple, des encyclopédies, des articles de presse, des articles scientifiques, etc.). Ces corpus dits du « domaine général » sont aujourd'hui la base sur laquelle s'entraînent la plupart des plongements lexicaux, limitant fortement leur utilisation dans des domaines plus spécifiques. En effet, les « domaines spécialisés » comme le domaine médical manifestent généralement assez de spécificités lexicales, sémantiques et stylistiques (par exemple, l'utilisation d'acronymes et de termes techniques) pour que les plongements lexicaux généraux ne soient pas en mesure de les représenter efficacement. Dans le cadre de cette thèse, nous explorons comment différents types de ressources peuvent être exploités afin soit d’entraîner de nouveaux plongements spécialisés, soit de spécialiser davantage des représentations préexistantes. Plus précisément, nous étudions d'abord comment des corpus de textes peuvent être utilisés à cette fin. En particulier, nous montrons que la taille du corpus ainsi que son degré de similarité au domaine d’intérêt jouent un rôle important dans ce processus puis proposons un moyen de tirer parti d'un petit corpus du domaine cible afin d’obtenir de meilleurs résultats dans des contextes à faibles ressources. Ensuite, nous abordons le cas des modèles de type BERT et observons que les vocabulaires généraux de ces modèles conviennent mal aux domaines spécialisés. Cependant, nous montrons des résultats indiquant que des modèles formés à l'aide de tels vocabulaires peuvent néanmoins être comparables à des systèmes entièrement spécialisés et utilisant des vocabulaires du domaine du domaine, ce qui nous amène à la conclusion que le ré-entraînement de modèles du domaine général est une approche tout à fait efficace pour construire des systèmes spécialisés. Nous proposons également CharacterBERT, une variante de BERT capable de produire des représentations de mots entiers en vocabulaire ouvert via la consultation des caractères de ces mots. Nous montrons des résultats indiquant que cette architecture conduit à une amélioration des performances dans le domaine médical tout en étant plus robuste aux fautes d'orthographe. Enfin, nous étudions comment des ressources externes sous forme de bases de connaissances et ontologies du domaine peuvent être exploitées pour spécialiser des représentations de mots préexistantes. Dans ce cadre, nous proposons une approche simple qui consiste à construire des représentations denses de bases de connaissances puis à combiner ces ``vecteurs de connaissances’’ avec les plongements lexicaux cibles. Nous généralisons cette approche et proposons également des Modules d'Injection de Connaissances, de petites couches neuronales permettant l'intégration de représentations de connaissances externes au sein des couches cachées de modèles à base de Transformers. Globalement, nous montrons que ces approches peuvent conduire à de meilleurs résultats, cependant, nous avons l'intuition que ces performances finales dépendent en fin de compte de la disponibilité de connaissances pertinentes pour la tâche cible au sein des bases de connaissances considérées. Dans l'ensemble, notre travail montre que les corpus et bases de connaissances du domaine peuvent être utilisés pour construire de meilleurs plongements lexicaux en domaine spécialisé. Enfin, afin de faciliter les recherches futures sur des sujets similaires, nous publions notre code et partageons autant que possible nos modèles pré-entraînés. There are, at the basis of most NLP systems, numerical representations that enable the machine to process, interact with and—to some extent—understand human language. These “word embeddings” come in different flavours but can be generally categorised into two distinct groups: on one hand, static embeddings that learn and assign a single definitive representation to each word; and on the other, contextual embeddings that instead learn to generate word representations on the fly, according to a current context. In both cases, training these models requires a large amount of texts. This often leads NLP practitioners to compile and merge texts from multiple sources, often mixing different styles and domains (e.g. encyclopaedias, news articles, scientific articles, etc.) in order to produce corpora that are sufficiently large for training good representations. These so-called “general domain” corpora are today the basis on which most word embeddings are trained, greatly limiting their use in more specific areas. In fact, “specialized domains” like the medical domain usually manifest enough lexical, semantic and stylistic idiosyncrasies (e.g. use of acronyms and technical terms) that general-purpose word embeddings are unable to effectively encode out-of-the-box. In this thesis, we explore how different kinds of resources may be leveraged to train domain-specific representations or further specialise preexisting ones. Specifically, we first investigate how in-domain corpora can be used for this purpose. In particular, we show that both corpus size and domain similarity play an important role in this process and propose a way to leverage a small corpus from the target domain to achieve improved results in low-resource settings. Then, we address the case of BERT-like models and observe that the general-domain vocabularies of these models may not be suited for specialized domains. However, we show evidence that models trained using such vocabularies can be on par with fully specialized systems using in-domain vocabularies—which leads us to accept re-training general domain models as an effective approach for constructing domain-specific systems. We also propose CharacterBERT, a variant of BERT that is able to produce word-level open-vocabulary representations by consulting a word's characters. We show evidence that this architecture leads to improved performance in the medical domain while being more robust to misspellings. Finally, we investigate how external resources in the form of knowledge bases may be leveraged to specialise existing representations. In this context, we propose a simple approach that consists in constructing dense representations of these knowledge bases then combining these knowledge vectors with the target word embeddings. We generalise this approach and propose Knowledge Injection Modules, small neural layers that incorporate external representations into the hidden states of a Transformer-based model. Overall, we show that these approaches can lead to improved results, however, we intuit that this final performance ultimately depends on whether the knowledge that is relevant to the target task is available in the input resource. All in all, our work shows evidence that both in-domain corpora and knowledge may be used to construct better word embeddings for specialized domains. In order to facilitate future research on similar topics, we open-source our code and share pre-trained models whenever appropriate.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ INRIA a CCSD electro...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ INRIA a CCSD electro...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Joly, Nathalie;

