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7 Research products

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • 2014-2023
  • SE
  • French
  • Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet - Academic Archive On-line

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Almbjär, Martin;
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Thorström, Tony;

    This dissertation sets out to explore the animal presence in the novels of contemporary French writer Michel Houellebecq. Focusing on this often overlooked aspect in the growing number of publications dedicated to Houellebecq’s literary production, this study argues that the presence of animals is central to understanding how his novels are structured around borders between not only animals and humans but also between humans themselves. By pitting animals against humans the novels simultaneously show how these borders are created within the narratives only to be repeatedly broken down and/or transgressed. Whereas in previous research a posthumanvision in Houellebecq’s works has been largely attributed to the theme of a technological surpassing of the human, this study advances the idea that animals constitute an inherent part of Houellebecq’s questioning of an anthropocentric worldview. The first chapter of the thesis, which lays the foundation for the study, explores how descriptions structure two major ways in which animals are present: either as a backdrop setting where the characters, while trying to maintain the border between themselves and animals, are transformed into observers of animals in their natural habitat, or as metaphors used to describe appearances and seemingly unwanted personality traits of some of the characters. The second chapter expands on the idea of a frontier between animals and humans but contrary to the previous chapter it studies the porosity of these borders by showing how humans and animals are depicted and narrated in similar ways. Drawing on the theories of Giorgio Agamben, Dominique Lestel and Tristan Garcia the study concludes by proposing to read Houellebecq’s novels both as a form of life stories relating a common history between animals and humans and as an attempt to highlight the untenable project of maintaining an anthropocentric worldview.

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    Authors: Ulrich, Lotten; Ulrich, Edla;

    Johan Ulrich était secrétaire privé du roi Karl XIV Johan (J.-B. Bernadotte). Ses filles, Lotten (1806–1887) et Edla (1816–1897), étaient donc de bonne famille, bien que leur père ne fût ni noble ni riche. Dans leurs journaux elles rendent compte de leur vie quotidienne: fréquentations, lectures, sorties au théâtre et aux concerts, etc. Le journal de Lotten commence au Palais royal de Stockholm en 1830 et se termine à Norrköping en 1847. Elle note tout, des banalités aussi bien que de grands événements et étoffe son texte de commérages et de ce qu’elle a lu dans la presse. Edla se limite à ce qu’elle trouve mémorable, dont ses séjours agréables chez la famille Adlercreutz. Elle communique aussi ses expériences de gouvernante et les impressions de ses voyages à Copenhague et à des stations thermales dans le sud de la Suède. Les soeurs décrivent des personnes de toutes les classes sociales, dont plusieurs de renom, telles Jenny Lind, Bernhard Crusell, Lars Johan Hierta, Bernhard von Beskow, André Oscar Wallenberg, Johan Olof Wallin et les membres de la famille royale. Ces journaux offrent ainsi aux lecteurs beaucoup d’images concrètes de la vie culturelle de l’époque, des us et coutumes, de l’éducation des frères et soeurs et d’un Stockholm où les quartiers hors de la vieille ville d’aujourd’hui sont qualifiés de faubourgs. Margareta Östman est docteur des lettres. Publications récentes: Au Champ d’Apollon. Écrits d’expression française produits en Suède (1550–2006). Filologiskt arkiv 47 (2008, en collaboration avec Hans Östman), Glanures servant de suite à Au Champd’Apollon [...] Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, Romanica Stockholmiensia 29 (2012), et Systrarna Ulrichs dagböcker från Stockholms slott, Djurgården och landsorten 1830–1855 (2015), édition en suédois des journaux des deux soeurs.

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    Authors: Svensson, Daniel; Sörlin, Sverker;

    Today, most elite endurance athletes use high-altitude training to some extent. For at least the last 40 years, it has been linked to increased performance. But how was high-altitude training established as a means of improving performance? And how did the scientific approach to altitude differ from the traditional, natural valuation of mountains as a site for training? High-altitude training was introduced in sports in the post-war period. During the 1960s, it became a highly contested method, with controversies between scientists, athletes, doctors, sport organizations and coaches. What ideas about altitude and performance were important in this process? What type of scientific hypotheses led scientists and sport practitioners towards increasing high-altitude training? Interestingly, those within sports who rejected the scientific, ‘machine-like’ training methods also often valued the mountains. Famous Swedish coach Gösta Olander is one example. He was the most influential protagonist of the natural training method in Sweden, and his base was in Vålådalen (in Jämtland, near Östersund and Åre). Both Swedish (e.g. Sixten Jernberg, Gunder Hägg) and international athletes (e.g. Michel Jazy and Michel Bernard) came to Vålådalen. The fresh mountain air and scenic surroundings were important as a place for training camps, but scientists later demystified the mountains via scientific explanations about increased oxygen uptake and increasing hemoglobin levels in the blood. Vålådalen became a center not only for natural training, but also for scientific monitoring, testing and evaluation. And the setting of international standards regarding high-altitude training had a political aspect, as the issue was addressed when white runners from low altitude were threatened by the results of mainly runners from high altitude countries like Kenya and Ethiopia. Focusing on the Swedish case, we analyze the scientific interest in high-altitude training for sports. Especially, we study the links between science, military and sports. QC 20160127 Rational training

