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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • 2014-2023
  • Open Access
  • Norwegian
  • Norwegian Open Research Archives
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Her...

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Aarnes, Peter Røysland;

    Traditionally, named entity recognition (NER) research use properly capitalized data for training and testing give little insight to how these models may perform in scenarios where proper capitalization is not in place. In this thesis, I explore the capabilities of five fine-tuning BERT based models for NER in all lowercase text. Furthermore, I aim to measure the performance for classifying named entity types correctly, as well as just simply detecting that a named entity is present, so that capitalization errors may be corrected. The performance is assessed using all lowercase data from the NorNE dataset, and the Norwegian Parliamentary Speech Corpus. Findings suggest that the fine-tuned BERT models are highly capable of detecting non-capitalized named entities, but do not perform as well as traditional NER models that are trained and tested on properly capitalized text. Masteroppgave i informasjonsvitenskap INFO390 MASV-INFO

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    Authors: Bergersen, Ove;

    Dette er en sluttrapport som oppsummerer 5 års miljøovervåking av kulturminner i jord for tomta Munkhaugveita 5-7 i Trondheim. Forundersøkelsen med jordkjemiske analyser viste at de fleste kulturlag hadde gode bevaringsforhold. Kulturlagene er overvåket med sensorer for jordtemperatur, fuktighet og redoksforhold i 5 år fra 2015-2020. Utstyret har fungert bra uten større avvik i måleperioden. Målinger og data viser at det fortsatt er reduserende forhold i de fleste kulturlagene etter 5 år. Den høyest plasserte sensoren i Hull 4 på 10.10 moh. viser lavere redokspotensialet fra +600 til +280 mV etter 5 års overvåking. Her var det noe tørrere og oksiderende forhold i starten. Temperaturen har steget fra 7-10°C i snitt i begge profiler. Sistnevnte er tydelig de tre siste årene etter at nytt hus er satt opp etter 2018. En ser også at svingningene i temperatur er lavere mellom sommer og vinter. Profil 1 Hull 1 viser reduserende forhold og fortsatt gode bevaringsforhold. Jordfuktigheten er blitt mere stabil i begge profiler gjennom overvåkingsperioden, med unntak av øvre lag i Hull 1 og bunn i Hull 4, som ser ut til å være påvirket av grunnvann. Lav jordtemperatur i begge profiler, godt under 10°C, tilsier en lav nedbrytingsrate av organisk materialet. NIBIOs nedbrytningsforsøk på jordprøver fra to av kulturlagene i Hull 4 (9.1 og 7.9 moh.) har vist stabile forhold og nedbrytingsraten er nesten ikke målbar ved 10°C, både uten og med nærvær av oksygen. Dette viser at organisk materiale blir bedre bevart over lengre tid hvis kulturlagene holdes ved lave temperaturer. Miljøovervåkningen gir grunnlag for å anta at nye bygg over områder med verneverdige kulturlag i Munkhaugveita 5-7 ikke har hatt en direkte negativ påvirkning på de kulturlag som er overvåket. Kun øvre del av profil 1 Hull 4 kan bli påvirket hvis temperaturen øker eller holder seg over 12°C.

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    Authors: Bergersen, Ove;

    Rapporten oppsummerer hele perioden av overvåking av grunnvann og dens påvirkning av kulturlag under et nytt bygg Foyn eiendom i Storgata 30-32 i Tønsberg. Data for overvåkningen er hentet fra 2 miljøbrønner, MB5 og MB10, satt ned før ferdigstillelse av nytt bygg. Miljøbrønnene er satt ned i mettet sone med grunnvann og overvåking har foregått fra 2013 til 2017 for MB10 og 2014 og 2015 for MB5. Det kan se ut som om grunnvannet under nytt bygg fluktuerer mer på sidene en i midten. Ellers har NIBIO ikke observert store forandringer og svingninger i måleparameterne gjennom overvåkingen med unntak av at temperaturen i grunnvannet har steget 1 grad i MB5, men sunket 0,5 grader i MB10. Grunnvann temperaturene skiller seg ikke ut fra andre grunnvann temperaturer målt i nærliggende målepunkt som påvirkes av hus. Grunnvannet inneholder ikke oksygen som kan akselerer nedbryting av organisk materiale fra kulturlagene.

