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63 research outcomes, page 5 of 7
  • research data . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Fragata, Inês; Simões, Pedro; Lopes-Cunha, Miguel; Lima, Margarida; Kellen, Bárbara; Bárbaro, Margarida; Santos, Josiane; Rose, Michael R.; Santos, Mauro; Matos, Margarida;
    Publisher: Dryad
    Project: FCT | SFRH/BD/28498/2006 (SFRH/BD/28498/2006), FCT | PTDC/BIA-BEC/098213/2008 (98213), FCT | PTDC/BIA-BDE/65733/2006 (65733)

    The roles of history, chance and selection have long been debated in evolutionary biology. Though uniform selection is expected to lead to convergent evolution between populations, contrasting histories and chance events might prevent them from attaining the same adapti...

  • research data . 2015 . Embargo End Date: 23 Jun 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Cau, Andrea; Dyke, Gareth J.; Lee, Michael S. Y.; Naish, Darren;
    Publisher: Dryad

    Recent discoveries have highlighted the dramatic evolutionary transformation of massive, ground-dwelling theropod dinosaurs into light, volant birds. Here, we apply Bayesian approaches (originally developed for inferring geographic spread and rates of molecular evolutio...

  • research data . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Grealy, Alicia C.; McDowell, Matthew C.; Scofield, Paul; Murray, Dáithí C.; Fusco, Diana A.; Haile, James; Prideaux, Gavin J.; Bunce, Michael;
    Publisher: Dryad Digital Repository

    When pooled for extraction as a bulk sample, the DNA within morphologically unidentifiable fossil bones can, using next-generation sequencing, yield valuable taxonomic data. This method has been proposed as a means to rapidly and cost-effectively assess general ancient ...

  • research data . 2015 . Embargo End Date: 21 Nov 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Bell, Mark A.; Lloyd, Graeme T.;
    Publisher: Dryad

    strap (Stratigraphic Tree Analysis for Palaeontology) is a new package for the freely available statistical programming language R designed to perform three main tasks: (1) to time-scale phylogenies of fossil taxa; (2) to plot those time-scaled trees against stratigraph...

  • research data . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Finlayson, Samuel G.; LePendu, Paea; Shah, Nigam H.;
    Publisher: Dryad Digital Repository
    Project: NIH | Methods for generalized o... (1R01LM011369-01A1), NIH | Core 5 (2U54HG004028-06)

    Electronic health records (EHR) represent a rich and relatively untapped resource for characterizing the true nature of clinical practice and for quantifying the degree of inter-relatedness of medical entities such as drugs, diseases, procedures and devices. We provide ...

  • research data . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Srivastava, S.; Baptista, M. S.;
    Publisher: Dryad Digital Repository

    This work proposes a Markovian memoryless model for the DNA that simplifies enormously the complexity of it. We encode nucleotide sequences into symbolic sequences, called words, from which we establish meaningful length of words and groups of words that share symbolic ...

  • research data . 2015 . Embargo End Date: 11 Jun 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Bollegala, Danushka; Kontonatsios, Georgios; Ananiadou, Sophia;
    Publisher: Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)
    Project: RCUK | Mining the History of Med... (AH/L00982X/1), RCUK | Supporting Evidence-based... (MR/L01078X/1)

    Bilingual dictionaries for technical terms such as biomedical terms are an important resource for machine translation systems as well as for humans who would like to understand a concept described in a foreign language. Often a biomedical term is first proposed in Engli...

  • research data . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Harrison, Freya; Roberts, Aled E. L.; Gabrilska, Rebecca; Rumbaugh, Kendra P.; Lee, Christina; Diggle, Stephen P.;
    Publisher: Dryad
    Project: RCUK | An experimental evolution... (NE/J007064/1)

    Plant-derived compounds and other natural substances are a rich potential source of compounds that kill or attenuate pathogens that are resistant to current antibiotics. Medieval societies used a range of these natural substances to treat conditions clearly recognizable...

  • research data . 2015 . Embargo End Date: 22 May 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Plooij, Frans X.; van de Rijt-Plooij, Hetty; Fischer, Martha; Pusey, Anne;
    Publisher: Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)
    Project: NSF | National Evolutionary Syn... (0905606), NSF | LTREB: Female settlement ... (1052693)

    Studies of chimpanzee vocal communication provide valuable insights into the evolution of communication in complex societies, and also comparative data for understanding the evolution of human language. One particularly valuable dataset of recordings from free-living ch...

  • research data . 2015 . Embargo End Date: 25 Mar 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Mikó, István; Copeland, Robert S.; Balhoff, James P.; Yoder, Matthew J.; Deans, Andrew R.;
    Publisher: Dryad
    Project: NSF | The Hymenoptera Ontology:... (0850223), NSF | RCN: Phenotype Ontology R... (0956049), NSF | Building the systematic f... (0842289)

    We revise two relatively rare ensign wasp genera, whose species are restricted to Sub-Saharan Africa: Afrevania and Trissevania. Afrevania longipetiolata sp. nov., Trissevania heatherae sp. nov., T. hugoi sp. nov., T. mrimaensis sp. nov. and T. slideri sp. nov. are desc...

63 research outcomes, page 5 of 7