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    Authors: Thomasson, Fredrik;
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    Authors: Premat, Christophe;

    Avec le centenaire de la Première Guerre Mondiale, les revendications mémorielles se sont multipliées à l’heure où notre récit national s’essouffle et a besoin de renouveau comme l’entendait l’historien Dominique Borne en s’adressant au groupe socialiste de l’Assemblée Nationale il y a quelques semaines[1]. Le récit national doit intégrer d’autres dimensions et d’autres groupes sociaux pour faire sens. Dans le même temps, le philosophe Paul Ricoeur nous avait alertés sur le risque d’avoir une politisation de la mémoire[2], d’où la nécessité d’observer une certaine justesse dans l’évaluation du récit historique. Dans la lignée de Paul Ricoeur, Johann Michel évoque la manière dont une gouvernance mémorielle a émergé depuis le début des années 1990. En fait, au-delà des récits historiques, Johann Michel a montré qu’il y avait eu une apparition d’ « entrepreneurs de la mémoire, » c’est-à-dire d’institutions qui portent sur la scène publique une exigence de reconnaissance de certains conflits historiques majeurs[3]. D’une certaine manière, on pourrait dire que le génocide assyro-chaldéen a toute légitimité à être reconnu alors qu’il ne s’est pas déroulé sur notre sol. [1] Dominique Borne, Quelle histoire pour la France ? Paris, Gallimard, 2014. [2] Paul Ricoeur, La mémoire, l’histoire, l’oubli, Paris, éditions du Seuil, 2000. [3] Johann Michel, Gouverner les mémoires, les politiques mémorielles en France, Paris, PUF, 2010.

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    Authors: Bergman, Karl;

    Résumé : Est-ce qu’à l’époque moderne un port militaire pouvait être considéré comme un cas particulier, comme une ville différente des autres ? Cet article montre, à partir de l’exemple de Karlskrona en Suède, qu’un port militaire européen à la fin du XVIIe siècle et au début du XVIIIe siècle devient ce qui peut être qualifié de « plateforme », au sein de laquelle les anciennes manières de penser et d’agir sont confrontées à une situation nouvelle. La dynamique de cette confrontation est la volonté de la Suède de devenir une puissance de premier plan en Baltique. En raison de ces ambitions militaires, les méthodes de production et le contrôle les maladies sont l’objet de nouvelles attentes. Pour atteindre ses objectifs, la Suède doit se doter d’un état militaire puissant qui s’appuie sur des réseaux marchands baltiques éprouvés. Ils sont contrôlés par des négociants qui doivent eux-mêmes être intégrés au projet général au moyen de négociations. C’est d’autant plus difficile que le succès final repose sur la fondation d’un port militaire dans une région récemment conquise sur le Danemark. L’ampleur des ambitions suédoises ressort des plans élaborés par la nouvelle ville construite sur un groupe d’îles inhabitées tout au sud-est du pays, ce qui impose un déplacement important d’habitants ainsi que la création d’un port militaire et d’un chantier naval. Tous ces éléments réunis créent un environnement favorable à de nouveaux échanges et à l’élaboration de nouvelles solutions. Could the early modern naval city be considered something special for its time, a city unlike other early modern cities? This article argues, using the example of Karlskrona in Sweden, that the European naval city in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries became what could be labelled a ‘hub’, where older ways of thinking and acting were confronted on a new level. The driving force behind this confrontation was Sweden’s ambition to become the major player in the Baltic Sea. With this military ambition followed new demands on existing methods of production and the handling of diseases. In order to reach its goals, Sweden had to build up a strong military state based on established trading networks in the Baltic area, and as these networks were in the hands of burghers, the state had to integrate them into its project by negotiation. It did not help that it was thought the success of the project relied on founding a new naval city in an area only recently conquered from Denmark. The sheer scale of Sweden’s ambitions is shown by the plans for the new city, built on a couple of uninhabited islands in the far south-east of the country, and requiring the mass relocation of burghers out to the islands and the creation of a naval base and shipyard. Together, this created an environment for new encounters and new solutions.