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    Authors: Sundby, Stephanie Serrano;

    Hvordan er det samtidskunsten ikke bare speiler, men aktivt tar opp og diskuterer menneskets forhold til naturen og den materielle verden? Mennesket lever i en samtid preget av de enorme endringene som har skjedd innenfor teknologi og viten, samtidig som miljøutfordringer og naturkatastrofer har igangsatt nye diskusjoner rundt menneskets forhold til sin umiddelbare materielle verden. Kan kunsten fungere som en aktiv del av denne filosofiske diskursen? Hvordan tenker man i så fall om, med og gjennom kunst? Spesifikt tar oppgaven utgangspunkt i kunstverkene The Artificial Nature Project (2012) av Mette Ingvartsen, og installasjonen Seizure (2008) av Roger Hiorns. Disse bearbeider resonnerende tematikker, og har et parallelt virke som teoretisk utforskende dokumenter. Oppgaven tar utgangspunkt i å utforske, samt åpne opp kunstverkene på bakgrunn av samtidsfilosofien nymaterialisme. Dette er et tankesett som gjenopptar, og tenker på nytt tradisjonell filosofi, ved å undersøke de grunnleggende spørsmålene omkring natur og menneskets virke i en materiell verden. I denne sammenheng fremhever nymaterialismen kunstens materielle virkefelt, og legger her grunnlag for at kunsten gjennom sin egen materialitet kan diskutere problemstillinger som ellers ligger skjult i hverdagens språkstrukturer. I oppgaven brukes derfor ikke nymaterialisme som en teoretisk mal, men heller som et teoretisk verktøy for å åpne opp en forståelse av kunsten der verkenes konseptuelle kjerne ligger i deres materialitet. Oppgaven er derfor ikke bare en teoretisk analyse av The Artificial Nature Project og Seizure, men prøver å finne ut av hvordan verkene virker i seg selv. Det vil si hvordan verkene utgjør en fysisk refleksjon over menneskets forhold til natur og materie. Ikke bare som en innadvendt betraktning over sitt eget virke som en materiell form for kunnskap, men også som del av samtidens større naturfilosofiske diskurs. How does contemporary art, not only mirror, but actively seek out and discuss man's relationship to nature and the material world? Man lives in a world shaped by enormous progress made by science and technology, at the same time as climate change and natural disasters have started new discussions about man’s relations to its immediate material world. Is it possible for art to function as a part of this contemporary philosophical discourse? If so, how does one think about, with, and through art? This thesis will focus on the artworks The Artificial Nature Project (2012) by Mette Ingvartsen, and the installation Seizure (2008) by Roger Hiorns. These artworks inspects issues that resonate with the material world, and work in parallel as investigating documents within a theoretical framework. The thesis starts of in exploring, as well as opening up the artworks towards the contemporary philosophical idea called new-materialism. New-materialism brings back and rethinks traditional philosophy, by looking at the fundamental questions regarding nature and man’s agency in a material world. In this context, new-materialism helps bring forward art’s material realm of affect, and puts here the foundations for art to be able through its own material language to discuss problems that would otherwise be hidden in ordinary language structures. This is why new-materialism in this thesis is not used as a theoretical formula, but rather as a theoretical tool to open up an understanding of art where the conceptual core lies within its materiality. This thesis is therefore not only a theoretical analysis of The Artificial Nature Project and Seizure, but tries to figure out how the pieces work in themselves. That means how the pieces form a physical reflection on man’s relationship to nature and matter. Not only as an inward observation over its own agency as a material form of knowledge, but also as part of a grander contemporary natural philosophical discourse. Kunsthistorie mastergradsoppgave KUN350

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    Authors: Blewitt, Kevin;

    The archaeological and literary records often appear to be at odds with oneanother when analyzed in the academic mileau. Identifying what sources are and are not reliable and accurate is one of the larger arguments in academia today. In this work, I have attempted to approach the issue of the Norse cultic practices before the arrival of Christianity. By comparing and contrasting the literary and archaeological sources on cultic structures, I hope to not only elucidate the picture of what Norse cultic practices were but also seek to analyze the relationship between the two types of sources. In order to do this, I have focused primarily on the Saga of Haakon the Good and the descriptions of Norse pre-Christian rituals within. I have contrasted this with examples of identified cultic sites primarily from Norway.