    The practice of record keeping on French farms and the forms taken by farm records have not been widely studied. If[i] livres de raison[/i] have attracted some recent discussion, little interest has been shown in the day-to-day writings contained in[i] agendas[/i] (diaries). This article shows that persistent efforts were made throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to introduce onto farms accounting management tools and the media needed to keep records. The movement provided an organised body of resources: their use was advocated by authority figures such as[i] agromanes[/i], schoolmasters and agricultural masters.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ProdInraarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ProdInra
    Article . 2011
    License: CC BY SA
    Data sources: ProdInra
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: DEVOGELAERE, Jonathan;

    International audience; Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, with lead also added. Hellenistic and Roman bronze objects have a variable percentage of metals, and because of this the colour of the alloy will differ depending on the proportions. The colour of the alloy can be maintained by polishing, but it is also possible to give a patina to the surface of bronze using a reagent. Other metals and alloys (copper, silver, gold, Corinthian bronze) can be inlaid by damascening, or by plating to create polychrome decorations. Unfortunately, copper alloy materials recovered from archaeological sites suffer from the effects of time and deposition, which may lead to corrosion and discolouring of the surface, often appearing green or brown. Archaeological bronzes also may suffer from overly aggressive restorations which scour original surfaces or cover them with a layer of paint imitating green corrosion. The collection of swatches I created gathers the spectrum of colours of antique bronzes, and allows for a restoration the original colours of the objects of my study: Greco-Roman bronze furniture. This study combines the processes of the lost wax method and the addition of polychrome bronze surfaces (patina, inlay and gilding). Some platelet samples from this collection of swatches have also been analysed to determine their elemental composition and their patina, so as to compare them to archaeological materials. Initial results suggest that the colours of bronze luxury furniture vary greatly, and that the spectrum of colours is a product of bronze alloy composition, and of the techniques used in finishing the surface, either polishing or patina application.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DOAJarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DOAJ
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    EXARC Journal
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: Hal-Diderot
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ortiz Suarez, Pedro;