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    Authors: Almbjär, Martin;
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    Authors: Thorström, Tony;

    This dissertation sets out to explore the animal presence in the novels of contemporary French writer Michel Houellebecq. Focusing on this often overlooked aspect in the growing number of publications dedicated to Houellebecq’s literary production, this study argues that the presence of animals is central to understanding how his novels are structured around borders between not only animals and humans but also between humans themselves. By pitting animals against humans the novels simultaneously show how these borders are created within the narratives only to be repeatedly broken down and/or transgressed. Whereas in previous research a posthumanvision in Houellebecq’s works has been largely attributed to the theme of a technological surpassing of the human, this study advances the idea that animals constitute an inherent part of Houellebecq’s questioning of an anthropocentric worldview. The first chapter of the thesis, which lays the foundation for the study, explores how descriptions structure two major ways in which animals are present: either as a backdrop setting where the characters, while trying to maintain the border between themselves and animals, are transformed into observers of animals in their natural habitat, or as metaphors used to describe appearances and seemingly unwanted personality traits of some of the characters. The second chapter expands on the idea of a frontier between animals and humans but contrary to the previous chapter it studies the porosity of these borders by showing how humans and animals are depicted and narrated in similar ways. Drawing on the theories of Giorgio Agamben, Dominique Lestel and Tristan Garcia the study concludes by proposing to read Houellebecq’s novels both as a form of life stories relating a common history between animals and humans and as an attempt to highlight the untenable project of maintaining an anthropocentric worldview.

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    Authors: Ulrich, Lotten; Ulrich, Edla;

    Johan Ulrich était secrétaire privé du roi Karl XIV Johan (J.-B. Bernadotte). Ses filles, Lotten (1806–1887) et Edla (1816–1897), étaient donc de bonne famille, bien que leur père ne fût ni noble ni riche. Dans leurs journaux elles rendent compte de leur vie quotidienne: fréquentations, lectures, sorties au théâtre et aux concerts, etc. Le journal de Lotten commence au Palais royal de Stockholm en 1830 et se termine à Norrköping en 1847. Elle note tout, des banalités aussi bien que de grands événements et étoffe son texte de commérages et de ce qu’elle a lu dans la presse. Edla se limite à ce qu’elle trouve mémorable, dont ses séjours agréables chez la famille Adlercreutz. Elle communique aussi ses expériences de gouvernante et les impressions de ses voyages à Copenhague et à des stations thermales dans le sud de la Suède. Les soeurs décrivent des personnes de toutes les classes sociales, dont plusieurs de renom, telles Jenny Lind, Bernhard Crusell, Lars Johan Hierta, Bernhard von Beskow, André Oscar Wallenberg, Johan Olof Wallin et les membres de la famille royale. Ces journaux offrent ainsi aux lecteurs beaucoup d’images concrètes de la vie culturelle de l’époque, des us et coutumes, de l’éducation des frères et soeurs et d’un Stockholm où les quartiers hors de la vieille ville d’aujourd’hui sont qualifiés de faubourgs. Margareta Östman est docteur des lettres. Publications récentes: Au Champ d’Apollon. Écrits d’expression française produits en Suède (1550–2006). Filologiskt arkiv 47 (2008, en collaboration avec Hans Östman), Glanures servant de suite à Au Champd’Apollon [...] Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, Romanica Stockholmiensia 29 (2012), et Systrarna Ulrichs dagböcker från Stockholms slott, Djurgården och landsorten 1830–1855 (2015), édition en suédois des journaux des deux soeurs.

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    Authors: Svensson, Daniel; Sörlin, Sverker;

    Today, most elite endurance athletes use high-altitude training to some extent. For at least the last 40 years, it has been linked to increased performance. But how was high-altitude training established as a means of improving performance? And how did the scientific approach to altitude differ from the traditional, natural valuation of mountains as a site for training? High-altitude training was introduced in sports in the post-war period. During the 1960s, it became a highly contested method, with controversies between scientists, athletes, doctors, sport organizations and coaches. What ideas about altitude and performance were important in this process? What type of scientific hypotheses led scientists and sport practitioners towards increasing high-altitude training? Interestingly, those within sports who rejected the scientific, ‘machine-like’ training methods also often valued the mountains. Famous Swedish coach Gösta Olander is one example. He was the most influential protagonist of the natural training method in Sweden, and his base was in Vålådalen (in Jämtland, near Östersund and Åre). Both Swedish (e.g. Sixten Jernberg, Gunder Hägg) and international athletes (e.g. Michel Jazy and Michel Bernard) came to Vålådalen. The fresh mountain air and scenic surroundings were important as a place for training camps, but scientists later demystified the mountains via scientific explanations about increased oxygen uptake and increasing hemoglobin levels in the blood. Vålådalen became a center not only for natural training, but also for scientific monitoring, testing and evaluation. And the setting of international standards regarding high-altitude training had a political aspect, as the issue was addressed when white runners from low altitude were threatened by the results of mainly runners from high altitude countries like Kenya and Ethiopia. Focusing on the Swedish case, we analyze the scientific interest in high-altitude training for sports. Especially, we study the links between science, military and sports. QC 20160127 Rational training