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    Authors: Foldøy, Isabella;

    Avhandlingen handler om arkeologisk kunnskapsproduksjon i skolen. Studien består av 23 lærebøker tilknyttet læreplanene L97 og K06. Jeg undersøker hvordan representasjoner av og fortellinger om steinalderens jeger-sankere bidrar til å forme forståelser om dem. Jeg utforsker hva representasjonene og fortellingene formidler, og hvorvidt det samsvarer med læreplanmål fra L97 og K06 om toleranse og likestilling. Bøkene undersøkes gjennom en kvantitativ analyse av ikonografi og en kvalitativ analyse av fortellinger. Resultatene fra analysene diskuteres i lys av noen sentrale begreper fra postkolonial teori og feministisk kritikk. Kort sagt finner jeg at det brukes en representasjonstradisjon for steinalderens jeger-sankere som reproduserer problematiske fremstillinger og skaper annengjøring. Det brukes eksemplariske fortellinger som fremstiller jeger-sankere som en primitiv kontrast til mennesker i moderne samfunn. Disse resultatene diskuteres gjennom konsepter som dehumanisering, essensialisme, stereotypier og fixity. Undersøkelsene viser at også kvinner og jenter er underrepresenterte, og at representasjonene fremstilles en arbeidsfordeling der menn har aktive roller, mens kvinner er mer passive. De tradisjonelle fortellingene fremstiller jeger-sankere som noe opphavelig, statisk og som et samfunn med tradisjonelle kjønnsnormer. Disse kjønnede fremstillingene diskuteres i lys av performativitet, fortellingspraksiser og situert kunnskap. Jeg mener derfor at lærebøkene ikke oppfyller læreplanmålene fra L97 og K06, men i stedet reproduserer ideer situert i 1800-tallets kjønnsnormer og vitenskapelige diskurs, som var farget av raseteori og eurosentrisme. Jeg argumenterer for å opprette arkeologididaktikk som et eget forskningsfelt for å fange opp og endre problematiske fremstillinger av fortiden. My PhD research explores archaeological knowledge production through representations and narratives of Stone Age hunter-gatherers in Norwegian school textbooks. In the thesis, I examine 23 textbooks, all founded on guidelines from the national curriculum “L97” and “K06”. I interpret what the representations and narratives in the textbooks convey, and whether they achieve the educational objectives from the national curriculum regarding tolerance of other cultures and gender equality. The books are examined through a quantitative analysis of iconography and a qualitative analysis of the narratives. The discussion of the results is interpreted within the perspectives of postcolonial critique and feminist theory. My analysis shows that Stone Age hunter-gatherers are portrayed with a specific iconography, and that the representations promote othering. I argue that the same can be said for the use of exemplary narratives that describe hunter-gatherers as being separate from or in juxtaposition to modern society. I problematise othering through using the concepts of stereotypes, dehumanisation, essentialism and fixity. The representations are also gendered, and women and girls are underrepresented. The textbooks use a clear division of labour where men have active roles, while women have more passive roles. The traditional narratives view hunter-gatherer societies as static and hunter-gatherers are portrayed as having a “natural” way of life, with strict traditional gender norms. The gendered representations are discussed using the concepts of performativity, storytelling practices and situated knowledge. I also argue that the Stone Age representations do not accomplish the educational objectives from the national curricula. Instead, they reproduce ideas from older research that were situated in the gender norms and scientific discourse of the 1800s, influenced by racial theory and eurocentrism. I also argue that it is necessary to develop archaeological didactics as a field of research, to address and update representations of the past.

