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The following results are related to Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
459 Research products, page 1 of 46

  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • 2013-2022
  • ID
  • Indonesian

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  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Isnen Fitri; Yahaya Ahmad; nfn Ratna;
    Publisher: Balai Arkeologi Maluku

    Nilai penting adalah satu-satunya alasan yang mendasari pelestarian cagar budaya. Terbukti bahwa tidak ada masyarakat yang berupaya melestarikan aset bersejarah yang tidak mengandung nilai. Sejak penerbitan Burra Charter pada tahun 1979, banyak negara mengakui pentingnya mengidentifikasi makna atau nilai penting objek warisan budaya untuk mengembangkan kebijakan dan perencanaan dalam pengelolaannya. Saat ini, asesmen nilai penting objek warisan budaya adalah bagian dari proses penetapan aset sejarah menjadi cagar budaya. Meskipun wacana konservasi cagar budaya di Kota Medan telah berkembang sejak 1980-an, tetapi asesmen nilai penting budaya masih merupakan konsep baru untuk komunitas cagar budaya Indonesia karena tidak terdapat uraian yang jelas dalam Undang-Undang Cagar Budaya No. 11 tahun 2010. Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut, perlu seperangkat kriteria yang mengandung prinsip, karakteristik, kategori, dan panduan untuk membantu menetapkan apakah aset bersejarah mengandung nilai warisan budaya atau tidak dan untuk menghasilkan penilaian yang lebih akuntabel, transparan, dan konsisten. Menetapkan daftar kriteria selayaknya menjadi wilayah para akademisi dan para ahli yang dikoordinasikan oleh pihak berwenang di daerah setempat. Namun, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penetapan kriteria untuk penilaian signifikansi dapat dilakukan dengan melibatkan 33 orang masyarakat lokal melalui tiga fase pengumpulan data dan analisis antara lain survei lapangan; wawancara mendalam; pertemuan kelompok; dan kuesioner kepada 33 peserta. Akhirnya, penelitian ini menghasilkan enam kriteria untuk penilaian penetapan cagar budaya di Kota Medan yang berasal dari lima nilai: sejarah, desain atau arsitektur fisik, budaya dan spiritual, ilmiah, dan sosial.Value is the sole reason underlying heritage conservation. It is self-evident that no society makes an effort to conserve a historic asset what it does not value. Since the publication of the Burra Charter in 1979, many countries recognized the importance of identifying the cultural heritage significance or values to develop the policy and planning in heritage management. Today, the cultural significance assessment is part of the listing process of a historical asset as heritage. Although the discourse of cultural heritage conservation in Medan had evolved since the 1980s, cultural significance assessment is still a new concept for Indonesia heritage community with the absence of its description within the Indonesian Heritage Act No. 11 of 2010. For that reason, we need a set of criteria which contain principles, characteristics, categories, and guidance to help decide whether a historic asset has heritage value or not and to make the assessment results more accountable, transparent, and consistent as well. Establishing criteria for listing have traditionally been the territory of academics and experts coordinated by the authorities of the region. However, this study has shown that establishing criteria for significance assessment could be done by involving 33 local people through three phases of data collections and analyses such as field survey; in-depth interview; group meeting; and questionnaire to the 33 participants. Finally, the research revealed six criteria for the significance assessment of cultural heritage in Medan derived from five values: history, physical design or architecture, cultural and spiritual, scientific, and social.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Pitaya Pitaya; Muhammad Baiquni; Marsono Marsono; Nopirin Nopirin;
    Publisher: Universitas Gadjah Mada

