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161 Research products, page 4 of 17

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  • Open Access Serbian
    Authors: 
    Peković Mirko; Pejović Emilija;
    Publisher: Starinar
    Country: Serbia

    During 2005 and 2008, a team from Republic Cultural Heritage Preservation Institute carried out preservative, sondage, archaeological and revision exploration of the Church of Holy Virgin in Gradac monastery. The 2005 exploration aim was to uncover geomorphology and characteristics of soil and its moisture penetration, to make insight in condition of ground zones, uncovering of attached structures and archaeological material, obtaining stratigraphic data, all in purpose of obtaining data for making the Main Project for preserving the Church of Holy Virgin from moisture. The first phase of work started in 2008, and it included work on western, north-western and south-western part of the church. During these explorations, 9 sondages were opened and a drainage pit, in total area of 130 m² and total depth of 3 m. Beside medieval cultural layer and medieval necropolis, a prehistoric layer of 0.5-0.6 m depth was found which was documented with four residential horizons as well with other belonging archaeological material originated in period of the end of Early Bronze Age and Middle Bronze Age. Pottery from older prehistoric layer in Gradac, which was documented with two residential horizons, mainly consists of fragments of pottery made of weaker, refined clay, with smooth surfaces and with range of colour from brownish to dark grey. These are fragments of dishes and larger spherical pots with two vertical handles on wider part of body. Some fragments are decorated with wartlike bulges or recesses made with fingers. From fine pottery, there are pear-shaped amphorae with thin sides, bowls and cups. Beside pottery, in this layer there were also few fragments of different shapes made of Rozhnac stone, flints and quartzite, part of stone axe with perforation whose upper part is shaped into secant and two fragmented millstones made of quartzlathyte, a mineral found in mountain Golija (Pl. I-III). Analogies to this pottery are found in sites in Milica Brdo in Ljuljaci, several sites in region of Krusevac and in Kosovo and Metohia. Pottery of the earlier layer is made of better refined earth with additives of fine grained sand. It has smoother surface with light brown colours. Distinctive items are fragments of biconical and S profile bowls with lingulate handles and wartlike bulges and fragments of cups with emphasized curved handles that exceed the height of mouth edges. Beside this, there is also, in less numbers, pottery of rougher shapes, which mainly includes smaller pots of conical or biconical shapes with flat or slightly curved edges. Some fragments are decorated with fingerprints or notches and some of them have plastic ribs and engraved lines (Pl. IV-V). This pottery from earlier layers from Gradac is similar to pottery from sites in Morava Basin, regions of Krusevac, Kraljevo and Kosovo. Explorations of these settlements, though small by exploration area, gave precious data about residential architecture. Residential structures have been situated in middle and topmost part of the plateau and we assume that this settlement area has not been expanded, but that new buildings have been built in place of old ones. Remaining of these structures shows that they were solid and relatively commodious. Entrance, together with economy part, was on the south side. At the end of Early Bronze Age, settlement was abandoned, but it was reestablished in lesser scale during Middle Bronze Age. Reason for this could be a stable period during Middle Bronze Age, change of economy and beginning of migrating cattle breeding. Gradac settlement was completely abandoned during Middle Bronze Age and was not reestablished again in Prehistoric period.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tapavički-Ilić Milica;
    Publisher: Starinar
    Country: Serbia

    This paper deals with the problem of changes within monetary systems, by comparing the Celtic tribes of the Treveri and the Scordisci. Changes and processes are specified which are common for mints of both tribes - changes of metals used for minting, loss of weight within the same coin type reduction of the territory in which coins have been distributed etc. Types which copy Roman republican coins have also been presented, as well as the coin types minted with the Roman permission.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sudar Milan N.; Gawlick Hans-Jürgen;
    Publisher: Geoloski anali Balkanskoga poluostrva
    Country: Serbia

    Age, microfacies and depositional realm of the Grivska Formation is controversially discussed due to the fact that detailed investigations are missing. Based on reinvestigations of the type locality of the Grivska Formation and in adjacent areas, the following results can be drawn: 1) The Grivska Formation is of Late Triassic (Early Carnian to Rhaetian) age according to conodont dating. 2) Sedimentological and microfacies studies evidenced that the Grivska Formation was deposited on the continental slope and transitional to the Neo-Tethys Ocean. Based on the results of these investigations in the type area and several reference sections in the Dinaridic Ophiolite Belt, the Grivska Formation is emended and clearly defined. In the Dinaridic Ophiolite Belt, the Grivska Formation occurs only as clasts and blocks in the ophiolitic melange. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. ON-176015]