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    Authors: Repstad-Omland, Tone Kristine;

    Masteroppgave kunstfag KF500 - Universitetet i Agder 2019 Both from the elementary school education and the professional life, I have gained insight and an experience basis for commenting on the subject of arts and crafts. There are often techniques and crafts that are in focus. I miss howthe subject to a greater extentcanchallengestudent`s in critical thinking, playful exploration and reflection, especially with regards to visual art. This master thesis focuses on theseperspectives for teaching in the subject arts and crafts, and discuss contemporary art's place intheschool. The thesis can be viewed as a post in the discourse about the new curriculumforarts and crafts, scheduledtobe completed by 2020.Contemporary art is a great concept that holds many artistic directions, so in this context the focus must be on the conceptual part of contemporary art, but more specifically readymade art, also called Objet trouvé. The thesis examines how readymade art can be implemented in the teaching of art and crafts. It will also investigate how children and young people relate to contemporary art ingeneral. In what way can contemporary art inspire students to be curious, to explore, to express themselves? These are some of the questions askedin the thesis.These questions areapproached by doing survey ́sconducted with groupsof children aged ten to eleven in the5th grade. The project was designed asa workshop that addressed three activities. Pupils were challenged to explore their own understanding of art, by first considering, then by using their own words, andfinally working on objects to design their expressions. The research project addresses theories, articles and curricula that dealswith the field of contemporary art in the school, and then analyze and reflect on what the meaning.Essential concepts in this master's thesis:Contemporary Art, Readymade,Conceptual Art,Children’s Play, Subjects, Objects, Artifacts, Auto-Ethnography, Action research,Communityof Practice,Poetic Strategies,Flow,CompetenceGoals, Curricula,

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    Authors: Bergersen, Ove;

    I forbindelse med anleggsarbeider for anleggelse av nytt hovedgateløp i Bjørvika-byen, Oslo, er det igangsatt et miljøovervåkningsprogram for å dokumentere bevaringstilstand og bevaringsforhold i kulturlag i området. Flere miljøbrønner var i drift ved oppstart, men pga. ferdigstillelse av trikketrase og vei ble flere avviklet våren 2014. Videre overvåking instrumentert med multiparametersensorer for overvåkning av temperatur, pH, ledningsevne og redokspotensialet i grunnvannet fortsatte i miljøbrønn MB4, sammen med en ny miljøbrønn (MB8) etablert i 2013. Sistnevnte hadde i tillegg oksygensensor. Logger i MB8 ble ødelagt av fuktighet slik at vi mangler data i en periode etter mai 2015 til 2016. De første 3 års overvåking i MB3, MB4, MB5 & MB7 er fremstilt i eget kapittel. De resterende år 2014 og ut måleperioden beskriver overvåkings data fra brønn MB4 og MB8. Det er kun MB4 som har dataserier i alle år. En viktig observasjon er at grunnvannet ble målt under 1 moh. i de første årene i alle aktive brønner, men steg over 1 meter fra 2014 i både MB4 og MB8. En slik økning betyr bedre bevaring av kulturlag i øvre del av boreprofilene analysert i 2010. Temperaturen til grunnvannet har ligget i underkant av 10°C. Lav jordtemperatur sammen med negative redoksverdier og lave oksygenkonsentrasjoner gir en gunstig situasjon for bevaring av kulturminner i Bjørvika. Disse resultatene og egenskapene til grunnvannet som berører resterende kulturminner over, under, eller nær brønnen indikerer gode bevaringsforhold av organisk og uorganisk materiale in Situ for regionen under og etter bygging av ny veitrase.

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    Authors: Fjellstad, Wendy; Puschmann, Oskar; Eiter, Sebastian; Stensgaard, Kari; +4 Authors

    I 1998 ble Havrå det første område i Norge fredet som kulturmiljø etter kulturminnelovens § 20. Målet med fredningen var å ta vare på et vestnorsk klyngetun med tilhørende landbrukslandskap, som en historisk referanse om levekår og driftsform knyttet til det førindustrielle landbruket. Denne rapporten presenterer metoder og resultater med å etablere en første tilstandsbeskrivelse som kan brukes i fremtidig overvåking av Havrå kulturmiljø.