    Nowadays backpacking travel is the most popular travelling style which famous to the youth traveller. According to the history, the travelling style can be tracked from the nomadic tribes in all corner of the world for their moving habit for run their life. Through the ages, the nomad who carries backpack at their back to bring necessities adopted by soldiers, explorers, and many kinds of travellers, until transformed to the modern free independent tourist (FIT) ; backpacker, flash packer to the present techno packer. The backpackers itself always become an interesting object for the scholars and the tourism experts. Their travelling style colorized every great journey that men ever made. This paper aim is to seek and identify the existence of backpackers and their travelling style throughout historical paradigm. The methods using in this research is both literatures studies and field observatory to the iconic backpacking travels sites in the history. The results show that the backpackers and backpacking travel consists of unique characteristics who determine their travelling style that different among the common tourist or even the group inclusive tour (GIT). The backpackers travels much longer, more far, they travel some time to the off beaten tracks, they always made interaction with the local community, and their journeys inspired others. No wonder if in the future backpacking travel will contributes so many influences to the tourism world.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Sari Yuningsih; Achmad Haldani Destiarman; Chandra Tresnadi;
    Publisher: Pusat Penerbitan ISI Surakarta

    Busana pria khususnya kemeja merupakan salah satu jenis busana yang tak luput dari perkembangan tren fesyen. Penggunaan kemeja berbahan batik kontemporer telah mengalami perkembangan yang pesat, hal tersebut nampak dari tampilan visual kemeja bermotif batik yang bervariatif, bahkan beberapa diantaranya cenderung tidak biasa dan unik, terutama dalam hal elemen estetik meski secara visual masih menampilkan motif-motif klasik. Fenomena tersebut belum banyak dikaji, untuk itu kajian ini bertujuan menganalisa elemen estetik yang terdapat pada kemeja bermotif batik kontemporer. Analisis dilakukan terhadap komponen struktural dan fungsional pada kemeja bermotif batik kontemporer untuk memetakan elemen estetik yang terkandung di dalamnya. Hasil kajian ini menunjukan adaya perkembangan elemen estetik dalam komponen struktural dan fungsional kemeja bermotif batik dalam persentasi yang kecil, hal tersebut dapat dilihat dalam detail kemeja yang menampakkan modifikasi pada kerah, yoke dan saku. 

  • Publication . Article . 2018
    Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Fitri Febriyanti; Sulistyowati Sulistyowati;
    Publisher: Universitas Negeri Makassar

    Abstract: The formation of corn’s lexicons in Javanese. This study aims to describe the constituent elements and the type of reference from corn’s lexicons in Javanese. The type of this study is qualitative descriptive by using semantics theory approach. Methods of data collection are literature study and interview. The source of data comes from informant who’s working as farmer in Sragen and Pemalang regency. The numbers of informants are three people in each regency. The data were analyzed by ‘teknik pilah’ followed by ‘teknik hubung banding’. The results shows (1) the forming element of attributes are word and phrase, and (2) the type of reference consists of three categories, i.e. functions of maize plants, morphology of maize plants, and cultivation of maize plants.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Fahriani, F. (Ferra);
    Publisher: Bangka Belitung University
    Country: Indonesia

    Excavation causes soil deformation and changes in stress and strain. This research takes on a case study in the basement construction project of a skyscraper in Jakarta. The construction method used is top down method. The Diafragma, with a thickness of 0,6 meter and length of 37 meter, was constructed to the excavation. A professional software based on the concept of Finite Element Method, “PLAXIS 2D”, was chosen for the analysis. The soil example used in this research is Cam Clay (Soft Soil) using drained and undrained analysis and effective parameter. The result shows that drained analysis gives bigger values of deformation and bending moment than undrained analysis, so the safety factor is smaller. Undrained analysis gives a prediction result that is more similar with the result of deformation measurement in the field. For the surface movement, the result is bigger when using drained analysis than when using undrained analysis. The big surface movement occurs in 5-10 m length. However, the behavior of stress and strain in the Soft Soil modeling is similar to the condition in the field.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Adil, N. (Nuryadin);
    Publisher: Tadulako University
    Country: Indonesia