  • Open Access Serbian
    Authors: 
    Gavrilović-Vitas Nadežda; Popović Bojan;
    Publisher: Starinar
    Country: Serbia

    During June and July 2014, at the site of Zadružni Dom in Skelani, archaeological investigations of the late antique building were carried out, whose rooms were first discovered in the course of archaeological excavations in 2008. The building has a rectangular base, of a northeast-southwest orientation, with the discovered part measuring 20.90 x 30.90 m. What is distinguishable within the asymmetrical base is an entrance, along with eleven rooms, two of which have apses, and a peristyle, i.e. an inner courtyard with a roofed corridor surrounding it which connects all the rooms of the building. During the archaeological excavations, entrance thresholds and extremely well preserved mortar floors with mortar skirting were noted in most rooms, along with traces of fresco painting on the walls and mosaic floors, executed in the opus tesselatum technique, observed in several rooms, the peristyle and the encompassing corridor. The discovered mosaic fragments are decorated with geometric motifs in the form of a swastika, a Solomon’s knot, a square, a rhomboid, overlapping circles, etc. and floral motifs of ivy and petals, as well as a double braid motif. Small but, unfortunately, fragmented pieces of a mosaic with a figural representation were discovered in the central part of the peristyle, while the mosaic in room K was decorated with a motif portraying the winged head of Medusa. Two construction phases were noted, an older and a younger, with the walls, which were two Roman feet wide and built from dressed stone, and the older mortar floor belonging to the older construction phase, and the second, younger construction phase comprising mosaics, fresco painting, the younger mortar floor and two furnaces. Contemplating the planimetry of the building, one gets the impression of the rooms being divided between two parts - public and private, whereby the public part of the building would be located near the main entrance hall and would comprise rooms A, B, C, D and F, with mortar floors and traces of fresco painting on the walls. The other, possibly private, part of the building would include five rooms G, H, I, J and K and the inner courtyard. Rooms I, J and K had floor and wall heating, while rooms G and H had an arched apse and possibly functioned as a reception hall and/or a stibadium. The hallway with mosaics, which flanks the inner courtyard, was most likely roofed. Traces of burning in the north-western corridor testify to the destruction of the building in a fire. Based on the architectural elements and the traces of fresco painting and mosaics in the building at the site of Zadružni Dom in Skelani, it can be deduced that this is a late antique building which can roughly be dated to the period between the end of the 3rd and the mid-4th century AD, and whose lavish decoration implies that it was owned by an affluent resident of Skelani from the aforementioned period.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Milisavljević Vladimir Ž.;
    Publisher: Zbornik Matice srpske za drustvene nauke
    Country: Serbia

    This paper assesses the influence of Thucydides on Hobbes’s conception of man and, more generally, on his model of “Civil Science”. This influence can be traced back to the time when Hobbes worked on his translation of Thucydides’s history of the Peloponnesian War. Already at that time, Hobbes characterized Thucydides as the “the most politic historiographer that ever writ”, i.e. the historian whose work contributed the most to the true knowledge of politics. The main argument of the paper is that Hobbes’s admiration for the author of the History of the Peloponnesian War can be best explained by Thucydides’s ability to portray the essential conflictuality of politics. This thesis is confirmed by a comparative analysis of some important themes in Thucydides’s historical narrative and several major theoretical statements of Hobbes’s anthropology and political theory. There is an unmistakable similarity, which has often been commented on, between Hobbes’s account of the three principal causes of conflict between individuals in the state of nature - Competition, Diffidence and Glory - and the three main human instincts to which the Athenians appeal, in a speech that Thucydides conveys, to justify their striving for power. However, Thucydides influenced Hobbes mostly by his descriptions of internal war. The final part of the article examines in this light two topics from Thucydides’s famous description of the stasis which took place in Corcyra - the impossibility of justice and the perversion of language in time of sedition in the polis. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no.179039: Strukturne društvene i istorijske promene srpskog društva u kontekstu evropskih integracija o globalizacije]