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    Brage NMBU
    Report . 2016
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      Brage NMBU
      Report . 2016
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    Authors: Lindh, Christian Henrik;

    Bygdeborger finnes i særlig stort antall i Vestfold. Her dannes et grunnlag for drøfting av hva bygdeborgene kan ha symbolisert, og om symbolikken er uttrykk for en enhetlig tradisjon på tvers av regioner, eller om det finnes særtrekk for Vestfold. Det er sannsynlig at plassene, høydene, som utgjør bygdeborglokalitetene, har vært viktige tilbake til bronsealderen. Murene kan ha blitt oppførte i periodene etter bronsealderen, med mulig byggefasestart i førromersk jernalder. Gjennom en vurdering av anlegges morfologi, landskapslokalisering, og deres arkeologiske kontekst kommer jeg frem til at bygdeborger nær Vestfoldraet og kysten var viktige symboler i landskapet, uttrykk for en skikk som hovedsakelig ble til på bakgrunn av impulser fra kontinentet, antagelig romerske, og som åsteder for ulike bruksområder som i tid kan knyttes til sen romertid og folkevandringstid. Andre anlegg i Lågendalen, eller i hovedsakelig nord-sørgående skogsterreng i det indre fylket har antagelig hatt andre roller, og kan ha vært viktige for kontroll med handel langs Lågendalen og som kontaktpunkter med Sandsvær og mot Skiensvassdraget. De kan også ha fungert som varslings- og tilfluktsanlegg. Anleggene ble benyttet, forlatt og så tatt i bruk på nytt, enten kontinuerlig eller i faser

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Aarnes, Peter Røysland;

    Traditionally, named entity recognition (NER) research use properly capitalized data for training and testing give little insight to how these models may perform in scenarios where proper capitalization is not in place. In this thesis, I explore the capabilities of five fine-tuning BERT based models for NER in all lowercase text. Furthermore, I aim to measure the performance for classifying named entity types correctly, as well as just simply detecting that a named entity is present, so that capitalization errors may be corrected. The performance is assessed using all lowercase data from the NorNE dataset, and the Norwegian Parliamentary Speech Corpus. Findings suggest that the fine-tuned BERT models are highly capable of detecting non-capitalized named entities, but do not perform as well as traditional NER models that are trained and tested on properly capitalized text. Masteroppgave i informasjonsvitenskap INFO390 MASV-INFO

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    Authors: Bergersen, Ove;

    Dette er en sluttrapport som oppsummerer 5 års miljøovervåking av kulturminner i jord for tomta Munkhaugveita 5-7 i Trondheim. Forundersøkelsen med jordkjemiske analyser viste at de fleste kulturlag hadde gode bevaringsforhold. Kulturlagene er overvåket med sensorer for jordtemperatur, fuktighet og redoksforhold i 5 år fra 2015-2020. Utstyret har fungert bra uten større avvik i måleperioden. Målinger og data viser at det fortsatt er reduserende forhold i de fleste kulturlagene etter 5 år. Den høyest plasserte sensoren i Hull 4 på 10.10 moh. viser lavere redokspotensialet fra +600 til +280 mV etter 5 års overvåking. Her var det noe tørrere og oksiderende forhold i starten. Temperaturen har steget fra 7-10°C i snitt i begge profiler. Sistnevnte er tydelig de tre siste årene etter at nytt hus er satt opp etter 2018. En ser også at svingningene i temperatur er lavere mellom sommer og vinter. Profil 1 Hull 1 viser reduserende forhold og fortsatt gode bevaringsforhold. Jordfuktigheten er blitt mere stabil i begge profiler gjennom overvåkingsperioden, med unntak av øvre lag i Hull 1 og bunn i Hull 4, som ser ut til å være påvirket av grunnvann. Lav jordtemperatur i begge profiler, godt under 10°C, tilsier en lav nedbrytingsrate av organisk materialet. NIBIOs nedbrytningsforsøk på jordprøver fra to av kulturlagene i Hull 4 (9.1 og 7.9 moh.) har vist stabile forhold og nedbrytingsraten er nesten ikke målbar ved 10°C, både uten og med nærvær av oksygen. Dette viser at organisk materiale blir bedre bevart over lengre tid hvis kulturlagene holdes ved lave temperaturer. Miljøovervåkningen gir grunnlag for å anta at nye bygg over områder med verneverdige kulturlag i Munkhaugveita 5-7 ikke har hatt en direkte negativ påvirkning på de kulturlag som er overvåket. Kun øvre del av profil 1 Hull 4 kan bli påvirket hvis temperaturen øker eller holder seg over 12°C.