    This study aims to: (1) To determine the household income and expenditure of the families that involve in sand excavation business in the Kalukubula Village, District of Biromaru, Sigi Regency; and (2) To determine the level of family welfare that involve in sand excavation sector in the Kalukubula Villagewith based on the criteria of Cental Beareu Statistics (BPS), The National Population and Family Planning (BKKBN), and the World Bank. This research is categorised as a descriptive study with a survey approach. There were 58 families selected in this study by proportionate stratified random sampling. Data were analyzed using analysis of income and family welfare level analysis. The results show that the level of the average monthly income of households as follow, Rp.4.083.824 for machine owner, Rp.2.794.118 for operator, the shovel workers and truck owners haveaverage monthly income with Rp.3.372.407 and Rp.2.400.000 respectively. Meanwhile,this study found that the average monthly expenditureas as follow, Rp.2.470.882 for machine owner, Rp.1.886.765 for operator, shovel workers and truck owners have Rp.2.263.333 and Rp.1.424.952 respectively. Furthermore, the average proportion of expenditure for food is greater than the non-food. There are several criteria of family welfare based onBPS criteria measured by the property line indicator, for example, 1 people (5.88%) of households operators and 3 people(14.29%) of domestic shovel workers. They are categorised as non proper families while others are categorised as prosper family. In addition, according to the BKKN criteria,this research found that there are 4 people (9.52%) as categorised as a prosperous family in the Phase of I, 49 people (79.31%) are notify as the prosperous family in the phase of II and as many as 6 people (29.41%) are categorised as the prosperous family in phase of III, while there are no families are living in the underprivileged criteria and families welfare in the Phase of III plus. According to the criteria of the World Bank, the results depict that there are several respondents have family income with less than $2 US dollars per day, such as, there are 5 people (29.41%) for the owner of the machine, 13 people (76.47%) for operators, 13 people (61.90%) forshovel workers and 1 people (33.33%) for trucks owners.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Faizullayevich, A. S. (Abdullaev); Bobokulovna, S. S. (Shodieva);
    Publisher: Research Parks Publishing
    Country: Indonesia

    The author of the article in the framework of the direction of education "Fine Arts" considers the tasks of training teachers of the fine arts in modern conditions. At the present stage of development of the education system of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the National Program for Personnel Training, taking into account the realities and requirements of society, the solution of the problems of high-quality training of teachers of higher and secondary schools acquires great, truly state significance

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Badruzaman, B. (Badruzaman); Musofa, A. (Ade);
    Publisher: Raden Intan State Islamic University
    Country: Indonesia

    This research focuses on Hasan Hanafi's thought study of "Epistemological Reconstruction of the Science of Jurisprudence Based on Historical Sciences". From the results of the study found several findings; 1). Hasan Hanafi is a figure who is very concerned about efforts to revive the spirit and spirit (revitalization) of Ushul Fiqh Science by using a historical approach. According to him the dimensions of history and humanity are important factors in order to approach the conceptions and methodology of the Ummah of Fiqh. Actually the historical and human dimensions are found in the standard methodology of the Ummah Fiqh, but this historical dimension has long been "extinct" and detached from the Ushul Fiqh when the development process of Science took place and manifested itself in the process of developing this knowledge. So that in fact according to Hasan Hanafi, the historical dimension is essentially manifested in all elements of Usul Fiqh, namely in ill adillah syar'iyah, thuruq al istinbat and al ahkam al syar'iiyah. This historical dimension is represented by Hasan Hanafi with both keywords, namely "history" and "human"; 2). Hasan Hanafi is a person who cares about the existence of the Science of Ushul Fiqh, in order that he says the importance of efforts to revitalize the Ushul Fiqh methodology. Revitalization in Hasan Hanafi's thinking is an attempt to renew and adjust the methodology of the Ummah of Fiqh based on the conditions of social settings and the realities of humanity and the developing sciences, but this effort starts from tradition and the treasure of the Ushul Fiqh methodology built by earlier scholars. With such efforts, it is hoped that the renewal of the methodology of the Uthul Fiqh on the one hand can solve contemporary legal problems that are increasingly complicated, but on the other hand are not uprooted from the roots and genealogy of the Ushul Fiqh methodology; 3). The thought of the Ushul Fiqh Hasan Hanafi is very relevant to the efforts to reactualize Islamic law. This is because there is a deep "awkwardness" in the thought of Usul Fiqh so that in the actual reality the Science of Usul Fiqh has been frozen. The significance of the thought of Ushul Fiqh Hasan Hanafi lies in the effort to revive the vital spirit and spirit of this Science by using a historical approach. That is, that the human and historical dimensions are one thing that must be involved in the legal process; 4). The historical thinking of the Ustadh Fiqh Hasan Hanafi which is covered in the human dimension and history actually has roots in Hasan Hanafi's thoughts and projects about al Turas wa al Tajdid (Tradition and Renewal). Because of the loss of the human dimension and history in the tradition and the treasures of Muslim thought are the main problems which are the cause of the lack of progressivity in the traditions and actions of Muslims.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Seniwati, S. (Seniwati); Lestari, T. D. (Tuti);
    Publisher: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Sulawesi Selatan
    Country: Indonesia