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Radmanović Darko P.; Kostić Desanka S.; Lujić Jelena Z.; Blažić Svetlana V.;
    Publisher: Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke
    Country: Serbia

    Based on current research results, a total of 40 vertebrate species from 4 classes have been registered at 10 archaeological sites from the Neolithic period in Vojvodina (Serbia). The most numerous one is the mammal class (Mammalia) with 25 species, then bird class (Aves) with 9 species, osteichthyes (Osteichthyes) are represented by 5 species, while reptiles (Reptilia) are the poorest class with only one species. For the Eneolithic period, at 7 archaeological sites, a total of 11 species members of Mammalia class have been registered.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jeremić-Molnar Dragana; Molnar Aleksandar;
    Publisher: Filozofija i drustvo
    Country: Serbia

    In the article the authors are examining three positions within the 18th Century aesthetic discussion on the sublime - Edmund Burke's, Immanuel Kant's and Friedrich Schiller's. They are also trying to reconstruct the political backgrounds of each of this theoretical positions: old regime conservatism (Burke), republican liberalism (Schiller) and romantic longing for the 'third way' (Kant). The most sophisticated and mature theory of sublime is found in Schiller's aesthetic works, especially in those following his disappointment in French Revolution, in which the relationship between sublime and paradoxes of historical violence is most thoroughly reflected.

  • Open Access Serbian
    Authors: 
    Babić Valentina;
    Publisher: Zograf
    Country: Serbia

    The paper discusses the structure and carved decoration of the restored marble sanctuary screen from the island of Koločep near Dubrovnik. Based on the early medieval history of present-day southern Dalmatia and the fragmentary inscription commemorating a queen as the donor of the screen, it may be concluded that she was one of the Serbian Doclean (Duklja) queens from the second half of the eleventh century. The inscription is the only evidence that the kings of Dioclea ruled over the Elaphite islands. The carved decoration is typical of the Middle Byzantine period (9th-12th century), with some regional traits. The only exceptions are the figures of putti. They can be associated with Romanesque architectural sculpture in southern Italy created in the late eleventh century, after the Norman conquest of this region. The author puts forward the hypothesis that the donor was Queen Jaquinta, wife of King Bodin (1081-1101), who was a Norman woman from Bari.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Alfirević Đorđe;
    Publisher: Spatium
    Country: Serbia

    This paper considers the possibility of implementing the customary rules of construction and organization of the Rajac wine cellars, as well as whether and to what extent they have been implemented so far. Wine cellars of the village of Rajac are a unique example of ethno-architecture in the Republic of Serbia and its surrounding. They are under the protection regime as a rare spatial cultural-historical entity, i.e. cultural property of exceptional importance to Serbia. The paper analyzes various elements of spatial development and structure, as well as specific characteristics of construction carried out by migrant workers. Considering that customary rules of construction are found in some other complexes of folk architecture in the immediate and broader surrounding of the Republic of Serbia (Korcula, Dubrovnik and Ilok in the Republic of Croatia), it has been indicated, based on comparative analysis, that it is possible that the same rules as those implemented during the foundation and development of the Rajac wine cellars have also been implemented later during their renovation by introducing new architectural principles through characteristic way of construction of Macedonian craftsmen-builders - migrant workers.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Takács Ádám;
    Publisher: Filozofija i drustvo
    Country: Serbia

    Husserl’s transcendental turn can be best regarded as a turn in his phenomenological models of intentionality. While in the Logical Investigations, he maintains a conception according to which intentionality is a structure of cognitive directedness in which objectification plays a formative role, in his later works the intentional relation is considered as a structure of consciousness founded on a sphere of purely subjective interiority. This paper 42 argues that if Husserl had extended the scope of his early phenomenological research to the problems of object formation in the domain of historical and cultural sciences (Geisteswissenschaften), the radical subjectively oriented transformation of his theory of intentionality would have been much more difficult, if not impossible. We also argue that in Simmel’s theory of historical cognition and culture one can detect the elements of a theory of intentionality that can account for what is missing in Husserl, namely the attention devoted to the specific constitution of social and cultural objects. It is precisely the objective mediation through exteriorization and symbolization deployed in social and cultural values, and in historical time that constitutes the specificity of these objects which also conditions subjective experiencing, rather than remains dependent on it.