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    Authors: Bergersen, Ove;

    Rapporten oppsummerer hele perioden av overvåking av grunnvann og dens påvirkning av kulturlag under et nytt bygg Foyn eiendom i Storgata 30-32 i Tønsberg. Data for overvåkningen er hentet fra 2 miljøbrønner, MB5 og MB10, satt ned før ferdigstillelse av nytt bygg. Miljøbrønnene er satt ned i mettet sone med grunnvann og overvåking har foregått fra 2013 til 2017 for MB10 og 2014 og 2015 for MB5. Det kan se ut som om grunnvannet under nytt bygg fluktuerer mer på sidene en i midten. Ellers har NIBIO ikke observert store forandringer og svingninger i måleparameterne gjennom overvåkingen med unntak av at temperaturen i grunnvannet har steget 1 grad i MB5, men sunket 0,5 grader i MB10. Grunnvann temperaturene skiller seg ikke ut fra andre grunnvann temperaturer målt i nærliggende målepunkt som påvirkes av hus. Grunnvannet inneholder ikke oksygen som kan akselerer nedbryting av organisk materiale fra kulturlagene.

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    Authors: Sundby, Stephanie Serrano;

    Hvordan er det samtidskunsten ikke bare speiler, men aktivt tar opp og diskuterer menneskets forhold til naturen og den materielle verden? Mennesket lever i en samtid preget av de enorme endringene som har skjedd innenfor teknologi og viten, samtidig som miljøutfordringer og naturkatastrofer har igangsatt nye diskusjoner rundt menneskets forhold til sin umiddelbare materielle verden. Kan kunsten fungere som en aktiv del av denne filosofiske diskursen? Hvordan tenker man i så fall om, med og gjennom kunst? Spesifikt tar oppgaven utgangspunkt i kunstverkene The Artificial Nature Project (2012) av Mette Ingvartsen, og installasjonen Seizure (2008) av Roger Hiorns. Disse bearbeider resonnerende tematikker, og har et parallelt virke som teoretisk utforskende dokumenter. Oppgaven tar utgangspunkt i å utforske, samt åpne opp kunstverkene på bakgrunn av samtidsfilosofien nymaterialisme. Dette er et tankesett som gjenopptar, og tenker på nytt tradisjonell filosofi, ved å undersøke de grunnleggende spørsmålene omkring natur og menneskets virke i en materiell verden. I denne sammenheng fremhever nymaterialismen kunstens materielle virkefelt, og legger her grunnlag for at kunsten gjennom sin egen materialitet kan diskutere problemstillinger som ellers ligger skjult i hverdagens språkstrukturer. I oppgaven brukes derfor ikke nymaterialisme som en teoretisk mal, men heller som et teoretisk verktøy for å åpne opp en forståelse av kunsten der verkenes konseptuelle kjerne ligger i deres materialitet. Oppgaven er derfor ikke bare en teoretisk analyse av The Artificial Nature Project og Seizure, men prøver å finne ut av hvordan verkene virker i seg selv. Det vil si hvordan verkene utgjør en fysisk refleksjon over menneskets forhold til natur og materie. Ikke bare som en innadvendt betraktning over sitt eget virke som en materiell form for kunnskap, men også som del av samtidens større naturfilosofiske diskurs. How does contemporary art, not only mirror, but actively seek out and discuss man's relationship to nature and the material world? Man lives in a world shaped by enormous progress made by science and technology, at the same time as climate change and natural disasters have started new discussions about man’s relations to its immediate material world. Is it possible for art to function as a part of this contemporary philosophical discourse? If so, how does one think about, with, and through art? This thesis will focus on the artworks The Artificial Nature Project (2012) by Mette Ingvartsen, and the installation Seizure (2008) by Roger Hiorns. These artworks inspects issues that resonate with the material world, and work in parallel as investigating documents within a theoretical framework. The thesis starts of in exploring, as well as opening up the artworks towards the contemporary philosophical idea called new-materialism. New-materialism brings back and rethinks traditional philosophy, by looking at the fundamental questions regarding nature and man’s agency in a material world. In this context, new-materialism helps bring forward art’s material realm of affect, and puts here the foundations for art to be able through its own material language to discuss problems that would otherwise be hidden in ordinary language structures. This is why new-materialism in this thesis is not used as a theoretical formula, but rather as a theoretical tool to open up an understanding of art where the conceptual core lies within its materiality. This thesis is therefore not only a theoretical analysis of The Artificial Nature Project and Seizure, but tries to figure out how the pieces work in themselves. That means how the pieces form a physical reflection on man’s relationship to nature and matter. Not only as an inward observation over its own agency as a material form of knowledge, but also as part of a grander contemporary natural philosophical discourse. Kunsthistorie mastergradsoppgave KUN350