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    Authors: Thomasson, Fredrik;
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    Authors: Premat, Christophe;

    Avec le centenaire de la Première Guerre Mondiale, les revendications mémorielles se sont multipliées à l’heure où notre récit national s’essouffle et a besoin de renouveau comme l’entendait l’historien Dominique Borne en s’adressant au groupe socialiste de l’Assemblée Nationale il y a quelques semaines[1]. Le récit national doit intégrer d’autres dimensions et d’autres groupes sociaux pour faire sens. Dans le même temps, le philosophe Paul Ricoeur nous avait alertés sur le risque d’avoir une politisation de la mémoire[2], d’où la nécessité d’observer une certaine justesse dans l’évaluation du récit historique. Dans la lignée de Paul Ricoeur, Johann Michel évoque la manière dont une gouvernance mémorielle a émergé depuis le début des années 1990. En fait, au-delà des récits historiques, Johann Michel a montré qu’il y avait eu une apparition d’ « entrepreneurs de la mémoire, » c’est-à-dire d’institutions qui portent sur la scène publique une exigence de reconnaissance de certains conflits historiques majeurs[3]. D’une certaine manière, on pourrait dire que le génocide assyro-chaldéen a toute légitimité à être reconnu alors qu’il ne s’est pas déroulé sur notre sol. [1] Dominique Borne, Quelle histoire pour la France ? Paris, Gallimard, 2014. [2] Paul Ricoeur, La mémoire, l’histoire, l’oubli, Paris, éditions du Seuil, 2000. [3] Johann Michel, Gouverner les mémoires, les politiques mémorielles en France, Paris, PUF, 2010.

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    Authors: Bergman, Karl;

    Résumé : Est-ce qu’à l’époque moderne un port militaire pouvait être considéré comme un cas particulier, comme une ville différente des autres ? Cet article montre, à partir de l’exemple de Karlskrona en Suède, qu’un port militaire européen à la fin du XVIIe siècle et au début du XVIIIe siècle devient ce qui peut être qualifié de « plateforme », au sein de laquelle les anciennes manières de penser et d’agir sont confrontées à une situation nouvelle. La dynamique de cette confrontation est la volonté de la Suède de devenir une puissance de premier plan en Baltique. En raison de ces ambitions militaires, les méthodes de production et le contrôle les maladies sont l’objet de nouvelles attentes. Pour atteindre ses objectifs, la Suède doit se doter d’un état militaire puissant qui s’appuie sur des réseaux marchands baltiques éprouvés. Ils sont contrôlés par des négociants qui doivent eux-mêmes être intégrés au projet général au moyen de négociations. C’est d’autant plus difficile que le succès final repose sur la fondation d’un port militaire dans une région récemment conquise sur le Danemark. L’ampleur des ambitions suédoises ressort des plans élaborés par la nouvelle ville construite sur un groupe d’îles inhabitées tout au sud-est du pays, ce qui impose un déplacement important d’habitants ainsi que la création d’un port militaire et d’un chantier naval. Tous ces éléments réunis créent un environnement favorable à de nouveaux échanges et à l’élaboration de nouvelles solutions. Could the early modern naval city be considered something special for its time, a city unlike other early modern cities? This article argues, using the example of Karlskrona in Sweden, that the European naval city in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries became what could be labelled a ‘hub’, where older ways of thinking and acting were confronted on a new level. The driving force behind this confrontation was Sweden’s ambition to become the major player in the Baltic Sea. With this military ambition followed new demands on existing methods of production and the handling of diseases. In order to reach its goals, Sweden had to build up a strong military state based on established trading networks in the Baltic area, and as these networks were in the hands of burghers, the state had to integrate them into its project by negotiation. It did not help that it was thought the success of the project relied on founding a new naval city in an area only recently conquered from Denmark. The sheer scale of Sweden’s ambitions is shown by the plans for the new city, built on a couple of uninhabited islands in the far south-east of the country, and requiring the mass relocation of burghers out to the islands and the creation of a naval base and shipyard. Together, this created an environment for new encounters and new solutions.

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