    Kelahiran Aisyiyah sebagai organisasi wanita muslim merupakan suatu bentuk pembaruan Islam dalam mengubah paradigma wanita yang hanya mengurusi rumah tangga saja. Pandangan Islam berkemajuan yang diperkenalkan oleh para wanita Aisyiyah telah membuat Perubahan pandangan tentang wanita. Sejak awal pendiriannya, para wanita telah didorong untuk aktif keluar dan berdakwah sebagaimana laki-laki. Perubahan pandangan itu mulai diamalkan untuk memberikan hak, kewajiban, dan peran yang sama bagi kaum wanita. Adapun penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisa kualitatif, yaitu analisa yang didasarkan pada hubungan sebab-akibat dari fenomena historis pada cakupan waktu dan tempat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Aisyiyah telah membuka cakrawala pandangan baru yang lebih luas bagi para wanita untuk dapat berperan di dalam masyarakat dan menyingkirkan sekat-sekat tradisional yang menghambat wanita untuk maju. Selaku organisasi massa, aspek gerak Aisyiyah adalah bidang pendidikan, keagamaan, sosial-kemasyarakatan, dan kewanitaan. Melalui keempat aspek itulah Aisyiyah menyelenggarakan kegiatan-kegiatannya di dalam masyarakat serta senantiasa tanggap kepada tuntutan yang tumbuh dan berkembang di dalam masyarakat. Kiprahnya yang berskala nasional sebagai salah satu pendiri dan peserta Kongres Wanita Indonesia Pertama di Ndalem Jayadipuran pada tanggal 28 Desember 1928 menjadi bukti kepekaannya yang tinggi terhadap besarnya peran wanita di dalam masyarakat.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Amir, M. (Muhammad);
    Publisher: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Sulawesi Selatan
    Country: Indonesia

    Kajian ini mengungkap dan menjelaskan perlawanan Kerajaan Sawitto terhadap pemerintah Hindia Belanda pada tahun 1905-1906. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode sejarah, yang menjelaskan suatu persoalan berdasarkan perspektif sejarah. Prosedurnya terdiri atas heuristik, kritik sumber, interpretasi, dan historiografi dalam bentuk kisah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa perlawanan Kerajaan Sawitto terhadap pemerintah Hindia Belanda, bukan hanya dilatari oleh kepentingan ekonomi yang berkaitan kebijakan pelabuhan wajib pajak, melainkan juga kepentingan politik yang berkaitan dengan campur tangan pemerintah Belanda terhadap urusan dalam negeri Kerajaan Sawitto, bahkan ingin menguasai Sawitto secara langsung. Hal tersebut ditandai dengan diajukannya suatu tuntutan terhadap Kerajaan Sawitto agar tunduk, taat, dan patuh sepenuhnya kepada pemerintah Belanda dengan menandatangani pernyataan pendek (korte verklaring). Karena menolak tuntutan itu, pemerintah Belanda memutuskan untuk melancarkan serangan militer terhadap Kerajaan Sawitto, namun serangan tersebut mendapat perlawanan dari laskar Sawitto di bawah pimpinan La Sinrang. Pada akhirnya, pasukan Belanda berhasil mengalahkan laskar Sawitto.