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    Authors: Blewitt, Kevin;

    The archaeological and literary records often appear to be at odds with oneanother when analyzed in the academic mileau. Identifying what sources are and are not reliable and accurate is one of the larger arguments in academia today. In this work, I have attempted to approach the issue of the Norse cultic practices before the arrival of Christianity. By comparing and contrasting the literary and archaeological sources on cultic structures, I hope to not only elucidate the picture of what Norse cultic practices were but also seek to analyze the relationship between the two types of sources. In order to do this, I have focused primarily on the Saga of Haakon the Good and the descriptions of Norse pre-Christian rituals within. I have contrasted this with examples of identified cultic sites primarily from Norway.

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    Authors: Foldøy, Isabella;

    Avhandlingen handler om arkeologisk kunnskapsproduksjon i skolen. Studien består av 23 lærebøker tilknyttet læreplanene L97 og K06. Jeg undersøker hvordan representasjoner av og fortellinger om steinalderens jeger-sankere bidrar til å forme forståelser om dem. Jeg utforsker hva representasjonene og fortellingene formidler, og hvorvidt det samsvarer med læreplanmål fra L97 og K06 om toleranse og likestilling. Bøkene undersøkes gjennom en kvantitativ analyse av ikonografi og en kvalitativ analyse av fortellinger. Resultatene fra analysene diskuteres i lys av noen sentrale begreper fra postkolonial teori og feministisk kritikk. Kort sagt finner jeg at det brukes en representasjonstradisjon for steinalderens jeger-sankere som reproduserer problematiske fremstillinger og skaper annengjøring. Det brukes eksemplariske fortellinger som fremstiller jeger-sankere som en primitiv kontrast til mennesker i moderne samfunn. Disse resultatene diskuteres gjennom konsepter som dehumanisering, essensialisme, stereotypier og fixity. Undersøkelsene viser at også kvinner og jenter er underrepresenterte, og at representasjonene fremstilles en arbeidsfordeling der menn har aktive roller, mens kvinner er mer passive. De tradisjonelle fortellingene fremstiller jeger-sankere som noe opphavelig, statisk og som et samfunn med tradisjonelle kjønnsnormer. Disse kjønnede fremstillingene diskuteres i lys av performativitet, fortellingspraksiser og situert kunnskap. Jeg mener derfor at lærebøkene ikke oppfyller læreplanmålene fra L97 og K06, men i stedet reproduserer ideer situert i 1800-tallets kjønnsnormer og vitenskapelige diskurs, som var farget av raseteori og eurosentrisme. Jeg argumenterer for å opprette arkeologididaktikk som et eget forskningsfelt for å fange opp og endre problematiske fremstillinger av fortiden. My PhD research explores archaeological knowledge production through representations and narratives of Stone Age hunter-gatherers in Norwegian school textbooks. In the thesis, I examine 23 textbooks, all founded on guidelines from the national curriculum “L97” and “K06”. I interpret what the representations and narratives in the textbooks convey, and whether they achieve the educational objectives from the national curriculum regarding tolerance of other cultures and gender equality. The books are examined through a quantitative analysis of iconography and a qualitative analysis of the narratives. The discussion of the results is interpreted within the perspectives of postcolonial critique and feminist theory. My analysis shows that Stone Age hunter-gatherers are portrayed with a specific iconography, and that the representations promote othering. I argue that the same can be said for the use of exemplary narratives that describe hunter-gatherers as being separate from or in juxtaposition to modern society. I problematise othering through using the concepts of stereotypes, dehumanisation, essentialism and fixity. The representations are also gendered, and women and girls are underrepresented. The textbooks use a clear division of labour where men have active roles, while women have more passive roles. The traditional narratives view hunter-gatherer societies as static and hunter-gatherers are portrayed as having a “natural” way of life, with strict traditional gender norms. The gendered representations are discussed using the concepts of performativity, storytelling practices and situated knowledge. I also argue that the Stone Age representations do not accomplish the educational objectives from the national curricula. Instead, they reproduce ideas from older research that were situated in the gender norms and scientific discourse of the 1800s, influenced by racial theory and eurocentrism. I also argue that it is necessary to develop archaeological didactics as a field of research, to address and update representations of the past.