    Depuis plusieurs années, les approches neuronales ont régulièrement amélioré l'état de l'art du traitement automatique des langues (TAL) sur une grande variété de tâches. L'un des principaux facteurs ayant permis ces progrès continus est l'utilisation de techniques d'apprentissage par transfert. Ces méthodes consistent à partir d'un modèle pré-entraîné et à le réutiliser, avec peu ou pas d'entraînement supplémentaire, pour traiter d'autres tâches. Même si ces modèles présentent des avantages évidents, leur principal inconvénient est la quantité de données nécessaire pour les pré-entraîner. Ainsi, le manque de données disponibles à grande échelle a freiné le développement de tels modèles pour le français contemporain et a fortiori pour ses états de langue plus anciens.Cette thèse met l'accent sur le développement de corpus pour le pré-entraînement de telles architectures. Cette approche s'avère extrêmement efficace car nous sommes en mesure d'améliorer l'état de l'art pour un large éventail de tâches de TAL pour le français contemporain et historique, ainsi que pour six autres langues contemporaines. De plus, nous montrons que ces modèles sont extrêmement sensibles à la qualité, à l'hétérogénéité et à l'équilibre des données de pré-entraînement et montrons que ces trois caractéristiques sont de meilleurs prédicteurs de la performance des modèles que la taille des données de pré-entraînement. Nous montrons également que l'importance de la taille des données de pré-entraînement a été surestimée en démontrant à plusieurs reprises que l'on peut pré-entraîner de tels modèles avec des corpus de taille assez modeste. In recent years, neural methods for Natural Language Processing (NLP) have consistently and repeatedly improved the state of the art in a wide variety of NLP tasks. One of the main contributing reasons for this steady improvement is the increased use of transfer learning techniques. These methods consist in taking a pre-trained model and reusing it, with little to no further training, to solve other tasks. Even though these models have clear advantages, their main drawback is the amount of data that is needed to pre-train them. The lack of availability of large-scale data previously hindered the development of such models for contemporary French, and even more so for its historical states.In this thesis, we focus on developing corpora for the pre-training of these transfer learning architectures. This approach proves to be extremely effective, as we are able to establish a new state of the art for a wide range of tasks in NLP for contemporary, medieval and early modern French as well as for six other contemporary languages. Furthermore, we are able to determine, not only that these models are extremely sensitive to pre-training data quality, heterogeneity and balance, but we also show that these three features are better predictors of the pre-trained models' performance in downstream tasks than the pre-training data size itself. In fact, we determine that the importance of the pre-training dataset size was largely overestimated, as we are able to repeatedly show that such models can be pre-trained with corpora of a modest size.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2022
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Hyper Article en Ligne
      Other literature type . 2022
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bardiot, Clarisse; Jacquemin, Bernard; Michaan, Alexandre; Westeel, Jeanne; +2 Authors

    Eulalie is an operational, open-source, and free information system dedicated to electroacoustic music to document and preserve works. It is based on the Doremus ontology. We propose adapting this ontology to the specific field of electroacoustic music and its implementation in a database (Heurist, in dialogue with Nakala to host the documents). The project was born in the context of Art Zoyd Studios, a center for musical creation. One of the missions is to preserve the repertoire of the XXth and XXIst century pieces involving electronics. The principles of interoperability and Open Data have guided the different choices made throughout the project. Thus, it is not only possible to make the Art Zoyd Studios information database's content interact with other music resources, but the system itself, Eulalie, can be used by other institutions facing problems similar to those of Art Zoyd Studios. International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Article . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: ZENODO
    0
    citations0
    popularityAverage
    influenceAverage
    impulseAverage
    BIP!Powered by BIP!
    visibility12
    visibilityviews12
    downloaddownloads11
    Powered by Usage counts
    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ZENODO
      Article . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Datacite
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ZENODO
      Conference object . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: ZENODO
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Gonzalez-Blanco, Elena; Ros, Salvador; Ruiz, Pablo; Díez, María Luisa; +4 Authors

    POSTDATA (Poetry Standardization and Linked Open Data) aims at bridging the digital gap among traditional cultural assets and the growing world of data. It is focused on poetry analysis, classification and publication, applying Digital Humanities methods of academic analysis-such as XML-TEI encoding-(Dombrowski & Denbo, 2013), (Flanders &Hmali, 2013) in order to look for standardization, as well as innovation by using semantic web technologies (Cigarrán-Recuero et al 2014) to link and publish literary datasets in a structured way in the linked data cloud. The advantages of making poetry available online as machine-readable linked data are threefold: first, the academic community will have an accessible digital platform to work with poetic corpora and to contribute to its enrichment with their own texts; second, this way of encoding and standardizing poetic information will be a guarantee of preservation for poems published only in old books or even transmitted orally, as texts will be digitized and stored; third: datasets and corpora will be available and open access to be used by the community for other purposes, such as education, cultural diffusion or entertainment. POSTDATA will be materialized in the creation of a digital semantic web-based platform for poetry analysis and edition, to study, publish and share digital collections in a virtual research environment using digital humanities open standards combined with traditional philological academic analysis. The environment will be open to any language and type of poetry and accessible for multiple users with different profiles, and it will provide access to digital resources on poetry linked together through data repositories. These data will be subsequently indexed by a search engine and finally provided simultaneously on a Website interface, an API and a single point of access to enriched and open information in accordance with RDF formalism. The proposal is based in three pillars: Semantic modeling, poetry lab and infrastructure deployment. International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL Descartes; Mémoi...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    https://zenodo.org/record/2203...
    Article . 2018
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Sygma
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2018
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: ZENODO
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    ZENODO
    Conference object . 2018
    License: CC BY