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    Authors: Repstad-Omland, Tone Kristine;

    Masteroppgave kunstfag KF500 - Universitetet i Agder 2019 Both from the elementary school education and the professional life, I have gained insight and an experience basis for commenting on the subject of arts and crafts. There are often techniques and crafts that are in focus. I miss howthe subject to a greater extentcanchallengestudent`s in critical thinking, playful exploration and reflection, especially with regards to visual art. This master thesis focuses on theseperspectives for teaching in the subject arts and crafts, and discuss contemporary art's place intheschool. The thesis can be viewed as a post in the discourse about the new curriculumforarts and crafts, scheduledtobe completed by 2020.Contemporary art is a great concept that holds many artistic directions, so in this context the focus must be on the conceptual part of contemporary art, but more specifically readymade art, also called Objet trouvé. The thesis examines how readymade art can be implemented in the teaching of art and crafts. It will also investigate how children and young people relate to contemporary art ingeneral. In what way can contemporary art inspire students to be curious, to explore, to express themselves? These are some of the questions askedin the thesis.These questions areapproached by doing survey ́sconducted with groupsof children aged ten to eleven in the5th grade. The project was designed asa workshop that addressed three activities. Pupils were challenged to explore their own understanding of art, by first considering, then by using their own words, andfinally working on objects to design their expressions. The research project addresses theories, articles and curricula that dealswith the field of contemporary art in the school, and then analyze and reflect on what the meaning.Essential concepts in this master's thesis:Contemporary Art, Readymade,Conceptual Art,Children’s Play, Subjects, Objects, Artifacts, Auto-Ethnography, Action research,Communityof Practice,Poetic Strategies,Flow,CompetenceGoals, Curricula,

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    Authors: Bergersen, Ove;

    I forbindelse med anleggsarbeider for anleggelse av nytt hovedgateløp i Bjørvika-byen, Oslo, er det igangsatt et miljøovervåkningsprogram for å dokumentere bevaringstilstand og bevaringsforhold i kulturlag i området. Flere miljøbrønner var i drift ved oppstart, men pga. ferdigstillelse av trikketrase og vei ble flere avviklet våren 2014. Videre overvåking instrumentert med multiparametersensorer for overvåkning av temperatur, pH, ledningsevne og redokspotensialet i grunnvannet fortsatte i miljøbrønn MB4, sammen med en ny miljøbrønn (MB8) etablert i 2013. Sistnevnte hadde i tillegg oksygensensor. Logger i MB8 ble ødelagt av fuktighet slik at vi mangler data i en periode etter mai 2015 til 2016. De første 3 års overvåking i MB3, MB4, MB5 & MB7 er fremstilt i eget kapittel. De resterende år 2014 og ut måleperioden beskriver overvåkings data fra brønn MB4 og MB8. Det er kun MB4 som har dataserier i alle år. En viktig observasjon er at grunnvannet ble målt under 1 moh. i de første årene i alle aktive brønner, men steg over 1 meter fra 2014 i både MB4 og MB8. En slik økning betyr bedre bevaring av kulturlag i øvre del av boreprofilene analysert i 2010. Temperaturen til grunnvannet har ligget i underkant av 10°C. Lav jordtemperatur sammen med negative redoksverdier og lave oksygenkonsentrasjoner gir en gunstig situasjon for bevaring av kulturminner i Bjørvika. Disse resultatene og egenskapene til grunnvannet som berører resterende kulturminner over, under, eller nær brønnen indikerer gode bevaringsforhold av organisk og uorganisk materiale in Situ for regionen under og etter bygging av ny veitrase.

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